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Treatments » Aaa_uncategorized
 

Aaa_uncategorized

Basic Information: Aaa_uncategorized

Count: Aaa_uncategorized is listed as a: treatment for 6041 conditions; alternative treatment for 0 conditions; preventive treatment for 201 conditions; research treatment for 111 conditions.

Treatments: list of all treatments

List of Diseases with Aaa_uncategorized as a Treatment

The following list of conditions have 'Aaa_uncategorized' or similar listed as a treatment in our database:

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  • 10q Partial Trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • 14qter deletion Syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Genetic counseling is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, educational support and other medical services as required
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities, Patients with low blood calcium levels due to hypoparathyroidism will need to take calcium supplements and vitamin D for the rest of their life
  • 3 alpha methylcrotonyl-Coa carboxylase 1 deficiency ... low-protein diet and supplements
  • 3 alpha methylcrotonyl-coa carboxylase 2 deficiency ... low-protein diet and supplements
  • 3-Beta-HSD, Deficiency of ... Varies depending on the severity of the condition. Patients with salt wasting may require administration of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and sex steroids
  • 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase deficiency ... Varies depending on the severity of the condition. Patients with salt wasting may require administration of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and sex steroids
  • 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase, Type II, Deficiency of ... Varies depending on the severity of the condition. Patients with salt wasting may require administration of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and sex steroids
  • 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase II Deficiency ... Restriction intake of isoleucine in the diet can improve prognosis
  • 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency ... low-protein diet and supplements
  • 49,XXXXX syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • 7p2 Monosomy Syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • 8p-Syndrome, partial ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures

A

  • AAA ... none
  • Aantibodies anti-FVIIIc syndrome ... steroids; FVII therapy, immunosuppressive therapy
  • Aase Syndrome ... Immunosuppressant drug e.g. Prednisone, Blood transfusions may be required early in life to manage anemia, Bone marrow transplant in severe cases
  • Abdominal abscess ... abscess drainage and antibiotics
  • Abdominal Aneurysm ... Monitoring via ultrasound, Surgical repair of aneurysm, Emergency vascular surgery for ruptured aneurysm
  • Abdominal Cancer ... iron supplementation for tumours where blood is lost eg colorectal cancer, chemotherapy for malignant tumours and metastases, Surgical treatment: may remove tumour, part of affected organ or all of affected organ; lymph nodes or associated/nearby structures may also be removed depending on the type of tumour
  • Abdominal cystic lymphangioma ... surgical resection
  • Abdominal muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Abdominal nerve entrapment ... pain medication, nerve stimulation therapy
  • Abeshouse's triad ... surgery to remove cysts
  • Ablepharon macrostomia syndrome ... Treatment usually involves plastic and reconstructive surgery. Surgery may be needed to correct undescended testes or hernias
  • Abscess ... Other treatments for pain, Other treatments for fever
  • Absence of tibia ... Shoe lift, Treatment goals involve obtaining the best possible limb length, alignment and function, Amputation (Syme amputation) and prosthetic fitting, Leg brace, Limb lengthening
  • Absence seizure ... anticonvulsant medication
  • Absidia species poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Absolute Glaucoma ... Immediate hospitalization
  • Absorptive hypercalciuria syndrome ... calcium-restricted diet
  • ACAD8 deficiency ... oral L-carnitine supplementation
  • Acanthoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Acarophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Acatalasemia ... Prompt and aggressive treatment should be used for streptococcal and pneumococcal infections and oral health should be monitored closely
  • Accelerated hypertension ... Prompt medical treatment (within minutes to hours) with blood pressure-reducing medication is essential
  • Aceruloplasminemia ... iron chelating agents, fresh-frozen human plasma
  • Acetaminophen poisoning ... N-Acetylcysteine
  • Achilles tendonitis ... Cold packs to reduce inflammation, Corticosteroid injection at site of tendonitis, Restrict strenuous activity or sport for 2-3 weeks, Raise heel of shoe
  • Achluophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Achondrogenesis type 2 ... There is no treatment for the underlying cause. Genetic counseling and joining a support group is usually recommended
  • Achondrogenesis, Langer-Saldino Type ... There is no treatment for the underlying underly. Genetic counseling and joining a support group is usually recommended
  • Achor-Smith syndrome ... potassium therapy
  • Achromatopsia ... To cope with their hypersensitivity to light outdoors, some networkers wear very dark amber lenses or very dark brown lenses, some wear deep red lenses, and some wear very dark gray lenses. Some wear wraparound sunglasses, some wear lenses mounted in standard frames with opaque side shields attached, and others wear tinted contact lenses, which are supplemented outdoors with sunglasses, Speech pathology, Aspirin or other anti-platelet medications, No treatment for achromatopsia symptom, Thrombolysis (drugs to break up clot), Palliative and functional treatment for stroke, Drugs for underlying conditions such as hypertension and diabetes
  • Achromatopsia 1 ... There is no specific treatment for the condition other than using proper eye-glasses to assist with any vision defects. Tinted glasses may help with light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia 2 ... There is no specific treatment for the condition other than using proper eye-glasses to assist with any vision defects. Tinted glasses may help with light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia 3 ... There is no specific treatment for the condition other than using proper eye-glasses to assist with any vision defects. Tinted glasses may help with light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia 4 ... There is no specific treatment for the condition other than using proper eye-glasses to assist with any vision defects. Tinted glasses may help with light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia with Myopia ... There is no specific treatment for the condition other than using proper eye-glasses to assist with any vision defects. Tinted glasses may help with light sensitivity
  • Acidic dry cell batteries inhalation poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Acidosis ... oral fluids, Treatment of the underlying cause
  • Acinic cell carcinoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Ackee Fruit Food poisoning ... activated charcoal, supportive therapy
  • Acne ... choose cosmetics carefully, avoid suntan, isotretinoin (Accutane), adapalene, avoid sunburn, Prescription medications:, azelaic acid, avoid rubbing or scratching, sulfur, sulfur, comedone removal, resorcinol, tazarotene, sun exposure, wash skin, shave carefully, tretinoin (retinoic acid)
  • Acomoclitic ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Acorn poisoning ... activated charcoal, cathartics, possibly induced vomiting if large amounts consumed, supportive therapy as needed
  • Acousticophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Acousticophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia ... immunosuppressive agents, hematopoietic progenitor cell transplant
  • Acquired Aplastic Anemia ... bone marrow transplant, immunosuppressive drug therapy, growth factors, cord blood transplants, peripheral blood stem cell transplants
  • Acquired hypothyroidism ... Levothyroxine
  • Acquired prothrombin deficiency ... vitamin K administration, plasma infusion
  • Acral lentiginous melanoma ... Final treatment might require wider excision (margins of 0.5 cm or more), digital amputation, lymphagiogram with lymphnode dissection, or chemotherapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, The biopsy will determine the depth and invasiveness of the melanoma, and will define what the final treatment will be. If the melanoma involves the nail fold and the nail bed, complete excision of the nail unit might be required
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly type 3 (ACPS 3) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Acrocyanosis ... avoidance of exposure to cold, cease smoking, Reassurance, gloves/slippers, alpha blocker drugs and calcium channel blocker drugs
  • Acrodermatitis, persistent ... Systemic treatments include oral retinoids, cyclosporine, methotrexate, and PUVA photochemotherapy, Acrodermatitis continua can be resistant to treatment. It may be treated topically with glucocorticoids, calcipotriene, or 5-fluorouracil
  • Acromegaly ... octreotide (Sandostatin®), pituitary hormone therapy, Bromocriptine (Parlodel®)
  • Acromegaly due to growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma ... Gamma knife radiosurgery is effective for patients with acromegaly where the pituitary tumors invaded the cavernous sinus. Transsphenoidal surgery and/or craniotomy with occasional medication of octreotide to reduce tumor size as well as hormonal levels
  • Acrophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Acropustulosis ... Treatmentis not necessary because of the self-limited nature of acropustulosis; however, topical steroids and oral dapsone have been used with good success
  • Acrosphenosyndactylia ... Surgery may be needed to prevent premature skull bone fusion from causing damage to the brain. Surgery is also needed to separate the fused fingers and toes and to correct any other defects if they become a problem. Orthodontic work is also often required. Other treatments are advised as symptoms develop
  • Actinic keratosis ... topical 5-fluorouracil creams, freezing with liquid nitrogen
  • Actinic prurigo ... avoid sun exposure, corticosteroids, thalidomide, PUVA, antimalarial drugs, beta-carotene
  • Actinomycosis ... long term treatment with antibiotics
  • Actinomycotic appendicitis ... Appendectomy remains the only curative treatment of appendicitis
  • Actirasty ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Acute (or transient) urinary incontinence ... Pelvic floor muscle training, Behavioral changes, Medication
  • Acute adult T-Cell leukemia ... chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant
  • Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma ... The patient should remain in the supine position as long as possible, Hyperosmotic agent, Laser peripheral iridotomy, Acetazolamide, Topical steroid, Topical beta-blocker, Anti emetics
  • Acute Appendicitis ... appendectomy, laparoscopic appendectomy
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis ... Oral medications- antibiotics, Analgesics-ibuprofen, paracetamol
  • Acute basophilic leukaemia ... Treatment options may include radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Antihistamines may be warranted if hyperhistaminemia develops
  • Acute Bokhoror ... There is no treatment for this fatal condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Acute Bronchitis ... avoid very hot weather, heating pad, avoid very cold weather, avoid dairy foods, cough medicines
  • Acute Chemical poisoning -- Varnish makers' and painters' Naptha ... remove source of exposure, wash affected parts of body, remove contaminated clothing, first aid, seek medical attention if required
  • Acute Cholecystitis ... cease all food and fluid intake, Surgical removal of gallstones (cholecystectomy- usually laparoscopic (keyhole surgery)), Hospital admission
  • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy ... delivery, intensive care unit
  • Acute fulminant multiple sclerosis ... autologous stem cell transplantation, Alemtuzumab, Serial plasma exchanges (PE) followed by immunosuppressive therapy, Mitoxantrone
  • Acute Gastritis ... IV fluids if severe case or dehydrated, Vigilant hygiene practices (eg handwashing, care with food preparation) to prevent spread to family and other close contacts, Medications to cease diarrhoea or slow intestinal motility are generally not recommended and can make condition worse, anti-emetic/anti-nausea medications, antibiotics if severe case, fever present or septicaemic, Generally will resolve of its own accord and only fluid replacement and rest needed, oral rehydration
  • Acute headache ... It depends on the etiological agent causing the acute headache
  • Acute insomnia ... Acute insomnia may not require treatment. Mild insomnia often can be prevented or cured by practicing good sleep habits
  • Acute Interstitial Pneumonia ... Intenstive care treatment and assisted ventilation may be needed, Some cases may require a lung transplant, There is limited information on treatments for this condition
  • Acute leukemia ... ALL chemotherapy drugs: glucocorticoids, vinkaalkaloids, anthracyclines, L-asparaginase, cyclophosphamide, AML chemotherapy drugs: idarubicine, daunorubicine, cytarabine, mitoxantrone, etoposide, cytarabine
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia ... Treatment varies depending on the factors such as the stage of the cancer and age of the patient, Cord blood transplant
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Susceptibility to ... Treatment varies depending on the factors such as the stage of the cancer and age of the patient, Cord blood transplant
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Treatment varies depending on the factors such as the stage of the cancer and age of the patient, Cord blood transplant
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Treatment varies depending on the factors such as the stage of the cancer and age of the patient, Cord blood transplant
  • Acute megacaryoblastic leukemia ... chemotherapy, radiotherapy, bone marrow transplant
  • Acute meningitis ... Measures to reduce fever. Medicines such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), fluids, and good room ventilation reduce fever, Measures to prevent seizures. Medicines such as phenobarbital or dilantin can help stop seizures, Measures to reduce pressure within the brain. If meningitis is causing pressure within the brain, corticosteroid medicines such as dexamethasone may be given to adults or children, Monitoring fluids
  • Acute non lymphoblastic leukemia ... induction therapy, Benefits of bone marrow transplant is being studied in clinical trials and shows promise
  • Acute Pancreatitis ... ventilator, parenteral nutrition
  • Acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis ... Chemotherapy generally doesn't produce good results, Allogenic bone marrow transplant
  • Acute peripheral arterial occlusion ... embolectomy, thrombolysis or bypass surgery
  • Acute Pesticide poisoning -- Triforine ... remove source of exposure, wash affected parts of body, remove contaminated clothing, first aid, seek medical attention if required
  • Acute Pesticide poisoning -- Ureas ... remove source of exposure, wash affected parts of body, remove contaminated clothing, first aid, seek medical attention if required
  • Acute Pesticide poisoning -- xylene ... remove source of exposure, wash affected parts of body, remove contaminated clothing, first aid, seek medical attention if required
  • Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment ... steroids, immunosuppressants
  • Acute Renal Failure ... sodium bicarbonate IV if patient has metabolic acidosis, correct high potassium (hyperkalemia), fluid replacement if hypovolemic, give oxygen, treat underlying cause of renal failure eg antibiotics for sepsis or kidney infection, removal of urinary tract obstruction
  • Acute retinal necrosis syndrome ... hospitalization, IV acyclovir, topical steroids, dilating eye drops and sometimes IV steroids
  • Acute rheumatic fever ... salicylate medications
  • Acute Tracheitis ... IV antibiotics, Endotracheal intubation
  • Acute VE ... There is no treatment for this fatal condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Acute Viliuisk Encephalitis ... There is no treatment for this fatal condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Acute Viliuisk Encephalomyelitis ... There is no treatment for this fatal condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Acute Vilyuisk Encephalitis ... There is no treatment for this fatal condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Acute Vilyuisk Encephalomyelitis ... There is no treatment for this fatal condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, short chain, deficiency of ... Avoid fasting, frequent meals, glucose infusion during illness or when unable to eat, carnitine supplements and avoiding foods with short-chain fatty acids
  • Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, very long chain, deficiency of ... L-Carnitine supplements, glucose infusions if hypoglycemic, dietary changes
  • Adam and Eve poisoning ... wash affected areas; supportive therapy; seek medical attention if needed
  • Adamantinoma ... Neither radiation therapy nor chemotherapy has been proven effective, Surgical approach is the treatment of choice
  • ADD ... Social skills training methods, dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), parent education methods, structured classroom management, methylphenidate (Ritalin), pemoline (Cylert), teacher education methods, tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, stress reduction techniques
  • Addiction ... aversion therapy, support groups, therapy, group therapy
  • Addison's Disease ... salt intake, fludrocortisone acetate (Florinef)
  • Addisonian crisis ... intravenous dextrose (sugar), intravenous saline, oral fludrocortisone acetate
  • Adenocarcinoid tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Adenocarcinoma ... may include chemotherapy, dependent on site of carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma of lung ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Adenocarcinoma of the lung ... Surgical resection
  • Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma ... Irradiation therapy: may induce marked regression, not curative, Surgical excision: primary treatment
  • Adenoid cystic carcionoma ... Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy
  • Adenomatous Polyposis of the Colon, autosomal dominant ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Adenomyosis ... hysterectomy, symptoms cease after menopause, Similar to treatment of endometriosis
  • Adenopathy ... directed at underlying cause
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Adenovirus-related Cold ... Rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion
  • Adenylate Kinase Deficiency ... A splenectomy can result in a complete resolution of symptoms in some patients
  • ADHD ... Social skills training methods, dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), parent education methods, structured classroom management, methylphenidate (Ritalin), pemoline (Cylert), teacher education methods, tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, stress reduction techniques
  • Adhesions ... surgical removal of adhesions
  • Adhesive abuse ... Self-help programs, Behavioral therapy, Support group, Counselling, Medications
  • Adhesive addiction ... Self-help programs, Behavioral therapy, Support group, Counselling, Medications
  • Adies Syndrome ... none specified
  • Adnexal and Skin Appendage Neoplasms ... Surgery may be required to remove benign and malignant tumors depending on the symptoms. Radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy may also be required if the tumor is malignant
  • Adolescent depression ... Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is one of the short term therapies that have been proven to be effective for the treatment of teen depression, Recent research indicates that young people with depressive disorders may respond more favorably to SSRIs than to tricyclic antidepressants
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis ... supportive treatments to cope with the spinal curvature e.g. built-up shoes to even out leg length, back brace
  • Adrenal crisis ... Hydrocortisone injection
  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital (General) ... Varies considerably depending on which adrenal hormones are affected and the degree of the adrenal insufficiency. Administration of adrenal hormones such as glucocorticoids, fludrocortisones, salt supplements, increased salt in diet
  • Adult Acne ... Topical Benzoyl-peroxide preparations, topical antibiotics (eg clindamycin, erythromycin), If very severe or if no response to other treatment, oral isotretinoin (Vitamin A derivative), topical retinoids (Vitamin A derivatives) eg tretinoin cream or gel, If more severe, oral antibiotics (eg tetracycline antibiotics, erythromycin) along with topical treatments, Topical commercial/over-the-counter acne treatments
  • Adult ADD ... See treatment for Adult ADHD
  • Adult ADHD ... See treatment for ADHD
  • Adult Cystic Fibrosis ... maintain really good nutrition, maintain normal weight, keep lungs clear of mucus, oral medication to maximize food absorption, lung transplant may be needed in some cases, IV antibiotics as needed, regular follow-ups with a CF specialist, treat infections promptly
  • Adult onset angioedema ... Varies depending on the underlying cause
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome ... ventilation, surfactant
  • Adult T-Cell leukemia ... chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant
  • Adult T-Cell lymphoma ... chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant
  • Adult-onset asthma ... Avoid allergens or other substances which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Adult-onset Renal Failure ... Some patients may progress to a point where they need dialysis and a kidney transplant
  • Advanced sleep phase syndrome ... Advanced sleep phase syndrome is treated with chronotherapy or bright light therapy
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- 1,1-Dichloroethene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- 1,2-Dibromo-3-Chloropropane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- 1,2-Dibromoethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- 1-Propanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- Allyl trichloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Aelurophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aerophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aerosol abuse ... Self-help programs, Behavioral therapy, Support group, Counselling Medications
  • Aerosol addiction ... Self-help programs, Behavioral therapy, Support group, Counselling, Medications
  • Aflatoxin B1 exposure ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Aflatoxin B2 exposure ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Aflatoxin exposure ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Aflatoxin G1 exposure ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Aflatoxin G2 exposure ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • African hemp exposure ... wash affected area
  • African Kaposi's sarcoma ... Treatment decisions depend on the extent and location of the lesions, as well as the person's symptoms and degree of immunosuppression. Antiviral therapy against the AIDS virus can shrink the lesions, Radiation therapy or cryotherapy can be used for lesions in certain areas. Combination chemotherapy may also be used. However, lesions may return after treatment
  • African milk bush poisoning ... wash affected areas and seek medical attention if the sap is ingested or there is eye exposure
  • Agammaglobulinemia ... immunoglobulin replacement, plasma infusion
  • Agammaglobulinemias, Primary ... Administration of gammaglobulins to allow body to fight infection
  • Aganglionosis, total intestinal ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Agapanthus poisoning ... Wash affected areas; supportive therapy
  • Age-Related Hearing Impairment ... Advise friends and family members so they can take measures to improve communication e.g. talking clearly, facing the person when talking, minimize background noises during conversations etc, Wear hearing protection devices when exposed to loud noise e.g. ear plugs, Hearing aid, Treatment will vary depending on factors such as severity of symptoms, age, general health, medical history and individual preferences, Avoid loud noises, Speech reading training, Assistive devices e.g. telephone amplifiers
  • Age-Related Hearing Impairment 1 ... Advise friends and family members so they can take measures to improve communication e.g. talking clearly, facing the person when talking, minimize background noises during conversations etc, Wear hearing protection devices when exposed to loud noise e.g. ear plugs, Hearing aid, Treatment will vary depending on factors such as severity of symptoms, age, general health, medical history and individual preferences, Avoid loud noises, Speechreading training, Assistive devices e.g. telephone amplifiers
  • Age-Related Hearing Impairment 2 ... Advise friends and family members so they can take measures to improve communication e.g. talking clearly, facing the person when talking, minimize background noises during conversations etc, Wear hearing protection devices when exposed to loud noise e.g. ear plugs, Hearing aid, Treatment will vary depending on factors such as severity of symptoms, age, general health, medical history and individual preferences, Avoid loud noises, Speechreading training, Assistive devices e.g. telephone amplifiers
  • Age-related macular degeneration ... magnifying glasses, Photocoagulation, Currently there is no treatment for dry AMD, for wet AMD
  • Agitated depression ... Treatment is by mood-stabilizing medication, sometimes accompanied by anti-depressant or neuroleptic medication
  • Aglossia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is often primarily centered around orthodontics
  • Agonophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Agoraphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Agoraphobia ... interoceptive exposure, real-life exposure
  • Agranulocytosis ... Treating any underlying cause, Stopping any medication cause, granulocyte transfusions, broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • Agrexophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Agyrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aichmophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Air embolism ... Hyperbaric chamber, oxygen administration, Symptomatic measures e.g. medications for seizures, reduced blood pressure
  • Airborne allergy ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Aischrolgia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Akathisia ... additional medications, alter the causal medication
  • Al Murrah-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Alarcon-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Albayaidle-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Albayalde-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Albuminuria ... salt or fluid restriction, treatment of underlying cause
  • Albutophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Alcock syndrome ... pudendal nerve block, Pain-relieving medication, pelvic floor training, avoid activities which make symptoms worse
  • Alcohol-induced hypertension ... Reduce or eliminate alcohol intake
  • Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration ... thiamine supplements, cessation of alcohol consumption, improving nutrition
  • Alcoholic Neuropathy ... Cessation or decrease of alcohol consumption, psychotherapy or self-help/support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous, Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
  • Alcoholic polyneuropathy ... improved nutrition, anti-inflammatory medication, antidepressants, physiotherapy
  • Alcoholic, reversible acute muscular ... cessation of alcohol use, adequate diet and thiamine supplements
  • Alcoholism ... avoidance of alcohol, admission of having a problem, Alcoholics Anonymous, aversion therapy, avoiding friends who abuse alcohol, detoxification (drying out), Self-help programs, Support group, Counselling, Nutrition, Exercise, Medications, Other treatments for any complications
  • Alektorophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aleukemic leukemia cutis ... chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Algophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Algophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Alkalosis ... rebreathing, Treatment of the underlying cause
  • Allergenic cross-reactivity ... Avoid exposure to mugwort pollen and mustard . Supportive measures vary depending on the nature of the symptoms: examples include adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms, decongestants, anti-inflammatory nasal sprays and topical steroid creams for skin reactions, Avoid exposure to latex. Supportive measures such as adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms and topical steroid creams for skin reactions, Avoid exposure to responsible allergens. Supportive measures vary depending on the nature of the symptoms: examples include adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms, decongestants, anti-inflammatory nasal sprays and topical steroid creams for skin reactions
  • Allergic asthma ... Avoid allergens which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories. Immunotherapy and anti-IgE monoclonal antibody administration are specific treatments aimed at desensitizing patients and reducing the allergic response
  • Allergic conjunctivitis ... There is no cure and treatment is aimed at managing symptoms: Avoid allergen and use antihistamines (eye drops or tablets) as required. Immunotherapy may help in some cases
  • Allergic contact dermatitis ... There is no cure. Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms: avoiding allergen, antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, steroids, cyclosporine, moisturizing creams, antibiotics for secondary infections, photochemotherapy, immune modulating drugs (tacrolimus, pimecrolimus) and immunotherapy
  • Allergic rhinitis ... Topical decongestants, Antiallergic medication(antihistamines), Environmental control measures and allergen avoidance, Analgesics, antipyeretics
  • Allergies ... antihistamine drugs
  • Allopellia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Allorgasmia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Aloe poisoning ... supportive care, rehydration
  • Alpha thalassemia ... Mild cases may require no treatment. Regular blood transfusions are required in more severe cases. Removal (chelation) of iron buildup in body due to blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen or allogeneic hematopoietic transplant may be helpful in some cases. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Alpha thalassemia -- Hemoglobin H disease ... Regular blood transfusion are usually required
  • Alpha thalassemia major ... Diagnosis during pregnancy means that the fetus can receive life-saving blood transfusions. Frequent life-long blood transfusion will be required. Removal (chelation) of iron buildup in body due to blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen or stem cell transplant. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Alpha thalassemia trait ... Usually no treatment is required
  • Alpha-Mannosidosis ... Manage infections promptly when they develop, Hearing aids may be needed for hearing impairment, Regular health monitoring, Education support, Glasses may be needed for vision impairment
  • Alstrom disease ... Thyroid hormone replacement, Medications to treat cardiomyopathy, Medication to manage diabetes
  • Alström Syndrome ... Thyroid hormone replacement, Medications to treat cardiomyopathy, Medication to manage diabetes
  • Alternating Bowel Habit IBS ... selective 5-HT3 antagonist, Stool softeners, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • Alternating Hemiplegia ... sleep, flunarizine
  • Altocalciphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Aluminium toxicity ... avoidance of aluminium containing products, aluminium chelating agents
  • Alveolar cell carcinoma ... Pnemonectomy, Lobectomy
  • Alveolar echinococcosis ... benzimidazoles
  • Alveolar Hydatid Disease ... Surgical cyst removal
  • Alzheimer disease 10 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 12 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 13 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 14 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 15 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 16 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 2, late-onset ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 3, (early-onset Alzheimer disease) ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 5 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 6 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 7 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 8 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease 9 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease, early-onset, with cerebral amyloid angiopathy ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease, familial, 1 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease, familial, 11 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease, familial, 3, with spastic paraparesis and apraxia ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease, familial, 3, with spastic paraparesis and unusual plaques ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer disease, familial, 4 ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Alzheimer's Disease ... Exelon (rivastigmine), Nursing homes, tacrine (THA, Cognex), Mental stimulation, Aricept (donepezil)
  • Amanita polypyramis poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Amaryllis poisoning ... activated charcoal or induced vomiting may be beneficial, decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Amathophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Amaurophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 1 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis Congenita of Leber, type 12 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis Congenita of Leber, type 13 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 2 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 3 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 4 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 5 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 6 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 7 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 8 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 9 ... There is no definitive treatment at this stage but research into the use of gene therapy is showing promise. Patients who do retain some level of vision can use various aids to improve their day-to-day functioning: low-vision aids, optical aids, computer-based aids and electronic aids. Other measures which can assist visually impaired patients are: mobility training, assistance with job placement and adaptive training skills
  • Amaxophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Amebic appendicitis ... Good outcome after surgical resection and treatment with metronidazole
  • Amebic dysentery ... nitroimidazole drugs, diloxamide furoate
  • Amelotasis ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • American mountain fever ... There is no specific treatment for the disease but painkillers and analgesics may be needed for the pain and fever symptoms. The tick should also be removed completely as soon as possible. One method of removing the tick safely involves applying Vaseline over the top to cut off the air supply. This causes the tick to back out of the skin at which point it can be carefully removed. Squeezing or traumatizing the tick can increase the likelihood of disease transmission
  • Amniotic fluid syndrome ... restoring blood coagulation, treatment of shock
  • Amoebiasis ... antibiotic such as metronidazole
  • Amomaxia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Amphetamine-induced hypertension ... Reduce or eliminate amphetamine use
  • Amputee fetishism ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, cognitive therapy, behavior therapy, medication
  • Amychophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Amyloidosis AL ... usually chemotherapy
  • Amyloidosis, inflammatory ... Treatment is aimed at the underlying condition which may slow the process of amyloidosis or stop it altogether
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ... Riluzole is an approved drug that may minimize damage to the nerves, riluzole, Experimental medications: KNS-760704, Tetracycline antibiotic minocycline, Insulin-like growth factor 1 and Methylcobalamin, Alternative approaches: hyponotherapy, psychotherapy, nutritional support
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial ... There is no cure for the condition, The FDA has approved use of riluzole which may assist in reducing progression of neurological damage, Management of symptoms as they arise and supportive care
  • Anaclitism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Anal fissure ... stool softening treatments, avoid straining when passing stool, warm sitz baths, 0.50 percent hydrocortisone cream, lubricating suppositories, drink lots of water
  • Anal itching ... avoid nuts, avoid tea and coffee, avoid tomatoes, avoid any foods that seem to worsen itching, avoid anal scratching, carefully choose any cream or lotion to use on the area, gentle cleaning after passing stool, use cotton underwear, Treat any underlying condition, avoid certain foods, avoid colored toilet paper, avoid citrus fruits, avoid perfumed toilet paper
  • Anaphylaxis ... call 911 (USA) or local emergency service, carefully remove any insect sting, heart medications, ventilator, anti-nausea medications, emergency anaphylaxis treatment kit, adrenaline injection (epinephrine)
  • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma ... steroid therapy, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, stem cell infusion, bone marrow infusion
  • Anaplastic small cell lymphoma ... steroid therapy, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, stem cell infusion, bone marrow infusion
  • Anasteemaphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Anchovy poisoning (clupeotoxin) ... decontamination
  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome ... vaginal cosmetic surgery, surgical testes removal
  • Andropause ... testosterone replacement
  • Androphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Anemia ... EPO injections, high-iron diet, folic acid supplements, intravenous iron
  • Anemia of pregnancy ... Iron supplementation, folic acid supplementation, Vitamin B12 supplementation, increased iron in diet
  • Anemia, Hemolytic, Warm Antibody ... Treatment depends on the cause and usually involves symptomatic and supportive measures. Corticosteroid drugs, IV immune globulin and immunosuppressants may be used. Removal of the spleen may help in some cases. Withdrawal of drugs or cessation of blood transfusions may also help if they are the causative factors
  • Anemias, Sideroblastic ... Treatment is aimed at diagnosing the underlying cause and treating the cause. Blood transfusions may be needed if the cause cannot be determined or the anemia is severe
  • Aneurysm ... Surgical aneurysm removal, Surgical artery repair, Details of treatment depend on artery affected
  • Angiectasis pregnancy ... estrogen alleviates pain
  • Angina ... avoid excessive alcohol, avoid getting cold, milder exercise, artery stent, Balloon angioplasty, Coronary artery bypass surgery, moderate eating, Treating angina and heart attack risk factors, inhaled amyl nitrite, glycerin trinitrate tablets, Avoiding angina triggers
  • Angina Pectoris ... vasodilators eg Nicorandil, Nitrates eg Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), Calcium antagonist medications eg verapamil, diltiazem
  • Anginophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Angioma ... especially strawberry marks, Cosmetics
  • Angioma serpiginosum ... vascular laser may improve the appearance
  • Angiomatoid melanoma ... surgery, immunochemotherapy, and autologous vaccination
  • Angiomyomatous Hamartoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Angiosarcoma ... Response to treatment is usually poor unless the cancer is detected in the early stages. Treatment options include: surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy. Medications may be required to alleviate anemia, fatigue and pain
  • Angiosarcoma of the breast ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Angiosarcoma of the liver ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Angiosarcoma of the scalp ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Angiotropic melanoma ... Numerous adjuvant therapies have been investigated for the treatment of localized cutaneous melanoma following complete surgical removal. No survival benefit has been demonstrated for adjuvant chemotherapy, nonspecific (passive) immunotherapy, radiation therapy, retinoid therapy, vitamin therapy, or biologic therapy. Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Anglophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Animal allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Animal bite ... rabies shots, tetanus shots, See treatment of rabies, See treatment of tetanus
  • Animal-type melanoma ... surgery along with radiotherapy
  • Aniridia ptosis mental retardation obesity familial type ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Anisocytosis ... treatment of underlying disorder
  • Ankle Arthritis ... Varies depending on the cause
  • Ankle fracture ... resetting the ankle bones, raising injured ankle
  • Ankle Osteoarthritis ... The damage is irreversible and treatment is aimed managing the pain, maintaining mobility of the joint and slowing the progression of the condition. Painkillers, anti-inflammatories, exercise and reducing stress on the joint may help alleviate symptoms. Studies have shown no conclusive benefits of supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin but some people may find they help. Joint replacement surgery may be required in severe cases that involve joints such as the hip or knee
  • Ankle sprain ... rehability and recovery treatments, avoid bearing weight on ankle, avoid bearing weight on ankle, See also treatments for sprain, hard cast
  • Ankyloglossia ... No treatment is usually required and only severe cases where symptoms are particularly problematic which surgery be recommended
  • Ankylophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis ... avoid stress to back or spine, spine exercises, swimming
  • Anorectal abscess ... Usually surgery is needed as antibiotics are generally insufficient
  • Anorexia Nervosa ... supplemental feeding, Normal weight restoration, nutritional counseling, electrolyte imbalance treatments
  • Anovulation ... Treatment of any underlying cause, fertility drugs
  • Anoxia ... preventing pneumonia, cardiovascular restoration, restoring oxygen supply
  • Antepartum Eclampsia ... Delivering the baby, IV magnesium sulphate, blood pressure-reducing medication
  • Anterior Interosseous Nerve Compression ... treat cause, rest and immobilization, anti-inflammatory drugs, surgery
  • Anthophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Anthrax meningitis ... The length of treatment is currently about 60 days for individuals exposed to anthrax, since it may take spores that long to germinate
  • Anthropophagolagnia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Anthropophagy ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Anthropophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Anthurium poisoning ... wash affected areas and seek medical attention if symptoms are severe
  • Anti-HLA hyperimmunization ... The condition may be managed by the use of erythropoietin which can reduce the requirement for transfusions. Other developing therapies include immune-adsorption, plasmapheresis and immunoblobulins
  • Antidiarrheal agent poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Antihypertensive drug allergy ... Avoid the problem drug. Treatment varies considerable depending on the symptoms but generally involves supportive measures to ease symptoms: cool showers and topical applications for skin reactions, epinephrine for anaphylactic reactions, antihistamines, steroids, bronchodilator medication
  • Antithrombin Deficiency ... anticoagulation therapy, antithrombin concentrate administration
  • Antithrombin Deficiency, type I ... anticoagulation therapy, antithrombin concentrate administration
  • Antithrombin Deficiency, type II ... anticoagulation therapy, antithrombin concentrate administration
  • Antlophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Anton-Vogt syndrome ... sedative and antispasmodic agent
  • Anuria ... renal dialysis
  • Anxiety ... Healthy diet and exercise, Medication: Antidepressants, Anti-Anxiety drugs, Beta Blockers, Education about anxiety, Problem solving training, Exposure therapy, Cognitive-behavior therapy
  • Anxiety depression ... Anxiety can be treated with BZDs, The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, medication, and electroconvulsive therapy, Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for people under 18, while electroconvulsive therapy is only used as a last resort
  • Anxiety disorders ... Healthy diet and exercise, Medication: Antidepressants, Anti-Anxiety drugs, Beta Blockers, Education about anxiety, Problem solving training, Exposure therapy, Cognitive-behavior therapy
  • Anxiety-tension syndrome ... patient education about condition, high protein diet, vitamin supplement, exercise
  • Aortic dissection ... antihypertensives such as beta blockers, vascular surgery to repair tear
  • Aortic valve disease ... arrhythmia medications
  • APECED Syndrome ... There is no cure for the disease so symptomatic measures are employed e.g. replacement of low hormone levels, medications for yeast infections
  • Apeirophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Apert syndrome ... Surgery may be needed to prevent premature skull bone fusion from causing damage to the brain. Surgery is also needed to separate the fused fingers and toes and to correct any other defects if they become a problem. Orthodontic work is also often required. Other treatments are advised as symptoms develop
  • Aphasia ... Computer-aided therapy, language therapy
  • Apiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aplastic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause but possible therapies include: blood transfusion, oxygen administration, bone marrow-stimulating agents, bone marrow transplant and immunosuppressive drugs if condition is caused by malfunctioning immune system. Cases caused by exposure to toxins or medications usually resolve after the exposure to the toxin or medication ceases
  • Apnea of prematurity ... Keep the infant's head and neck straight (premature babies should always be placed on their backs to sleep to help keep the airways clear), Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), Medications to stimulate the respiratory system
  • Apparent mineralocorticoid excess ... Spinolactone can lead to significant improvement in symptoms. Dexamethasone may help some patients. Potassium-sparing diuretics may also be required
  • Apparent Mineralocorticoid Excess, type 2 ... Spinolactone can lead to significant improvement in symptoms. Dexamethasone may help some patients. Potassium-sparing diuretics may also be required
  • Appendiceal tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Appendix cancer ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Apple seed poisoning ... activated charcoal with cathartic, supportive therapy: cyanide antidote, sodium bicarbonate if acidosis occurs. Note: Do NOT induce vomiting
  • Apricot seed poisoning ... supportive therapy: sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, cyanide antidote kit for symptomatic patients; hemodialysis; charcoal hemoperfusion; hydroxocobalamin and dicobalt-EDTA for chelation
  • Arachibutyrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Arachnephilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Arachnephobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aralia poisoning ... wash affected areas
  • Arcobacter butzleri infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Arcobacter cryaerophilus infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Arcobacter infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Arctic bearded seal poisoning ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Argentinean hemorrhagic fever ... ribavirin
  • Arginine-glycine amidinotransferase deficiency ... creatine administration, Treatment with creatine can significantly improve symptoms and outcomes. Early treatment can prevent the onset of symptoms and allow normal development
  • Arginninosuccinic acid synthetase deficiency ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Argyria ... cosmetic camouflage and sunscreen for further prevention
  • Aristolochic Acid poisoning ... supportive therapy: IV sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, prednisolone to slow down kidney disease progression
  • Arizona Bark Scorpion poisoning ... pressure tourniquet, supportive therapy, antidote kit
  • Arm fracture ... reset the broken bones
  • Armpit Boil ... Maintain good skin hygiene, Surgical lancing and drainage, Avoid squeezing the boil, Avoid picking at the boil, Warm compresses
  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation (Type 1) ... Surgery (high cervical laminectomy, decompression of posterior fossa)
  • Arrhythmias ... Automatic implantable defibrillators, antiarrhythmic drugs, Cardioversion
  • Arterial insufficiency ... Surgery: bypass graft, risk factor modifaction, intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy, amputation. Non-Surgical: exercise, transluminal angioplasty, thrombolytic drugs
  • Arteriovenous Malformation ... embolization
  • Arthralgia ... treatment of underlying cause, may include anti inflammatory drugs, varies according to cause, analgesia
  • Arthritis pain ... Joint replacement surgery for severely damaged joints, Antibiotics when an infection is the cause, Treat underlying cause, Immunosuppressants for immune system dysfunction
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita -- pulmonary hypoplasia ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Arthrogrypotic hand abnormality and sensorineural hearing loss ... Generally no specific treatment is required other than measures to manage hearing impairment and any problems arising from the hand anomalies
  • Asbestosis ... humidifer, bronchial drainage
  • Ascariasis ... pyrantel pamoate
  • Ascites ... paracentesis
  • Aseptic abscesses syndrome ... corticosteroid therapy
  • Asian Dendorlimus pini caterpillar poisoning ... antihistamine, anti-inflammatory
  • Asparagus Fern poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Aspartylglucosaminidase deficiency ... There is no cure and no definitive treatment. Allogenic bone marrow grafts have not proved to be particularly helpful. Symptomatic measures such as anti-seizure medication may be used if seizures develop
  • Aspartylglucosaminuria ... There is no cure and no definitive treatment. Allogenic bone marrow grafts have not proved to be particularly helpful. Symptomatic measures such as anti-seizure medication may be used if seizures develop
  • Aspartylglycosaminuria ... There is no cure and no definitive treatment. Allogenic bone marrow grafts have not proved to be particularly helpful. Symptomatic measures such as anti-seizure medication may be used if seizures develop
  • Asperger syndrome ... social skills training, neuroleptics, parent education and training, behavioral modification, educational interventions, mood stabilizers, psychostimulants
  • Asperger Syndrome, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Escitalopram, Social skills training, Neuroleptics, Parent education and training, Behavioral modification, Educational interventions, Mood stabilizers, Training of social skills for more effective interpersonal interactions
  • Asperger Syndrome, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Escitalopram, Social skills training, Neuroleptics, Parent education and training, Behavioral modification, Educational interventions, Mood stabilizers, Training of social skills for more effective interpersonal interactions
  • Asperger Syndrome, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Escitalopram, Social skills training, Neuroleptics, Parent education and training, Behavioral modification, Educational interventions, Mood stabilizers, Training of social skills for more effective interpersonal interactions
  • Asperger Syndrome, X-linked, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Escitalopram, Social skills training, Neuroleptics, Parent education and training, Behavioral modification, Educational interventions, Mood stabilizers, Training of social skills for more effective interpersonal interactions
  • Asperger Syndrome, X-linked, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Escitalopram, Social skills training, Neuroleptics, Parent education and training, Behavioral modification, Educational interventions, Mood stabilizers, Training of social skills for more effective interpersonal interactions
  • Asphyxia ... Expired Air Rescuscitation (EAR), Cardio-Pulmonary Rescuscitation (CPR), Emergency rescuscitation, First aid to remove foreign body
  • Asphyxiaphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Asphyxiophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Aspirin-induced asthma ... Avoid using aspirin. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Asteatotic dermatitis ... increase humidity, reduce use of soaps and hot water for bathing, using skin moisturizers and bath oils, glucocorticoid creams if skin is inflamed
  • Asteatotic eczema ... Wear cotton clothing as other materials increase sweating and rubbing on the skin, Make lifestyle changes to avoid temperature, humidity extremes and other exacerbating factors, Very red dry skin may benefit from using QV Flare Up Bath Oil, Avoid environments that are excessively hot, cold or dry as they can exacerbate skin symptoms, Symptoms can be alleviated by moisturizing and steroid creams. Antibiotics may be needed if secondary infection develops, Keep the nails short and wear a covering over the hands (gloves or socks) to avoid night-time scratching as the patient is often unaware that they are scratching, Moisturise twice a day. It may take some experimentation to find a cream that doesn't irritate the skin. Avoid creams with mineral oils. Commonly used brands include: Alpha Keri, Cetaphil, QV, Dermaveen and Hamiltons, Bathe only once every 1-2 days, Use topical antibacterial cream for infected eczema, Oils such as olive oil (extra-virgin) may be used as a moisturizer, Using low-allergenic washing powders, Use bath oil to help moisturise skin e.g. Dermaveen, Hamilton's Alpha Ker or QV, A topical cream called Pimecrolimus may be used to treat eczema
  • Asthenophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Asthma ... anti-inflammatory agents, avoid outdoor mold, Inhaled Anticholinergics, avoid fire smoke, Quick relief asthma treatments, avoid dust mites, Zileuton, avoid indoor mold, avoid cross-reaction asthma effects of other medications, nedocromil, metered dose inhaler, peak flow meter, avoid flu, sustained-release beta-2 agonists, avoid vaccuuming, Sustained-release theophylline, Cromolyn, avoid animals, avoid pollen, avoid strong odors, Inhaled Short-Acting Beta2 Agonists, avoid animal dander, Long-term asthma medications, avoid cockroaches, avoid cold air, Inhaled long-acting beta-2 agonists, zafirlukast, Avoiding triggers or exacerbating factors, avoid sulfites
  • Asthma related cough ... Asthma inhaler with albuterol, ipratropium, Inhaled steroids (anti-inflammatory agents)
  • Asthmatic Bronchitis ... Oral antibiotics for respiratory infections, Oral corticosteroids eg prednisolone tablets, "Preventer" anti-inflammatory medications eg inhaled steroids such as fluticasone, "Symptom controller" medication (used in conjunction with inhaled steroid) eg salmeterol, "Reliever" inhaler medications for symptomatic control/bronchodilation eg Ventolin (salbutamol), Medication such as bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids
  • Astigmatism ... Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), Astigmatic keratotomy
  • Astraphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Astrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Asymbolia for pain ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis ... No treatment required. It is standard practice for men with infertility and category IV prostatitis to be given a trial of antibiotics and/or anti-inflammatories however evidence for efficacy are weak
  • Atamasco lily poisoning ... wash out mouth and seek medical advice
  • Ataxia -- oculomotor apraxia, type 1 ... Mainly involves physical therapy, wheelchair use when needed and special education. Joining a support group and genetic counseling is also usually recommended. A high protein diet may be recommended when blood albumin levels become low. A low-cholesterol diet is also recommended. Regular monitoring by a neurologist is also advised
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia ... Gamma-globulin injections, High-dose vitamin regimes
  • Ataxia with Vitamin E Deficiency ... Vitamin E administration
  • Ataxia, episodic -- vertigo -- tinnitus -- myokymia ... Acetazolamide may help control symptoms
  • Ataxia-oculomotor apraxia syndrome ... Mainly involves physical therapy, wheelchair use when needed and special education. Joining a support group and genetic counseling is also usually recommended. A high protein diet may be recommended when blood albumin levels become low. A low-cholesterol diet is also recommended. Regular monitoring by a neurologist is also advised
  • Ataxiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ataxophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Atelectasis ... PEEP or CPAP machines
  • Atelophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Atephobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Atherosclerosis ... low cholesterol diet, Follow a healthy eating plan to prevent or reduce high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol and to maintain a healthy weight, Coronary angioplasty (balloon angioplasty), artery stents, Increase your physical activity, Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (bypass surgery), Lose weight, if you're overweight or obese, regular physical activity
  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy ... Treatment plans will vary depending on the nature and severity of symptoms the patient presents with as well as individual factors such as age
  • Athlete's foot ... antifungal creams or powders, oral antifungal medications, good foot hygiene, drying the feet, socks made of natural fibers, avoid foot sweating, open shoes to allow airing the feet
  • Atlantic mussel food poisoning ... activated charcoal with cathartic, lavage, seizure medication, fluids to improve blood pressure
  • Atlantic Poison oak poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Atopic asthma ... Avoid allergens which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories. Immunotherapy and anti-IgE monoclonal antibody administration are specific treatments aimed at desensitizing patients and reducing the allergic response
  • Atopic dermatitis related allergy refers to allergies that ... Varies depending on nature and severity of symptoms: Atopic dermatitis may be treated with steroids, moisturizers and antihistamines; hay fever may be treated with steroid sprays; and asthma may be treated with various asthma medications
  • Atrial Fibrillation ... electric shock treatments, defibrillation
  • Atrial flutter ... control diabetes blood sugar levels, cardioversion, low-fat low-salt low-cholesterol diet, relaxation therapies
  • Atrial Septal Defect ... None, device closure
  • Atrial Septal Defect 3 ... Surgery to close the defect, ASD closure device, Regular monitoring, Treatment varies depending on the severity of the defect and symptoms
  • Atrial Septal Defect 4 ... Surgery to close the defect, ASD closure device, Regular monitoring, Treatment varies depending on the severity of the defect and symptoms
  • Atrial Septal Defect 5 ... Surgery to close the defect, ASD closure device, Regular monitoring, Treatment varies depending on the severity of the defect and symptoms
  • Atrial Septal Defect 6 ... Surgery to close the defect, ASD closure device, Regular monitoring, Treatment varies depending on the severity of the defect and symptoms
  • Atrophic rhinitis ... nasal lambswool plug, topical vitamin D, topical vitamin A
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ... dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), Social skills training, tutoring, structured classroom management, methylphenidate (Ritalin), pemoline (Cylert), teacher education
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 7 ... Social skills training methods, Desipramine, Atomoxetine, Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child, Tricyclc antidepressants, Dextroamphetamine, Magnesium pemoline, ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding, Parent education methods, Amphetamine, Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision, Structured classroom management, Nortryptilline, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®), The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children, Stimulant therapy, Modafinil, Pemoline (Cylert), Methylphenidate, Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD, Teacher education methods, Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them, Tutoring supplementation, General lifestyle changes, Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, Atomoxetine (nonstimulent), Stress reduction techniques
  • Attenuated congenital adrenal hyperplasia ... Administration of hydrocortisone or other cortisol replacement alternatives
  • Attenuated familial polyposis ... removal of colon, Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Atypical depression ... Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are superior to tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) for the treatment of atypical depression
  • Atypical pyridoxine-dependent seizures ... Anticonvulsant medication and then pyridoxine supplements as needed
  • Aulophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Aurophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Auroraphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Australian Sea Lion poisoning ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Australian Umbrella Tree poisoning ... wash affected areas, seek medical advice if symptoms persist or become severe, decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Autassassinophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Autism ... Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support (PBS), Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), parent training, Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 1 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 10 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 11 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 12 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 13 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 14 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, Susceptibility to, 15 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 3 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 4 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 5 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 6 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 7 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 8 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, susceptibility to, 9 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, X-linked, susceptibility to, 1 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, X-linked, susceptibility to, 2 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autism, X-linked, susceptibility to, 3 ... Developmental models, Structured teaching, Applied behavior analysis, Social skills therapy, Language therapy
  • Autoimmune diseases ... Treatments vary for specific diseases but may include, cyclosporin
  • Autoimmune enteropathy, type 1 ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia ... Varies depending on the underlying cause and severity of the conditions. Corticosteroids and other drugs may be required in some cases. Blood transfusions and even surgical removal of the spleen may be carried out in severe cases
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis ... tacrolimus
  • Autoimmune Hypophysitis ... Surgery may be needed to reduce the size of the pituitary gland which may be compressing adjacent structurs, Corticosteroid therapy
  • Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome, type 1 ... Adrenal dysfunction will require cortisol, Thyroid hormone dysfunction will require thyroid hormone replacement, Pancreatic dysfunction will require insulin
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease associated Celiac Disease ... Gluten-free diet, nutritional supplements may be needed in some cases
  • Automasochism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Automysophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Automysophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Autonepiophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Autophagy ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Autophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Autosensitization dermatitis ... treatment of the underlying infection or other cause
  • Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy ... anti-seizure medication
  • Autumn crocus poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Avascular necrosis ... Core decompression, Bone graft, treat alcoholism, Osteotomy, avoid weight bearing, joint replacement (arthroplasty), discontinue corticosteroid use
  • Avlinolagnia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Axillism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Azalea poisoning ... activated charcoal with cathartic, lavage, supportive therapy: atropine for slow heart rate and IV fluids for low blood pressure, supportive measures: hydration, electrolyte balance
  • Azarcon-induced lead poisoning ... chelation

