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Diseases » Trypanosomiasis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Trypanosomiasis

  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Chancre: An ulcer like eruption that is located on an epithelial surface
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Drowsiness: Excessive tiredness or sleepiness
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Insomnia: Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with the initiation, duration, maintenance, or quality of sleep that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep that results in some form of daytime impairment.
  • Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells, usually white blood cells.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Psychosis: Mental loss of connection with reality
  • Severe headache: A condition which is characterized by a severe headache
  • Sores: Sores affecting the skin.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Wasting Syndrome: AIDS related wasting syndrome is the involuntary loss of more than 10% of the body weight plus more than 30 days of either diarrhoea or weakness and fever. It is linked to disease progression and death.
  • Wilson's Disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.

 

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