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Travel Health » Guatemala
 

Guatemala : Travel Health

WARNING! This information is out-dated and likely to be inaccurate!

Researching Travel Plans

Please note that this health information about Guatemala may be out-of-date. Always research the current health conditions and issues in any region you plan to visit prior to departure.

Infectious Diseases and Medical Concerns for Guatemala

The following medical diseases or health concerns are more common in travel to Guatemala (compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World):

More Common Diseases and Medical Concerns for Guatemala

The following health concerns or diseases are more commonly found in Guatemala compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

Epidemics for Guatemala

The following health concerns, diseases or comments are related to epidemics in Guatemala:

Less Common Diseases and Health Concerns for Guatemala

The following health concerns or medical diseases are less commonly found in Guatemala compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

  • plague - risk for travelers is small
  • Coccidioidomycosis / Valley fever - only if involved in soil disturbing activities e.g. construction, mining, agriculture etc

Vaccinations for Travel to Guatemala

The following medical vaccinations are desirable or helpful for travel to Guatemala to prevent contagious diseases in Guatemala:

  • hepatitis A - or immune globulin (IG)
  • hepatitis B - if risk of exposure to blood/bodily fluid or medical treatment or if your stay will be longer than 6 months then all infants and children 11-12 years who did not complete the series as infants
  • rabies - if you might be exposed to wild or domestic animals through your work or recreation
  • typhoid
  • tetanus - booster dose as needed
  • diphtheria - booster dose as needed
  • measles - booster dose as needed

Preventions or Health Precautions for Travel to Guatemala

Any health risk of travel to Guatemala may be reduced by the following precautionary health measures when visiting Guatemala:

  • Take your malaria prevention medication before/during/after travel as directed
  • high rate of motor vehicle trauma - avoid night driving and wear seatbelts
  • mosquito bite prevention
  • insect bite protection
  • avoid drinking non-treated water - only drink bottled or canned water
  • eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself
  • keep feet clean and dry - help prevent parasitic infections
  • do not go barefoot - help prevent parasitic infections
  • always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • don't eat food purchased from street vendors
  • don't drink beverages with ice
  • don't share needles with anyone
  • don't handle animals (especially monkeys/dogs/cats) - to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague - risk for travelers is small)
  • don't swim in fresh water. Salt water is usually safer
  • hurricane season is between June and November - take care and heed local precautions
  • Earthquakes may occur - take care and heed local precautions
  • volcanic eruptions may occur - take care and heed local precautions
  • strong currents, rips and undertows make swimming on the Pacific coast beaches dangerous

Other Relevant Issues for Travel to Guatemala

The following may be issues relevant to travel to Guatemala:

  • adequate medical care is available in Guatemala city but not at the standard of industrialized countries, facilities outside this area are substandard
 

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