B

  • B-cell lymphomas ... chemotherapy, radiotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy, steroid therapy, stem cell infusions, bone marrow infusions
  • Ba Bow Sen-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Baby bottle nipples induced allergies ... Use baby bottle nipples that don't contain latex. Supportive measures such as adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms and topical steroid creams for skin reactions
  • Baby's breath poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Bacillophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning ... supportive measures: hydration, electrolyte balance
  • Bacillus cereus type II food poisoning ... supportive measures: hydration, electrolyte balance
  • Back pain ... Chiropractic manipulation, mild painkillers, local heat, muscle relaxants
  • Back sprain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Back tumour ... Antibiotics for infections, Treatment of primary malignancy, Blood transfusions if anaemic, Radiotherapy of vertebra for relief of local symptoms, Treatment of renal failure
  • Bacterial appendicitis ... Appendectomy remains the only curative treatment of appendicitis
  • Bacterial meningitis ... Measures to reduce fever. Medicines such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), fluids, and good room ventilation reduce fever, Measures to prevent seizures. Medicines such as phenobarbital or dilantin can help stop seizures, Measures to reduce pressure within the brain. If meningitis is causing pressure within the brain, corticosteroid medicines such as dexamethasone may be given to adults or children, Monitoring fluids
  • Bacterial pericarditis ... antibiotics, pain-relieving medication, diuretics to remove excess fluid, NSAIDs or corticosteroids to alleviate inflammation, pericardiocentesis, surgical removal of part of pericardium in recurring or chronic cases
  • Bacterial prostatitis ... Oral medications- antibiotics, Analgesics-ibuprofen, paracetamol
  • Bacterial vaginosis ... tinidazole, antibiotic cream
  • Bacteriophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Balance disorders ... balance retraining exercises (vestibular rehabilitation)
  • Balanitis ... Treatment of any underlying condition, Careful bathing, Sexual abstinence
  • Bali goli-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Baller-Gerold Syndrome ... Varies depending on what abnormalities are present. Surgery may be needed to correct premature fusion of skull bones. Patients should be screened for heart, kidney and hearing anomalies
  • Balo's concentric sclerosis (rare variant of MS) ... Patients are usually treated with steroid, generally in high doses intravenously, as well as variously with cyclophosphamide or plasma exchange. Despite the aggressive therapy sometimes the disease ultimately progresses, mainly in patients with spinal cord involvement
  • Balsam apple poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Balsam pear poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Bamboo hair ... Hair should be treated gently when brushing and harsh hair treatments should be avoided or minimized. Harsh shampoos should be avoided and hair conditioners and moisturizers should be used
  • Bamboo hair syndrome ... Antibiotics for infections, Emollients and keratolytics to assist with moisturizing the skin, Topical steroids, Photochemotherapy and oral retinoids may help some patients but may aggravate the skin in others
  • Baneberry poisoning ... supportive therapy: hydration, maintain electrolyte balance, antihistamines, corticosteroid therapy; lavage if large quantity consumed within the past hour, activated charcoal with cathartic (only if no diarrhea present)
  • BANF acoustic neurinoma ... surgery, radiotherapy
  • Bar's syndrome ... broad-spectrum antibiotic
  • Barbiturate abuse ... admission that there is a problem, gradual reduction in barbiturate dosage
  • Barophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Barotitis Media ... treatment to unplug the ears
  • Barotrauma ... supportive therapy, decompression therapy
  • Barrett's esophagus ... lansoprazole, regular screening for esophagus cancer
  • Barrett's oesophagus ... Avoiding dietary fat, chocolate, caffeine, and peppermint because they may cause lower esophageal pressure, Taking medication with plenty of water, Avoiding lying down after meals, Avoiding alcohol and tobacco, Sleeping with the head of the bed elevated, Weight reduction
  • Bartholin's cyst ... warm sitz bath, local gauze to aid drainage, local warm moise towels, surgical cyst drainage
  • Bartonella ... supportive therapy
  • Basal cell carcinoma ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal cell carcinoma, multiple ... surgery, topical chemotherapy, X-ray, cryosurgery
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Basal type breast cancer ... Hormone therapy and anti-HER2 therapies like trastuzumab and lapatinib are not effective against these cancers, although chemotherapy can be helpful. A great deal of research is being done to find better ways to treat these cancers
  • Basilar artery insufficiency syndrome ... anticoagulants relieves symptoms in many cases
  • Basilar artery migraine ... trigger avoidance, Anti-emetics
  • Basilar Migraine ... antiemetic (nausea medication) eg metoclopromide, migraine prophylaxis (preventative medications), antidepressant medications eg tricyclic antidepressants such as amitryptaline (especially if tension headaches coexist), Lie in darkened room, migraine medications
  • Basisquamous basal cell carcinoma ... surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications
  • Bathmophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Bathophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Batophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Batrachophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • BBB syndrome, X-linked ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Bearsfoot hellebore poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Bedwetting ... bedwetting alarms, moisture alarms, bladder training methods, Doctors frequently consider bedwetting as a self-limiting problem, since most children will outgrow it. Children 5 to 9 years old have a spontaneous cure rate of 14% per year. Adolescents 10 to 18 years old have a spontaneous cure rate of 16% per year, interval training, antidepressant drugs, desmopressin, Treat any underlying condition, behavioural therapy, encouragement
  • Beech tree poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Beeswax poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Beigel disease ... shaving hair, imidazole
  • Bell's Palsy ... heat lamps, facial massage, goggles, avoiding eye trauma, undertake normal activities, facial surgery, methylcellulose eye drops, facial muscle exercises, artificial tears
  • Belonephobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Belonphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Benign essential blepharospasm ... botulinum toxin injections
  • Benign exertional-sex headache ... Stopping intercourse when the headache begins can lessen the length or duration of the headache
  • Benign familial infantile seizures 1 ... anticonvulsant medication
  • Benign familial infantile seizures 2 ... anticonvulsant medication
  • Benign Fasciculation Syndrome ... Botulinum toxin injections, Primidone or propanolol tablets
  • Benign lung Tumor ... Sleeve resection, or pneumonectomy, Thoracotomy with bronchotomy/local excision, Simple endoscopic resection, Lobectomy, Segmental resection
  • Benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy ... There is no treatment for this condition but knowledge about the condition can provide comfort to the parents involved
  • Benign peptic ulcer ... Medications that protect the tissue lining (like sucralfate), Bismuth, Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole), Antibiotics to kill Helicobacter pylori, Acid blockers (like cimetidine, ranitidine, or famotidine)
  • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia ... Have sex frequently, the Targis System, Patients with mild symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or moderate-to-severe symptoms who are not bothered by their symptoms and are not manifesting secondary signs of complications of BPH should be managed with a strategy of watchful waiting, Urolume Endoprosthesis, Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA), See treatment of urinary incontinence, prostate removal, Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has long been accepted as the criterion standard for relieving bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) secondary to BPH, doxazosin (Cardura), Avoid becoming sexually aroused without ejaculation, transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT), Lifestyle changes and coping measures, Avoid cold temperatures, terazosin (Hytrin), tamsulosin (Flomax), TURP (transurethral resection of the prostate), transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP), Finasteride (Proscar), Prostatic Stents, sit on hard chairs rather than soft chairs, urinary catheter, Medications- finasteride, Dutasteride, Urinate before the bladder gets too full, Procedures, open prostate surgery
  • Benzodiazepine poisoning ... Flumazenil
  • Beriberi ... oral thiamine
  • Bertielliasis ... dichlorophen
  • BES ... corticoid nasal spray
  • Bestialsadism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Beta thalassemia ... Mild cases may require no treatment. Regular blood transfusions are required in more severe cases. Removal (chelation) of iron buildup in body due to blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen or allogeneic hematopoietic transplant may be helpful in some cases. Genetic counseling is recommended, Blood transfusions, removal (chelation) of iron buildup in body due to blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen or stem cell transplant. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Beta Thalassemia intermedia ... More severe cases may need more regular blood transfusions. The requirement for blood transfusions are greater during pregnancy or illness. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Beta Thalassemia trait ... Usually no treatment is required
  • Biastophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Bibliokleptomania ... behavior therapy, medication
  • Bibliomania ... behavior therapy, medication
  • Bibliophagy ... behavior therapy, medication
  • Bibliophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Bibliotaphy ... behavior therapy, medication
  • Bicep muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Bicipital tendonitis ... rest, heat, transverse friction massage, corticosteroids for severe cases
  • Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis ... Successful resolution of symptoms has occurred with treatment using intravenous immune globulin and steroids
  • Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) ... Successful resolution of symptoms has occurred with treatment using intravenous immune globulin and steroids
  • Biiest ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Bile acid synthesis defect, congenital, 2 ... ursodeoxycholic acid therapy
  • Bile acid synthesis defects ... cholic acid therapy
  • Bile acid synthesis defects, congenital, 1 ... ursodeoxycholic acid therapy
  • Bile acid synthesis defects, congenital, 2 ... ursodeoxycholic acid therapy
  • Bile acid synthesis defects, congenital, 3 ... cholic acid therapy
  • Bile acid synthesis defects, congenital, 4 ... cholic acid therapy
  • Bile duct cysts ... surgical resection
  • Bile duct paucity in Graft-Versus-Host Disease ... Liver transplant may be required
  • Bile duct paucity in Liver Allograft Rejection ... Liver transplant may be required
  • Biliary Atresia ... Surgery to resect existing ducts and create drainage system, dietary supplements, Vitamin K injection if bleeding abnormalities or bruising
  • Biliary atresia, intrahepatic, non syndromic form ... surgery, liver transplant
  • Biliary atresia, intrahepatic, syndromic form ... surgery, liver transplant
  • Biliary cirrhosis ... treatment of underlying cause, vitamin K and A administration to improve blood clotting and night blindness, managing any complications that arise, medication
  • Biliary tract cancer ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy, biliary drainage, liver transplant
  • Binge eating disorder ... regular eating routine
  • Binswanger's Disease ... medications for heart arrhythmia
  • Bint Al Zahab-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Biotinidase deficiency, late onset ... Biotin administration
  • Bipolar disorder ... clozapine (Clozaril®), family therapy, benzodiazepine, atypical antipsychotic drugs, risperidone (Risperdal®), ziprasidone (Zeldox®), lorazepam (Ativan®), The mainstay of treatment is a mood stabilizer medication such as Lithium Carbonate or Lamotrigine, clonazepam (Klonopin®), Omega-3 fatty acids, valproate (Depakote®), Thyroid medications, zolpidem (Ambien®), carbamazepine (Tegretol®), St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum), topiramate (Topamax®), lamotrigine (Lamictal®), Combined lithium and anticonvulsants, Mood stabilizers, gabapentin (Neurontin®), olanzapine (Zyprexa®)
  • Bipolar disorder I ... Some other antiseizure medications, Manic episodes in bipolar I disorder require treatment with medicines, such as mood stabilizers and antipyschotics, Mood Stabilizers- Lithium and Depakote
  • Bipolar disorder II ... Mood Stabilizers such as Lithium and Depakote, Manic episodes in bipolar I disorder require treatment with medicines, such as mood stabilizers and antipyschotics
  • Bipolar IV ... Atypical antipsychotic medications, including clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, and ziprasidone
  • Bipolar V ... Lithium- mood stabiliser, Anticonvulsant medications, such as valproate or carbamazepine , also can have mood-stabilizing effects and may be especially useful for difficult-to-treat bipolar episodes. Newer anticonvulsant medications, including lamotrigine, gabapentin, and topiramate , are being studied to determine how well they work in stabilizing mood cycles
  • Bipolar VI ... Lithium- mood stabiliser, Anticonvulsant medications, such as valproate or carbamazepine , also can have mood-stabilizing effects and may be especially useful for difficult-to-treat bipolar episodes. Newer anticonvulsant medications, including lamotrigine, gabapentin, and topiramate , are being studied to determine how well they work in stabilizing mood cycles
  • Bipolar-NOS (not otherwise specified) ... Behavior Therapy, Gestalt Therapy, Person-centered Therapy, Existential Therapy, Adlerian Therapy
  • Bird allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Bird cherry seed poisoning ... supportive therapy: sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, cyanide antidote kit for symptomatic patients; hemodialysis; charcoal hemoperfusion; hydroxocobalamin and dicobalt-EDTA for chelation
  • Bird flu (avian influenza) ... Antiviral medications may reduce the severity and duration of symptoms in some cases. Rest and fluids aid recovery. Medications may be used to alleviate symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion. Regular flu shots can prevent influenza infections
  • Bird of Paradise poisoning ... Induce vomiting, lavage, fluid and electrolyte replacement if needed
  • Birth control pill poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Birthmark ... skin grafts
  • Bitter almond seed poisoning ... supportive therapy: sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, cyanide antidote kit for symptomatic patients; hemodialysis; charcoal hemoperfusion; hydroxocobalamin and dicobalt-EDTA for chelation
  • Black eye ... wear dark sunglasses, sleeping with head raised
  • Black henbane poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Black jetbead poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Black locust poisoning ... activated charcoal, osmotic cathartic, guaiac emesis, maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, monitor liver enzymes and blood composition, decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Black mustard poisoning ... wash affected areas with soap and water, supportive measures: e.g. oxygen, ventilator
  • Black nightshade poisoning ... induce vomiting if it hasn't already occurred, lavage, activated charcoal, supportive therapy, decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Black piedra ... shaving hair, imidazole
  • Black widow spider envenomation ... antivenom, supportive measures
  • Bladder Cancer ... MVAC (methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, cisplatin), Cystectomy, Segmental cystectomy, Radical cystectomy, BCG solution, The treatment of bladder cancer depends on how deep the tumor invades into the bladder wall. A combination of the following are used, transurethral resection (TUR), Immunotherapy or biological therapy, Cystoscopy, photoradiation
  • Blast crisis ... high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplant
  • Blastolagnia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Bleeding disorders ... Treatment of any underlying cause
  • Blennophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Blepharitis ... gentle bathing of eyelids, dandruff shampoo, avoid eye and eyelid make-up
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome ... More severe cases may require surgical correction
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome, type 1 ... More severe cases may require surgical correction
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome, type 2 ... More severe cases may require surgical correction
  • Blood cancer ... blood, blood product and platelet transfusions, antibiotics for infections, bone marrow transplantation (from own marrow or donated marrow), Progenitor (stem) cell transplant
  • Blood lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Bloodroot poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Blue Cohosh poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures, decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Blue devil poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Blue nevus type ... excision
  • Blue-ringed octopus poisoning ... supportive measures: artificial respiration
  • Bluefarb-Stewart syndrome ... surgery to correct blood vessels or embolisation
  • Bog rosemary poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Bogart-Bacall syndrome ... voice therapy
  • Bogyphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Boichis syndrome ... Manage water and electrolyte balance. Once kidney failure occurs, dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary for survival
  • Boil ... heating pad, surgical lancing and drainage, good skin hygiene, avoid squeezing the boil, avoid picking at the boil, warm compresses
  • Bokhoor-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Bolivian hemorrhagic fever ... ribavirin
  • Bone pain ... Hormones, Anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Bonefish poisoning (clupeotoxin) ... decontamination
  • Borderline Personality Disorder ... Antidepressant drugs, mood stabilizing drugs, individual psychotherapy
  • Bortonneuse fever ... chloramphenicol or doxycycline
  • Boston Ivy poisoning ... drink milk or water to dilute the poison, supportive therapy: hydration, monitor fluids and electrolyte levels, calcium gluconate administration if hypocalcemia occurs
  • Bothriocephalosis ... niclosamide, praziquantel
  • Bottlebrush buckeye poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Boutonneuse fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Boutonniere deformity ... splinting, physiotherapy, surgery
  • Bowel Obstruction ... barium enema
  • Box Jellyfish poisoning ... seek medical attention immediately, airway support, wash affected area with acetic acid (vinegar), do NOT rub affected area, supportive therapy, antivenom
  • Boxwood poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Brachioradial pruritus ... There is no cure but cooling lotions and ice seem to be the most effective remedy though other therapies have may benefits for some people: treat underlying cause (spinal tumor, manipulation of the neck bones), electrical stimulation, topical anesthetic creams, anticonvulsant medications, capsaicin cream, protecting against sun exposure and applying cooling lotions to the skin
  • Brachycephaly -- deafness -- cataract -- mental retardation ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cataract, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Brachycephaly -- deafness -- cataract -- microstomia -- mental retardation ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cataract, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Brachymetatarsalia ... Treatment is symptomatic and if pain develops in the foot or leg the activity should be limited and/or pain medication used
  • Brachymetatarsalism ... Treatment is symptomatic and if pain develops in the foot or leg the activity should be limited and/or pain medication used
  • Bracken fern poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Brain cancer ... anticonvulsant medicines, Surgery chemotherapy
  • Brain compression ... surgical skull trepanning
  • Brain Stem Neoplasms ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Breast abscess ... breast support, avoid nursing from affected breast, expressing breast milk from affected breast, breast bandaging
  • Breast Cancer ... local therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, hormone inhibition medications, systemic therapy, breast reconstruction surgery, lumpectomy, Herceptin® (trastuzumab), surgical biopsy, surgical ovary removal, segmental mastectomy, radical mastectomy, axillary lymph node dissection, Tamoxifen, breast prosthesis, modified radical mastectomy, subcutaneous mastectomy, Local recurrence can be treated with a mastectomy if a lumpectomy was originally performed. Regional breast recurrence is rare. Treatment may include a combination of surgery, medication, and radiation, simple mastectomy
  • Breast cancer stages: 0, I, II, III, IV ... Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy
  • Breast Duct Papilloma ... Surgical removal of lump (breast conserving surgery) with radiation and hormone treatment of cancer
  • Breast Milk Jaundice ... Treatment is usually not needed unless bilirubin levels are too high in which case breast feeding may be stopped for a day or two. In rare cases phototherapy or IV fluid may also be utilized
  • Breathing-related sleep disorder ... avoidance of ethanol and sedative medications, avoidance of the supine positioning during sleep, Behaviour modification aimed at improving sleep hygiene and avoiding additional sleep deprivation
  • Breech pregnancy ... cesarean delivery, manipulation to turn the baby, foreceps, certain exercises to turn the baby, vaginal breech delivery
  • Breynia officinalis poisoning ... activated charcoal, monitor liver function
  • Brissaud-Marie syndrome ... clear explanation of disorder, physiotherapy if needed, treatment of associated mental disorders such as depression or anxiety
  • Broad bean poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy, blood transfusion
  • Broken Collarbone ... figure-eight bandage
  • Broken elbow ... keep elbow elevated
  • Broken foot ... keep foot elevated
  • Broken hand ... reset bones into correct place
  • Broken jaw ... jaws wired together, avoid pressure on the jaw, sleep on your back
  • Broken leg ... reset broken bones
  • Broken nose ... packing nose with cotton, nasal splint
  • Broken toe ... keep foot elevated, cast shoe, reset the broken bones
  • Bromidrosiphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Bronchial adenomata syndrome ... surgical removal of tumor
  • Bronchiectasis ... creosote, lobectomy
  • Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma ... Pneumonectomy, Lobectomy
  • Bronchiolitis ... oxygen tent, clear fluids, oxygen tent with mist, inhaled anti-viral medication, Urgent medical assessment because this condition is potentially fatal, trachea suction
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans ... There is no cure for the conditions and severe cases may require a lung transplant
  • Bronchitis ... Cessation of smoking, Cool mist humidifier, Drinking plenty of fluids, Supplemental oxygen therapy
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma ... Treatment steps will be determined by the extent of the spread of the disease. The treatment options depend upon TNM staging of the disease, Radiation may be recommended, Pneumonectomy, Lobectomy
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia ... lung fluid control, fluid restriction, Avoid exposure to infection, feedings, bronchodilator medications, home care, nutritional treatments, supplemental formula, surfactant treatment, supplemental oxygen, artificial ventilation (respirator), Monitoring for respiratory infection symptoms, Treatments for patent ductus arteriosus, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
  • Brontophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Brown Recluse spider poisoning ... supportive therapy
  • Brown snake poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Brucellosis ... doxycycline and rifampin combination, co-trimoxazole, tetracycline and streptomycin, gentamicin
  • Bruch's disease ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Bubble bath allergy ... avoid bubble baths, symptomatic measures
  • Buckeye poisoning ... depends on amount ingested: activated charcoal, induced vomiting, supportive therapy
  • Buckthorn poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Buckwheat poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Budd-Chiari syndrome ... reduced blood gammaglobulin levels, A minority of patients can be treated medically with sodium restriction, diuretics to control ascites, anticoagulants such as heparin and warfarin, and general symptomatic management
  • Buerger's disease ... low cholesterol diet, care of feet, Cessation of smoking, Vascular surgery
  • Buffalo nut poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Bufotenine poisoning ... activated charcoal with cathartic, wash mucous membranes with water, supportive therapy
  • Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus ... Dapsone, Medications such as Dapsone, Prednisone, Methotrexate, Mycopheonlate mofetil and azathioprine may be used but Dapsone is the most commonly used one, Immunosuppressive agents
  • Bullrout. poisoning ... Immerse affected body part in hot water may help alleviate pain
  • Bundle Branch Block ... lifestyle modifications to prevent further damage to the heart
  • Bunionette ... Wear suitable footwear, Severe pain or changes in how a person walk may warrant surgery
  • Bunions ... corn plasters, soaking and rubbing with pumice stone, protective padding for toes
  • Burnett's milk drinker's syndrome ... Treatment involves ceasing or reducing intake of calcium from all sources until the condition is remedied
  • Burnett's syndrome ... Treatment involves ceasing or reducing intake of calcium from all sources until the condition is remedied
  • Burning bush poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Burns ... sterile dressings, plenty of fluids, Drink plenty of fluids, soft foods, bland foods, cold foods, Avoid using the burned area, do not use ice, run under cold water for about 10 minutes, dressing or bandage over burn, preventive antiseptics, preventive antiseptics, microstoma, skin grafts, regular changes to burn dressings or bandages, Specialized treatments for chemical burns, Elevate burned limb for 24 hours, pat dry the skin after washing, keep burn dressing clean and dry
  • Bursitis ... avoid stressing the joint, fine needle aspiration, cryotherapy, contrast bath, rest, immobilization, joint mobilization or manipulation, anti-inflammatory medication, corticosteroid injections into joint, rest the affected joint
  • Buruli ulcer ... surgery, rifampicin and streptomycin/amikacin
  • Bush lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Buttercup poisoning ... Depends on quantity eaten and time elapsed: lavage, activated charcoal, supportive therapy
  • Buttock Boil ... Maintain good skin hygiene, Surgical lancing and drainage, Avoid squeezing the boil, Avoid picking at the boil, Warm compresses
  • Byler Disease ... Medical treatment, Symptomatic measures, Dietary management
  • Bébé Collodion syndrome ... pain relief, skin lubrication, topical steroids to prevent secondary inflammation

