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Travel Health » Japan
 

Japan : Travel Health

WARNING! This information is out-dated and likely to be inaccurate!

Researching Travel Plans

Please note that this health information about Japan may be out-of-date. Always research the current health conditions and issues in any region you plan to visit prior to departure.

Infectious Diseases and Medical Concerns for Japan

The following medical diseases or health concerns are more common in travel to Japan (compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World):

More Common Diseases and Medical Concerns for Japan

The following health concerns or diseases are more commonly found in Japan compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

Epidemics for Japan

The following health concerns, diseases or comments are related to epidemics in Japan:

  • avian influenza A (H5N1) - poultry late 2003, early 2004

Less Common Diseases and Health Concerns for Japan

The following health concerns or medical diseases are less commonly found in Japan compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

  • some cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) have been found in cattle, no human cases reported

Uncommon or Rare Diseases and Medical Concerns for Japan

These medical diseases or health concerns are uncommon or rare in Japan:

  • HIV / AIDS in donated blood - rigorous testing procedures make risk of infection from a blood donor extremely low
  • hepatitis A - travelers no more at risk than in the U.S.A.

Vaccinations for Travel to Japan

The following medical vaccinations are desirable or helpful for travel to Japan to prevent contagious diseases in Japan:

  • hepatitis A - or immune globulin (IG)
  • hepatitis B if you might be exposed to blood (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, stay longer than 6 months, or be exposed through medical treatment
  • Japanese encephalitis only if you plan to visit rural areas for 4 weeks or more, except under special circumstances, such as a known outbreak of Japanese encephalitis
  • rabies - if you might be exposed to wild or domestic animals through your work or recreation
  • typhoid
  • tetanus - booster dose as needed
  • diphtheria - booster dose as needed
  • measles - booster dose as needed

Preventions or Health Precautions for Travel to Japan

Any health risk of travel to Japan may be reduced by the following precautionary health measures when visiting Japan:

  • high rate of motor vehicle trauma - avoid night driving and wear seatbelts
  • mosquito bite prevention
  • insect bite protection
  • avoid drinking non-treated water - only drink bottled or canned water
  • eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself
  • keep feet clean and dry - help prevent parasitic infections
  • do not go barefoot - help prevent parasitic infections
  • always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • don't eat food purchased from street vendors
  • don't drink beverages with ice
  • don't share needles with anyone
  • don't handle animals (especially monkeys/dogs/cats) - to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague - risk for travelers is small)
  • don't swim in fresh water. Salt water is usually safer
  • Earthquakes may occur - take care and heed local precautions
  • volcanoes may occur - take care and heed local precautions

Other Relevant Issues for Travel to Japan

The following may be issues relevant to travel to Japan:

  • high level medical care is available where facilities are comparable to other industrialised countries is available in major cities, adequate medical care is available throughout the rest of the country but not to the standard of industrialized countries
 

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