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Travel Health » Puerto Rico (U.S.)
 

Puerto Rico (U.S.) : Travel Health

WARNING! This information is out-dated and likely to be inaccurate!

Researching Travel Plans

Please note that this health information about Puerto Rico (U.S.) may be out-of-date. Always research the current health conditions and issues in any region you plan to visit prior to departure.

Infectious Diseases and Medical Concerns for Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The following medical diseases or health concerns are more common in travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.) (compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World):

More Common Diseases and Medical Concerns for Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The following health concerns or diseases are more commonly found in Puerto Rico (U.S.) compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

  • motor vehicle trauma - wear seatbelts and avoid night driving
  • ciguatera poisoning
  • corals, sea urchins, sea snakes and jellyfish can cause injury in marine waters
  • sharks can cause injury in marine waters

Epidemics for Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The following health concerns, diseases or comments are related to epidemics in Puerto Rico (U.S.):

Less Common Diseases and Health Concerns for Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The following health concerns or medical diseases are less commonly found in Puerto Rico (U.S.) compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

  • plague - risk for travelers is small

Vaccinations for Travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The following medical vaccinations are desirable or helpful for travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.) to prevent contagious diseases in Puerto Rico (U.S.):

  • hepatitis A - or immune globulin (IG)
  • hepatitis B - if risk of exposure to blood/bodily fluid or medical treatment or if your stay will be longer than 6 months then all infants and children 11-12 years who did not complete the series as infants
  • rabies - if you might be exposed to wild or domestic animals through your work or recreation
  • typhoid
  • tetanus - booster dose as needed
  • diphtheria - booster dose as needed
  • measles - booster dose as needed

Preventions or Health Precautions for Travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.)

Any health risk of travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.) may be reduced by the following precautionary health measures when visiting Puerto Rico (U.S.):

  • high rate of motor vehicle trauma - avoid night driving and wear seatbelts
  • mosquito bite prevention
  • insect bite protection
  • avoid drinking non-treated water - only drink bottled or canned water
  • eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself
  • keep feet clean and dry - help prevent parasitic infections
  • do not go barefoot - help prevent parasitic infections
  • always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • don't eat food purchased from street vendors
  • don't drink beverages with ice
  • don't share needles with anyone
  • don't handle animals (especially monkeys/dogs/cats) - to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague - risk for travelers is small)
  • don't swim in fresh water. Salt water is usually safer
  • hurricane season is between June and November - take care and heed local precautions

Other Relevant Issues for Travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The following may be issues relevant to travel to Puerto Rico (U.S.):

  • medical care is to the level of industrialized countries in San Juan, facilities in other regions are adequate but not to the standards of industrialized countries
 

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