C

  • C1esterase deficiency ... There is no cure yet but measures can be used to alleviate symptoms e.g. pain killers, administration of fluids. Attenuated androgens can reduce the number and severity of attacks
  • Cadasil ... no treatment available
  • Caffeine addiction ... hypnosis, support group, therapy, counselling
  • Caffeine Allergy ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Cainophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Caladium poisoning ... rinse affected areas with milk or water, cool compresses to reduce swelling and pain, induced vomiting or activated charcoal are rarely warranted
  • Calcinosis cutis ... Varies considerably depending on the underlying cause. The first step is to identify and treat the underlying cause. Some cases may require surgical removal of the lesion but often this can result in a reoccurrence of symptoms
  • Calf muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • California buckeye poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Calla lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Calla poisoning ... rinse affected areas with milk or water, cool compresses to reduce swelling and pain, induced vomiting or activated charcoal are rarely warranted
  • Callistin shellfish poisoning ... symptomatic, antihistamines
  • Callosities, hereditary painful ... aromatic tretinoin
  • CAMFAK syndrome ... Intracapsular cataract extraction, Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens placement, Phacoemulsification, Cataract surgery
  • Campylobacter fetus infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Campylobacter hylointestinalis infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Campylobacter jejuni infection ... Often no treatment is required and the disease is self-limiting but sometimes antimicrobial therapy or antibiotics may be used
  • Campylobacter jejuni subspecies doylei infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Campylobacter laridis infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Campylobacter sputorum infection ... antibiotics may be used in more severe cases
  • Camurati Engelmann disease, type 2 ... Other therapies which may provide relief includes massage, stretching, heat therapy and relaxation therapy, Corticosteroids may benefit some patients by reducing pain and weakness, Painkillers may be needed to help with pain management, Patients must be regularly monitor abnormal bone growth which can affect hearing or vision in some cases if the skull bones are involved
  • Canada moonseed poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Canary allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Canary ivy poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cancer ... Neoadjuvant therapy, Combination therapy, Treatments depend on the specific type of cancer but some types of treatments are common
  • Cancer of floor of mouth ... Combination of Surgery, Radiation and Chemotherapy
  • Cancer pain ... Anesthetic and neurosurgical pain management, Diathermy and cryotherapy, Therapeutic exercise and massage, WHO three-step analgesic ladder, Neurostimulatory procedures, Non-opioid analgesics, Opioid analgesics, Behavioral methods of pain control, Analgesic drug therapy, Adjuvant drugs
  • Cancerophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cancerphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cancers, Skin, General ... Varies depending on the nature of the cancer and other factors: surgical excision, topical chemotherapy, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy, Mohs' micrographic surgery
  • Candelabra cactus poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Candida esophagitis ... Topical nonabsorbable agents, Amphotericin, Nystatin, Fluconazole, Itraconazole, Clotrimazol
  • Candidiasis ... nystatin, See also treatment of vaginal thrush, See also treatment of oral thrush, See also treatment of penile thrush
  • Candle poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Canker sores ... avoid rough foods, milk of magnesia mouth rinses, Fix any underlying cause, Zilactin, Readjust dental braces, avoid citrus drinks, saline solution mouth rinses, coping methods, Blistex, drink through a straw, cold liquids, Kaopectate with Benadryl, avoid salty foods, pain relief lozenges, avoid carbonated drinks, topical pain relief, Lysine, Readjust dentures
  • CANOMAD syndrome ... beta-interferons, cytotoxic drugs, the following may provide temporary relief in some cases: plasma exchange
  • Capecitabine poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Caper spruge poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Capillaria philippiensis infection ... antidiarrheal drug, anthelminthic such as mebendazole
  • Capillary leak syndrome with monoclonal gammopathy ... extracellular fluid and albumin administration aids recovery, terbutaline sulfate, theophylline and corticsteroids may reduce the frequency of severe attacks
  • Capnolagnia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Carbamate insecticide poisoning ... atropine + pralidoxime
  • Carbuncle ... avoid contagion to others, injected antibiotics, warm compresses
  • Carcinoid crisis ... somatostatin analog SMS-201-995 has improved the outcome of patients with carcinoid crisis
  • Carcinoid syndrome ... Primary tumors should be resected, even in the presence of distant metastases to prevent future intestinal obstruction. The "wait and see" method of management of this slow-growing cancer no longer has merit
  • Carcinoma of the vocal tract ... surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Carcinomatophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Carcinomophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Carcinophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cardiomegaly ... fluid restriction, treatment of underlying cause, nitrates
  • Cardiomyopathy ... See also treatment of heart failure
  • Cardiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cardiospasm ... symptomatic support, botox injection, dilation, muscle relaxants
  • Carnation poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Carnitine Deficiency Syndromes ... L-carnitine supplementation, Avoid periods of fasting
  • Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1 deficiency ... long-term management of condition can be achieved through: frequent feeding, reduction of dietary fat intake, medium-chain triglyceride oil supplement, avoidance of fasting
  • Carnitine transporter deficiency ... Carnitine supplements can prevent further damage to the body and many symptoms will improve
  • Carolina Cherry Laurel poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Carotenemia ... Avoid or reduce the foods containing beta-carotene, Avoid vitamin A
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome ... resting hand and/or wrist, endoscopic surgery, wrist splint immobilization, carpal tunnel surgery
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome pain ... wrist splint for 4-6 wks
  • Cartilaginous neoplasms ... radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery
  • Carukia barnesi sting ... wash affected area with vinegar to neutralize stinger, supportive therapy
  • Cat allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Cataract -- intellectual deficit -- anal atresia -- urinary defects ... Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. imperforate anus and cataract, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Cataract, congenital, Volkmann type ... cataract surgery
  • Cataract, total congenital ... prompt surgery can result in better visual outcomes
  • Cataract-microcornea syndrome ... cataract surgery
  • Cataracts ... Phacoemulsification (phaco), intraocular lens (IOL), laser eye surgery, Control diabetic blood sugars, Extracapsular surgery, cataract surgery
  • Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome ... immunosuppressant, anticoagulant drugs, steroids and plasmapheresis
  • Catatonia ... Treatment of the underlying cause, psychiatric treatments
  • Catatonic depression ... The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, medication, and electroconvulsive therapy
  • Caterpillar complication poisoning ... if ingestion occurs
  • Catheterophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Cathinone poisoning ... lavage, activated charcoal, cathartic, supportive therapy; addiction treatment: bromocriptine mesylate
  • Cathisophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Catoptrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cauda equina syndrome ... urgent surgical referral
  • Caudal duplication ... surgical correction of malformations
  • CCF ... light exercise, diet modification, beta blocker drugs, ACE inhibitor drugs, diuretic drugs, digoxin, vasodilator drugs
  • Cebagin-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Celandine poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Celiac Disease ... gluten-free diet, intravenous nutrition supplements
  • Cellulitis ... elevation of affected area, warm water soaks
  • Celtophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cenophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Central nervous system lymphoma, primary ... radiation therapy, chemotherapy, steroid therapy
  • Central nervous system protozoal infections ... Treatment varies depending on the particular protozoa involved
  • Central Pain Syndrome ... Pain medications are not often useful, Pain medications often provide some reduction of pain, but not complete relief of pain, for those affected by central pain syndrome. Tricyclic antidepressants such as nortriptyline or anticonvulsants such as gabapentin can be useful. Lowering stress levels appears to reduce pain, nortriptyline
  • Central serous chorioretinopathy ... usually none needed but laser treatment can assist recovery in persistent cases
  • Central sleep apnea ... Patients should avoid the use of any sedative medications, Some types of central sleep apnea are treated with drugs that stimulate breathing, Oxygen, nasal CPAP, or bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) may be used for some types of central sleep apnea
  • Centriacinar Emphysema ... Cessation of smoking, Phosphodiesterase IV inhibitors, Mucolytic agents, Supplemental oxygen therapy
  • Century Plant poisoning ... wash affected areas, cool compresses for pain and swelling, antihistamines, steroids; induced vomiting, activated charcoal, lavage or cathartic rarely needed
  • Cephalopolysyndactyly ... Appropriate educational support is required for those who have mental retardation or learning problems, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. webbed digits, extra digits, hydrocephalus, Anti-seizure medication may be needed for those who develop seizures
  • Cephalosporin-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia ... Cessation of cephalosporin use, prednisone or blood transfusions in severe cases
  • Ceraunophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cercarial dermatitis ... corticosteroid cream, colloidal oatmeal baths, cool compresses, anti-itch lotion, bath with baking soda, baking soda paste to the rash, Aveeno, Avoid scratching the rash
  • Cerebellar abscess ... IV antibiotics, surgical draining of abscess, intracranial pressure reduction
  • Cerebral abscess ... IV antibiotics, surgical draining of abscess
  • Cerebral malaria ... Desferrioxamine to reduce free iron in the body, Corticosteroid anti-inflammatories may be of benefit, seizure medications, Primary treatment involves the use of chemotherapy in the form of quinine, Artemisinins are also gaining a reputation as a beneficial treatment. It includes agents such as artesunate and artemether, Medications to reduce fever, Other treatment involves managing the symptoms, Support blood flow with medications such as pentoxifylline, Agents to reduce intracranial pressure
  • Cerebral Palsy ... mechanical aids, wheelchair
  • Cerebral sarcoma ... Treatment varies depending on various factors such as size of tumor, health of patient etc. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or combinations of these
  • Cerebral ventricle neoplasm ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Cerebrovascular accident ... symptomatic support, treatment of underlying medical conditions
  • Cerebrovascular Conditions ... Avoid chronic stress or anger, Maintain a healthy blood pressure, Maintain a healthy blood cholesterol, Treatment choices can vary depending on the underlying cause, Smoking cessation, Medications to reduce risk of stroke: Ticlopidine, Clopidogrel, Sulfinpyrazone, Aspirin, Maintain a healthy weight, Carotid angioplasty and stenting
  • Cervical Cancer ... Treatment consists of surgery (including local excision) in early stages and chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced stages of the disease, diathermy, electrocoagulation
  • Cervical Spondylosis ... cervical (neck) support collar, pain relief/analgesia, physiotherapy: gentle exercises, passive manipulation techniques, avoidance of lifting heavy loads
  • Cervicitis ... Avoid douches during treatment, Treat your partner for any STDs, Avoid tampons during treatment, Treatment of any underlying cause, diathermy, Avoid sex during treatment
  • Cervicogenic headache ... Manipulation (following vertebral artery screening and testing), Electrotherapy modalities (e.g. ultrasound, T.E.N.S., laser therapy), Postural assessment and correction, Mobilisation
  • CFS subtype 1 (cognitive, musculoskeletal, sleep, anxiety/depression) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • CFS subtype 2 ( musculoskeletal, pain, anxiety/depression) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • CFS subtype 3 (mild) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • CFS subtype 4 (cognitive, musculoskeletal, sleep, anxiety/depression) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • CFS subtype 5 (musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • CFS subtype 6 (postexertional) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • CFS subtype 7 (pain, infectious, musculoskeletal, sleep, neurological, gastrointestinal, neurocognitive, anxiety/depression) ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • Chaetophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Chalazion ... practice good hygiene to avoid spreading the infection, apply warm washcloth, avoid squeezing or picking at the chalazion, local corticosteroid injection
  • Channelopathy-associated insensitivity to pain ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (generic term) ... orthopedic surgery, pain-relieving medication, stretching and low impact exercises, orthopedic devices e.g. ankle brace, high-top shoes, thumb splints
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with pyramidal features, autosomal dominant ... orthopedic surgery, pain-relieving medication, stretching and low impact exercises, orthopedic devices e.g. ankle brace, high-top shoes, thumb splints
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disorder ... orthopedic surgery, moderate activity, Proper foot care, pain-relieving medication, stretching and low impact exercises, leg braces, orthopedic devices e.g. ankle brace, high-top shoes, thumb splints, custom-made shoes
  • Chat room addiction ... Cognitive behaviour therapy, Support group, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Medication
  • Cheimatophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Chemical addiction ... Chemical withdrawal and abstinence, Detoxification and management of withdrawal symptoms, Narcotics Anonymous, Antidepressants such as SSRI's for associated mood disorders, Drug counseling, Recognition and treatment of associated psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression, Brief dynamic therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counseling, Medications to relieve withdrawal symptoms, Recognition of the problem by the patient coupled with a desire for change, Group therapy, Medications: may vary depending on the chemical substance involved
  • Chemical adverse reaction -- Cesium ... decontamination, Prussian Blue therapy, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical allergy ... Avoid exposure to allergen. Medications may be used to alleviate some symptoms e.g. antihistamines, topical steroids and oral steroids, Avoid exposure to allergen. Medications may be used to alleviate some symptoms e.g. antihistamines and topical steroids. Oral steroids may be needed in severe cases but this is rare. Moisturizers can alleviate skin symptoms and antibiotics may be needed if secondary skin infections develop from initial skin symptoms such as rashes, Avoid exposure to allergen. Medications may be used to alleviate some symptoms e.g. antihistamines and topical steroids. Moisturizers can alleviate skin symptoms and antibiotics may be needed if secondary skin infections develop from initial skin symptoms such as rashes
  • Chemical burn ... Varies depending on the location of the burn. Medical attention is usually advised, especially if the eyes, digestive or respiratory system are affected. First aid involves removing the source of the exposure and flushing the affected areas if possible
  • Chemical burn -- eyes ... Remove source of exposure, flush eyes with copious amounts of clean water and seek medical attention if warranted
  • Chemical burn -- skin ... Remove source of exposure, flush skin with water and seek medical attention if warranted
  • Chemical meningitis ... Symptomatic management is needed, Abort the chemical immediately
  • Chemical pneumonia ... home treatment, cool-mist humidifier, drink plenty of water, vaporizer, intentionally take deep breaths then cough
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,1-Dichloroethene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,2-Dibromo-3-Chloropropane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,2-Dibromoethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,3-Butadiene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,3-Dichloropropene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,3-Dinitrobenzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,4-Dioxane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1-Amino-2-propanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1-Pentanethiol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1-Propanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4-Dichlorophenol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4-Dinitrotoluene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-acetylaminofluorene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Amino-2-methylpropanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Aminopyridine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Butoxyethanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Hexanone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Methyl-4-Chlorophenoxyacetic Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 3,3-Dichlorobenzidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 3-Aminopyridine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 4,4-Methylenebis ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 4-Aminodiphenyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 4-Aminopyridine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- 5,-Methoxy-N,N-Diisopropyltryptamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Abietic Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acenaphthene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetaldehyde ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- acetic acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetic Anhydride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetonitrile ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetophenone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetyl Methyl Carbinol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetylene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetylene Dichloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetylene Tetrabromide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acetylsalicylic Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acidic dry cell batteries ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrinathrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrolein ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrylamide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrylic acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrylonitrile ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Adipic Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Adiponitrile ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aftershave ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Agrocide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Agronexit ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Alachlor ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Alanycarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aldicarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aldoxycarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aldrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Alicyclic hydrocarbons ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Alkaline dry cell batteries ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allidochlor ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allyl alcohol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allyl chloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allyl Glycidyl Ether ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allyl trichloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allylamines ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allyxycarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- alpha-Cypermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aluminum ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aluminum Phosphide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ametryn ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Amidithion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aminocarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aminoethylethanolamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Amiton ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Amitraz ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Amitrole ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonia ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Bifluoride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Chloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Nitrate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Sulfamate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aniline ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Anisidine (o,p-Isomers) ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Anisole ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Anti-rust products ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Anticoagulant rodenticide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Antifreeze ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Antimony ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Antu ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aparasin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aphtiria ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Arsine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Asbestos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Asphalt ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Athyl-Gusathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Automatic dishwashing detergent ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinfos-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinfosethyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinophos-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinphos-ethyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinphos-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azinphosmetile ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Azothoate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Baking Powder ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Baking soda ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Barium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Barium Nitrate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Barthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ben-Hex ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bendiocarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benfuracarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benhexol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benomyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benoxafos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bentazon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzaldehyde ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzene hexachloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzo (a) Pyrene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzyl Chloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Beryllium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Beta-cyfluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- beta-Cypermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bexol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bifenthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bioallethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bioehtanomethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Biopermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bioresmethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Biphenyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Borates ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Boric Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Brodifacoum ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromadiolone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromates ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromethalin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromoform ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromophos-ethyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bubble Bath soap ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bufencarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butacarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butocarboxim ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butoxcarboxim ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Button batteries ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butyl Alcohol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butylamines ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cadusafos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium hypochlorite ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Oxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Polysulfide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Sulfate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Camphor ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Captafol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Captan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbanolate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbaryl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbendazim ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbinoxamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbofuran ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbon Black ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbon Disulfide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbon Tetrachloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbophenothion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbosulfan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Castor oil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Caulking products ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cerium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chalk ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloralose ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorate salts ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlordane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlordecone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloresene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorfenvinphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorinated naphthalene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorine Dioxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloroacetophenone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorobenzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorodiphenyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloroform ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloromethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorophyll ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloropicrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloropyrifos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorothalonil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorpyrifos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorpyrifos methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chromium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cismethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Clinitest tablet ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cloethocarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cloth Dyes ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cologne ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Coumaphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Creosote ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cresols ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cresylic acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cuticle remover ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyanthoate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyclethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyclohexanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyclohexanone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyclohexylamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyfluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyhalothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyllprothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cypermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyphenothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- d-Phenothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- DDD ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- DDT ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Decarbofuran ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Deltamethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Demeton ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Demeton-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Demeton-O ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Demeton-O-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Demeton-S-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Demeton-S-methylsulphon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Denatonium Benzoate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Deoderant ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Depilatories ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Di-n-Butyl Phthalate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Di-n-Octyl phathalate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dialifos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diazinon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dibenzoyl Peroxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diborane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dibromochloromethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dichloronaphthoquinone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dichlorphenamide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dichlorvos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dicresyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dicrotophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dieldrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diesel oil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diethyl Phthalate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diethylamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diethylene Glycol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimefluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimetan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethoate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethyl Phthalate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethylamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethylnitrosamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimetilan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dinitrocresol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dinitrophenol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dioxacarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dioxathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diquat Dibromide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Disulfiram ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Disulfoton ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diuron ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Drain Cleaners ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Drainpipe Cleaners ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dye remover ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- EMPC ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Empenthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Emulsion paints ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Endothall ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Endothion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Epichlorohydrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Esfenvalerate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ether ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethiofencarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethoate-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethoprophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethyl Mercaptan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethyl Methacrylate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethyl-guthion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylbenzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylene Dichloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylene Glycol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylene Glycol Dinitrate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylene Oxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethyleneamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethylenediamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Etrimfos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Face Powder ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenchlorphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenethacarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenfluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenitrothion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenobucarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenpirithrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenpropathrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fensulfothion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenthion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fenvalerate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fipronil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Flucythrinate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Flufenprox ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fluoridated toothpaste ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fluvalinate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fonophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Formaldehyde ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Formothion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Furathiocarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Furethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Furfural ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Furniture polish ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- gamma-Cyhalothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- gamma-HccH ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Gasoline ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Glaze ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Glufosinate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Glutaraldehyde ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Glycol Ether ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Glyphosate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Graphite ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Guthion (ethyl) ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hair Bleach ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hair Dye ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Halfenprox ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- HCH-gamma ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Helium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Heptachlor ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Heptenophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexabromobiphenyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorobenzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorobutadiene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma) ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorocyclopentadiene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachloroethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexamethylene Diisocyanate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- High Melting Explosive (HMX) ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrazine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrogen Chloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrogen Fluoride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrogen Sulfide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydroquinone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hyquincarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Imazapyr ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Imiprothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Incense ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Iodofenphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Isofenphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Isoprocarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Isopropyl Alcohol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Jet Fuel-4 ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Jet Fuel-5 ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Jet Fuel-8 ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Jewelry cleaner ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Kerosene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Kratom ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lacquer ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- lambda-Cyhalothrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lead-containing Paint ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lewisite ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lighter fluid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Limonene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lindane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lysergic Acid Diethylamide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- m-Anisidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Malathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Manganese ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mecarbam ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metal cleaner ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metal polish ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metaldehyde ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methacrifos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methacrylate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methamidophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methanol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methidathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methiocarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methomyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methoxychlor ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Bromide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Ethyl Ketone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Isocyanate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Mercaptan ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl parathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methylene Chloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methylene Dianiline ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methylene Diisocyanate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metiltriazotion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metobromuron ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metofluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metolcarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mevinphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mexacarbate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mineral oil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mineral-Based Crankcase Oil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mirex ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Molybdenum ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Monocrotophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Monosodium Methanarsenate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Morpholine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mould remover ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mouth Wash ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- N,N-Dimethyl-P-Toluidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- N-Butyl Chloride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- N-Nitrosodiphenylamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Naphthalene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nickel Carbonyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrates ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitric Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrilacarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrites ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrobenzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitroethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrofen ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrogen Dioxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitroglycerin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitromethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrophenol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrophenol Urea ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrotoluene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrous Oxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- o-Anisidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Oil-based paint ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Omethoate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Osmium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Oven Cleaners ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Oxamyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Oxydeprofos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Oxydisulfoton ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- p-Anisidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Palladium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Para-Dichlorobenzene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Paraffin wax ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Paramethoxyamphetamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Paraphenylenediamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Parathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Parathion Methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pentaborane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pentachlorophenol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pepper Spray ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Permethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Perming lotion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Petroleum Distillates -- Naphtha ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phencyclidine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phenkapton ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phenmedipham ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phenol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phorate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosalone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosdrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosmet ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosphamidon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosphine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phoxim ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phthalthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pine Oil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pirimicarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pirimiphos-methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Platinum ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Plutonium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Polychlorinated Biphenyls ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Polyethylene Glycol -- Low Molecular Weight ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pool Cleaners ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Potassium Permanganate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Prallethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Primiphos methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Profenofos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Profluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Promacyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Promecarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Propachlor ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Propane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Propoxur ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Propylene Glycol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Propylene Glycol Dinitrate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Prothidathion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Prothoate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Protrifenbute ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pyresmethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pyrethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pyrethroid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pyridine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pyrimidifen ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pyrimitate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Quinalphos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Quinone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Quintiofos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Quintozene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Radium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Radon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- RDX ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Resmethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Rhodium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Rotenone ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ruthenium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Selenious Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Selenium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Selenium Dioxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Silafluofen ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Silver ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sodium Azide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sodium Hypochlorite ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sodium Monofluoroacetate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sodium Oleate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Solder ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sophamide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Stoddard Solvent ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Strychnine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfotep ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfur Dioxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfur Trioxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfuric Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfuryl Fluoride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tar remover ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tau-Fluvalinate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tazimcarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tecnazene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tefluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Terbufos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetrachloroethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetrachloroethylene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetraethyl Pyrophosphate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetrahydrofuran ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetramethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetramethylenedisulfotetramine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetryl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thallium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thallium Sulfate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- theta-Cypermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thiocarboxime ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thiodicarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thiofanox ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thioglycolic Acid ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thiometon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thiram ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thorium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Titanium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tolclofos methyl ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Toluene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Toluene Diisocyanate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Toxaphene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tralomethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Transfluthrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Transpermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Triazophos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Triazotion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tributyl Phosphate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trichlorfon ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trichloroethane ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trichloroethylene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Triethanolamine ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Triethylene Glycol ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trifenfos ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trimellitic Anhydride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trimethacarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tungsten ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Turpentine Oil ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Uranium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Vamidothion ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Vanadium ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Vinyl Acetate ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Vinyl Choride ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- White Phosphorus ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Window cleaner ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- XMC ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Xylene ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Xylylcarb ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- zeta-Cypermethrin ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical poisoning -- Zinc Phosphide ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chemical-related eczema ... Wear cotton clothing as other materials increase sweating and rubbing on the skin, Avoid environments that are excessively hot, cold or dry as they can exacerbate skin symptoms, Treat acute hives with an antihistamine such as Zyrtec, If skin is weeping, avoid bathing with other people to reduce risk of infection, Keep the nails short and wear a covering over the hands (gloves or socks) to avoid night-time scratching as the patient is often unaware that they are scratching, Moisturise twice a day. It may take some experimentation to find a cream that doesn't irritate the skin. Avoid creams with mineral oils. Commonly used brands include: Alpha Keri, Cetaphil, QV, Dermaveen and Hamiltons, Bathe only once every 1-2 days, Use topical antibacterial cream for infected eczema, Avoid any food, chemical or other triggers that may cause or exacerbate symptoms, Skin lesions may be wrapped in cotton bandages to reduce scratching and allow topical moisturizers and steroid creams to stay on the skin and absorb better, Using low-allergenic washing powders, Avoid or reduce exposure to allergens such as dust mites and moulds. Measures may include: dust mite protective bedding; wash bedding in hot water; air mattress on hot or dry days; dust room with a wet rag; use a dust mite filter on the vaccum cleaner and vacuum regularly; use mould resistant paint on bathroom walls; remove obvious mould which can grow in dark, warm, damp areas; be aware of other sources of mould e.g. pot plants, grasses, compost and water-based air conditioners, Use 1-3 Condy's crystals in the bath to dry out weeping eczema lesions, Use bath oil to help moisturise skin e.g. Dermaveen, Hamilton's Alpha Ker or QV, Immunotherapy may be used to desensitise and individual who has a specific allergy, Oils such as olive oil (extra-virgin) may be used as a moisturizer. Nut oils may be problematic for some people as they may contain protein allergens, A topical cream called Pimecrolimus may be used to treat eczema, Oatmeal baths may sooth the skin
  • Chenile plant poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cherophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cherry laurel seed poisoning ... supportive therapy: sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, cyanide antidote kit for symptomatic patients; hemodialysis; charcoal hemoperfusion; hydroxocobalamin and dicobalt-EDTA for chelation
  • Cherry seed poisoning ... supportive therapy: sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, cyanide antidote kit for symptomatic patients; hemodialysis; charcoal hemoperfusion; hydroxocobalamin and dicobalt-EDTA for chelation
