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Diseases » Typhoid fever » Glossary
 

Glossary for Typhoid fever

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Appendicitis/acute appendicitis/chronic appendicitis:
  • Azithromycin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Azithromycin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Bacteremia: A condition where there is the presence of bacteria in the blood
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the gallbladder which concentrates and stores bile. The condition may occur suddenly (acute) or persist over a longer period of time (chronic).
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Delirium: Severe state of mental confusion
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Diseases contagious from contaminated water: Diseases that can be contracted from contaminated water
  • Diseases contagious from food: Diseases that can be contracted from food
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Epididymo-orchitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the epididimis and testes of a male
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Food-related conditions: Medical conditions related to food ingestion.
  • Gastroenteritis: Acute stomach or intestine inflammation
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Infective endocarditis: The infection and inflammation of the inner heart layers, especially the valves. The infection is usually bacterial. The condition carries a high risk of death.
  • Intestinal hemorrhage: The loss of blood from the circulation into the gastrointestinal system
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Maculopapular rash: A rash that occurs on the skin that appears reddish with macula and papules
  • Malaise: General feelings of discomfort or being ill-at-ease.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Marburg virus: Serious virus related to Ebola.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium (muscle walls of the heart)
  • Nephritis: Any type of kidney inflammation
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Paratyphoid fever: A condition which is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Paratyphi
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Plague: A rare but serious bacterial infection involving the bacterium Yersinia Pestis which can be carried by rodents and transmitted to humans by flea bites or through direct contact with an infected animal.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Q fever: A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain.
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Relapsing fever: Tick-borne disease with symptoms that resolve and then relapse
  • Rickettsia: A self limiting condition that is transmitted by mites
  • Rocephin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Rocephin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • Rose spots: they are small, red macular lesions
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Toxic megacolon: It is a life threatening complication.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tularemia: A rare infections disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus). Transmission occurs through contact with infected animals or there habitats e.g. bites from infected insects or other animals, eating infected wild animals, contact with contaminated water and soil. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the method of infection. For example infection through inhalation can cause symptoms similar to pneumonia, eating infected animals can cause a sore throat and abdominal symptoms and transmission through the skin can cause result in a painful skin ulcer.
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.
  • Waterborne Diseases: Any diseases that is transmitted through some waterborne agent
  • Yellow fever: A viral infection transmitted by mosquito bites which can damage various organs such as the liver, heart, kidney and digestive tract.

 

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