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Body Mass Index (BMI): Measure of weight often used to test for overweight/obesity.
A number of methods are used to determine if an individual is overweight or obese. Some of them are based on mathematical calculations of the relation between height and weight--others are based on measurements of body fat. These methods are described below.
Body Mass Index (BMI) can be used to measure both overweight and obesity in adults. It is the measurement of choice for many obesity researchers and other health professionals. BMI is a direct calculation based on height and weight, and it is not gender-specific. Most health organizations and published information on overweight and its associated risk factors use BMI to measure and define overweight and obesity. BMI does not directly measure percent of body fat, but it provides a more accurate measure of overweight and obesity than relying on weight alone.
BMI is found by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by height in meters squared. The mathematical formula is:
weight (kg)/height squared (m2).
To determine BMI using pounds and inches, multiply your weight in pounds by 704.5,* then divide the result by your height in inches, and divide that result by your height in inches a second time (Source: excerpt from NIDDK _ Statistics Related to Overweight and Obesity: NIDDK)
Disease or Condition count: 3; see list of conditions below. These are the diseases or medical conditions in which the medical test 'Body Mass Index (BMI)' may be involved.
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