  • Chest Cold ... Will usually resolve within 3-4 days and antibiotics generally not required, Steam heaters/vapourisers, increase fluid intake to 8 glasses water/day, cease or cut down on smoking, avoid cigarette smoke and other irritants, Treat symptoms: Cold and Flu Medications, paracetamol, paracetamol + codeine
  • Chest pain ... Treatment of the underlying cause, Treatment depends on the cause of chest pain
  • Chiari Malformation ... surgery to enlarge back of the skull, surgery to repair myelomeningocele
  • Chicken allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Chickenpox ... anti-itch treatments, avoid aspirin for children, isolation to avoid contagion to others, avoid scratching blisters
  • Chilblain ... anti-itch creams, keep area warm, avoid scratching
  • Childhood asthma ... Avoid allergens or other substances which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Childhood depression ... Treatment requires the involvement of the parents. The comprehensive treatment is individual and family work. Antidepressant medication can be an important part of treatment. But it can't be the only treatment
  • Childhood disintegrative disorder ... behavior and antipsychotic and anticonvulsant medications can alleviate some symptoms
  • Childhood-onset bipolar disorder ... The first line of treatment is to stabilize the child's mood and to treat sleep disturbances and psychotic symptoms if present. Once the child is stable, therapy that helps him or her understand the nature of the illness and how it affects his or her emotions and behavior is a critical component of a comprehensive treatment plan. Useful medication- lithium carbonate, carbamazepine, gabapentin, lamotrigine, and topirimate
  • Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia ... antipsychotic medication
  • China Tree poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Chinese evergreen poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Chinese yam poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Chinophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Chlamydia ... Treatment of any sexual partners, azithromycin, Avoid douching during treatment, Avoid sex during treatment, ofloxacin
  • Chloramphenicol-induced Sideroblastic anemia ... Cease taking the chloramphenicol. Severe cases may require therapy such as blood transfusions
  • Chloroma ... Treatment options may include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery
  • Chloromyeloma ... Treatment options may include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery
  • Chlorophacinone rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Choanal atresia -- deafness -- cardiac defects -- dysmorphism ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. choanal atresia, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chokecherry seed poisoning ... supportive therapy: sodium bicarbonate for acidosis, cyanide antidote kit for symptomatic patients; hemodialysis; charcoal hemoperfusion; hydroxocobalamin and dicobalt-EDTA for chelation
  • Cholangitis ... Gallstone treatments, surgical gall bladder removal (cholecystectomy), laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Cholecystitis ... Gallstone treatments, surgical gall bladder removal (cholecystectomy), laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Cholera ... electrolytes, isolation and anti-transmission protocols
  • Cholerophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cholestasis ... varies depending on cause
  • Cholestasis disease of pregnancy ... Regular monitoring; medications: topical medications to control itch, medications to reduce bile acids e.g. ursodeoxycholic acid; cold baths to slow blood flow; early delivery
  • Cholesteatoma ... hearing aid, surgical reconstruction of middle ear
  • Chondritis ... referral to rheumatologist if unresolved, self limited
  • Chondrodysplasia -- pseudohermaphrodism ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chondroid melanoma ... Surgery, including Mohs surgery, which cuts out skin and immediately looks at it under a microscope to check for cancer. The process is repeated until the skin sample is free of cancer, Cryosurgery freezes and kills the cancer cells, Curettage and electrodesiccation scrapes away the cancer and uses electricity to kill any remaining cancer cells, Excision cuts the tumor out and uses stitches to place the skin back together, Radiation may be used if the cancer has spread to organs or lymph nodes or for tumors that can't be treated with surgery
  • Chondroma ... Treatment varies depending on various factors such as the patient's health and age, personal choice, presence of symptoms and extent of the disease. Surgical removal (curettage) of the chondroma is the most common treatment of problematic tumors of this type
  • Chondromalacia ... low-impact exercises, cross-country ski machine, rest, NSAID, surgery, arthroscopic knee surgery, Swimming, stationary bicycle
  • Chondrosarcoma ... Complete surgical ablation is the most effective treatment, but sometimes this is difficult. Proton therapy Radiation can be useful in awkward locations to make surgery more effective, Chemotherapy or traditional radiotherapy are not very effective for most chondrosarcomas, although proton therapy is showing promise with local tumor control at over 80%, Surgery is the main form of treatment for chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma ... The treatment of chordomas depends on the extent and location of the tumor. In general, a more complete removal with wide excision delays the time interval between surgery and eventual recurrence
  • Choreoathetosis-spasticity, episodic ... acetazolamide
  • Choreophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Choroid Plexus neoplasms ... radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, brain shunt
  • Chrematistophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Chrematophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Christmas Cherry poisoning ... ipecac, activated charcoal, cathartic, lavage, maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, seek medical attention
  • Christmas disease ... factor IX infusion
  • Chrome contact allergy ... Avoid source of exposure. Symptoms may be alleviated with topical steroids, antihistamines, antibiotics (for secondary infections) and moisturizing creams. Preventative measures may also include spray shields which can form a barrier between the skin and the jewellery
  • Chrometophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Chromomycosis ... surgical removal and terbinafine
  • Chromophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Chromosome 1 ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 1, 1p36 deletion syndrome ... Hearing and visual aids if needed, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Sign language to overcome communication barriers, Regular monitoring of thyroid function and thyroid medication if needed, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities, Feeding problems need to be addressed through special feeding techniques or gastric or nasal gastric tubes, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Antiepileptic drugs if seizures develop, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 1, Partial Trisomy ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 1, pter-p36 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 1, Terminal deletion ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 1, uniparental disomy 1q12 q21 ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, undescended testes, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 10 ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 10 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 10, Monosomy 10p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 10, trisomy 10p ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, undescended testes, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 10, uniparental disomy of ... Usually no treatment necessary. Patients with mental retardation will need to access medical therapies and support services to improve the patient's ability to function and quality of life
  • Chromosome 10p deletion syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 11, deletion 11p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects and other organ abnormalities
  • Chromosome 11, Partial Monosomy 11q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 11p, partial deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 12 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 12, 12p trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. imperforate anus, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 12, Isochromosome 12p Mosaic ... Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms as they arise as well as counseling. The severity of the condition varies amongst individuals with some dying during infancy and others living to adulthood. Some die before birth or soon after. Those that do survive are usually unable to live independently as adults
  • Chromosome 12, trisomy 12q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 12p deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 12p deletion syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. imperforate anus, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 12p duplication syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. imperforate anus, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 12p partial deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • Chromosome 12p tetrasomy syndrome ... Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms as they arise as well as counseling. The severity of the condition varies amongst individuals with some dying during infancy and others living to adulthood. Some die before birth or soon after. Those that do survive are usually unable to live independently as adults
  • Chromosome 12q duplication syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. imperforate anus, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 13 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 13q deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 14 deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 14 trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, undescended testes
  • Chromosome 14, trisomy mosaic ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Treatment involves managing symptoms as they arise. Surgery may be required to correct physical defects such as cleft palate or heart defects. Genetic counseling is also recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, undescended testes
  • Chromosome 14q terminal deletion syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Genetic counseling is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, educational support and other medical services as required
  • Chromosome 14qter deletion ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Genetic counseling is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, educational support and other medical services as required
  • Chromosome 15q duplication mosaicism ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 15q, tetrasomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 15q, trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, hernia, imperforate anus
  • Chromosome 17 deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 17 trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 17p, partial deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 18 deletion syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 18 mosaic monosomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 18, Monosomy 18p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 18p minus syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 18q- Syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 19 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 1q deletion ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, undescended testes, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q24 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects and digital malformations
  • Chromosome 2, trisomy 2p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 2, trisomy 2q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 20, deletion 20p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Chromosome 20p deletion syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Chromosome 21 Ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 21q deletion syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 22 Ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 22, microdeletion 22q11 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 22, monosome mosaic ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Chromosome 22q deletion ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 22q11 Deletion Spectrum ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 22q13 deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. separate webbed digits
  • Chromosome 2p duplication syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 4 Ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 4 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 4 short arm deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 4, trisomy 4q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes, urological defects, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Special education programs, Respiratory infections are treated aggressively and preventative measures recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct craniofacial, heart or other defects, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 5, trisomy 5q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Chromosome 5p duplication syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Special education programs, Respiratory infections are treated aggressively and preventative measures recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct craniofacial, heart or other defects, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 6 Ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 6 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 6, monosomy 6q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 6, partial trisomy 6q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery to correct and defects or malformations, Physical therapy for contractures, There is no specific therapy and the condition is treated by managing symptoms as they arise e.g, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 6, trisomy 6p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Chromosome 6, trisomy 6q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 7 ring syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 7, Monosomy 7p2 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 7, partial monosomy 7p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 7, terminal 7p deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 7, trisomy 7p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 7, trisomy 7q ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, undescended testes, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 7, trisomy mosaic ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 8 deletion ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 8, monosomy 8p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 8, Monosomy 8p2 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 8, Monosomy 8p21-pter ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 8, monosomy 8q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 8, mosaic trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects and other organ malformations
  • Chromosome 8, partial trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 8, trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 8, trisomy 8p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Chromosome 8, trisomy 8q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Chromosome 8p deletion syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, hernia, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 8p duplication syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, hernia, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9 inversion or duplication ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • Chromosome 9 Ring ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9, monosomy 9p ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, hernia, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9, partial trisomy 9p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9p ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, hernia, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p (Multiple Variants) ... Treatment involves managing symptoms as they arise and supportive measures. Surgery may be required to correct physical defects. Genetic counseling is also recommended
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chromosome 9/mosaic ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9p deletion syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, hernia, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Chromosome 9q duplication ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Chronic adult T-Cell leukemia ... chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant
  • Chronic Airway Obstruction ... Cessation of smoking, Phosphodiesterase IV inhibitors, Mucolytic agents, Supplemental oxygen therapy
  • Chronic anemia ... Varies considerably depending on the underlying disease process
  • Chronic angle closure glaucoma ... Laser iridotomy, Cataract extraction by phacoemulsification with or without trabeculectomy, Transscleral cyclophotocoagulation, Argon laser peripheral iridoplasty, Goniosynechialysis
  • Chronic Back pain ... Exercise appears to be slightly effective for chronic low back pain, The most common types of low back surgery include microdiscectomy, discectomy, laminectomy, foraminotomy, or spinal fusion, Intensive multidisciplinary treatment programs may help subacute or chronic low back pain, Spinal Disc replacement, Arch support, Acupuncture may help chronic pain; however, a more recent randomized controlled trial suggested insignificant difference between real and sham acupuncture
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis ... correcting prostate abnormality, Oral medications- antibiotics, Analgesics-ibuprofen, paracetamol
  • Chronic Bokhoror ... There is no treatment for this condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Chronic Bronchitis ... avoid triggers of attacks, Cessation of smoking, Phosphodiesterase IV inhibitors, avoid dust, Mucolytic agents, Supplemental oxygen therapy
  • Chronic Chemical poisoning -- Varnish makers' and painters' Naptha ... remove source of exposure, wash affected parts of body, remove contaminated clothing, first aid, seek medical attention if required
  • Chronic demyelinating neuropathy with IgM monoclonal gammopathy ... immunosuppressants may help
  • Chronic depression ... The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, medication, and electroconvulsive therapy, Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for people under 18, while electroconvulsive therapy is only used as a last resort
  • Chronic digestive conditions ... Lifestyle modifications, Reducing acid, Changes to existing medications -doses of arthritis medications, aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs can be changes to reduce their effects on stomach ulcers
  • Chronic Discoid lupus ... Topical calcineurin inhibitors, Sun protective measures, Cessation of smoking, Cortisone ointment, applied to the skin in the involved areas, will often improve the lesions and slow down their progression or Intralesional injection of cortisone, Topical retinoids, Topical imiquimod, Plaquenil
  • Chronic Facticial Diarrhoea ... Psychiatric counseling
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome ... low-dose tricyclic antidepressants, Treatment of sleep problems, nonsedating antihistamines, serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • Chronic Granulomatous Disease ... trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole combination, gamma interferon, whole blood transfusion
  • Chronic headache ... Finding out the etiological factor and treating it is the right way to approach a case of chronic headache
  • Chronic Hepatitis ... Lamivudine is an option for the initial treatment of chronic hepatitis B, Peginterferon alfa-2a is recommended as a possible first treatment for adults with chronic hepatitis
  • Chronic Hepatitis B ... Antiviral medications such as interferon
  • Chronic Hepatitis C ... combination alpha interferon and ribavirin
  • Chronic Infectious Diarrhoea ... Antisecretory agents, Antimotility agents
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy ... Plasmapheresis (plasma exchange), intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy
  • Chronic inflammatory diarrhea ... Antibiotic Therapy, Anti diarrhoeal agents
  • Chronic Joint pain ... Joint replacement surgery for severely damaged joints, Antibiotics when an infection is the cause, Treat underlying cause, Immunosuppressants for immune system dysfunction
  • Chronic Kidney Disease ... Fluid restriction, Treatment of renal bone disease, Regular monitoring of blood pressure, urea, creatinine and glomerular flow rate, treatment of underlying cause, Dietary restrictions of potassium and phosphate containing foods, Treatment of anaemia, Renal dialysis, Treatment of acid-base imbalances, Renal transplant
  • Chronic laryngotracheitis ... Antibiotics, Antifungal, Antacid medication, Throat lozenges, Voice rest, Cool mist humidifier, Cessation of smoking, alcohol, Warm liquids
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Susceptibility to ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Bone marrow stem cell transplant, Blood transfusions may be needed if anemia develops, Chemotherapy e.g. rituximab, alemtuzumab, Splenectomy may be required if symptoms are problematic
  • Chronic meningitis ... The cause of meningitis is to be treated, Chronic meningitis due to cancer is treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both, Chronic meningitis due to sarcoidosis is usually treated with corticosteroids (such as prednisone) for several weeks, Treatment of chronic meningitis due to an infection depends on the organism. Chronic meningitis due to a fungus is usually treated with antifungal drugs given intravenously or by mouth. Amphotericin B, flucytosine, and fluconazole are used most often
  • Chronic Neck pain ... Surgical management, Conservative management, Reduce pain by putting an ice pack on the sore area and taking acetaminophen. Aspirin, ibuprofen, or another anti-inflammatory medicine can also help relieve pain, Exercises or physical therapy
  • Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia ... Treatment may include removal of the spleen, splenic radiotherapy, chemotherapy, alpha interferon therapy and allogenic transplant
  • Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis-chronic pelvic pain syndrome ... Prostatic massage (therapeutic), Therapeutic ejaculation, Pain management, Transurethral resection of the prostate
  • Chronic osmotic diarrhea ... Oral rehydration therapy or, in very severe cases, intravenously
  • Chronic pain ... sympathectomy (sympathetic blockade), rhizotomy, nalbuphine (Nubain®), neurectomy, spinal fusion, butorphanol (Stadol®), Capsaicin creams, Marijuana (cannabis), trigeminal rhizotomy, cranial, Opioids, RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), dorsal root entry zone operation (DREZ), intracerebral stimulation, spinal dorsal, cordotomy, Peripheral nerve stimulation, Spinal cord stimulation, surgical nerve blocks
  • Chronic Pancreatitis ... pancreatic enzyme supplements, surgery to enlarge pancreatic duct, total pancreatectomy, pancreas surgery, partial pancreatectomy
  • Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania ... Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, in particular indomethacin, which is usually totally effective in eliminating the symptoms
  • Chronic Pesticide poisoning -- xylene ... remove source of exposure, wash affected parts of body, remove contaminated clothing, first aid, seek medical attention if required
  • Chronic pneumonitis of infancy ... Treatment usually requires intensive care treatment with the administration of antibiotics, dexamethasone and ventilation support
  • Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis ... NSAID medication
  • Chronic rhinitis ... Topical decongestants, Antiallergic medication
  • Chronic secretory diarrhea ... Diet restriction such as limiting milk has no effect on the duration of diarrhea. Medicines such loperamide (Imodium) and bismuth subsalicylate (as found in Pepto Bismol and Kaopectate) may be beneficial however are contraindicated in certain situations
  • Chronic Sinusitis ... See also treatments for sinusitis, Treatment of any underlying cause
  • Chronic steatorrheal diarrhea ... Correction of the underlying cause, as well as digestive enzyme supplements
  • Chronic Viliuisk Encephaliti ... There is no treatment for this condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Chronic Viliuisk Encephalomyelitis ... There is no treatment for this condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Chronic Vilyisk Encephalomyelitis ... There is no treatment for this condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Chronic Vilyuisk Encephalitis ... There is no treatment for this condition other than treating symptoms as they occur
  • Chronophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Chuifong tokuwan-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Churee poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cibophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cigarette smoke allergy ... Avoid exposure to tobacco smoke
  • CIN ... increased frequency of pap smears, ablation of abnormal cells, surgical resection
  • Circadian rhythm disorder ... Behavioral and light therapy are the mainstays of treatment of circadian rhythm disturbances
  • Cirrhosis of the liver ... high-protein-high-carbohydrate diet, treatment of underlying cause, Vitamin K supplements
  • Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy ... Treatment usually involves supportive measures. Orthotopic liver transplant may help some patients but the surgery increases the stress on the heart which can cause problems
  • Citrullinemia ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Citrullinemia I ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Citrullinemia II ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Clark nevus ... Changes in features of the mole may require surgical removal and analysis
  • Classic Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis ... Alkali therapy , sodium bicarbonate , sodium citrate, Potassium supplements
  • Classic Kaposi's sarcoma ... Treatment decisions depend on the extent and location of the lesions, as well as the person's symptoms and degree of immunosuppression. Antiviral therapy against the AIDS virus can shrink the lesions, Radiation therapy or cryotherapy can be used for lesions in certain areas. Combination chemotherapy may also be used. However, lesions may return after treatment
  • Classic migraine ... Trigger avoidance, Anti-emetics
  • Classical Hodgkin disease ... Treatment depends of various factors such as the subtype involved, age and health of patient and the stage of the cancer, Stem cell transplantation, Biological therapies
  • Classical pyridoxine-dependent seizures ... Administration of pyridoxine supplements on a daily basis
  • Clastothrix ... If environmental factors are the cause then removing these will improve symptoms. Hair should be treated gently when brushing and harsh hair treatments should be avoided or minimized. Harsh shampoos should be avoided and hair conditioners and moisturizers should be used
  • Claudication pain ... Treating underlying cause with lifestyle changes. Persistent symptoms may require medications (blood thinners, cholesterol-reducers), surgery to widen or replace problem arteries or hyperbaric chamber to assist with healing of leg ulcers
  • Claustrophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Claviceps purpurea poisoning ... lavage/activated charcoal, supportive therapy
  • Cleft palate ... dental therapy, orthodontic treatments, reconstructive surgery
  • Clematis poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cleptophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Climbing Onion poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Clinophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Clonorchiasis ... Praziquantel, albendazole
  • Closed-angle glaucoma ... Medical emergency, Intravenous medications
  • Clupeotoxism ... Usually symptomatic and supportive
  • Cluster headache ... dihydroergotamine (injected), oxygen inhalation, facial nerve surgery, sumatriptan, During the onset of a cluster headache, some patients respond to rapid inhalation of pure oxygen(12-15 litres per minute in a non-rebreathing mask), methysergide
  • Cnidophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Coagulopathy ... Withdrawal of causative agents, clotting factor transfusion, avoidance of trauma, blood transfusion
  • Coarctation of aorta autosomal dominant ... Symptomatic cases may need surgical resection of the narrowed portion of the aorta
  • Coastal leucothoe poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cobalamin malabsorption, selective, with proteinuria ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Cobalamin pseudodeficiency due to transcobalamin deficiency ... The condition is benign and no treatment is required
  • Cobalamin R Binder Protein Deficiency ... The condition is benign and no treatment is required
  • Cobalt allergy ... Avoid coming into direct contact with products made of cobalt. Symptoms may be alleviated with topical steroids, antibiotics (for secondary infections) and moisturizing creams. Preventative measures may also include spray shields which can form a barrier between the skin and the jewellery or other item
  • Cobra poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Cocaine abuse ... Hospitalization during quitting, Narcotics anonymous, Avoiding other people who use drugs, Cold turkey, Admission that there is a problem, Medications to aid quitting
  • Cocaine addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling
  • Cocaine-induced hypertension ... Reduce or eliminate Cocaine use
  • Coccidioidomycosis ... fluconazole, itraconazole
  • Coccyx injury ... Sitting on special cushions, Pain relief treatments, Severe injury may require other treatments
  • Coconut crab poisoning ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Coffeeweed poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cohen-Hayden syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Coitophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Colchicine poisoning ... There is no specific antidote for the condition so measures such as stomach pumping or activated charcoal may be required. Severe poisoning can result in death
  • Cold agglutination syndrome ... chemotherapy, avoiding exposure to cold
  • Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia ... Varies depending on the underlying cause and severity of the conditions. Corticosteroids, IV immunoglobulins and other drugs may be required in some cases. Blood transfusions and even surgical removal of the spleen may be carried out in severe cases
  • Cold sores ... acyclovir (Zovirax)
  • Colic ... See also treatment of infant colic, See also treatment of biliary colic, See also treatment of urinary colic
  • Colitis ... avoid nuts, Anti-diarrhea medications, avoid raw fruit and vegetables, avoid dairy, drink adequate fluids, Treatment of the underlying cause, Salt replacements, metitation, talk to others about your problems, avoid ibuprofen
  • Collagenous celiac disease ... Gluten-free diet, nutritional supplement, corticosteroid therapy, immunosuppressive drugs, delivery of nutrition through an IV
  • Collagenous Colitis ... Probiotic preparations, Antidiarrhoeal drugs eg loperamide, Topical steroid enemas, Aminosalicylates eg sulfasalazine, dietary and vitamin supplements
  • Collapsed lung ... chest tube
  • Colon Cancer, Familial ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Colonic diverticulosis ... Many patients with diverticulosis have minimal or no symptoms, and do not require any specific treatment. A high fiber diet and fiber supplements are advisable to prevent constipation and the formation of more diverticula
  • Colonic Inertia ... Diet modification
  • Colonic volvulus ... Treatment of any underlying cause, emergency colon surgery
  • Colorado tick encephalitis ... There is no specific treatment for the disease but painkillers and analgesics may be needed for the pain and fever symptoms. The tick should also be removed completely as soon as possible. One method of removing the tick safely involves applying Vaseline over the top to cut off the air supply. This causes the tick to back out of the skin at which point it can be carefully removed. Squeezing or traumatizing the tick can increase the likelihood of disease transmission
  • Colorectal adenomatous polyposis, dominant ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Colorectal adenomatous polyposis, recessive ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 10 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 11 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 7 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 8 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 9 ... Genetic counseling may be recommended, Targeted therapies
  • Colorectal Polyps ... polypectomy
  • Colored Hearing ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Colored-Graphemes ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Colored-Gustation ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Colored-Letters ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Colored-Numbers ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Colored-Olfaction ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Combat stress reaction ... Removal from battle environment, psychotropic medication, counseling, food and rest
  • Combined ADHD ... behavioral therapy and medications
  • Comel-Netherton Syndrome ... Antibiotics for infections, Emollients and keratolytics to assist with moisturizing the skin, Topical steroids, Photochemotherapy and oral retinoids may help some patients but may aggravate the skin in others
  • Cometophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Common cold ... Rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion, cough suppressants, Cold-and-flu medications
  • Common migraine ... trigger avoidance, Anti-emetics
  • Common poppy poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Common Variable Immunodeficiency ... daily postural drainage
  • Compartment Syndrome ... fasciotomy
  • Complete Trisomy 18 syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the symptoms which can vary quite considerably from case to case
  • Complex partial seizure ... treat cause if possible, anti-seizure medication, surgery, vagus nerve stimulation
  • Complex partial seizure disorder ... vagus nerve stimulation, anti-seizure medication
  • Complicated migraine ... trigger avoidance, Prophylaxis treatment, Anti-emetics
  • Compulsive cheek biting ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, mediation, medication
  • Compulsive face picking ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, mediation, medication
  • Compulsive finger picking ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, mediation, medication
  • Compulsive scalp picking ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, mediation, medication
  • Computer addiction ... Cognitive behaviour therapy, Support group, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Medication
  • Concussion ... observation in hospital, clear fluids, liquid-only diet
  • Condoms and diaphragms induced allergies ... Use condoms and diaphragms that don't contain latex. Supportive measures such as adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms and topical steroid creams for skin reactions
  • Cone shell poisoning ... Immerse affected body part in hot water to alleviate pain, seek medical attention. If possible, keep the responsible cone shell so it can be identified which can assist treatment
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy, X-linked, 1 ... There is no treatment for the condition though red contact lenses may alleviate symptoms in some people
  • Confabulation ... treatment of underlying cause
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia ... salt balance restoration
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- non-classical form ... Administration of hydrocortisone or other cortisol replacement alternatives
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- simple virilizing form in females ... surgery, hormone therapy, support and counselling
  • Congenital Analgesia ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital Analgesia, Autosomal dominant ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital Analgesia, Autosomal Recessive ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital contractures ... splinting, physiotherapy, surgery
  • Congenital Diarrhea, Secretory Sodium, 3 ... electrolyte supplement
  • Congenital Diarrhea, Secretory Sodium, Syndromic, 3 ... Electrolyte supplement is used to help control the diarrhea. Other treatments may be required depending on the abnormalities present e.g. surgery may be needed for cleft palate and choanal atresia
  • Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation Type Ia ... There is no specific treatment for the condition but cognitive and motor rehabilitation as well as other therapies to manage symptoms can improve quality of life. Genetic counseling is also recommended
  • Congenital giant megaureter ... If the anomaly is problematic (e.g. frequent infections) then surgery may be required ro prevent reflux and resulting propensity for infection
  • Congenital glaucoma ... Viscotrabeculotomy (canalotomy), Surgery like Goniotomy, Trabeculotomy, Trabeculectomy
  • Congenital hypothyroidism ... see treatment of hypothyroidism, The mainstay in the treatment of congenital hypothyroidism is early diagnosis and thyroid hormone replacement, thyroid hormone replacement therapy
  • Congenital indifference to pain, autosomal dominant ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital indifference to pain, autosomal recessive ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital Insensitivity to Pain ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital lactase deficiency ... Avoiding lactose-containing products
  • Congenital Malabsorptive Diarrhea, 4 ... Parenteral nutrition
  • Congenital Myasthenia Gravis ... Treatment varies depending on the subtype involved. Possible treatments include: cholinesterase inhibitors, 3,4-diaminopyridine, quinidine, fluoxetine and cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Congenital Pain Insensitivity ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Congenital psoriasis ... topical application of steroid cream
  • Congenital spherocytic anemia ... Blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen
  • Congenital sucrose-isomaltose malabsorption ... Oral lyophilized yeast, Sucrosidase or invertase (beta-fructofuranosidase). Limiting sucrose and starch in diet
  • Congenital vaccinia ... Vaccinia immune globulin administration may be used in some cases where survival seems possible
  • Congenital Vitamin B12 Malabsorption ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Congenital X-linked retinoschisis ... Generally there is no treatment for the condition but surgery may be needed if complications develop
  • Congestive cardiac failure ... Reduce workload, Quite smoking, control your weight, Get lots of rest, Avoid very hot temperatures, Control diabetic blood sugars, Avoid very cold temperatures, Arrhythmia therapy, Metabolic demand reduction, Anticoagulation, Inotropes via continuous drip, Afterload reducing agents, Left ventricular assist device (LVAD), Hospital admission
  • Congestive Heart Failure ... reduce workload, control your weight, get lots of rest, avoid very hot temperatures, control diabetic blood sugars, avoid very cold temperatures, left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
  • Conjunctivitis ... eye ointments, sodium cromoglycate, warm washing, antibiotic eye drops, anti-allergy eye drops, tetracycline antibiotics, acycloguasine
  • Conn Syndrome-induced hypertension ... The condition usually responds poorly to standard blood-pressure reducing medications. Lifestyle and dietary changes as well as medications such as diuretics, spironolactone and eplerenone may help in some cases
  • Conn's adenoma ... Medications: Potassium supplementation, Spironolactone, thiazide diuretics, calcium channel antagonists, angiotensin II blockers, ACE inhibitors, Treatment primarily revolves around managing high blood pressure, fluid buildup and low blood potassium levels. Surgery on the adrenal glands often results in significant improvement in management of symptoms
  • Conn's syndrome ... Medications: Potassium supplementation, Spironolactone, thiazide diuretics, calcium channel antagonists, angiotensin II blockers, ACE inhibitors, Treatment primarily revolves around managing high blood pressure, fluid buildup and low blood potassium levels. Surgery on the adrenal glands often results in significant improvement in management of symptoms
  • Conn-Louis Carcinoma ... Medications: Potassium supplementation, Spironolactone, thiazide diuretics, calcium channel antagonists, angiotensin II blockers, ACE inhibitors, Treatment primarily revolves around managing high blood pressure, fluid buildup and low blood potassium levels. Surgery on the adrenal glands often results in significant improvement in management of symptoms
  • Conor's disease ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Constipation ... Citrate of Magnesia®, Haley's M-O®, Surfak®, Feen-A-Mint®, Senokot®, Serutan®, Dulcolax®, Citrucel®, obeying the need for a bowel movement, Mineral oil, Dialose®, colectomy, Correctol®, Konsyl®, Milk of Magnesia®, Purge®, olace®, Metamucil®
  • Constipation-predominant IBS ... Stool softeners, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • Constrictive pericarditis ... antibiotics, pain-relieving medication, diuretics to remove excess fluid, NSAIDs or corticosteroids to alleviate inflammation, pericardiocentesis, surgical removal of part of pericardium in recurring or chronic cases
  • Constrictive tuberculous pericarditis ... antibiotics, pain-relieving medication, diuretics to remove excess fluid, NSAIDs or corticosteroids to alleviate inflammation, pericardiocentesis, surgical removal of part of pericardium in recurring or chronic cases
  • Contact dermatitis ... avoid acidic substances, avoid creams and lotions, Avoid chemicals, Anti-itch treatments, avoid rubbing the skin, skin lubricants, Avoid skin contact with hot water, Burow's solution, topical steroids, Avoid soaps, Avoid substances that cause the irritation
  • Contagious Ecthyma ... X-ray therapy may speed up the healing process
  • Continuous incontinence ... Medications are rarely used to treat overflow incontinence, Mechanical devices, such as intermittent self-catheterization, in which a person inserts a clean catheter when it is necessary to urinate, may be used to treat overflow urinary incontinence. If intermittent self-catheterization cannot be performed, continuous catheter drainage may be necessary, Surgery may be needed to correct problems that result in overflow incontinence, such as obstructions or abnormal growths in the urinary tract
  • Convulsions ... Treatment of the underlying cause, Treatments depend on the type of seizure
  • Convulsions, benign familial infantile, 3 ... Sodium valproate was used to treat the reported patients and the seizures ceased by the age of 3 years of age
  • Convulsions, benign familial infantile, 4 ... Seizures tend to stop by the end of the first year of life and there is no resulting neurological damage
  • COPD ... Digitalis (digoxin), Home oxygen therapy, Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), avoid fumes, Postural bronchial drainage, allergy shots, Expectorants, metaproterenol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole combinations, isoproterenol, avoid dust, methylxanthines, triamcinolone, etc, etc, Avoid air pollution, Chest percussion, terbutaline, cough suppressants, Bullectomy (surgery), Treatments for clearance and drainage of airway passages, Drink fluids, Avoid colds and flus, flunisolide, Intermittent mechanical ventilatory support, beclomethasone, albuterol, Controlled coughing, meperidine, Avoid conditions that exacerbate symptoms, Avoid very high altitudes, Bland aerosols, parasympathomimetics, nutrition supplementation, Avoid excessive heat, Avoid excessive cold, Control allergies or asthma, dexamethasone, theophylline derivatives, Pulmonary rehabilitation programs, Avoid flying in aeroplanes, ipratropium bromide
  • Cope's syndrome ... Treatment involves ceasing or reducing intake of calcium from all sources until the condition is remedied
  • Copper deficiency-induced Sideroblastic anemia ... Increase copper intake
  • Copperhead snake poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Coprophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Coprophobiaphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Coral bean poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Coral snake poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Cordyceps-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Corn cockle poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Corn Lily poisoning ... seek medical attention; activated charcoal with cathartic
  • Corneal abrasion ... avoid contact lenses
  • Corneal dystrophy -- perceptive deafness ... Regular hearing assessment and implementation of support measures as hearing loss progresses
  • Corneal Dystrophy, Lisch Epithelial ... Abrasion of corneal epithelium can be carried out but the abnormality usually reoccurred within a few months
  • Corneal flash burns ... eye patches
  • Corneal ulcer ... rest your eyes, antiviral ointment, oral antiviral treatment
  • Cornelia de Lange syndrome 1 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defect, Specialists in the following fields are usually required: growth and development, speech and language, hearing, ophthalmology, dental, orthopedics, gastroesophageal reflux, behavioral problems, special education and cardiology
  • Corns ... soaking, felt ring pads, corn plasters, open shoes, padding in shoes, rubbing with pumice stone, properly fitted shoes
  • Coronary heart disease ... cholesterol-lowering drugs, good nutrition, nitroglycerine, balloon angioplasty, anticoagulant drugs, bypass operation, coronary artery bypass, nitrates
  • Coronavirus-related Cold ... Rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion
  • Corsican Hellebore poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Corticosteroid-induced hypertension ... Reduce or eliminate corticosteroid use. Diuretics can help if corticosteroid use can't be stopped
  • Corticosterone Methyloxidase type I Deficiency ... Increase salt (sodium) intake, Mineralcorticoid administration
  • Cough headache ... This warrants a consultation with a general practitioner and/or neurologist to rule out structural abnormality. Benign form can be presented by use of indomethacin or a beta-blocking agent such as propranolol. May improve without treatment
  • Coulrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Coumachlor rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Coumafuryl rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Coumatetralyl rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Coxsackievirus-related Cold ... Rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion
  • Crack addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling
  • Cradle Cap ... washing with soap and water, sulfur ointment, soaking overnight in baby oil, scraping off scales with brush or comb after washing, medicated shampoo, wash off the scales after soaking overnight
  • Creeping cucumber poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Creeping Spurge poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cremnophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease ... Opiate drugs
  • Crinum lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • CRMO, juvenile ... NSAID medication. Steroids may be of benefit in severe cases. Measures that can reduce inflammation may also include: a healthy diet high in vegetables, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory supplements such as omega 3 and evening primrose oil. Bone lesions that cause problems may require surgical excision
  • Crohn's disease ... predisnone, mesalamine containing drugs, antidiarrheal drugs, Sulfasalazine is mainly useful in colonic disease, Steroid therapy is indicated in patients with severe systemic symptoms (eg, fever, nausea, weight loss) and in those whose conditiondoes not respond to anti-inflammatory agents, electrolytes, Remicade (R) (infliximab), For colon and small bowel inflammation, anti-inflammatory drugs or antibiotics are helpful, colectomy, 5-ASA agents, 6-mercaptopurine, intestinal surgery, Chronic diarrhea in Crohn diseaseresponds well to antidiarrheal agents such as loperamide (2-4 mg), diphenoxylate with atropine, Treatment may include medicines, nutrition supplements, surgery or a combination of these options. Some people have long periods of remission, when they are free of symptoms, high-calorie liquid formulas, nutrition supplements
  • Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome ... Cromolyn sodium
  • Crotalaria poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Crotalidae snake poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Croton poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Croup ... emergency tracheotomy, antibiotics are not helpful, vaporiser, clear fluids, keep child warm, home treatment, Mild cases have simple treatment but breathing problems may need emergency treatment, avoid cold weather, Seek medical advice if croup does not settle after steam therapy, mild painkillers, steam inhalation with tincture, steam inhalation with benzoin, mild sedatives, avoid smoking or exposure to passive smoke, avoid dehydration
  • Crown of Thorns poisoning ... wash affected areas with water or mil, seek medical attention if needed
  • Cryoglobulinemia ... treatment of underlying condition
  • Cryophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cryptococcal Meningitis ... Antifungal medications are used to treat this form of meningitis. Intravenous therapy with amphotericin B is the most common treatment. It is often combined with an oral medication, flucytosine. An oral medication, fluconazole, in high doses may also be effective against this infection, fluconazole, flucytosine
  • Cryptorchidism ... orchidoplexy, See also treatments for undescended testicle, surgical removal of testes
  • Cryptosporiosis ... salt balance treatments
  • Crystal meth addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling
  • Crystallophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cuban lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Cushing's syndrome ... cortisol-inhibiting drugs, pituitary gland irradiation, adrenal gland removal, transsphenoidal adenomectomy, aminoglutethimide, trilostane, Tumor treatments, metyrapone, anti-hypertension medications, mitotane (Lysodren®)
  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis ... local heat, itraconazole
  • Cutaneous lymphoma ... Mechlorethamine, Topical and oral corticosteroids, Carmustine (Nitrogen Mustard), Bone marrow or stem cell transplant, Denileukin diftitox (Ontak), Bexarotene (Targretin) gel and capsules, Conventional Radiation Therapy, Local and Total Skin Electron Beam Radiation, Experimental therapies include: monoclonal antibodies, acyclovir, gene therapy, vaccination therapy and Interleukin-2 and 12, Phototherapy (Broad & Narrow Band UVB or PUVA), Photopheresis, Chemotherapies: Methotrexate, Gemcitabine, Cyclophophsamide, Liposomal doxorubicin, Purine Analogues, Carmustin (Nitrogen Mustard), Local & Total Skin Electron Beam Radiation, Alemtuzumab (Campath-1H), Vorinostat
  • Cutaneous metastatic melanoma ... Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, photodynamic therapy
  • Cyanide poisoning ... cyanide antidote kit
  • Cycad nut poisoning ... induce vomiting or lavage or activated charcoal with cathartic
  • Cycad poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cyclic antidepressant poisoning ... sodium bicarbonate
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome ... ranitidine (Zantac), omeprazole (Prilosec), water and fluids
  • Cycloserine-induced Sideroblastic anemia ... Cease taking the Cycloserine. Severe cases may require therapy such as blood transfusions
  • Cyclospora cayetanenis food poisoning ... supportive therapy: fluid replacement, antibiotics: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
  • Cyclosporiasis ... rest, fluids, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, Bactrim, Septra, Cotrim
  • Cyclosporine-induced hypertension ... Cease cyclosporine intake
  • Cyclothymic disorder ... Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Exercise It has been repeatedly demonstrated that exercise can help with mood regulation and emotional stability, Mind-Body Techniques, Antidepressants are not recommended because they can trigger a manic episode, Group therapy, Anti-seizure medication/anti-convulsants, Antianxiety medications (benzodiazepines) may improve sleep
  • Cymophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cynophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cypress spurge poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Cypridophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Cystic Fibrosis ... prompt treatment of any respiratory infection, Live donor lung transplant, aerosol DNase, Digestive treatments, flutter device, mist tent, Aerosolized medication, pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, Bilevel positive airway pressure, inhaled saline, inhaled distilled water, Gene therapy, mucolytic agents, Respiratory treatments, respiratory therapy, voluntary coughing, percussion treatments
  • Cysticercosis ... anti-imflammatory drugs, anti-parasitic drugs
  • Cystitis ... over-the-counter urinary alkalinisers, empty bladder according to urges, avoid sexual intercourse, avoid using tampons, bicarbonate of soda, drink lots of water
  • Cystocele ... vaginal ring pessary
  • Cystoid Macular Dystrophy ... No proven treatment has been found. Trials with Acetazolamide have shown no significant improvement in vision
  • Cystoid Macular Edema ... Treatment of underlying condition. Anti-inflammatory eye drops is usually all that is required but sometimes oral medications are also needed e.gl nonsteeroidal Indocin or prednisone
  • Cystosarcoma phyllodes ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Cytomegalovirus retinitis ... antiviral medication

