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Travel Health » Estonia
 

Estonia : Travel Health

WARNING! This information is out-dated and likely to be inaccurate!

Researching Travel Plans

Please note that this health information about Estonia may be out-of-date. Always research the current health conditions and issues in any region you plan to visit prior to departure.

Infectious Diseases and Medical Concerns for Estonia

The following medical diseases or health concerns are more common in travel to Estonia (compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World):

More Common Diseases and Medical Concerns for Estonia

The following health concerns or diseases are more commonly found in Estonia compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

Epidemics for Estonia

The following health concerns, diseases or comments are related to epidemics in Estonia:

Uncommon or Rare Diseases and Medical Concerns for Estonia

These medical diseases or health concerns are uncommon or rare in Estonia:

  • yellow fever - no risk although vaccination certificate may be required if coming from an infected area
  • malaria - no current risk

Vaccinations for Travel to Estonia

The following medical vaccinations are desirable or helpful for travel to Estonia to prevent contagious diseases in Estonia:

  • hepatitis A - or immune globulin (IG)
  • hepatitis B - If you might be exposed to blood (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, stay longer than 6 months, or be exposed through medical treatment.
  • rabies - if you might be exposed to wild or domestic animals through your work or recreation
  • typhoid
  • tetanus - booster dose as needed
  • diphtheria - booster dose as needed
  • measles - booster dose as needed
  • polio

Preventions or Health Precautions for Travel to Estonia

Any health risk of travel to Estonia may be reduced by the following precautionary health measures when visiting Estonia:

  • high rate of motor vehicle trauma - avoid night driving and wear seatbelts
  • mosquito bite prevention
  • insect bite protection
  • avoid drinking non-treated water - only drink bottled or canned water
  • eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself
  • keep feet clean and dry - help prevent parasitic infections
  • do not go barefoot - help prevent parasitic infections
  • always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • don't eat food purchased from street vendors
  • don't drink beverages with ice
  • don't share needles with anyone
  • don't handle animals (especially monkeys/dogs/cats) - to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague - risk for travelers is small)
  • don't swim in fresh water. Salt water is usually safer
  • use sunblock and take sunglasses and a hat

Other Relevant Issues for Travel to Estonia

The following may be issues relevant to travel to Estonia:

  • adequate medical care is available in Tallinn but not to the standards of industrialized countries, medical care is substandard throughout the rest of the country
  • those seeking residency or work permits will be tested for HIV
 

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