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Diseases » Tuberculosis » Prevalence
 

Prevalence and Incidence of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: Rare Disease

Tuberculosis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Tuberculosis, or a subtype of Tuberculosis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.

Ophanet, who are a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when if affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Tuberculosis as a "rare disease". More information about Tuberculosis is available from Orphanet

Incidence (annual) of Tuberculosis:

18,361 cases annually in the USA (1998); 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die; 17,531 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 5.50 per 100,000 in Canada 20001 ... see also overview of Tuberculosis.

Incidence Rate:

approx 1 in 14,814 or 0.01% or 18,360 people in USA [Source statistic for calcuation: "18,361 cases annually in the USA (1998); 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die; 17,531 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 5.50 per 100,000 in Canada 20001" -- see also general information about data sources]

Incidence extrapolations for USA for Tuberculosis:

18,360 per year, 1,530 per month, 353 per week, 50 per day, 2 per hour, 0 per minute, 0 per second. [Source statistic for calculation: "18,361 cases annually in the USA (1998); 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die; 17,531 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 5.50 per 100,000 in Canada 20001" -- see also general information about data sources]

Prevalance of Tuberculosis:

between 10 and 15 million people in the United States. (Source: excerpt from Microbes in Sickness and in Health -- Publications, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: NIAID) ... In 1998, a total of 18,371 active TB cases, in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (Source: excerpt from Tuberculosis, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Worldwide prevalence of Tuberculosis:

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 2 billion people, one-third of the world's population, have TB. (Source: excerpt from Microbes in Sickness and in Health -- Publications, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: NIAID)

Prevelance statistics for Tuberculosis:

The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Tuberculosis:

  • 42 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69% of hospitalisations for tuberculosis was for 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10% of hospitalisations for tuberculosis was for over 75 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Incidence statistics for Tuberculosis:

The following statistics relate to the incidence of Tuberculosis:

  • 16,337 new cases of tuberculosis occurred annually in the US 2000 (Health, United States: 2002, NCHS, CDC)
  • 21,327 cases in the USA 1996 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 22,860 cases in the USA 1995 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 25,287 cases in the USA 1994 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 25,313 cases in the USA 1993 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 26,673 cases in the USA 1992 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 25,701 cases in the USA 1991 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 15,075 cases in the USA 2002 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • more statistics...»

Death statistics for Tuberculosis:

The following statistics relate to deaths and Tuberculosis:

  • 749 deaths in the USA 2001 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 776 deaths in the USA 2000 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 930 deaths in the USA 1999 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 1,112 deaths in the USA 1998 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • Tuberculosis death statistics for various countries:
    • About 348,000 deaths from tuberculosis in Africa 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
  • more statistics...»

More Statistics about Tuberculosis:

  • Deaths and related statistics
  • Hospitalization statistics
  • Cost statistics
  • All statistics for Tuberculosis

    About prevalence and incidence statistics:

    The term 'prevalence' of Tuberculosis usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Tuberculosis at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Tuberculosis refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Tuberculosis diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

    Footnotes:
    1. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000

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