D

  • Dacryocystitis ... surgery to open tear duct, tear duct irrigation, surgical removal of tear sac, antibiotic eyedrops
  • Dacryphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Daffodil poisoning ... wash affect parts of the body with soap and water; seek medical attention if needed
  • Dahlia poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Dancing Eye syndrome ... options include: steroids, ACTH, IV immunoglobulins, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, plasma exchange, rituximab
  • Dandruff ... Shampoos containing zinc or ketoconazole, oiling the scalp, rotate different dandruff shampoos, Warm olive oil on infant scalps may loosen scales, Salicyclic acid shampoos, olive oil on the scalp, Antifungal creams, Aloe vera gel, Nizoral, Topical corticosteroid, Adding essential fatty acids and methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) supplements to diet may help in some cases, anti-dandruff shampoos, ordinary shampoo, shampoo twice, hydrocortisone lotion
  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome ... ventriculoperitoneal shunt
  • Daphne poisoning ... wash affected areas thoroughly; seek medical attention if needed
  • De Grouchy Syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, cleft palate
  • De Quervains' disease ... restricting hand and wrist movement, splinting, ice, anti-inflammatory medication
  • Deafness ... Cued speech, Cochlear implants, personal amplifiers, Sign language, Lip reading
  • Deafness symphalangism ... Stapedectomy may improve hearing problems
  • Deafness, Conductive Stapedial, With Ear Malformation and Facial Palsy ... Middle ear surgery may provide some benefits in some cases
  • Death Angel poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Death Camas poisoning ... gastric lavage or activated charcoal; supportive therapy
  • Decompression sickness ... decompression chamber
  • Decreased serum phosphate ... Vitamin D or magnesium supplements, Administration of phosphate, Dietary changes to increase phosphate intake
  • Deep vein thrombosis ... intravenous heparin, oral coumarin
  • Defect in synthesis of adenosylcobalamin ... vitamin B12 supplementation; restricted diet
  • Defective apolipoprotein B-100 ... Dietary and lifestyle changes as well as cholesterol-reducing medications if required
  • Deficiency of Member 8 Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenace Family ... oral L-carnitine supplementation
  • Deficiency-induced osteoporosis ... If the drug induced osteoporosis is treated early, bone loss can be minimized. Weight-bearing exercises, a good diet, and calcium intake of about 1500 mg a day
  • Degenerative Disc Disease ... initial bed rest with or without traction (2 weeks) then mobilising to avoid stiffness, physiotherapy rehabilitation and strength exercises, avoidance of lifting heavy loads
  • Dehydration ... avoid high-fiber foods, Infant rehydration solutions, breast milk, Infalyte, Ceralyte, avoid milk products, avoid greasy foods, BRAT diet, baby formula, avoid sweet foods, bland foods, Pedialyte
  • Deipnophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Del (1) (pter-p36.3) mosaicism ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Del(1) (23-q25) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft lip and palate
  • Del(1) (p22.3-p13.3) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Del(1) (p36.1-p34.1) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Del(1) (pter-p34) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Del(1) (pter-p35) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Del(1) (pter-p36.2) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • Del(1) (q24-q25.3) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Del(1) (q25-q32) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Del(1) (q25.2-q31.2) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Del(1) (q32-q41) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Del(1) (q41-q43) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate
  • Del(1) (q41-qter) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. kidney malformations
  • Del(1) (q42-qter) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Del(1) (q43-qter) & dup (22) (pter-q13) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate
  • Del(1) (q44-qter) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Del(1q32) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Delayed sleep-phase syndrome ... modafinil, Melatonin taken an hour or so before usual bedtime may induce sleepiness, light therapy, chronotherapy, acupuncture, melatonin supplements, chronotherapy
  • Deletion 10pter ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Deletion 11p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects and other organ abnormalities
  • Deletion 11q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Deletion 12p13 ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. physical defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Deletion 13q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Deletion 13q32 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • Deletion 14q partial duplication 14p partial ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Deletion 18q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, cleft palate
  • Deletion 20p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Deletion 22q11 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Deletion 22q13 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. separate webbed digits
  • Deletion 2q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Deletion 3p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. hernia, undescended testes
  • Deletion 4p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Deletion 5p ... Behavior modification programs may be needed to manage behavioral problems, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required e.g. managing constipation and ear infections as the develop or providing support for developing sign language skills to improve communication
  • Deletion 6q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Deletion 8p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Deletion 8q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Deletions of chromosome 8 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Delirium ... Treat underlying condition or medication cause
  • Demonophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Demophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Dengue fever ... fever medications, Pethidine
  • Dengue hemorrhagic fever ... see also treatment of dengue
  • Dental abscess ... ice-pack on face, mouth rinses
  • Dental tissue neoplasm ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Dentin dysplasia ... Oral hygiene should be a high priority. Orthodontic work should be kept to a minimum as the short tooth roots mean that minimal trauma can result in tooth loss
  • Dentin dysplasia, coronal ... Oral hygiene should be a high priority
  • Dentin dysplasia, radicular ... Oral hygiene should be a high priority. Orthodontic work should be kept to a minimum as the short tooth roots mean that minimal trauma can result in tooth loss
  • Dentin Dysplasia, Shields Type II ... Oral hygiene should be a high priority
  • Dentin Dysplasia, Type 2 ... Oral hygiene should be a high priority
  • Denys-Drash Syndrome ... measures to manage kidney failure as it develops, good nutrition, managing water-electrolyte balance, prompt treatment of any infections that develop, Genetic counselling is also recommended
  • Deposition diseases related fibromyalgia ... heat lamps, local anesthetic injections, cognitive therapy, aerobic exercises, pain medication e.g. aspirin, lifestyle and dietary changes, increasing sleeping time, patient education, lignocaine injection
  • Depression ... Venlafaxine, Tranylcypromine, exposure and response prevention, Buspirone, Cognitive therapy, isoprocarboxazid, Anti depressant drugs, propanolol, Lifestyle modifications like diet, exercise and quitting smoking, azipirones, tricyclic antidepressants (tricyclics), lorazepam, The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, medication, and electroconvulsive therapy. Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for people under 18, while electroconvulsive therapy is only used as a last resort, Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  • Depressive disorders ... Supportive psychotherapy, Possible medication, Consistent/healthy sleep patterns, Antianxiety medications, Guided Imagery, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Home visits/Home visitors, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), Mind-Body Techniques, Mood stabilizers, Medical evaluation to rule out physiological problems, Group therapy, Anti-seizure medication/anti-convulsants
  • Dermatillomania ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, mediation, medication
  • Dermatitis ... Treatment depends on the type of dermatitis, Treatment varies with type of dermatitis
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis ... gluten-free diet, dapsone , sulfapyridine
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis related allergy ... Eliminate gluten from diet. Medications such as Dapasone may alleviate severe skin symptoms until the gluten elimination takes effect
  • Dermatophagia ... behavioral therapy, foul-tasting nail polish, mouth guards
  • Dermatophilosis ... antibiotics e.g. cephalexin
  • Dermatophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Dermoid cyst ... surgical cyst excision
  • Desferrioxamine toxicity ... cessation of drug
  • Deshi Dewa-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Desmoplastic cerebral astrocytoma of infancy ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Desmoplastic infantile ganglioma ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonia ... Corticosteroids and stopping smoking
  • Developmental Lactase Deficiency ... Avoiding lactose-containing products
  • Devil's Ivy poisoning ... wash affected areas, drink fluids, supportive therapy
  • Devil's Snuff Box poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Devil's trumpet poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Dextrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Diabetes ... humalog, urine glucose testing, lifestyle changes only, regular checkups for diabetes complications, insulin lispro, regular insulin, ultra-lente insulins, See also treatment of gestational diabetes, diabetes pills and insulin combined, combined diabetes pills and insulin, sulphonylureas, rapidact insulin, diabetes complication prevention treatments, finger-prick blood glucose tests, metformin, bedtime insulin daytime sulphonylureas (BIDS), novolin R, diabetes treatment strategies, insulin combinations, Insulin combinations, brief insulin use then diabetes pills only, checkups for associated conditions of diabetes, humulin R, pork insulin, insulin automatic injectors, very rapid acting insulin, antioxidants, NPH insulins, lente insulins, urine ketone testing, very rapid acting insulins, insulin delivery devices, diabetes pills during honeymoon phase then insulin later, insulin syringes, See also treatment of Type 2 diabetes, See also treatment of Type 1 diabetes, beef insulin, self monitored blood glucose testing, treatment of any diabetes complications, combined insulin R and insulin NPH
  • Diabetes Insipidus ... hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), amiloride, desmopressin, antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
  • Diabetes mellitus, congenital insulin-dependent, with fatal secretory diarrhea ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 10 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 11 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 12 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 13 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 15 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 17 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 18 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 19 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 20 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 21 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 22 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 23 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 24 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 7 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 8 ... Insulin is essential for the treatment of this form of diabetes, Monitor blood sugar levels, Maintain a healthy weight, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Diabetes medication or insulin therapy may be needed in some cases, Treatment will vary depending on the severity of symptoms and other factors, Regular monitoring of blood sugar level, Achieving good blood pressure and cholesterol levels, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Diabetes medication or insulin therapy may be needed in some cases, Treatment will vary depending on the severity of symptoms and other factors, Regular monitoring of blood sugar level, Achieving good blood pressure and cholesterol levels, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Diabetes medication or insulin therapy may be needed in some cases, Treatment will vary depending on the severity of symptoms and other factors, Regular monitoring of blood sugar level, Achieving good blood pressure and cholesterol levels, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Diabetes medication or insulin therapy may be needed in some cases, Treatment will vary depending on the severity of symptoms and other factors, Regular monitoring of blood sugar level, Achieving good blood pressure and cholesterol levels, Regular monitoring for complications
  • Diabetic Diarrhea ... Control blood sugars, Antibiotic (broad-spectrum), Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis ... Anti-heartburn medication, intravenous feeding (Parenteral nutrition), feeding tube (jejunostomy tube), Anti-nausea medication, Stomach contraction medications, endoscopic injections, Domperidone, antiemetics, smaller meals more often, liquid meals, low-fat diet, low-fiber diet
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis ... Intravenous glucose, See also treatment of diabetes, Treatment of any underlying condition
  • Diabetic Lens Osmosis ... Control blood sugar levels
  • Diabetic Nephropathy ... avoid kidney infections, Test for blood clotting problems to avoid stroke, See also treatment of kidney damage and treatment of kidney failure, Control diabetic blood sugars, Continue prevention techniques, avoid urinary tract infections, Avoid medication side-effects, Avoid medical contrast studies (dyes, chemicals), avoid dehydration, adequate fluid intake
  • Diabetic Retinopathy ... focal photocoagulation, laser eye surgery, Retinal reattachment, scatter photocoagulation or panretinal photo-coagulation, laser photocoagulation, control blood sugars, Pan retinal photocoagulation, Intravitreal Triamcinolone acetonide, vitrectomy
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 1 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 2 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 3 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 4 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 5 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 6 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 7 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 8 ... corticosteroids, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplant
  • Dianzani autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome ... Medications to suppress the immune system
  • Diaper rash ... topical cortisone creams, salt solution compresses, zinc oxide creams, diaper rash creams, See also prevention of diaper rash for other suggestions, air expose skin as much as possible, aerate disposable diapers by poking small holes in them, keep skin clean and dry, avoid plastic pants, change diapers regularly
  • Diaperism ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Diaphyseal medullary stenosis with malignant fibrous histiocytoma ... chemotherapy and surgery
  • Diarrhea ... fruit juices, Infant rehydration solutions, Infalyte, Ceralyte, Immodium AD, Dehydration prevention treatments, vegetables (for potassium), Newborns and infants require very special care because dehydration can be dangerous, soft fruits, Children need special attention as many medications may be inappropriate, Pedialyte
  • Diarrhea -- polyendocrinopathy -- infections, X-linked ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Diarrhea 2, with Microvillous Atrophy ... Parenteral nutrition or intestinal transplant may help some patients survive
  • Diarrhea, Glucose-Stimulated Secretory, with Common Variable Immunodeficiency ... high-dose steroid therapy
  • Diarrhea, polyendocrinopathy, fatal infection syndrome, X-linked ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Diarrhea-predominant IBS ... selective 5-HT3 antagonist, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • DIC ... clotting factor transfusion, support measures, treatment is aimed at the underlying condition, red blood cell transfusion, platelet transfusion
  • Dieffenbachia poisoning ... wash affected areas; supportive therapy; seek medical attention if needed
  • Difenacoum rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Difethialone rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Diffuse panbronchiolitis ... low-dose erythromycin
  • DiGeorge syndrome ... surgery for heart problems if required, thymus cell transplant may be warranted in severe cases, educational support, Calcium supplement, 1,25-cholecalciferol supplement
  • DiGeorge's syndrome ... Treatments for heart problems
  • Digestive tract cancer ... Specific treatment depends on the type, location and staging of the cancer as well as the age and other health problems that the patient might have
  • Digoxin antidepressant poisoning ... antidigoxin Fab antibody fragments
  • Dikephobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy ... Heart rhythm medications, Calcium blockers, left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), salt restriction
  • Dimorphic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause. Identify and treat underlying cause. Erythropoietin administration can stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells but this is only used in severe cases
  • Dinophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Diphacinone rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Diphtheria ... isolation to avoid contagion, diphtheria antitoxin injection, intensive care treatment
  • Diphyllobothrium latum infection ... diatrizoic acid injection into duodenum
  • Diplopiaphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Dippoldism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Dipsophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Dipylidiasis ... worming drugs
  • Discoid eczema ... Moisturise, Topical or oral steroids if infection develops, Avoid chemicals on the skin e.g. soaps, Avoid triggering factors, Oral antihistamines, Avoid exposure to chemicals or friction, Avoid hot baths, Avoid temperature and humidity extremes, Moisturize after bathing, Humidifiers may help if central heating or air conditioning are used, Discoid eczema may be more resistant to treatment than atopic dermatitis, Protect from further injury, UV light therapy, Topical steroids, Avoid scratching, Systemic steroids in severe cases
  • Discoid Lupus ... Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun, fluorescent lighting, or reflected sunlight, Cortisone ointments or intralesional injections, They should wear protective clothing, use sunscreening agents, Avoid engaging in outdoor activities during periods of most intense sunlight (between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. ), and report any changes in the lesions, Drug treatment consists of topical, intralesional, or systemic medication, as in SLE
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus ... avoid sunlight exposure
  • Dislocated elbow ... resetting elbow joint and bones, elevate arm
  • Dislocated jaw ... avoid opening mouth wide, take care when yawning, yellow, eating, or other jaw movements, jaw bandage, injected anesthetics, eat soft foods, reseat the jaw joint
  • Dislocation ... bandaging, relocation, resting the joint, joint immobilisation
  • Disseminated infection with mycobacterium avium complex ... clarithromycin or azithromycin with ethambutol and rifabutin
  • Disseminated Vaccinia ... vaccinia immune globulin administration; surgery to remove dead tissue, medication to manage other infections if present
  • Distal lateral subungual onychomycosis ... The condition is very difficult to treat as the infection is located between the nail and the nail bed and is thus difficult to access. The condition may take months or longer to resolve, Systemic antifungal medication, Surgical removal of nail, Topical antifungal agents, Chemical removal of nail
  • Distal trichorrhexis nodosa ... If environmental factors are the cause then removing these will improve symptoms. Hair should be treated gently when brushing and harsh hair treatments should be avoided or minimized. Harsh shampoos should be avoided and hair conditioners and moisturizers should be used
  • Distal trisomy 6q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery to correct and defects or malformations, Physical therapy for contractures, There is no specific therapy and the condition is treated by managing symptoms as they arise e.g, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Disuse osteoporosis ... Adequate exercise, Vitamin K2, Electrical therapy, Calcitonin, Bisphosphonates
  • Diverticular Disease ... Acute diverticulitis is treated with antibiotics, Citrucel, percutaneous catheter drainage, colon resection, Many patients with diverticulosis have minimal or no symptoms, and do not require any specific treatment. A high fiber diet and fiber supplements are advisable to prevent constipation and the formation of more diverticula, After the acute infection has improved, eating high-fiber foods and using bulk additives such as psyllium may help reduce the risk of diverticulitis or other symptoms, colon surgery, Recovery regimen, Metamucil
  • Diverticulosis of the ileum ... Surgery to remove the diverticulum is recommended if bleeding develops. In these rare cases, the segment of small intestine that contains the diverticulum is surgically removed. The ends of the intestine are sewn back together, You may need iron replacement to correct anemia. If you have a lot of bleeding, you may need a blood transfusion
  • Dock poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Dog allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Doleros ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Domatophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Doraphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Double Depression ... A strong social support system, Counseling sessions, Change of diet or increase the amount of sunlight, Treatment for double depression is virtually the same as that for major depression. However, because people with double depression have often not been treated for their dysthymia, the goal of treatment is to get the person to feel better than she did before the episode of major depression. Medications are almost always needed. Psychotherapy of some type (e.g., cognitive, behavioral) is also essential in treating double depression
  • Down's Syndrome associated Alzheimer's disease ... There is no cure for Alzheimer's so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Down's syndrome associated Celiac Disease ... Gluten-free diet, nutritional supplements may be needed in some cases
  • Doxepine-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia ... Cessation of Doxepine use, prednisone or blood transfusions in severe cases
  • Dressler syndrome ... Usually only the more severe cases require treatment with drugs such as: aspirin, NSAIDs, pain medications, corticosteroids, colchicines
  • Drowning ... move patient to safety, remove foreign body
  • Drug abuse ... Parenting training, Legal assistance, Family therapy, Child care, Psychological assessment, Family planning services, Supportive care and treatments, Social support, Job counseling and training, Literacy training, drug treatment programs, Social services, Assertiveness training, mental health care
  • Drug Allergies ... Avoid the problem drug. Treatment varies considerable depending on the symptoms but generally involves supportive measures to ease symptoms: cool showers and topical applications for skin reactions, epinephrine for anaphylactic reactions, antihistamines, steroids, bronchodilator medication, Discontinue use of drug immediately. Administration of antihistamines, adrenaline, bronchodilators, IV fluids, steroids or vasopressors depending on the symptoms
  • Drug rebound headache ... Reduce usuage of pain medications unless needed
  • Drug-induced hypertension ... If the drug that is causing the high blood pressure is a form of medication, it may be possible to reduce, discontinue or find an alternative for it. Otherwise, other drugs may be used to reduce the blood pressure
  • Drug-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia ... Cessation of the drug, prednisone or blood transfusions in severe cases
  • Drug-induced liver disease ... No specific treatment is indicated for drug-induced hepatic disease. Treatment is largely supportive and based on symptomatology. The first step is to discontinue the suspected drug
  • Drug-Induced neutropenia ... Cessation of use of the offending drug
  • Drug-induced osteoporosis ... If the drug induced osteoporosis is treated early, bone loss can be minimized. Weight-bearing exercises, a good diet, and calcium intake of about 1500 mg a day
  • Drug-Induced Pemphigus ... Cease taking the drug causing the condition. If symptoms don't resolve immunosuppressive therapy or corticosteroids may be required. Skin lesions must be managed properly to avoid infection
  • Drug-induced Sideroblastic anemia ... Cease taking the drug. Dietary supplements e.g. vitamin B6. Severe cases may require therapy such as blood transfusions
  • Drug-related insomnia ... Cognitive behaviour therapy, Stop the offending drug, Stop the offending medication, Stimulus control therapy
  • Dry Eye ... eyedrops, Sterile ointments, humidifiers
  • Dry socket ... topical anti-inflammatory drugs, socket irrigation
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy ... orthopedic supports
  • Duck allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ ... breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy
  • Ductal ectasia ... hot or cold packs, antibiotic treatment, surgery
  • Duodenal ulcer ... Medications that protect the tissue lining (like sucralfate), See treatment of peptic ulcers, Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole), Antibiotics to kill Helicobacter pylori, Acid blockers (like cimetidine, ranitidine, or famotidine), Bismuth (may help protect the lining and kill the bacteria)
  • Dup (1) (q11-q22) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate
  • Dup (1) (q25-qter) and del (18p) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Dup (1) (q32-qter) and del (3)(pter-p25) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Dup (1) (q32-qter) and del (7)(q32-qter) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defect
  • Dup(1) (p22.1-p13.3) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. hernia, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Dup(1) (p31-p11) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Dup(1) (p31-p21) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Dup(1) (p31.4-p22.1) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. umbilical hernia
  • Dup(1) (p32-p21.2) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. inguinal hernia
  • Dup(1) (q11-q25) mosaicism ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Dup(1) (q24-q41) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Dup(1) (q25-q32) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, facial abnormalities
  • Dup(1p36.3) ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Duplication 10p ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, undescended testes, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 10q partial ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • Duplication 12p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. imperforate anus, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 12q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 13 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. gastrointestinal malformations, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 18 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, hernia, Treatment varies depending on the symptoms which can vary quite considerably from case to case, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 2p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 2q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 5p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Special education programs, Respiratory infections are treated aggressively and preventative measures recommended, Surgery may be needed to correct craniofacial, heart or other defects, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Duplication 5q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Duplication 6p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Duplication 6q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 6q, partial ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Surgery to correct and defects or malformations, Physical therapy for contractures, There is no specific therapy and the condition is treated by managing symptoms as they arise e.g, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Duplication 7p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 7q ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, undescended testes, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 8p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Duplication 8q ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, undescended testes, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Duplication 9p partial ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Dupuytren subungual exostosis ... surgery but recurrence does happen
  • Dysautonomia ... treat underlying condition
  • Dysentery ... See also treatments of amebic dysentery
  • Dyserythropoietic anemia, congenital ... There is no specific treatment and symptoms are managed as they occur. Therapies that may be needed include transfusions, splenectomy, marrow transplant and removal of excess storage iron
  • Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding ... Hormonal treatments, treatments for anemia, Treatment depends on the cause
  • Dyshidrotic dermatitis ... medication
  • Dyskinesia, paroxysmal ... Some cases resolve spontaneously over time without any treatment, Treatment varies depending on the subtype of the disorder and the severity of symptoms, Anticonvulsant medication
  • Dyslexia ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 7 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 8 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslexia, Susceptibility to, 9 ... Individualized education programs are usually developed for children once they are diagnosed, Strategies and tools to assist with education i.e. improve reading ability
  • Dyslipidemia ... smoking cessation, diet low in fat and cholesterol and high in HDL, lipid lowering drugs, resins
  • Dysmenorrhea ... prescription medications, pregnancy, over-the-counter medications
  • Dysmorphophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Dysmorphophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Dysomnia ... Varies with the cause
  • Dysplasia ... monitoring, these also vary depending on the site of the dysplasia, cryotherapy, ablation
  • Dyssomnia ... treating underlying conditions such as stress, cognitive-behavioral, medications
  • Dystonia 1, Torsion, Autosomal Dominant ... Exercise and physical therapy may help some patients better manage their condition, Focal dystonias that start during adulthood may benefit from botulinum toxin injections, If patients fail to respond to medications, surgery involving deep-brain stimulation may be undertaken, Various medications may be used to alleviate symptoms: Baclofen, anticholinergics, benzodiazepines (such as clonazepam) and dopamine depleting agents (such as reserpine)
  • Dystonia 14 ... levodopa
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans 1 ... Exercise and physical therapy may help some patients better manage their condition, Focal dystonias that start during adulthood may benefit from botulinum toxin injections, If patients fail to respond to medications, surgery involving deep-brain stimulation may be undertaken, Various medications may be used to alleviate symptoms: Baclofen, anticholinergics, benzodiazepines (such as clonazepam) and dopamine depleting agents (such as reserpine)
  • Dystonia musculorum deformans type 1 ... Exercise and physical therapy may help some patients better manage their condition, Focal dystonias that start during adulthood may benefit from botulinum toxin injections, Genetic counseling is recommended, If patients fail to respond to medications, surgery involving deep-brain stimulation may be undertaken, Various medications may be used to alleviate symptoms: Baclofen, anticholinergics, benzodiazepines (such as clonazepam) and dopamine depleting agents (such as reserpine)
  • Dystonia, Dopa-Responsive, Due to Sepiapterin Reductase Deficiency ... Treatment with L-DOPA can result in significant improvement in the movement disorder

