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What is Trigeminal neuralgia?

What is Trigeminal neuralgia?

  • Trigeminal neuralgia: Trigeminal neuralgia is a very painful inflammation of the nerve (trigeminal nerve) that delivers sensations to the face and "surface" of the eye.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: syndrome characterized by recurrent episodes of excruciating pain lasting several seconds or longer in the sensory distribution of the trigeminal nerve.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: intense paroxysmal neuralgia along the trigeminal nerve.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Trigeminal neuralgia is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Trigeminal neuralgia, or a subtype of Trigeminal neuralgia, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Trigeminal neuralgia: Introduction

Types of Trigeminal neuralgia:

Broader types of Trigeminal neuralgia:

Who gets Trigeminal neuralgia?

Patient Profile for Trigeminal neuralgia: Typically older adults over 40

Profile for Trigeminal neuralgia: The disorder is more common in women than in men and rarely affects anyone younger than 50. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Trigeminal Neuralgia Information Page: NINDS)

How serious is Trigeminal neuralgia?

Prognosis of Trigeminal neuralgia: The disorder is characterized by recurrences and remissions, and successive recurrences may incapacitate the patient. Due to the intensity of the pain, even the fear of an impending attack may prevent activity. Trigeminal neuralgia is not fatal.
Complications of Trigeminal neuralgia: see complications of Trigeminal neuralgia
Prognosis of Trigeminal neuralgia: The disorder is characterized by recurrences and remissions, and successive recurrences may incapacitate the patient. Due to the intensity of the pain, even the fear of an impending attack may prevent activity. Trigeminal neuralgia is not fatal. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Trigeminal Neuralgia Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Trigeminal neuralgia?

Causes of Trigeminal neuralgia: see causes of Trigeminal neuralgia
Cause of Trigeminal neuralgia: Often no clear cause; sometimes an underlying condition

What are the symptoms of Trigeminal neuralgia?

Symptoms of Trigeminal neuralgia: see symptoms of Trigeminal neuralgia

Complications of Trigeminal neuralgia: see complications of Trigeminal neuralgia

Onset of Trigeminal neuralgia: middle age or later life

Trigeminal neuralgia: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Trigeminal neuralgia.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Trigeminal neuralgia.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Trigeminal neuralgia: see treatments for Trigeminal neuralgia
Research for Trigeminal neuralgia: see research for Trigeminal neuralgia

Society issues for Trigeminal neuralgia


Hospitalization statistics for Trigeminal neuralgia: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Trigeminal neuralgia:

  • 0.016% (2,012) of hospital consultant episodes were for trigeminal neuralgia in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 94% of hospital consultant episodes for trigeminal neuralgia required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 35% of hospital consultant episodes for trigeminal neuralgia were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 65% of hospital consultant episodes for trigeminal neuralgia were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Trigeminal neuralgia:

Organs and body systems related to Trigeminal neuralgia include:

Name and Aliases of Trigeminal neuralgia

Main name of condition: Trigeminal neuralgia

Other names or spellings for Trigeminal neuralgia:

tic douloureux, trifacial neuralgia, trifocal neuralgia, Fothergill Disease

Fothergill's neuralgia, Tic doloreux, Tic doloureux Source - Diseases Database

Trigeminal neuralgia, Tic douloureux
Source - WordNet 2.1

Tic Douloureux
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Trigeminal neuralgia: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Trigeminal neuralgia:

 

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