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Diseases » Typhus » Glossary
 

Glossary for Typhus

  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Brill-Zinsser disease: A form of recurring typhus caused by a bacterium called Rickettsia proazekii and transmitted by lice. The illness may occur after the initial sickness and tends to be not as severe.
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Cold & Flu:
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Dust mite allergies: Allergy to dust mites in household dust.
  • Epidemic typhus: An infectious disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and transmitted by body lice. The severity of the illness may range from moderate to fatal.
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Food-related conditions: Medical conditions related to food ingestion.
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • High fever: Where a patient has an elevated temperature
  • Kenya tick typhus: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Lice: A parasitic insect that can infect humans
  • Maculopapular rash: A rash that occurs on the skin that appears reddish with macula and papules
  • Murine typhus: An infectious condition which is characterized by a similar condition to that of typhus due to Rickettsia typhi.
  • Muscle aches: Aches affecting one or more muscles
  • Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium (muscle walls of the heart)
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Pediculosis: Lice infestation of the body
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Purpura: Various bruising conditions where small blood vessels hemorrhage
  • Q fever: A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain.
  • Queensland tick typhus: Form of typhus from North-Australian ticks
  • Recrudescent typhus: A condition characterized by mild typhus occurring years after the initial infection
  • Rickettsia: A self limiting condition that is transmitted by mites
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • Scrub typhus: Type of typhus usually caught from ticks
  • Severe headache: A condition which is characterized by a severe headache
  • Stupor: Mental sub-responsiveness not as severe as coma
  • Swollen lymph nodes: Swelling or enlargement of the lymph nodes
  • Tick bite: When an individual is bitten by a tick
  • Tick-borne diseases: Any disease that is transferred to humans by the tick
  • Typhus: A general name for various arthropod-borne rickettsial infections
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel

 

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