E

  • Ear foreign body ... visit your doctor to remove the object, do not use fingers in the ear, do not use tweezers in the ear
  • Ear Psoriasis ... Treatment of complications (for example antibiotics, diuretics (water tablets), nutritional support), Acitretin (Soriatane®), Steroid creams and ointments, Antifungal agents, Tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, Systemic therapy, The main topical treatments are corticosteroids, vitamin D-3 derivatives, coal tar, anthralin, or retinoids, Topical corticosteroids (Diprolene®, Temovate®, Ultravate®, or Psorcon®), Moisturizers, PUVA, Coal tar, Goeckerman treatment, Oral corticosteroids should be avoided, Retinoids, Cyclosporine (Neoral®), Hydroxyurea (Hydrea®), Bath solutions, Photochemotherapy, Enbrel (Amgen), Vitamin D3, Tazarotene (Tazorac), Ingram regime, Hospitalisation for supportive care including intravenous fluids and temperature regulation, Treatment of psoriasis may include creams, lotions, oral medications, injections and infusions of biologics, and light therapy, Topical tar preparations and phototherapy should also be avoided in the early treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis as they may worsen the condition, Low-dose methotrexate, ciclosporin or acitretin, Calcipotriene (Dovonex®), Topical skin care, Bland emollients and cooling wet dressings, Vitamin A (retinoids), Not all of the treatments listed below are suitable or recommended for psoriasis in particular locations of the body. The list below is a general list for treatment for psoriasis as psoriasis can occur on multiple parts of the body at any one time, Anthralin, Castellani's Paint
  • Ear wax ... E-R-O, wax drainage, Murine Ear Drops, Auro, do not remove ear wax with cotton swabs or other methods, ear wax removal by the doctor, ear wax vacuum, Debrox, carbamide peroxide, wax-dissolving ear drops, ear wax removal scoop, hydraulic ear wax removal
  • Early-onset Alzheimer's ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Earthball poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • East Syndrome ... Calcium and magnesium supplements may alleviate some of the symptoms related to calcium and magnesium deficiency
  • Eastern Redcedar poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Ecclesiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Echovirus-related Cold ... Rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion
  • Eclampsia ... fetal monitoring, salt balance treatments, Delivering the baby, IV magnesium sulphate, blood pressure-reducing medication, emergency Caesarian delivery
  • Ecophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ecstasy addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling
  • Ectopic acromegaly ... Surgical removal of the ectopic tumor is the therapy of choice, but it is not always feasible because patients often present with widespread metastases. Patients with GHRH-induced acromegaly benefit from the administration of the long-acting somatostatin analog, octreotide, which reduces GH, IGF-I, and GHRH, and may shrink the ectopic tumor, its metastases, and the secondary pituitary enlargement
  • Eczema ... Antibiotics if infection develops, Moisturizer, Wear cotton clothing as other materials increase sweating and rubbing on the skin, Avoid environments that are excessively hot, cold or dry as they can exacerbate skin symptoms, Treat acute hives with an antihistamine such as Zyrtec, Soaking in salty water, avoid airborne pollens and other allergens, If skin is weeping, avoid bathing with other people to reduce risk of infection, Shampoos containing zinc or ketoconazole, Keep the nails short and wear a covering over the hands (gloves or socks) to avoid night-time scratching as the patient is often unaware that they are scratching, limit or avoid soap, Distract child when scratching, Avoid standing for long periods, Avoid alcohol and caffeine, non-soap cleanser, Warm olive oil on infant scalps may loosen scales, Salicyclic acid shampoos, Wear cotton gloves to prevent scratching and limit exposure to germs, Do regular exercise, Antifungal creams, Varicose veins may require surgical removal or scleropathy, Aloe vera gel, Wear soft cotton fabrics, Treat skin infections promptly, Moisturise twice a day. It may take some experimentation to find a cream that doesn't irritate the skin. Avoid creams with mineral oils. Commonly used brands include: Alpha Keri, Cetaphil, QV, Dermaveen and Hamiltons, avoid lengthy bathing, Bathing routine changes, gently pat dry skin, lukewarm bathing, Topical corticosteroid, Antidandruff shampoos, Dry oozing patches with Condy's solution or dilute vinegar, Bathe only once every 1-2 days, Use topical antibacterial cream for infected eczema, If eczema doesn't respond to treatment, trial an elimination diet (supervised by a medical professional) to try to identify possible food triggers, Avoid scratching or rubbing, Avoid any food, chemical or other triggers that may cause or exacerbate symptoms, avoid animals, Adding essential fatty acids and methylsulfonylmethane supplements to diet may help in some cases, Skin lesions may be wrapped in cotton bandages to reduce scratching and allow topical moisturizers and steroid creams to stay on the skin and absorb better, There is a wide range of treatments that can be utilised and various methods will have different levels of efficacy depending on the underlying cause, Reduce nickel in diet, Avoid further damage or injury to the skin, Using low-allergenic washing powders, air-dry skin, Keep fingernails filed, Avoid or reduce exposure to allergens such as dust mites and moulds. Measures may include: dust mite protective bedding; wash bedding in hot water; air mattress on hot or dry days; dust room with a wet rag; use a dust mite filter on the vaccum cleaner and vacuum regularly; use mould resistant paint on bathroom walls; remove obvious mould which can grow in dark, warm, damp areas; be aware of other sources of mould e.g. pot plants, grasses, compost and water-based air conditioners, allergy exposure reduction, Soaking in white vinegar, Avoid chemical irritants such as soaps and detergents, Use 1-3 Condy's crystals in the bath to dry out weeping eczema lesions, Avoid triggering or exacerbating factors, Topical steroids, Adequate diet to address nutritional deficiencies, Moisturize, Use bath oil to help moisturise skin e.g. Dermaveen, Hamilton's Alpha Ker or QV, Immunotherapy may be used to desensitise and individual who has a specific allergy, Condy's crystals solution, Oils such as olive oil (extra-virgin) may be used as a moisturizer. Nut oils may be problematic for some people as they may contain protein allergens, lubricants after bathing, Avoid skin infections, A topical cream called Pimecrolimus may be used to treat eczema, Dieticians may be utilised to devise an appropriate diet of food has a large implication on the condition, Avoid scratching or rubbing the affected area, Oatmeal baths may sooth the skin, coal tar ointment, Maintain a cool environment, Where gloves if protection from irritants is required, Elevate feet when possible (especially while sleeping), Wear compression stockings once skin condition is under control
  • Eczema vaccinatum ... vaccinia immune globulin administration
  • EDS X ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • EDS10 ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • Edward Syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, hernia, Treatment varies depending on the symptoms which can vary quite considerably from case to case, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Edwardsiella tarda infection ... kanamycin, ampicillin, cephalothin, ciprofloxacin, trimethroprim
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type X ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with Platelet Dysfunction from Fibronectin Abnormality ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Dysfibronectinemic type ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type 10 ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • Eikenella corrodens infection ... penicillin, cephalosporin, tetracycline
  • Eisoptrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Elapid poisoning ... antivenin, supportive therapy
  • Elastoma Intrapapillare Perforans Verruciformis ... If a drug is the cause then cessation of the drug can result in more rapid resolution of the condition. In other cases, the condition usually resolves spontaneously over the space of a few years. There is no effective treatment for the condition and no resulting harmful effects or complications
  • Elastosis perforans serpiginosa ... If a drug is the cause then cessation of the drug can result in more rapid resolution of the condition. In other cases, the condition usually resolves spontaneously over the space of a few years. There is no effective treatment for the condition and no resulting harmful effects or complications
  • Elastosis perforans serpiginosa, Drug-induced ... If a drug is the cause then cessation of the drug can result in more rapid resolution of the condition. The condition usually resolves spontaneously over the space of a few years. There is no effective treatment for the condition and no resulting harmful effects or complications
  • Elastosis perforans serpiginosa, Idiopathic ... If a drug is the cause then cessation of the drug can result in more rapid resolution of the condition. The condition usually resolves spontaneously over the space of a few years. There is no effective treatment for the condition and no resulting harmful effects or complications
  • Elbow Arthritis ... Varies depending on the cause
  • Elbow Osteoarthritis ... The damage is irreversible and treatment is aimed managing the pain, maintaining mobility of the joint and slowing the progression of the condition. Painkillers, anti-inflammatories, exercise and reducing stress on the joint may help alleviate symptoms. Studies have shown no conclusive benefits of supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin but some people may find they help. Joint replacement surgery may be required in severe cases that involve joints such as the hip or knee
  • Elbow sprain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Elderberry poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Electrical burns ... See also treatment of burns, Do not self-treat electrical burns
  • Electrolyte abnormality ... Diagnose and treat underlying cause. IV fluids, electrolyte replacement or dietary changes may be needed
  • Electrophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Electrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Elephant's-ear poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Elephantiasis ... bandaging, Treatment of any underlying cause
  • Eleutherophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Elliptocytosis 1 ... splenectomy often improves symptoms
  • Elurophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Embolism ... Specific treatments depend on the type of embolism, anticoagulant drugs, embolectomy, thrombolytic drugs
  • Emetophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Emetophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Emotion to Color Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Emphysema ... Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) to relieve symptoms and prevent complications, Cessation of smoking, Phosphodiesterase IV inhibitors, Steroid medication (inhaled or oral), home oxygen, bronchodilator drugs, Supplemental oxygen therapy, Mucolytic agents
  • Emphysematous prostatic abscess ... Definitive treatment is complete surgical drainage and the use of effective antibiotics
  • Empty Sella Syndrome ... treat underlying disorder
  • Encephalitis ... injected antibiotics, Treatments to relief intracranial pressure
  • Encephalopathy due to GLUT1 deficiency ... Diet modification (low protein diet), avoid fasting, carnitine supplements and aggressive treatment of illnesses may reduce or prevent neurological damage. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • End Stage Liver Failure ... Nasogastric tube, Close monitoring in an intensive care unit, Cessation of causative drugs; "antidote" drugs if available, IV Fluids
  • End-stage renal disease ... Treatment of underlying condition for acute kidney failure
  • Endocarditis ... prolonged course of antibiotics
  • Endodermal sinus tumor ... surgery chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Endogenous insomnia ... Avoid stimulants, Hypnotherapy
  • Endometrial Cancer ... lymphadenectomy, lymph node dissection, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
  • Endometrial hyperplasia ... dilatation and curettage, endometrial ablation
  • Endometrial stromal sarcoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Endometriosis ... ovary removal, hormone suppression treatment, progestin, pain relief treatment, Danazol, combined estrogen/progestin, laparotomy, yoga, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist
  • Endonyx onychomycosis ... The condition is very difficult to treat as the infection is located between the nail and the nail bed and is thus difficult to access. The condition may take months or longer to resolve, Systemic antifungal medication, Surgical removal of nail, Topical antifungal agents, Chemical removal of nail
  • Endytophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Enetophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • English Ivy poisoning ... wash affected areas; corticosteroids for skin reactions, supportive therapy, seek medical attention if required
  • English Laurel poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Enlarged prostate ... Patients with mild symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or moderate-to-severe symptoms who are not bothered by their symptoms and are not manifesting secondary signs of complications of BPH should be managed with a strategy of watchful waiting, Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has long been accepted as the criterion standard for relieving bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) secondary to BPH, See treatment of prostate cancer, Medications- finasteride, Dutasteride, See treatment of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia
  • Enteric Anendocrinosis ... Parenteral nutrition
  • Enteroaggregative E. Coli infection ... rehydration and fluoroquinolones for HIV patients
  • Enterocele ... conservative management
  • Enterocolitis ... IV feeding, large intestine saline rinse
  • Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli infection ... rehydration, supportive care, avoid antimotility agents and antibiotics
  • Enteroinvasive E. Coli infection ... rehydration and antibiotic therapy in susceptible patients
  • Enteropathogenic E. Coli infection ... rehydration and antibiotic therapy in susceptible patients
  • Enteropathy type T-cell lymphoma ... Enteropathy type T-cell lymphoma is a difficult to treat cancer, especially if diagnosed in the later stages. Surgery may be of benefit to cases involving Stage I cancer. Treatment options for more advance stages of the cancer include chombination therapy (e.g. VAMP, CHOP) or simply supportive care
  • Enteropathy, autoimmune, with hemolytic anemia and polyendocrinopathy ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Enterotoxigenic E. Coli infection ... rehydration and electrolyte replacement, fluoroquinolones and loperimide
  • Enterovirus-related Cold ... Rest, fluids and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion
  • Enthesopathy ... Treatment of underlying cause
  • Entomophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Entomophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Environmental allergen related eczema ... Wear cotton clothing as other materials increase sweating and rubbing on the skin, Avoid environments that are excessively hot, cold or dry as they can exacerbate skin symptoms, Treat acute hives with an antihistamine such as Zyrtec, If skin is weeping, avoid bathing with other people to reduce risk of infection, Keep the nails short and wear a covering over the hands (gloves or socks) to avoid night-time scratching as the patient is often unaware that they are scratching, Avoid or reduce exposure to allergens such as dust mites and moulds. Measures may include: dust mite protective bedding; wash bedding in hot water; air mattress on hot or dry days; dust room with a wet rag; use a dust mite filter on the vacuum cleaner and vacuum regularly; use mould resistant paint on bathroom walls; remove obvious mould which can grow in dark, warm, damp areas; be aware of other sources of mould e.g. pot plants, grasses, compost and water-based air conditioners, Moisturise twice a day. It may take some experimentation to find a cream that doesn't irritate the skin. Avoid creams with mineral oils. Commonly used brands include: Alpha Keri, Cetaphil, QV, Dermaveen and Hamiltons, Bathe only once every 1-2 days, Use topical antibacterial cream for infected eczema, Avoid any food, chemical or other triggers that may cause or exacerbate symptoms, Skin lesions may be wrapped in cotton bandages to reduce scratching and allow topical moisturizers and steroid creams to stay on the skin and absorb better, Using low-allergenic washing powders, Use 1-3 Condy's crystals in the bath to dry out weeping eczema lesions, Use bath oil to help moisturise skin e.g. Dermaveen, Hamilton's Alpha Ker or QV, Immunotherapy may be used to desensitise and individual who has a specific allergy, Oils such as olive oil (extra-virgin) may be used as a moisturizer. Nut oils may be problematic for some people as they may contain protein allergens, A topical cream called Pimecrolimus may be used to treat eczema, Oatmeal baths may sooth the skin
  • Eosinophilic asthma ... Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Eosinophilic cystitis ... The treatment of choice is (radical) transurethral resection of the lesions in the bladder and a combination of corticosteroids and antihistaminics. Antibiotics are given when a urinary tract infection is present, or when dilation of the upper urinary tract exists
  • Eosinophilic meningitis ... Effective management of patients involves careful attention to the control of intracranial pressure. Steroid therapy without specific anthelmintic treatment is safe and effective in control of headache of adult patients with A. cantonensis-associated EM
  • Eosophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ependymoma ... surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, brain shunt
  • Epidemic Kaposi's sarcoma ... Treatment of HIV infection with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has decreased the incidence of epidemic KS and can often keep advanced KS from developing. Not everyone whose HIV is well controlled is protected from KS, and sometimes aggressive KS develops that requires the use of chemotherapy or other treatments. In areas of the world where HAART is not easy to obtain, KS in AIDS patients can advance quickly and cause death in just 6 months
  • Epidermalolysis bullosa ... Management of skin symptoms
  • Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita ... Medication: azathioprine, corticosteroids, colchicines, Dapsone, gold, IV immunoglobulin, mycophenolate mofetil, Treatment revolves mainly around using medication to suppress the immune system and thus halt the autoimmune process, If the mouth is involved, the diet should be changed to minimize oral damage i.e. soft food, low acidity foods, Treat any associated or underlying conditions, Minimize physical trauma to the skin
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, acquired ... Medication: azathioprine, corticosteroids, colchicines, Dapsone, gold, IV immunoglobulin, mycophenolate mofetil, Treatment revolves mainly around using medication to suppress the immune system and thus halt the autoimmune process, If the mouth is involved, the diet should be changed to minimize oral damage i.e. soft food, low acidity foods, Treat any associated or underlying conditions, Minimize physical trauma to the skin
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, simplex ... Management of skin symptoms
  • Epidermolytic epidermolysis bullosa ... Management of skin symptoms
  • Epididymitis ... Use a jock strap, place rolled up towel under scrotum, cold pack, wear briefs to support scrotum, Avoid sex until a month after symptoms disappear, Coping measures, Recovery measures, avoid carbonated drinks, Use two pairs of briefs
  • Epiglotitis ... Try to keep the child calm, Administer supplemental humidified oxygen if possible, but do not force the patient, as the resultant agitation could worsen the condition, Antipyretics and analgesics, Stay calm, Reduce the child's crying, cool mist humidifier, Reduce the child's anxiety, Recovery measures, Equipment for intubation, cricothyroidotomy, or needle-jet ventilation should be available at the bedside which should be done in event of respiratory failure or obstruction, Humidified oxygen, Immediate hospitalization is required, Helpful measures, Reassure the child
  • Epilepsy ... avoid driving, brain surgery, primidone, methoin, phenytoin
  • Epilepsy juvenile absence ... anti-seizure medication e.g. depakote
  • Epilepsy, pyridoxin-dependent ... Administration of pyridoxine supplements on a daily basis
  • Epilepsy, Pyridoxine-Dependent ... Administration of pyridoxine supplements on a daily basis
  • Episcleritis ... Usually resolves within 1-2 weeks, regular lubricating drops, use of supportive, treatment of any associated disorders, opthalmic referral if does not resolve, topical steroids
  • Episodic ataxia, type 2 ... acetazolamide
  • Episodic ataxia, type 5 ... acetazolamide
  • Episodic heartburn ... Tomatoes and tomato sauces, Avoid bending over or exercising just after eating, Spicy or fatty foods, full-fat dairy products, Eat smaller meals. A full stomach puts extra pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), increasing the chance that food will reflux, Alcohol, Caffeine, carbonated beverages, Chocolate, Antacids, like Maalox or Mylanta, work by neutralizing stomach acid, Stop smoking, Proton pump inhibitors, like Prilosec OTC, stop nearly all stomach acid production, Make other lifestyle changes as needed, H2 blockers, like Pepcid AC, Tagamet, and Zantac, reduce stomach acid production, Peppermint and spearmint, Avoid eating or lying down within 2-3 hours of bedtime. Lying down with a full stomach results in stomach contents pressing harder against the LES, Citrus fruits and juices
  • Epithelioid Mesothelioma ... Palliative treatment
  • Eproctophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Epstein Barr virus related fibromyalgia ... heat lamps, cognitive therapy, aerobic exercises, pain medication e.g. aspirin, lifestyle and dietary changes, increasing sleeping time, patient education, local anaesthetic injections, lignocaine injection
  • Ereuthophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ergasiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ergophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Erotic asphyxiaa ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Erotophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Erotophonophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Eruptive psoriasis ... Lotions that contain coal tar, Moisturizers, The goal of treatment is to control your symptoms and prevent secondary infections, Dandruff shampoos (over-the-counter or prescription), Cortisone (anti-itch) cream, Prescription medicines containing vitamin D or vitamin A (retinoids)
  • Erysipelas ... cold packs
  • Erythema ... avoid heat, avoid cold, Treatment depends on type of erythema, topical skin lotions
  • Erythema nodosum ... locally injected corticosteroids
  • Erythrasma ... antibacterial soaps
  • Erythroblastosis fetalis ... early deliver, Immunoglobulin administration 28 weeks into pregnancy, fetal blood transfusion
  • Erythrodermic eczema ... Moisturizers, Wet wraps, Antibiotics if secondary infection develops, Topical steroids, Cool wet dressings
  • Erythrokeratodermia Congenitalis Progressiva Symmetrica, Gottron ... topical keratolytic ointment, oral retinoids
  • Erythrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Erythropoietin-induced hypertension ... Cease erythropoeitin intake
  • Escharonodulaire ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Esophageal carcinoma ... Nutritional support is also often required due to swallowing difficulties
  • Esophageal diverticulum ... Treatment of any underlying condition
  • Esophageal stricture ... dilatation, surgical reconstruction of esophagus, bougies (special throat instruments), plastic tube insertion
  • Esophageal varices ... injections into veins, See treatment of portal hypertension, balloon catheter inflation
  • Esophagitis ... gastric lavage, Treatment of chemical esophagitis, induced vomiting, Treatment of shock, Treatment of any underlying cause of esophagitis, First aid treatment
  • Esophagus Cancer ... gastrostomy, esophagectomy, partial esophagectomy
  • Essential thrombocytosis -- same as essential thrombocythemia ... medication
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Ethanol-induced Sideroblastic anemia ... Cease taking consuming ethanol. Severe cases may require therapy such as blood transfusions
  • Ethylenediamine dihydrochloride mix allergy ... Avoid exposure to allergen. Medications may be used to alleviate some symptoms e.g. antihistamines and topical steroids. Oral steroids may be needed in severe cases but this is rare. Moisturizers can alleviate skin symptoms and antibiotics may be needed if secondary skin infections develop from initial skin symptoms such as rashes
  • Eucalyptus Oil poisoning ... wash affected areas; seek medical advice if symptoms persist or become worse
  • Eucalyptus poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Eugenol oil poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Euphophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Euphorbium poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Everlasting pea poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Ewing's family of tumors ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Ewing's sarcoma ... Treatment often consists of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy generally followed by wide or radical excision, and may also include radiotherapy, limb amputation
  • Exercise induced anaphylaxis ... antihistamines, epinephrine, ketotifen, dietary changes
  • Exercise-induced asthma ... Avoid or minimize exercises that induce the asthma symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids
  • Exercise-induced hypertension ... Treatment is aimed at reducing cardiovascular risk factors by using drugs to lower lipid and blood pressure levels
  • Exertional headache ... Indomethacin completely or almost completely controls the exertional headaches
  • Exfoliative dermatitis ... vaseline
  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency, Dyserythropoietic Anemia, And Calvarial Hyperostosis ... Pancreatic enzyme supplement. Red blood cell transfusions may be needed to alleviate severe anemia
  • Exogenous lipoid pneumonia ... antibiotics, corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulins
  • Exploding head syndrome ... resolves spontaneously, clomipramine can be tried
  • Extra Nipples ... Treatment needed if the extra nipple is tender, painful or swells
  • Extra-upper Aerodigestive Tract NK/T cell lymphoma ... Rdiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, Surgery may also be required in some cases, Treatment varies depending on factors such as stage of cancer and health of the patient. Optimal treatment regimens are still being researched
  • Extradural hematoma ... brain surgery
  • Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Extramedullary Myeloid Tumor ... Treatment options may include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery
  • Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue ... Treatment varies depending on the stage, location and aggressiveness of the tumor. Treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and antibiotics
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma ... Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, Surgery may also be required in some cases, Treatment varies depending on factors such as stage of cancer and health of the patient. Optimal treatment regimens are still being researched
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal ... Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, Surgery may also be required in some cases, Treatment varies depending on factors such as stage of cancer and health of the patient. Optimal treatment regimens are still being researched
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type ... Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, Surgery may also be required in some cases, Treatment varies depending on factors such as stage of cancer and health of the patient. Optimal treatment regimens are still being researched
  • Extrinsic asthma ... Avoid allergens which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories. Immunotherapy and anti-IgE monoclonal antibody administration are specific treatments aimed at desensitizing patients and reducing the allergic response
  • Eye allergy ... Topical antihistamines and decongestants, Topical anti inflammatory drugs, Apply cold compresses to the eyes to help reduce the allergic reaction, Use artificial tears/lubricating eyedrops as needed to help flush out allergens that get into the eyes, Systemic medications, Topical mast cell stabilizers
  • Eye foreign body ... eye ointments, antibiotic eye drops, careful foreign body removal by your doctor, avoid rubbing the eye
  • Eye Herpes ... urgent review by ophthalmologist, antiviral treatment
  • Eye melanoma ... Treatment designed to destroy a melanoma often will cause some loss of vision, even though every effort is made to preserve vision. But because cancers of the eye can be fatal, in some cases it'll need treatment even if it means loss of vision or loss of the eye, Surgery is the foundation for most eye cancer treatments. Treatment for other eye melanomas may be done with radiation alone, or radiation combined with a therapy such as infrared laser
  • Eye muscle strain ... Resting the eyes usually resolves the problem unless there is an underlying vision problem such as a refractive error
  • Eyelid eczema ... Be aware of other sources of mould e.g. pot plants, grasses, compost and water-based air conditioners, Moisturise, Avoid environments that are excessively hot, cold or dry as they can exacerbate skin symptoms, Wash bedding in hot water, Remove obvious mould which can grow in dark, warm, damp areas, Hypoallergenic bedding, Bedding covers that protect against allergens, Use mould resistant paint on bathroom walls, Air mattress on hot or dry days, Dust room with a wet rag, Use topical antibacterial cream for infected eczema, Avoid any food, chemical or other triggers that may cause or exacerbate symptoms, Use a dust mite filter on the vacuum cleaner and vacuum regularly, Using low-allergenic washing powders, If symptoms do develop corticosteroid creams or topical immunomodulators may need to be used, Using air filters, Hypoallergenic detergents and cleaning products, Immunotherapy may be used to desensitise and individual who has a specific allergy, Keep nails short and wear a covering over the hands (gloves or socks) to avoid night-time scratching as the patient is often unaware that they are scratching, Oils such as olive oil (extra-virgin) may be used as a moisturizer. Nut oils may be problematic for some people as they may contain protein allergens

