Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 
Diseases » Tuberculosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Tuberculosis

  • AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • Addison's Disease: A rare progressive hormonal disorder characterized by insufficient production of certain hormones called adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Alcoholism: Alcoholism is the compulsive urge to drink alcohol despite knowing the negative impact on one's health.
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Asbestosis: Lung condition from asbestos exposure
  • Asherman's syndrome: Scarring and adhesions that develop in the uterus and can result in menstrual and fertility problems.
  • Bacillaceae Infections: Infection with bacteria from the Bacillaceae family. Bacillaceae infection can cause a variety of diseases depending on the specific bacteria involved e.g. anthrax, tetanus, botulism.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Cachexia: physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass caused by disease
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Cervical lymphadenopathy: The enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Chronic constrictive pericarditis:
  • Chronic cough: The chronic noisy sudden expulsion of air from the respiratory tract
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Dacryoadenitis:
  • Dactylitis: Sausage shaped swelling of the fingers and the toes.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Diabetic Diarrhea: Diarrhea that occurs in diabetics as a result of the damage done by diabetes to the digestive system. Digestive system damage is caused by intestinal neuropathy (damage to intestinal nerves) or bacterial overgrowth or both.
  • Diseases contagious from droplets: Diseases that can be contracted from droplets
  • Diseases contagious from food: Diseases that can be contracted from food
  • Diseases contagious from intravenous needles: Diseases that can be contracted from intravenous needles
  • Eales Disease: A rare eye disorder characterized by sudden vision loss, problems with eye blood vessuls and reoccurring eye blood vessel hemorrhages as well as oozing of clear thick fluid from inside the eyeball. Usually occurs after a stressful situation, trauma or after waking up.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Eosinophilia: This is when there is an abnormal increase in the eosinophils in the blood
  • Epididymo-orchitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the epididimis and testes of a male
  • Erythema nodosum: Allergic skin condition usually on the legs
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, X-linked, recessive: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a recessive X-linked manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q14-q21 and the severity of the condition.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, autosomal dominant: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a dominant manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q14-q21 and the severity of the condition is variable.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, autosomal recessive: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a recessive manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative retinopathy, familial: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a familial manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative vitreoretinopathy 3: A rare progressive eye disorder caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11p13-p12. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative vitreoretinopathy 4: A rare progressive eye disorder caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q13.4. It can be inherited in a dominant or recessive manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Female infertility: Infertility that affects the female
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Fibromyalgia: A difficult to diagnose condition affecting the muscles and/or joints
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Fungal infections: Any condition caused by fungus.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Histoplasmosis: Lung infection from fungus Histoplasma capsulatum
  • Hookworm: Worm spread through feces with poor sanitation.
  • ICF syndrome: A very rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by a weak immune system and facial anomalies.
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Kidney disease: Reduced kidney function from various causes.
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Kyphosis: Outward curvature of the spine at the back causing hunching or Dowager's hump
  • Latent tuberculosis: Infection with the bacteria causing tuberculosis but without any disease or symptoms.
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Lymphocytosis: An abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum: Type of chlamydia (sexually transmitted disease)
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Mediastinitis: Inflammation of the area between the lungs called the mediastinum which contains the heart, thymus gland, windpipe, esophagus and large blood vessels. The condition may occur suddenly (acute) or slowly over a period of time (chronic). It is often a complication of open chest surgery or penetrating chest wounds.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Mesothelioma: Type of lung cancer associated with asbestos.
  • Mycobacterial infections: Any infection that is caused by a mycobacterial organisms
  • Mycobacterium avium Complex: Bacterial infection that is often AIDS-related.
  • Myelofibrosis: A rare condition where progressive scarring or fibrosis of the bone marrow impairs it's ability to make blood cells causing symptoms such as anemia and liver and spleen enlargement.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Nocardiosis: A rare infectious disease caused by the bacteria Nocardia asteroides which primarily affects the lung but may also involve the brain, soft tissues and other organs.
  • Nosocomial infections: Any infection that originates in a hospital
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Paragonimiasis: Infection by a parasitic worm, Paragonimus westermani, which are a type of lung fluke which invade the lungs, and sometimes other organs, where they cause problems. Occasionally the parasites infect the brain which can occasionally result in death. Infection occurs through eating freshwater crabs and crayfish which have not been cooked sufficiently.
  • Pathological fracture: The occurrence of a fracture a bone of the body caused by a disease state
  • Pericardial effusion: Occurs when there is an abnormal collection of fluid within the pericardial sac
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Peripheral uveitis: An eye disorder involving inflammation of the peripheral retina and pars plana which can affect one or both eyes and the severity of the condition can vary.
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumocystic carinii pneumonia: An infectious disease caused by the fungus called Pneumocystitis carinii which causes pneumonia. It primarily occurs in people with a poor immune system.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Q fever: A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain.
  • Relapsing fever: Tick-borne disease with symptoms that resolve and then relapse
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Silicosis: An occupation lung disease caused by breathing in silica dust.
  • Smoking Cessation:
  • Spinal conditions: Any condition that affects the spine
  • Spine symptoms: Symptoms affecting the spine
  • Sweating: Sweating more than normal
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • Tracheal Stenosis: Narrowing and hardening of the trachea.
  • Tuberculous meningitis: Tuberculous meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord caused by Koch's bacillus.
  • Type IV Hypersensitivity: Type IV hypersensitivity is an exaggerated response by the body's immune system upon exposure to a particular substance which results in some sort of adverse effect on the body. The immune system response is mediated by T-cells. Symptoms are delayed - usually days after the exposure. There are a number of different manifestations that can occur.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Urethral stricture: Narrowing of the urethra
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  • Vesicovaginal fistula: A condition which is characterized by the formation of a fistula which communicates from an internal organ to the vagina
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise