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What is Tropical Spastic Paraparesis?

What is Tropical Spastic Paraparesis?

  • Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: A form of spastic partial paralysis of the lower limbs which occurs in the tropics.
  • Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1). Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)
    Source - Diseases Database

Tropical Spastic Paraparesis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Tropical Spastic Paraparesis, or a subtype of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: Introduction

Types of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

Types of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

  • HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis(HAM/TSP)
  • Idiopathic TSP
  • more types...»

Broader types of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

How serious is Tropical Spastic Paraparesis?

Complications of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see complications of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
Prognosis of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: HAM/TSP is usually a progressive neurological disorder but it is rarely fatal. Most patients live for several decades after the diagnosis. Their prognosis improves if they take steps to prevent urinary tract infection and skin sore formation, and if they enroll in physical and occupational therapy programs. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Tropical Spastic Paraparesis Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Tropical Spastic Paraparesis?

Causes of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see causes of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
Risk factors for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see risk factors for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

What are the symptoms of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis?

Symptoms of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see symptoms of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

Complications of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see complications of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Tropical Spastic Paraparesis.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis.
Treatments for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see treatments for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
Research for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: see research for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

Society issues for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis


Hospitalization statistics for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

  • 0.00002% (2) of hospital consultant episodes were for tropical spastic paraplegia in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77% of hospital consultant episodes for tropical spastic paraplegia required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 51% of hospital consultant episodes for tropical spastic paraplegia were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49% of hospital consultant episodes for tropical spastic paraplegia were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

Organs and body systems related to Tropical Spastic Paraparesis include:

Name and Aliases of Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

Main name of condition: Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

Other names or spellings for Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

Tropical spastic paraplegia, Retrovirus-Associated Myelopathy, HTLV-1 Associated Myelopathy, TSP, Cassava syndrome, ataxic neuropathy of Nigeria

Tropical spastic paraplegia Source - Diseases Database

Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Tropical Spastic Paraparesis:

 

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