F

  • Fabry's Disease ... Lipisorb®, Tegretol (carbamazepine), dilantin
  • Face Boil ... Maintain good skin hygiene, Surgical lancing and drainage, Avoid squeezing the boil, Avoid picking at the boil, Warm compresses
  • Facet syndrome ... improved posture, alter exacerbating activities, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medicine
  • Facial clefting corpus callosum agenesis ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate
  • Facial dysmorphism -- intellectual deficit -- short stature -- hearing loss ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. undescended testes
  • Facial fracture ... gentle washing and drying of face, protect the face during recovery, avoid strenuous activities, avoid contact sports
  • Facial Psoriasis ... Treatment of complications (for example antibiotics, diuretics (water tablets), nutritional support), Not all of the treatments listed below are suitable or recommended for use on the face. The list below is a general list for treatment for psoriasis as psoriasis can occur on multiple parts of the body at any one time, Acitretin (Soriatane®), Steroid creams and ointments, Antifungal agents, Tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, Systemic therapy, The main topical treatments are corticosteroids, vitamin D-3 derivatives, coal tar, anthralin, or retinoids, Topical corticosteroids (Diprolene®, Temovate®, Ultravate®, or Psorcon®), Moisturizers, PUVA, Coal tar, Goeckerman treatment, Oral corticosteroids should be avoided, Retinoids, Cyclosporine (Neoral®), Hydroxyurea (Hydrea®), Bath solutions, Photochemotherapy, Enbrel (Amgen), Vitamin D3, Tazarotene (Tazorac), Ingram regime, Hospitalisation for supportive care including intravenous fluids and temperature regulation, Treatment of psoriasis may include creams, lotions, oral medications, injections and infusions of biologics, and light therapy, Topical tar preparations and phototherapy should also be avoided in the early treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis as they may worsen the condition, Low-dose methotrexate, ciclosporin or acitretin, Calcipotriene (Dovonex®), Topical skin care, Bland emollients and cooling wet dressings, Vitamin A (retinoids), Anthralin, Castellani's Paint
  • Facioplegic migraine ... trigger avoidance, Anti-emetics
  • Factor V deficiency ... Generally the only treatment required is to receive fresh blood plasma during or after a bleeding episode which can occur during trauma or surgery. Patients need to advise their health professionals (including dentists) of their condition in order to minimize the risk of bleeding episodes
  • Factor V Quebec ... Generally the only treatment required is to receive fresh blood plasma during or after a bleeding episode which can occur during trauma or surgery. Patients need to advise their health professionals (including dentists) of their condition in order to minimize the risk of bleeding episodes
  • Factor X deficiency ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery. If the condition is acquired then treating the underlying cause (if that is possible) may resolve the condition
  • Factor X deficiency -- autosomal dominant ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Friuli ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Kanazawa ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Ketchikan ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Nottingham ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Padua ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- San Antonio ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Santo Domingo ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Shanghai ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- St. Louis II ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Stockton ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Taunton ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Tokyo ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Vorarlberg ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Wenatchee I ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor X deficiency -- Wenatchee II ... Fresh-frozen plasma may be used to treat more serious bleeding episodes or may be used before surgery
  • Factor XIII Deficiency ... supplementation with cryoprecipitate or fresh-frozen plasma
  • Factor XIII deficiency, congenital ... supplementation with cryoprecipitate or fresh-frozen plasma
  • Factor XIII, A1 subunit Deficiency ... supplementation with cryoprecipitate or fresh-frozen plasma
  • Factor XIII, B subunit Deficiency ... supplementation with cryoprecipitate or fresh-frozen plasma
  • Fallopian tube cancer ... Varies depending on the stage of the cancer. Surgery (hysterectomy), chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • False cactus poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • False Hellebore poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • False indigo poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • False jessamine poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • False poinciana poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis, autosomal dominant ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Familial Apolipoprotein A-I and C-III Deficiency ... Dietary and lifestyle changes as well as cholesterol-reducing medications if required
  • Familial Apolipoprotein A-I, C-III, A-IV Deficiency ... Dietary and lifestyle changes as well as cholesterol-reducing medications if required
  • Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) ... stanozolol
  • Familial dermographism ... avoiding skin trauma
  • Familial emphysema ... See treatment of emphysema, home oxygen, bronchodilator drugs
  • Familial Eosinophilic Cellulitis ... Glucocorticoids, cetirizine and colchicines may help in some cases
  • Familial erythrocytosis, 3 ... regular venesection can alleviate the condition
  • Familial erythrocytosis, 4 ... regular venesection can alleviate the condition
  • Familial Forms of Alzheimer's Disease ... There is no cure for the condition so treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and slowing progression of the condition. Alzheimer medications (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) and Namenda (NDMA antagonist) have varying degrees of benefits for patients
  • Familial Granulomatosis, Blau type ... Surgery may be needed to treat complication of uveitis, Anti-inflammatories, Topical or systemic medicines for uveitis
  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia ... cholesterol-lowering drugs, LDL apheresis or liver transplant in cases that don't respond to medication
  • Familial hyperlipoproteinemia type 1 ... reduced fat diet
  • Familial hypersecretion of adrenal androgens ... glucocorticoid therapy
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 1 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 10 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 11 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 12 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 2 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 3 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 4 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 5 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 6 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 7 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 8 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 9 ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Familial Intestinal Polyposis ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Familial Lactase Deficiency ... Avoiding lactose-containing products
  • Familial Multiple Polyposis ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Familial polyposis ... partial colonectomy, polypectomy, Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop, total colonectomy
  • Familial polyposis -- classical ... Flexible sigmoidoscopy should be performed every 1-2 years starting at age 10-12 years in patients with FAP to document the onset of polyposis, Screening of family members of patients with FAP should begin by age 12 years, Endoscopic surveillance, Drugs used in the treatment of FAP include sulindac and celecoxib, removal of colon, Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Familial polyposis, autosomal recessive ... removal of colon
  • Familial pulmonary arterial hypertension ... cough, Lifestyle changes, diuretics, digoxin, anticoagulants and oxygen therapy may provide benefits for some people. Surgery may be needed in severe cases
  • Familial rectal pain ... anticonvulsants such as Carbamazepine
  • Familial Selective Vitamin B12 Malabsorption ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Familial Treacher Collins syndrome ... Jaw surgery, Speech therapy may also be needed, Nasal surgery, Cleft palate correction
  • Familial Wilms tumor 2 ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Familial, Systemic, Juvenile Granulomatosis ... Surgery may be needed to treat complication of uveitis, Anti-inflammatories, Topical or systemic medicines for uveitis
  • Farouk-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Fascioliasis ... emetine, bithionol
  • Fatty liver disease ... Abstinence from alcohol may reverse steatosis in patients with alcohol-related fatty liver. Weight loss and control of comorbidities appear to slow the disease and to possibly reverse some of the steatosis and fibrosis
  • Febrile Seizures ... Remove objects from mouth, Avoid placing anything in mouth, Seek medical advice, avoid anticonvulsants, Place child on side or stomach, Move child to a safe surface, Avoid attempting to hold or restrain child, Seek medical attention if the fit lasts more than a few minutes
  • Febriphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Fecal incontinence ... regular bowel motion routine, caused by physical problems with the pelvic floor or anal area, diphenoxylate, Kegel exercises, Eat and drink at different times, bowel training, simple surgeries, Eat smaller meals more frequently, anal muscle replacement surgery, artificial anal sphincter surgery, loperamide, water and fluids
  • Female infertility ... Fertinex, Metrodin, in vitro fertilization (IVF), Semen concentration methods- used with artificial insemination if low sperm counts, Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), See also treatment of infertility, Pronuclear stage transfer (PROST), Frozen embryos, gonadotrophins, Treatment of any underlying cause, See also treatment of male infertility, Assisted conception, Pergonal, See also treatment of female infertility, hormone pump, Donor insemination, clomiphene, See also treatments for anovulation, Tubal embryo stage transfer (TEST), gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), Donor egg IVF, Micro-injection fallopian transfer (MIF), Humegon, Parlodel (bromocriptine mesylate), hormone stimulators, assisted reproductive technologies (ART), Clomid, Artificial insemination, Ovulation stimulating medications, Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
  • Fertile eunuch syndrome ... hCG therapy
  • Fetal distress ... induction of labor, caesarean section
  • Fetishism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Fetterbush poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Fibrocystic breast disease ... hormone treatments, Evening primrose oil
  • Fibrocystic breasts ... hormone treatments, evening primrose oil
  • Fibromyalgia ... heat lamps, Local anesthetic injections, aerobic exercises, Sleep assisting medications, Lignocaine injection, Sleeping more
  • Fibronectin-Deficient EDS ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Patients are advised to avoid activities that may increase the risk of joint dislocation e.g. weight lifting. Various therapies or medications may be utilized if chronic joint pain develops
  • Fibrosarcoma ... Adjunctive therapy, such as radiation treatment and chemotherapy, can improve local control and may make the appearance of clinically evident metastatic disease less likely
  • Fibrous Dysplasia ... correction of endocrine abnormalities
  • Fibular Hemimelia ... Shoe lift, Tibial straightening, Treatment goals involve obtaining the best possible limb length, alignment and function, Amputation (Syme amputation) and prosthetic fitting, Leg brace, Limb lengthening
  • Filefish poisoning (Palytoxin) ... symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Filippi Syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the specific symptoms that occur. Surgical intervention may be required to correct certain defects. Genetic counseling is also recommended
  • Finale rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Finger Arthritis ... Varies depending on the cause
  • Finger osteoarthritis ... The damage is irreversible and treatment is aimed managing the pain, maintaining mobility of the joint and slowing the progression of the condition. Painkillers, anti-inflammatories, exercise and reducing stress on the joint may help alleviate symptoms. Studies have shown no conclusive benefits of supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin but some people may find they help. Joint replacement surgery may be required in severe cases that involve joints such as the hip or knee
  • Finger sprain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Fir Club Moss poisoning ... activated charcoal within 1 hour of ingestion; supportive therapy
  • Fire cherry poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Fire coral larvae envenomation ... Do not rub affected areas as more venom will be released, remove swimming clothes, soap and scrub skin vigorously, antihistamine, hydrocortisone cream, ice pack to relieve pain
  • Fire Coral poisoning ... rinse with seawater, apply vinegar, remove visible tentacles, immobilize, hydrocortisone cream to control itching, pain medication, keep patient still to prevent spread of venom; rinse with salt water/vinegar/acetic acid/isopropyl alcohol; remove tentacles with tweezers; seek medical treatment if allergy symptoms develop; medication to relieve pain; Note: rinsing with fresh water increases the pain experienced
  • Fire-Bellied Toad poisoning ... wash affected skin with soapy water and eyes with saline; ingestion: emesis, lavage or activated charcoal with cathartic; supportive therapy for allergy symptoms
  • Fishtail palm poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Flat feet ... special shoes, under-arch pads inside shoes
  • Flax poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Flexural psoriasis ... Exposure to sunlight or photo therapy. The skin is sensitized by applying coal tar ointment or by taking oral psoralens. The person is then exposed to ultraviolet light, Topical, Baths: Soaking in warm water with a bath oil or tar solution can often help cure psoriasis and lift the scale. Bland soaps or soap substitutes may be useful, Systemic drugs such as methotrexate, Emollients: Emollients may include keratolytic agents such as urea or salicylic acid
  • Flocoumafen rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Florida arrowroot poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Florida leucothoe poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Flowering Maple exposure ... Wash affected areas with soap and water; antihistamines or epinephrine if needed
  • Flowering spurge poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Flu ... Symmetrel® (amantadine), Relenza® (zanamivir), Flumadine® (rimantadine), Antiviral medications may reduce the severity and duration of symptoms in some cases. Rest and fluids aid recovery. Medications may be used to alleviate symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion. Regular flu shots can prevent influenza infections, Tamiflu® (oseltamivir)
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis ... medication, dialysis, kidney transplant, low salt diet
  • Focal seizure ... treat cause if possible, anti-seizure medication, surgery, vagus nerve stimulation
  • Focal seizures ... vagus nerve stimulation, anti-seizure medication, Treat underlying cause
  • Folate deficiency ... folate supplements, folate-enriched breakfast cereals
  • Folate-deficiency anemia ... folate supplementation, increase folate in diet
  • Folgorat rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency, isolated ... gonadotropin
  • Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma ... radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Follicular dendritic cell tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Follicular Lymphoma, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Watchful waiting and regular monitoring, Hematopoietic stem cell transplant, Treatment choices vary depending on factors such as age of patient, health of patient and stage of cancer
  • Follicular malignant melanoma ... Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Folliculitis ... hygiene measures, See also treatment of Barber's rash
  • Food addiction ... Self-help programs, Support group, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Medication
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- amines ... avoid foods containing the food additive, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- chocolate ... avoidance
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- citric acid intolerance ... avoid foods containing chocolate
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- food additives ... avoid foods containing the food additive, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- MSG ... avoid foods containing the food additive, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- salicylate ... avoid foods containing the food additive, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- sulfite ... avoid foods containing the food additive, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- sulphite ... avoidance
  • Food Additive Allergy ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- amaranth ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- Annatto ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- antioxidants ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- benzoate ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- BHA antioxidants ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- BHT antioxidants ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- carageenan gum ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- Carmine ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- erythrosine ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- guar gum ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- gum ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- gum acacia ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- gum tragacanth ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- lecithin ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- locust bean gum ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- quinoline yellow ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- saffron ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- salicytes ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- sulphite ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- sulphite derivative ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- sunset yellow ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- tartrazine ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Additive Allergy -- xanthan gum ... Avoid foods containing the food additive, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food allergies ... elemental formula, soy formula, change breastfeeding mother's diet, milk-based formula, Treatments for infant allergies, breast feeding only, avoid cross-reacting foods, Immunotherapy (allergy shots)
  • Food Allergy -- abalone ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- almond ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- aniseed ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- apple ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- apricot ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- avocado ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- banana ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- barley ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- bean ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- beef ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- beer ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- bell pepper ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- brazil nut ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- buckwheat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- cabbage ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- carp ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- carrot ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- cashew ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms, Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- castor bean ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- celery ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- chamomile tea ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- cherry ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- chestnut ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- chick pea ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- chicken meat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- cinnamon ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- coconut ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- codfish ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- Coriander ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- crab ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- crayfish ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- cumin ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- date palm ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- duck meat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- fennel ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- fish ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- frog ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- fruit ... Avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines
  • Food Allergy -- garbanzo (legume) ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- garlic ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- goose meat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- hazelnut ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- hops ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- kidney bean ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- kiwi fruit ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- lamb ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- lentil ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- lettuce ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- lima bean ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- Linden tea ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- lobster ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- lychee ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- mackerel ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- mango ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- meat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- melon ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- milk ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- mollusk ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- MSG ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- mussel ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- mustard leaf ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- oat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- olive ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- oranges ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- papaya ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- paprika ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- parsley ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pea ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms, Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- peach ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- peanuts ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pear ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pecan ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pine nut ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pineapple ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- plantain ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- plum ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pomegranates ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pork ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- potato ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- pumpkin ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- Quorn ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- red meat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- rice ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- rye ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- salmon ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- scallop ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- sesame ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- shellfish ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- shrimp ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- snail ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- soy ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- soybean ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- spices ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- strawberry ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- sulfite ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- sunflower seeds ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- thyme ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- tomato ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- tree nuts ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- tuna ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- turnip ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- turtle ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- vegetable oil ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- walnuts ... Avoid foods containing the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- watermelon ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- wheat ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Food Allergy -- zucchini ... avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Foot sprain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Forbes disease ... Dietary changes, avoiding fasting, frequent meals and consuming uncooked starch supplements. Nasogastric feeding tube may be required at night to prevent drops in blood sugar levels
  • Forearm muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Formicophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Four-O'Clock poisoning ... wash affect areas, seek medical advice if needed
  • Fournier Gangrene ... antibiotics, debridement, surgery to remove affected tissue
  • Fowl paralyses ... There is no treatment
  • Fowl Paralysis ... There is no treatment
  • Fractures ... open reduction, closed reduction, reduction of fracture, metal supports
  • Frequent heartburn ... Tomatoes and tomato sauces, Avoid bending over or exercising just after eating, Reduce stress. Try yoga, tai chi, or meditation, Avoid tight-fitting belts or garments around the waist. They squeeze the stomach, and may force food to reflux, Spicy or fatty foods, full-fat dairy products, Eat smaller meals. A full stomach puts extra pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), increasing the chance that food will reflux, Avoid eating or lying down within 2-3 hours of bedtime, Alcohol, Caffeine, carbonated beverages, Chocolate, Make other lifestyle changes as needed:, Stop smoking. Chemicals in cigarette smoke weaken the LES, Peppermint and spearmint, Citrus fruits and juices
  • Frigophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Frostbite ... warm the area, warm blankets or sleeping bag, other treatments for general hypothermia, do NOT massage, rest affected area, move patient to warmth, get out of the wind, slow warming, do NOT warm by direct heat, do NOT warm by fire, do NOT walk on frostbitten feet, drink warm fluids, do NOT burst blisters
  • Frozen Shoulder ... Surgical shoulder manipulation, gentle stretching exercises, Surgery to cut shoulder adhesions, Application of heat to the affected area, followed by gentle stretching Ice and medications (including corticosteroid injections) may also be used to reduce pain and swelling, Physical therapy can help increase the range of motion. In more serious cases, surgery may be needed
  • Fructose intolerance ... sucrose and sorbitol from diet, diet control, elimination of fructose
  • Fungal meningitis ... Fever medications, Intravenous therapy with amphotericin B is the most common treatment. It is often combined with an oral medication, 5-flucytosine. An oral medication, fluconazole, in high doses may also be effective against this infection, Anti-nausea medications, See treatment of meningitis
  • Fungal nail infections ... oral antifungals, open footwear, antifungal nail lotions, absorbent socks, Keep nail dry
  • Fungemia ... antifungal

G

  • Galeophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Gallstones ... chenodiol (Chenix), methyl tert butyl direct injection, certain medications to dissolve stones, medications to remove stones, Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL), cholecystectomy, ursodiol (Actigall), ultrasound shock waves, laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Gamekeeper's thumb ... Varies depending on the severity of the condition but can involve resting the thumb, splinting or surgery
  • Gametophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Gaming addiction ... Cognitive behaviour therapy, Support group, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Medication
  • Gamophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ganglion cyst ... do not try to break the cyst
  • Gangrene ... surgical incisions to aerate wound, oxidizing agents
  • Garden chrysanthemum poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Garland flower Daphne poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • GAS ... antacids with simethicone, lactase supplements, Avoid swallowing air, Dairy Ease, fit dentures properly, Low-sorbitol diet, lactose-reduced milk, charcoal tablets (Charcocaps), Low-fructose diet, Maalox II, avoid chewing gum, Mylanta II, Low-raffinose diet, Low-lactose diet, Di-Gel, Lactrase, Beano, avoid carbonated drinks, avoid hard candy, Lactaid
  • Gastresophageal reflux-related chronic cough ... Lifestyle modification, Treatment for GER-related chronic cough includes, Surgical fundoplication, Prokinetic agents, Weight loss, if the patient is obese, Aggressive acid-suppressive therapy utilizing a PPI (Proton pump inhibitors)
  • Gastric erosion ... Removal or alteration of any medication causes of the disease, avoid certain foods
  • Gastric lymphoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Gastric Reflux ... medications to reduce stomach acid production eg H2 receptor antagonists (ranitidine) or proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole), antacid preparations
  • Gastric Ulcer ... Symptomatic relief: antacid preparations, Anti-acid medications: "Proton-Pump" inhibitors (eg omeprazole, lansoprazole), H2 antagonists (eg ranitidine, cimetidine), avoidance of NSAID medications (aspirin, ibuprofen (Nurofen, Brufen etc), Surgical partial gastrectomy, Vagotomy, H2 receptor antagonist such as famotidine (Pepcid) or nizatidine (Axid) or a proton pump inhibitor such as omeprazole (Prilosec) or esomeprazole (Nexium) to suppress acid, combined with two antibiotics, If the ulcer bleeds, endoscopy can control bleeding in most cases, Partial gastrectomy, Eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection: oral antibiotics, proton pump inhibitor
  • Gastrinoma ... Surgery for tumors, Stomach removal surgery, Medications used to reduce stomach acid, Surgery for peptic ulcers
  • Gastritis ... drink plenty of liquids, Treatment of any underlying cause, eat bland foods, avoid certain foods, slowly resume normal diet, avoid ibuprofen
  • Gastro-enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Gastroenteritis ... clear fluids, hygiene measures to prevent contagion to others, gradual addition of solid foods, Treatment of any underlying cause, avoid fruits and vegetables, Pain and fever relief medications, bland foods, gradual return to usual diet
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease ... Foaming agents, bethanechol (Urecholine), Nissen fundoplication, Pepto-Bismol, Calcium carbonate antacids, Childhood GERD treatments, prokinetics, nizatidine (Axid AR), Infant GERD treatments, rabeprazole (Aciphex), Laparoscopic fundoplication, Taking medication with plenty of water, lansoprazole (Prevacid), famotidine (Pepcid AC), pantoprazole (Protonix), Riopan, Gaviscon, looser clothing, Alka-Seltzer, Avoiding lying down after meals, Bard EndoCinch system, Avoiding alcohol and tobacco, esomeprazole (Nexium), burping after breastfeeding, Maalox, Titralac, cimetidine (Tagamet HB), ranitidine (Zantac 75), Stretta system, Avoiding dietary fat, chocolate, caffeine, peppermint (they may cause lower esophageal pressure), avoid bed for 2-3 hours after eating, upright position after breastfeeding, Alka-2, Mylanta, fundoplication surgery, Tums, Sleeping with the head of the bed elevated, sleep with head raised, sleep with raised head, omeprazole (Prilosec), Weight reduction, Rolaids
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding ... See also treatment of anemia, See also treatment of dehydration
  • Gastroparesis ... prokinetics, intravenous feeding (Parenteral nutrition), feeding tube (jejunostomy tube), smaller meals, liquid meals, low-fat diet, low-fiber diet, endoscopic injections, Domperidone, antiemetics
  • Gaucher Disease ... Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for Gaucher disease is now available, with most patients receiving recombinant enzyme (imiglucerase [Cerezyme]). This preparation is highly effective in reversing the visceral and hematologic manifestations of Gaucher disease
  • Gelastic seizure ... anti-seizure medication
  • General somatic pain ... Pain management generally benefits from a multidisciplinary approach that includes pharmacologic measures (analgesics such as narcotics or NSAIDs and pain modifiers such as tricyclic antidepressants or anticonvulsants), non-pharmacologic measures (such as interventional procedures, physical therapy and physical exercise, application of ice and/or heat), and psychological measures (such as biofeedback and cognitive therapy). The World Health Organization recommended a pain ladder for managing analgesia which was first described for usage in cancer pain, but can be used by medical professionals as a general principle when dealing with analgesia for any type of pain
  • Generalized anxiety disorder ... Venlafaxine
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus, type 1 ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus, type 2 ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus, type 3 ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus, type 4 ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus, type 5 ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures Plus, type 6 ... Varies considerable depending on the type of seizure involved. Treatment options include: no treatment or various medications e.g. lamotrigine, clobazam, sodium valproate, ethosuximide
  • Generalized Myasthenia Gravis ... Treatment varies depending on the severity of symptoms and individual responses to treatment. Treament options may include: corticosteroids, IV immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis, azathioprine, surgical removal of thymus, cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Generalized obesity ... The simplest and the most basic principle is to reduce food intake, especially the fat content, and increasing physical activity. Increasing physical activity alone is not an easy way to lose weight unless one combines it with a reduction of fat intake, Physical activity includes walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, aerobics or any other household activity such as cleaning, washing, climbing stairs etc. The sense of well-being and weight loss motivates an individual to make changes in his or her diet as well. The best way of keeping a good control on ones dietary intake is to keep a daily diary, and writing down whatever one eats as one eats. Avoid high oil content in the curries and do not use butter on chappatis, which may be tasty without the fat. The doctor or health care provider evaluates the daily diet and plans a diet providing calories enough to maintain the weight below the ideal body weight
  • Generalized pustular psoriasis ... Sometimes it is necessary to restart corticosteroids, usually temporarily, Oral retinoid such as acitretin, derived from vitamin A, rehydration, antibiotics, topical treatments, other medications such as soriatane, cyclosporine, methotrexate, Other medications such as methotrexate, colchicine, ciclosporin, tioguanine and hydroxyurea have been used with some success, Phototherapy (ultraviolet radiation), especially in combination with oral psoralens (PUVA). This is usually started once the patient has been stabilised on acitretin
  • Generalized pustular psoriasis of pregnancy ... cyclosporin, prednisolone
  • Generalized seizures ... treat underlying cause, anti-seizure medication, surgery
  • Generalized vaccinia ... Vaccinia immune globulin administration may be used in some cases
  • Genetic Parkinson disease ... Treatment options include medication and surgery
  • Geniophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Genital herpes ... Valacyclovir (Valtrex®), Acyclovir (Zovirax®), sexual abstinence during attacks, Famciclovir (Famvir®), keep area clean and dry, avoid touching sores, wash hands
  • Genital psoriasis ... Treatment of complications (for example antibiotics, diuretics (water tablets), nutritional support), Acitretin (Soriatane®), Steroid creams and ointments, Antifungal agents, Tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, Systemic therapy, There is no cure for psoriasis. There are many different treatments; however, a number of commonly used treatments for psoriasis cannot be used for genital psoriasis because the area is so sensitive, The main topical treatments are corticosteroids, vitamin D-3 derivatives, coal tar, anthralin, or retinoids, Topical corticosteroids (Diprolene®, Temovate®, Ultravate®, or Psorcon®), Moisturizers, PUVA, Coal tar, Goeckerman treatment, Oral corticosteroids should be avoided, Phototherapy, exposure to ultraviolet B and ultraviolet A light, Retinoids, Cyclosporine (Neoral®), Hydroxyurea (Hydrea®), For instance, topical treatments are available both over the counter and by prescription. However, these can irritate the skin, cause inflammation, and cause skin to peel. Still, this is often the first treatment tried for inverse psoriasis, Inverse psoriasis can be difficult to treat as the skin is very sensitive, Bath solutions, Photochemotherapy, Enbrel (Amgen), Vitamin D3, Tazarotene (Tazorac), Ingram regime, Hospitalisation for supportive care including intravenous fluids and temperature regulation, Treatment of psoriasis may include creams, lotions, oral medications, injections and infusions of biologics, and light therapy, Topical tar preparations and phototherapy should also be avoided in the early treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis as they may worsen the condition, Low-dose methotrexate, ciclosporin or acitretin, Calcipotriene (Dovonex®), Topical skin care, Bland emollients and cooling wet dressings, Vitamin A (retinoids), Not all of the treatments listed below are suitable or recommended for psoriasis in particular locations of the body. The list below is a general list for treatment for psoriasis as psoriasis can occur on multiple parts of the body at any one time, Anthralin, Castellani's Paint
  • Genital warts ... 0.5% podofilox solution, Avoid scratching warts, burning (electrocautery), freezing (cryosurgery), Imiquimod cream, 20% podophyllin anti-mitotic solution, General treatment issues, Do not use ordinary skin wart treatments, podophyllo-toxin paint, 5% 5-fluorouracil cream, Wart removal procedures, Special treatment considerations if you are or may be pregnant, Avoid touching warts, Avoid sex during treatment, Diagnose and treat all sexual partners, Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
  • Genophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Genuphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Geographic Tongue ... no treatment generally required (benign condition, will resolve over time)
  • Gephyrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Geranium poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Gerascophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Gerontophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Gerstmann's Syndrome ... computer support
  • Gestational diabetes ... ketone testing, self monitored blood glucose testing
  • Gestational hypertension ... Normal delivery
  • Geumophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ghasard-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Ghost cell glaucoma ... Paracentesis, Acetazolamide, Hyperosmotic agents
  • Ghost Teeth ... Treatment generally involves managing the symptoms as they develop. If a tooth needs to be removed than a prosthetic will be needed to ensure the jaw develops normally
  • Giant cell malignant melanoma ... Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Giant cell myocarditis ... heart transplant, immunosuppression
  • Giant cell tumor ... Scooping out the tumor (curettage) is generally performed, Radiation therapy is a nonsurgical treatment option that has proven effective
  • Giant papillary conjunctivitis ... corticosteroid drops, histamine, removal of source of irritation
  • Giardia ... anti-parasite medications, mepacrine, hygiene measures to avoid contagion
  • Gila Lizard poisoning ... wash affected area and seek medical attention immediately
  • Gilbert's Syndrome ... none required
  • Ginger lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Gingivitis ... dental hygiene, flossing teeth, regular dental checkups, antiseptic mouth rinse, well-balanced diet, low-sugar diet
  • Gingivostomatitis ... acyclovir (Zovirax), Benadryl Kaopectate, Viscous Lidocaine
  • Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix ... hysterectomy, radiation therapy
  • Glaucoma ... Parasympthomimetics, Miotic agents, Laser iridectomy, Xalatan, Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, miotic drugs, laser eye surgery, Treat the underlying cause, Trusopt, Argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT), Glaucoma drainage implants, Betoptic, Alphagan, Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT), trabulectomy, Topical administration of calcium channel blocking agents, Physostigmine, Propine, beta blocker eyedrops, Acetazolamide, Beta -adrenergic antagonists, Trabeculoplasty, Iopidine, Prostaglandin analogs, Filtering surgery, Sulfa drugs, Trabeculectomy, Topical beta adrenergic receptor antagonists, Nd:YAG laser peripheral iridotomy, Pilocarpine, Conventional eye surgery, Alpha- adrenergic agonists, Timoptic, Drugs to lower intraocular pressure Prostaglandin analogues, Canaloplasty
  • Glaucoma in ciliochorodial detachment ... Acetazolamide, Anti glaucoma medication, Suprachoroidal drainage with injection of air in anterior chamber, Treating the underlying cause, Pressure bandage
  • Glaucoma in epithelial ingrowth ... anti glaucoma medication
  • Glaucoma in Intra ocular tumours ... Argon laser trabeculopexy, Local resection, Laser or surgical excision, Photocoagulation, Iridectomy or iridocyclectomy, Medical therapy, Cryotherapy, Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy, Enucleation or exenteration, Concurrent with treatment of the intraocular tumor through surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments, Episcleral radioplaque therapy
  • Glaucoma in iridoschisis. ... Antiglaucoma medication depending on the type of glaucoma associated with it
  • Glaucoma in phacomatoses ... Surgery depends on the determination and analysis of mechanism of underlying glaucoma and corresponding treating it, Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, Prostaglandin analogs
  • Glioma ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Glioma Susceptibility ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 1 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 2 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 3 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 4 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 5 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 6 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 7 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Glioma Susceptibility 8 ... Alternative drug therapies include: Temozolomide, Temodar and Temodal
  • Gliosis ... treatment varies dramatically depending on underlying cause
  • Glomerular Disease ... Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the kidney disease
  • Glomerulonephritis ... See also treatment of kidney failure, See also treatment of post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, antiparasitic drugs, reduced fluid intake
  • Glomerulonephritis, membranous congenital due to anti-maternal NEP alloimmunisation ... maternal administration of immunoglobulins, corticsteroids or plasma exchange
  • Gloomy syndrome ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Glory lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylomelia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia -- Hypomelia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Glossophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Glue ear ... grommets
  • Glutamate-cysteine ligase deficiency ... Medications which may cause a hemolytic crisis should be avoided e.g. acetylsalicylic acid, sulfonamides and Phenobarbital
  • Glutaric Acidemia Type I ... Genetic counseling is recommended, Diet modification (low protein diet), avoid fasting, carnitine supplements and aggressive treatment of illnesses may reduce or prevent neurological damage
  • Glutaric aciduria 1 ... Diet modification (low protein diet), avoid fasting, carnitine supplements and aggressive treatment of illnesses may reduce or prevent neurological damage. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Glutaric aciduria 2 ... Frequent meals and avoiding fasting are required to avoid drops in blood sugar levels, Mild cases can be managed through a diet which is low in fat and proteins and high in carbohydrates as they don't have sufficient enzymes to break down fats and proteins
  • Glutaricaciduria type 1 ... Diet modification (low protein diet), avoid fasting, carnitine supplements and aggressive treatment of illnesses may reduce or prevent neurological damage. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency ... Diet modification (low protein diet), avoid fasting, carnitine supplements and aggressive treatment of illnesses may reduce or prevent neurological damage. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Gluteal muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Gluten allergy ... Avoid contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Gluten ataxia ... gluten-free diet
  • Glycogen branching deficiency ... Dietary changes, avoiding fasting, frequent meals and consuming uncooked starch supplements. Nasogastric feeding tube may be required at night to prevent drops in blood sugar levels
  • Glycogen debranching deficiency ... Dietary changes, avoiding fasting, frequent meals and consuming uncooked starch supplements. Nasogastric feeding tube may be required at night to prevent drops in blood sugar levels
  • Glycogen Storage Disease IIb -- formerly ... A heart transplant can cure the heart problem. A pacemaker can help manage heart rhythm problems which can be fatal. Physical therapy may be needed prevent limb movement problems due to muscle weakness. Regular monitoring of the heart condition is essential and genetic counseling is recommended
  • Glycogen Storage Disease IXb ... Hypoglycemia can be treated by consuming carbohydrates and fasting should be avoided
  • Glycogen storage disease type 2B ... A heart transplant can cure the heart problem. A pacemaker can help manage heart rhythm problems which can be fatal. Physical therapy may be needed prevent limb movement problems due to muscle weakness. Regular monitoring of the heart condition is essential and genetic counseling is recommended
  • Glycogen storage disease type 2B -- formerly ... A heart transplant can cure the heart problem. A pacemaker can help manage heart rhythm problems which can be fatal. Physical therapy may be needed prevent limb movement problems due to muscle weakness. Regular monitoring of the heart condition is essential and genetic counseling is recommended
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type I ... Treatment involves regular intake of glucose or a carbohydrate such as cornstarch in order to prevent low blood sugar levels. Regular night fees (every three to four hours) are also needed to prevent a drop in blood sugar levels during the night. Foods containing galactose or fructose should be minimized or avoided. Allopurinol may be needed to reduce chronically high uric acid levels to prevent kidney or joint problems
  • Glycogenosis, type 0 ... avoiding fasting
  • Glycogenosis, type O ... avoid fasting
  • Gnathostoma hispidum infection ... surgical removal of tapeworms, Albendazole, Ivermectin
  • Gnathostoma Infection ... surgical removal, albendazole, ivermectin
  • Gnathostoma spinigerum infection ... surgical removal of tapeworms, Albendazole, Ivermectin
  • Goiter ... See also treatment of Graves' disease, See also treatment of hyperthyroidism, thyroidectomy, thyroxine, iodine in diet, See also treatment of hypothyroidism, thyroid replacement therapy
  • Golden Chain tree poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Golden club poisoning ... rinse affected areas with milk or water, cool compresses to reduce swelling and pain, induced vomiting or activated charcoal are rarely warranted
  • Golden hurricane lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Golfer's elbow ... strapping, surgical tendon release, support strap
  • Gonorrhea ... azithromycin, careful hygiene to avoid contagion, treatments for combined gonorrhea and chlamydia infections, avoid rubbing eyes, Ofloxacin, Cefixime
  • Goodpasture syndrome ... See also treatment of kidney failure
  • Goose allergy ... avoid contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Gout ... Treatments to prevent future gout attacks, rest the joint, surgical removal of tophi, naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn), probenecid (Benemid), low-purine diets, pain relief measures, allopurinol (Zyloprim)
  • Gradenigo's syndrome ... antibiotics, surgery on the infected mastoid bone is also sometimes needed
  • Granuloma annulare ... topical steroids
  • Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis ... Supportive care as required:, Mannitol, Fluid management, Controlled ventilation, Head elevation, Invasive monitoring, Amphotericin B combined with ketaconazole
  • Granulomatous Angiitis of the Central Nervous System ... Glucocorticoid and Ca-blockers
  • Granulomatous appendicitis ... Appendectomy remains the only curative treatment of appendicitis
  • Granulomatous arthritis of childhood ... Surgery may be needed to treat complication of uveitis, Anti-inflammatories, Topical or systemic medicines for uveitis
  • Granulomatous hypophysitis ... steroids, surgery
  • Granulomatous prostatitis ... Sitz bath
  • Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary ... surgery, chemotherapy
  • Graphophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Grasbeck-Imerslund Disease ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed, Treatment involves life-long vitamin B12 injections
  • Grass pollen allergy ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Grass spider poisoning ... supportive therapy, antibiotics, pain-killers
  • Graves Disease ... anti-thyroid drug therapy, thyroid surgery, followup checkups to detect subsequent hypothyroidism caused by treatments, Antithyroid medications that block the synthesis of thyroid hormones or treatment with radioactive iodine. Thyroidectomy is no longer the recommended first-line therapy for hyperthyroidGraves disease, propylthiouricil, carbimazole, partial thyroidectomy
  • Gravitational eczema ... Antibiotics if infection develops, Moisturizer, Avoid standing for long periods, Do regular exercise, Varicose veins may require surgical removal or scleropathy, Dry oozing patches with Condy's solution or dilute vinegar, Avoid further damage or injury to the skin, Topical steroids, Avoid scratching or rubbing the affected area, Elevate feet when possible (especially while sleeping), Wear compression stockings once skin condition is under control
  • Gravitational headache ... Post-lumbar headache last less than 4 days and 75% resolve within seven days with conservative management
  • Green dragon poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Green gill mushroom poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Green nail syndrome ... Antibiotics and also an antifungal as Candida infections are often associated with this type of nail infection
  • Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome ... Appropriate educational support is required for those who have mental retardation or learning problems, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. webbed digits, extra digits, hydrocephalus, Anti-seizure medication may be needed for those who develop seizures
  • Greta-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Groin Boil ... Maintain good skin hygiene, Surgical lancing and drainage, Avoid squeezing the boil, Avoid picking at the boil, Warm compresses
  • Groin Hernia ... Observe hernia that it can still be pushed back in
  • Groin muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Growth Hormone Receptor Deficiency ... Regular monitoring of growth and development, Regular monitoring for adverse effects of IGF-1 therapy, Administration of recombinant human IGF-1, Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, Frequent meals to avoid hypoglycemia
  • Growth plate injuries ... Immobilization, avoid pressure on joint or area
  • GSD IIB -- formerly ... A heart transplant can cure the heart problem. A pacemaker can help manage heart rhythm problems which can be fatal. Physical therapy may be needed prevent limb movement problems due to muscle weakness. Regular monitoring of the heart condition is essential and genetic counseling is recommended
  • GSD2B -- formerly ... A heart transplant can cure the heart problem. A pacemaker can help manage heart rhythm problems which can be fatal. Physical therapy may be needed prevent limb movement problems due to muscle weakness. Regular monitoring of the heart condition is essential and genetic counseling is recommended
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome ... joint exercises, heart monitor, high-dose immunoglobulin therapy, salt level corrections, fluid level maintenance, muscle exercises
  • Gullner Syndrome ... Magnesium supplementation
  • Gum cancer ... Combination of surgery, Radiation therapy and Chemotherapy, Local anesthetics, Intralesional triamcinalone injections, Topical steroids
  • Guttate psoriasis ... Phototherapy: The clearance of guttate lesions can be accelerated by judicious exposure to sunlight or by a short course of either broadband UV-B or narrowband UV-B phototherapy, Antimicrobials
  • Guyon tunnel syndrome ... Avoid actions which caused the condition, wrist brace, anti-inflammatory and pain medication, surgery
  • Gynecomastia ... Treatment of any underlying cause, Cosmetic breast reduction surgery
  • Gynelophilous ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Gynemimetophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Gynephobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Gynophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication

