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Glossary for Tuberculous meningitis

  • AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is a form of meningitis caused by bacteria that normally lives in the mouth and throat. When the immune system is unable to supress this bacteria, it travels to the cerebrospinal spinal fluid in the brain. From there it affects the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Cognitive impairment: General loss of mental or cognitive ability
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Diplopia: Double vision
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Meningococcal disease: Dangerous bacterial infection causing meningitis or bacteremia.
  • Muscle aches: Aches affecting one or more muscles
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Ophthalmoplegia: A disorder that is characterised by the paralysis of the eye muscles
  • Pneumococcal meningitis: Pneumococcal meningitis is an inflammation or infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (also called pneumococcus).
  • Seizures -- intellectual deficit due to hydroxylysinuria: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, seizures and high levels of hydroxylysine in the urine.
  • Stiff neck: Reduced mobility of the neck
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.

 

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