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Diseases » Tuberculosis » Summary
 

What is Tuberculosis?

What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is a contagious disease caused by a bacterial infection of the lungs, which can also spread to other ...more »

  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Tuberculosis: infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages).
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Tuberculosis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Tuberculosis, or a subtype of Tuberculosis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Tuberculosis as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Tuberculosis: Introduction

Types of Tuberculosis:

Types of Tuberculosis:

  • Active TB - fully active TB disease
  • Latent TB infections - an inactive form; also just called "TB infection"; about 10 to 15 million people in the United States
  • Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) - newer TB strains that are resistant to many drugs.
  • Miliary tuberculosis - causing multiple abscesses in various body parts.
  • more types...»

Broader types of Tuberculosis:

How many people get Tuberculosis?

Incidence (annual) of Tuberculosis: 18,361 cases annually in the USA (1998); 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die; 17,531 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 5.50 per 100,000 in Canada 20001
Incidence Rate of Tuberculosis: approx 1 in 14,814 or 0.01% or 18,360 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Tuberculosis: between 10 and 15 million people in the United States. (Source: excerpt from Microbes in Sickness and in Health -- Publications, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: NIAID) ... In 1998, a total of 18,371 active TB cases, in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (Source: excerpt from Tuberculosis, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Who gets Tuberculosis?

Race Profile for Tuberculosis: Minorities are affected disproportionately by TB: 54 percent of active TB cases in 1995 were among African-American and Hispanic people, with an additional 17.5 percent found in Asians. In some sectors of U.S. society, TB rates now surpass those in the world's poorest countries. Among African-American men in New York City aged 35 to 44, for example, 315 out of 100,000 had active TB in 1993, many times the national average of 9.8 cases per 100,000 people. (Source: excerpt from Tuberculosis, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Racial Information for Tuberculosis: TB is the number one infectious disease killer in the United States. It is 13-times more common among Asian populations, especially those from Cambodia, China, Laos, Korea, India, Vietnam and the Philippines. (Source: excerpt from Asian & Pacific Islander Women's Health: NWHIC)

How serious is Tuberculosis?

Complications of Tuberculosis: see complications of Tuberculosis
Deaths for Tuberculosis: 930 reported deaths in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Tuberculosis?

Causes of Tuberculosis: see causes of Tuberculosis
Cause of Tuberculosis: Various mycobacterium classes such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis.
Risk factors for Tuberculosis: see risk factors for Tuberculosis

What are the symptoms of Tuberculosis?

Symptoms of Tuberculosis: see symptoms of Tuberculosis

Complications of Tuberculosis: see complications of Tuberculosis

Can anyone else get Tuberculosis?

Contagion of Tuberculosis: Airborne droplet transmission; not clothing or bedding; not handshakes, toilet seats, food utensils or other contact; rarely from contaminated beef or milk (bovine tuberculosis).
More information: see contagiousness of Tuberculosis
Inheritance: see inheritance of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Tuberculosis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Tuberculosis.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Tuberculosis: General practitioner, Primary care physician, Pulmonologist, Gynaecologist, Immunologist, Infectious disease specialist, Occupational disease specialist, Occupational therapist, Physiotherapist, Physiologist, General surgeon, Thoracic surgeon, Neurologist, Dermatologist, Orthopedic surgeon ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Tuberculosis.
Treatments for Tuberculosis: see treatments for Tuberculosis
Alternative treatments for Tuberculosis: see alternative treatments for Tuberculosis
Prevention of Tuberculosis: see prevention of Tuberculosis
Research for Tuberculosis: see research for Tuberculosis

Society issues for Tuberculosis


Cost statistics for Tuberculosis: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Tuberculosis:

  • Tuberculosis costs for various countries:
    • Estimated US$78 per patient treated in India 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$243 per patient treated in China 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$166 per patient treated in Indonesia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$131 per patient treated in Nigeria 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
  • more statistics...»

Hospitalizations for Tuberculosis: 7,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Hospitalization statistics for Tuberculosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Tuberculosis:
  • 0.04% (5,666) of hospital episodes were for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.12% (63,347) of hospital bed days were for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 18.1 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital episodes for tuberculosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital episodes for tuberculosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»


Physician office visits for Tuberculosis: 148,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Organs Affected by Tuberculosis:

Organs and body systems related to Tuberculosis include:

Name and Aliases of Tuberculosis

Main name of condition: Tuberculosis

Class of Condition for Tuberculosis: bacterial

Other names or spellings for Tuberculosis:

Consumption, TB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Phthisis, Kochs disease

TB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis Source - Diseases Database

Pulmonary tuberculosis, Consumption, Wasting disease, White plague, TB, T.B
Source - WordNet 2.1

Kochs disease, TB, Kochs disease
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Tuberculosis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Tuberculosis:



Footnotes:
1. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000
 

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