H

  • H1N1 Flu ... Analgesics and antipyretics, Prophylaxis, Antiviral drugs in high risk patients (within 36 hours): Zanamivir (Relenza), Oseltamivir (Tamiflu), Antiviral medications may reduce the severity and duration of symptoms in some cases. Rest and fluids aid recovery. Medications may be used to alleviate symptoms such as pain, fever and nasal congestion. Regular flu shots can prevent influenza infections, Maintain fluid intake
  • Habba syndrome ... low doses of cholestyramine
  • Habit cough ... Self-hypnosis, Medical treatment is not necessary. Occasionally, habit cough overlaps with postnasal drip syndrome, which can be treated
  • Hadeophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Haemoglobinemia ... The treatment will vary depending on the underlying condition
  • Hag moth poisoning ... spines in skin can be removed by using sticky tape or commercial facial peels, seek medical attention if necessary
  • Hagiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hai Ge Fen-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Hallervorden-Spatz disease ... speech pathology, exercise physiology
  • Hallux limitus ... Wearing shoes with stiff soles, anti-inflammatory medications or surgery
  • Hallux Rigidus ... Wearing shoes with stiff soles, anti-inflammatory medications or surgery
  • Hallux valgus ... corn plasters, soaking and rubbing with pumice stone, protective padding for toes
  • Hamaphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hamartophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hamaxophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hammer toe ... toe ring, correctly fitted shoes
  • Hand eczema ... Antibiotic creams for infected areas, UV or PUVA therapy, Identification and avoidance of causative agents, If agent unavoidable (eg necessary for occupation), use barriers such as gloves to avoid contact, Oral glucocorticoids if severe or widespread over other parts of body, Emollient creams, Wet dressings of zinc oxide and coal tar, Topical glucocorticoids (steroid creams)
  • Hand Fetishism ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, cognitive therapy, behavior therapy, medication
  • Hand muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease ... ice-cold drinks, pain treatments, ice cream, fever treatments, sucking ice cubes
  • Handgrips induced allergies ... Use handgrips that don't contain latex. Supportive measures such as adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms and topical steroid creams for skin reactions
  • Haphophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Haptophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Harmatophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Harpaxophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Harpaxophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hashimoto's encephalitis ... high dose prednisolone
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis ... Thyroid hormone replacement, thyroid hormone replacement therapy, See also treatment of hypothyroidism
  • Hatzfeldt syndrome ... Behavioural therapy
  • Havoc rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Hawaiian Baby Woodrose poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Hay fever ... cromoglycate, oral decongestants, Allergy suppressing medications, allergic desensitization therapy, Avoid trigger if possible, non-sedating antihistamines, Cromolyn sodium, Immunotherapy (allergy shots), allergen vaccines, topical steroids
  • Head injury ... Treatments for concussion, hospitalization for observation
  • Head lice ... special combing of the hair, Soak haircare objects in antiseptic solution, alcohol or lice shampoo, Hot machine wash all bedding, towels and clothes, Measures to remove lice and nits from objects, Lice killing medications, head lice shampoos, Nit removal measures, Vacuum rugs, mattresses, furniture, etc
  • Headache ... Headache diary, Most respond with simple analgesia (painkillers) such as paracetamol/acetaminophen or members of the NSAID class (such as aspirin/acetylsalicylic acid or ibuprofen), Treatment of any underlying condition
  • Hearing Impairment ... Canal Aids, Hearing aid Behind The Ear (BTE), Hearing aid In The Ear (ITE), Body Aids, Cochlear Implant
  • Heart attack ... Go to a hospital immediately, defibrillators, Call emergency immediately, Call for emergency medical help, artery-opening treatments, coronary angioplasty (balloon angioplasty), nitroglycerin pills, direct cardiac massage, Thrombolytic agents (Clot-busting drugs), defibrillation, Immediate self-help for heart attacks, See also treatment of cardiac arrest, coronary artery bypass
  • Heart block ... Treatment of any underlying cause
  • Heart disease ... Nitrate (including nitroglycerine), Coronary angioplasty (balloon angioplasty), Diuretic, Beta-blocker, bypass surgery (Coronary artery bypass graft surgery), Calcium-channel blocker (CCB), Blood cholesterol lowering medications
  • Heart failure ... left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), Lifestyle, cardiomyoplasty, nitrate, Treatment of any underlying cause of heart failure, surgical correction of heart valve defect
  • Heartburn ... Avoid lying down for 2 to 3 hours after eating, Avoid eating or drinking before bed, Avoid the stomach getting overly full, Avoid bending over after eating, Avoid clothing to presses on chest or abdomen, Lose weight if overweight, Smaller more frequent meals, Wear loose-fitting clothing, Coping measures, Eat slowing, Sleep with head raised, Avoid foods that may trigger reflux or heartburn, Avoid straining to urinate, Avoid straining to pass stool, See also treatment of reflux and also treatment of GERD
  • Heat cramps ... drink plenty of fluids, rest in cool place, sports drinks, See also treatment of dehydration
  • Heat exhaustion ... sponging with cold water, lying down, cool location, intravenous salts, remove clothing
  • Heat rash ... cool the skin, dry the skin
  • Heatstroke ... sponging, intravenous salt solutions, fanning, immersion in cool water, body cooling, wrapping in wet sheets, intensive care treatment
  • Hebephilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Hedonophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Heel spur ... correction of gait abnormality, remedial gait training, foot strapping, foot splinting
  • Helicobacter cinaedi infection ... antimicrobial therapy
  • Helicobacter fenneliae infection ... antimicrobial therapy
  • Heliophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Heliotrope poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • HELLP syndrome ... anticoagulation, plasma infusions
  • Helminthophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hemangioblastoma ... cyst drainage
  • Hemangioendothelioma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Hematochromatosis ... Phlebotomy to rid the body of excess iron and to maintain normal iron stores, Patients should limit alcohol consumption and should not eat raw oysters, Iron supplements should be avoided
  • Hematophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hemifacial Spasm ... botulinum-A toxin therapy
  • Hemimelia ... Shoe lift, Tibial straightening, Treatment goals involve obtaining the best possible limb length, alignment and function, Amputation (Syme amputation) and prosthetic fitting, Leg brace, Limb lengthening
  • Hemochromatosis ... avoid iron supplements, Low-iron diets, Avoiding high-iron foods, avoid vitamin C, phlebotomy (bloodletting), Chelation therapy, Desferol (Desferoxomine), Treatments for any complications of hemochromatosis
  • Hemochromatosis-related diabetes ... Hemochromatosis is usually treated by a specialist in liver disorders (hepatologist), digestive disorders (gastroenterologist), or blood disorders (hematologist). Because of the other problems associated with hemochromatosis, several other specialists may be on the treatment team, such as an endocrinologist, cardiologist, or rheumatologist. Internists or family practitioners can also treat the disease, Treatment involves removing excess iron from the body and to give supportive treatment to damaged organs. Excess iron is removed through phlebotomy (removal of blood). One-half liter of blood is removed from the body each week for 2 to 3 years until the iron stores are depleted. After that, less frequent phlebotomy is needed to maintain iron levels within normal limits. How often additional phlebotomy will be required depends on levels of hemoglobin, serum ferritin (iron), and patient symptoms. Persons with hemochromatosis must follow a special low-iron diet and there is cure for hemochromatosis
  • Hemoglobin C disease ... Usually no treatment is required but folic acid supplements may help alleviate anemia symptoms. Surgery may be required for gallstones
  • Hemoglobinemia ... The treatment will vary depending on the underlying condition
  • Hemolytic anaemia due to adenylate kinase deficiency ... A splenectomy can result in a complete resolution of symptoms in some patients
  • Hemolytic anemia ... Varies depending on the underlying cause
  • Hemolytic anemia due to adenylate kinase deficiency ... A splenectomy can result in a complete resolution of symptoms in some patients
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn ... exchange blood transfusion, newborn blood transfusion, maternal anti-D gamma globulin after delivery, prototherapy, See also treatments for rhesus isoimmunisation
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome ... high blood pressure treatments, salts
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical, Susceptibility to, 1 ... There is no cure for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment is tailored depending on individual factors and presenting symptoms. The condition may recur even after a kidney transplant. It is important that blood pressure is closely monitored and treated in order to prevent complications. Dialysis may be required for short-term or long-term treatment depending on whether the kidney function improves or continues to worsen. Episodes of illness may be set off by infections including common infections such as cold
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical, Susceptibility to, 2 ... There is no cure for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment is tailored depending on individual factors and presenting symptoms. The condition may recur even after a kidney transplant. It is important that blood pressure is closely monitored and treated in order to prevent complications. Dialysis may be required for short-term or long-term treatment depending on whether the kidney function improves or continues to worsen. Episodes of illness may be set off by infections including common infections such as cold
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical, Susceptibility to, 3 ... There is no cure for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment is tailored depending on individual factors and presenting symptoms. The condition may recur even after a kidney transplant. It is important that blood pressure is closely monitored and treated in order to prevent complications. Dialysis may be required for short-term or long-term treatment depending on whether the kidney function improves or continues to worsen. Episodes of illness may be set off by infections including common infections such as cold
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical, Susceptibility to, 4 ... There is no cure for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment is tailored depending on individual factors and presenting symptoms. The condition may recur even after a kidney transplant. It is important that blood pressure is closely monitored and treated in order to prevent complications. Dialysis may be required for short-term or long-term treatment depending on whether the kidney function improves or continues to worsen. Episodes of illness may be set off by infections including common infections such as cold
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical, Susceptibility to, 5 ... There is no cure for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment is tailored depending on individual factors and presenting symptoms. The condition may recur even after a kidney transplant. It is important that blood pressure is closely monitored and treated in order to prevent complications. Dialysis may be required for short-term or long-term treatment depending on whether the kidney function improves or continues to worsen. Episodes of illness may be set off by infections including common infections such as cold
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical, Susceptibility to, 6 ... There is no cure for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment is tailored depending on individual factors and presenting symptoms. The condition may recur even after a kidney transplant. It is important that blood pressure is closely monitored and treated in order to prevent complications. Dialysis may be required for short-term or long-term treatment depending on whether the kidney function improves or continues to worsen. Episodes of illness may be set off by infections including common infections such as cold
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 1 ... chemoimmunotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 2 ... chemoimmunotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 3 ... chemoimmunotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 4 ... chemoimmunotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Hemophagocytic reticulosis ... corticosteroids, epipodophyllotoxins, cyclosporine, hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Hemophilia ... Home intravenous transfusions, factor IX concentrates, Clotting factor therapy, factor VIII concentrates, Special treatment required prior to dental procedures, Special treatment required prior to surgery, Special treatment required for any injury, Transfusion treatment strategies, on-demand infusion, periodic infusion (prophylaxis)
  • Hemophilic arthropathy ... synovectomy, joint arthroplasty, joint fusion, joint debridement
  • Hemorrhage ... styptics, direct pressure on wound, Treatments for internal bleeding, elevating bleeding limb, ice cold water, intravenous morphine, direct pressure on artery or vein, patient lying down, Treatments of external bleeding
  • Hemorrhagic prostatic cyst ... Cyst aspiration
  • Hemorrhoids ... sitz baths, local anesthetics, infrared photo coagulation, Hemorrhoidectomy, reduce constipation, injections into the hemorrhoid vein, topical decongestants, Rubber band ligation, suppositories, avoid constipation, Sclerotherapy, avoid lengthy sitting periods
  • Hemospermia ... investigation for underlying cause, usually self resolving and no treatment required
  • Hemothorax ... Treatment of the underlying cause
  • Henna-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Hepatitis ... Treatments depend on the type of hepatitis or underlying cause of hepatitis, Treatment of any underlying cause of hepatitis
  • Hepatitis B ... lamivudine
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (fibrolamellar variant) ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Hepatoma ... surgery, liver transplant, percutaneous ethanol injection, radiofrequency ablation, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, high intensity focused ultrasound, hormonal therapy, cryosurgery, palliative, chemotherapy, radiation, See treatment of liver cancer, Surgical resection
  • Heptaosplenic T-cell Lymphoma ... There is no proven effective treatment for this form of cancer but treatment options may include: surgery to remove the spleen, corticosteroids, chemotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Cascara Sagrada ... decontamination, symptomatic measures
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Chamomile ... decontamination; epinephrine, antihistamines
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Chaparral ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy; liver transplant if liver failure occurs
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Clove ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Echinacea ... supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Germander ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Ginkgo biloba ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Ginseng ... decontamination
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Kombucha ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Licorice ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Margosa oil ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Maté ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Nettles ... decontamination; antihistamines or topical steroids may be useful
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Passion Flower ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Pennyroyal Oil ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Polygonum multiflorum ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Rue ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Sassafras Oil ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Senna ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Achyranthes Aspera ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Ajuga Nipponensis Makino ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy, monitor electrolytes and kidney function
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Arnica Flower ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Autumn Crocus ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy, dopamine, epinephrine
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Betel Nut ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Bilberry ... drink milk or water to dilute; decontamination
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Black Cohosh ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Buckthorn Bark ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Catnip ... decontamination; diazepam for hallucinations
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Cleistanthus Collinus ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Comfrey ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Cottonseed ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Feverfew ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Garlic ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Germanium ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Ginseng ... decontamination
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Golden Seal ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Hawthorn ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Horse Chestnuts ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Kava ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Kombucha ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Lemon Grass Oil ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Lobelia ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Melaleuca Oil ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Nutmeg ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Peppermint Oil ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Psoralea Corylifolia ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Pygeum africanum ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Reishi mushroom ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Rhubarb ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Rue ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Sabah vegetable ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- St John's Wort ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Ting Kung Teng ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Valerian ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Wormwood ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Hercules' Club poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Hereditary angioedema, type 1 ... Symptoms during an episode may be alleviated by fluid replacement, pain management and airway management. Preventative measures
  • Hereditary angioedema, type 2 ... Symptoms during an episode may be alleviated by fluid replacement, pain management and airway management. Preventative measures
  • Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis ... Orthodontics, Speech therapy for speech problems, Feeding alternatives if there are feeding problems e.g. special bottles
  • Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2 ... Orthodontics, Speech therapy for speech problems, Feeding alternatives if there are feeding problems e.g. special bottles
  • Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis I ... Orthodontics, Speech therapy for speech problems, Feeding alternatives if there are feeding problems e.g. special bottles
  • Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis II ... Orthodontics, Speech therapy for speech problems, Feeding alternatives if there are feeding problems e.g. special bottles
  • Hereditary hypothyroidism ... Thyroid replacement therapy
  • Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer ... Skin lesions that become painful may be removed surgically or through cryoablation or laser. Uterine fibroids can be managed by antihormonal medications, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, myomectomy or a hysterectomy. Pain medication or antidepressants may be required in some cases. Patients need to be monitored regularly so that any changes can be assessed and treated if necessary. As the condition is inherited, genetic counseling is recommended
  • Hereditary Megaduodenum ... Treatment is usually symptomatic and may incorporate dietary changes and managing bacterial overgrowth. Nutritional help in the form of enteral or parenteral nutrition may be required. Persistent intestinal obstruction problems may necessitate a duodenojejunostomy or gastrojejunostomy
  • Hereditary paroxysmal cerebral ataxia ... Acetazolamide
  • Hereditary Polyposis Coli ... Genetic testing is may be required to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment plan usually involves regular monitoring of the polyps (polypectomy). Problematic polyps may require a prophylactic colectomy where a portion of the colon (or other affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract) is removed. NSAID's may be used to reduce or delay the development of cancer and to reduce the number of polyps that develop
  • Hereditary spherocytosis ... Chronic enlargement of the spleen may require surgical removal of the spleen (splenectomy), Severe anemia may require blood transufusions, Chronic anemia can be treated with folic acid supplements
  • Hernia ... hernioplasty, manipulating the hernia, special diet, supportive truss, See treatments for each type of hernia
  • Herniated disc ... epidural anesthesia, surgical disc removal, bed red, lying on a flat firm surface
  • Heroin dependence ... Brief dynamic therapy, Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling, Methadone
  • Herpes stomatitis ... avoid carbonated liquids, cool liquids, gargle salt water, avoid citrus drinks, drink with a straw, Pain and fever medications, rinse mouth with warm water after eating
  • Herpetic keratitis ... 1-2% trifluridine, 3% vidarabine, 1% iododeoxyuridine
  • Herpetophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Herring poisoning (clupeotoxin) ... decontamination
  • Heterophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Heterophyiasis ... praziquantel
  • Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia ... Dietary and lifestyle changes, plasmapheresis to remove VLDL and LDL from the blood and liver transplant in severe cases
  • Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hiatal hernia ... treatments for heartburn, preventions for heartburn
  • Hiccups ... drinking a glass of water, rebreathing, cut the phrenic nerve, phenobarbital, Treatment of any underlying cause, startling the person, hypotherapy, holding deep breaths, scopolamine, chlorpromazine (Thorazine), carotid sinus massage, freeze the phrenic nerve
  • Hierophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Hierophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • High Cholesterol ... Low-cholesterol diet, pravastatin, TLC Diet, Statins, fibric acid derivatives, atorvastatin, Other treatments, timed release nicotinic acid, Cholesterol Logbook, Cholesterol medications, lovastatin, Bile Acid Sequestrants, Cholestyramine, immediate release nicotinic acid, Gemfibrozil, Nicotinic Acid (niacin), colestipol, simvastatin, Dietary and lifestyle changes, cholesterol-reducing medications, fluvastatin, probucol
  • Hinman syndrome ... frequent scheduled urination, bladder retraining, medication, intermittent catheterization program or surgery
  • Hip Arthritis ... Varies depending on the cause
  • Hip cancer ... Antibiotics for infections, Treatment of primary malignancy, Blood transfusions if anaemic, Radiotherapy of vertebra for relief of local symptoms, treatment for blood loss if bleeding fracture, Treatment of renal failure
  • Hip Flexor strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Hip fracture ... hip surgery, hip-replacement, bone fixing
  • Hip muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Hip osteoarthritis ... The damage is irreversible and treatment is aimed managing the pain, maintaining mobility of the joint and slowing the progression of the condition. Painkillers, anti-inflammatories, exercise and reducing stress on the joint may help alleviate symptoms. Studies have shown no conclusive benefits of supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin but some people may find they help. Joint replacement surgery may be required in severe cases that involve joints such as the hip or knee
  • Hip sprain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Hippophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hirschsprung disease type 2 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease type 3 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease type D brachydactyly ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, short-segment, type 2 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, short-segment, type 3 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, susceptibility to, 4 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, susceptibility to, 5 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, susceptibility to, 6 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, susceptibility to, 7 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, susceptibility to, 8 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung disease, susceptibility to, 9 ... resection of defective intestinal portion
  • Hirschsprung's disease ... Duhamel procedure, ostomy, pull-through surgery, Soave procedure, Swenson procedure
  • Hirsutism ... hair bleaching, hair waxing, electrolysis, hair plucking, thermolysis, cyproterone acetate, hair removal creams, Anti-androgen medications, abrasive pads, Treatment of any underlying cause of hirsutism, shaving, Cosmetic hair treatments
  • His bundle tachycardia ... oral amiodarone
  • Histoplasma prostatic abscess ... Medical management of prostatic abscess is often unsuccessful.Transrectal or perineal aspiration of the abscess is preferred and is often effective, especially if symptoms do not improve after 1 week of medical therapy
  • HIV-1, CRF01_AE ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF02_AG ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF04_ cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF05_ D/F ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF06_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF07_BC ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF08_BC ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF11_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF12_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF13_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF14_BG ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF15_01B ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF16_ A2D ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF17_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF18_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF19_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF20_BG ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF21_A2D ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF22_01A1 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF23_BG ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF24_BG ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF25_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF26_AU ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF27_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF28_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF29_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF30_0206 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF31_BC ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF32_06A1 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF33_01B ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF34_01B ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF35_AD ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF36_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF37_cpx ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF38_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF39_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF40_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF41_CD ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF42_BF ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1, CRF43_02G ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1A ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1A1 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1A2 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1A3 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1B ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1C ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1D ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1E ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1F ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1F1 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1F2 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1G ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1H ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1J ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1K ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1M ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1N ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-1O ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-2 ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-2A ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV-2B ... There is no cure but treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and managing any opportunistic infections or other AIDS-related conditions as they arise. The mainstay of treatment is antiretroviral medications
  • HIV/AIDS ... ganciclovir, Treatments for complications, tenofovir, pentamidine, nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors, zalcitibine (ddC), multidrug combinations, nevirapine (Viramune), nevirapine, stavudine (d4T), 3TC (lamivudine), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), fluconazole, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX), abacavir, zidovudine (AZT), saquinivir (Invirase), amprenivir (Agenerase), ritonavir (Norvir), nelfinavir (Viracept), delvaridine (Rescriptor), lopinavir (Kaletra), didanosine (ddI), Treatments for opportunistic infections, efravirenz (Sustiva), foscarnet, AZT, indinavir (Crixivan), protease inhibitors, combination drug treatments
  • Hives ... cool baths, loose-fitting clothing, anti-itch treatments, avoid hot baths or showers, Avoid any skin irritation, Avoiding triggers of hives, oral antihistamines, cold compresses, Observe patient to watch for anaphylaxis, Coping measures, avoid tight underwear
  • Hobo spider poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Hodgkin lymphoma, childhood ... Variables such as age, weight, health, stage of cancer and presence of other conditions will determine the specific details of the treatment. However, treatment usually involves therapies such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, bone marrow transplants and peripheral blood transplants
  • Hodgkin lymphoma, during pregnancy ... chemotherapy, chemotherapy, postponing treatment until after the pregnancy, steroid therapy
  • Hodgkin's disease, nodular sclerosis ... Treatment depends of various factors such as the subtype involved, age and health of patient and the stage of the cancer, Stem cell transplantation, Biological therapies
  • Hodophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Hodophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hoigne syndrome ... IV steroids, sedative drugs
  • Homichlophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Homilophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Homilophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Homocystinuria ... Folic acid and Vitamin B12 supplements are also recommended, Betaine administration for patients who don't respond to Vitamin B6, Restrict methionine in diet, Increase cysteine in diet, Vitamin B6 supplementation
  • Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency ... Folic acid and Vitamin B12 supplements are also recommended, Betaine administration for patients who don't respond to Vitamin B6, Restrict methionine in diet, Increase cysteine in diet, Vitamin B6 supplementation
  • Homocystinuria due to defect in methylation cbl e ... hydroxocobalamin
  • Homophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Homozygotic Alpha 1 antitrypsin Defeciency ... Replacement or Augmentation therapy- intravenous infusions of alpha-1 antitrypsin
  • Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia ... Dietary and lifestyle changes, plasmapheresis to remove VLDL and LDL from the blood and liver transplant in severe cases. Cholesterol-lowering medication is usually ineffective for this condition
  • Honeymoon Bladder ... urinary hygiene practices: urination after sexual intercourse, "front-to-back" wiping with toilet paper, avoidance of harsh soaps or tight synthetic underwear, increase water intake, abstinence from sexual intercourse, oral antibiotics eg trimethoprim, cephalexin
  • Hookworm ... See also treatments for anemia, pyrantel embonate, kephenium hydroxynaphthoate
  • Hops poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Horse nettle poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Horseradish poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Horseshoe Crab poisoning ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Hot flashes ... deep breathing exercises, soy, avoid heavy alcohol use, Treatment of the underlying cause, See also treatment of menopause
  • Hot pepper poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • House dust allergy ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Houseleek poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Human bite ... clean wound immediately, keep wound area clean, stitches
  • Human HOXA1 Syndromes ... Treatment is determined based on what symptoms are present
  • Human Papillomavirus ... Imiquimod cream, 0.5% podofilox solution, Treatments for genital warts, 20% podophyllin anti-mitotic solution, burning (electrocautery), freezing (cryosurgery), 5% 5-fluorouracil cream, Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
  • Huntington's Disease ... prenatal chorionic villus sampling, anti-agitation medications, anti-chorea medications
  • Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle ... surgery, radiotherapy
  • Hyacinth bean poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Hyacinth poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Hyalinosis, infantile systemic ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, nutritional advice
  • Hydatid cyst ... Laparoscopic excision
  • Hydatidiform mole ... curettage to remove cysts, suction to remove cysts
  • Hydatidosis ... surgery and albendazole
  • Hydrangea poisoning ... symptomatic patients should seek urgent medical attention
  • Hydroa vacciniforme, familial ... Oral supplementation with beta carotene may help some patients
  • Hydrocephalus ... Treatment of any underlying cause of hydrocephalus, permanet surgical shunt
  • Hydronephrosis ... Treatment of any underlying cause of hydronephrosis, kidney removal, kidney surgery, kidney shunt
  • Hydronephrosis with Peculiar Facies ... Symptomatic measures: bladder retraining, medications
  • Hydrophophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hygrophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Hygrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hylephobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hymenolepiasis ... niclosamide, praziquantel, nitazoxanide or albendazole
  • Hymenolepsis diminuta infection ... niclosamide, praziquantel
  • Hymenolepsis nana infection ... niclosamide, praziquantel
  • Hypengyophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hyper-IgM Syndrome ... granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), intravenous immunogloblulin (IVIG)
  • Hyper-IGM syndrome, autosomal recessive ... frequent IV immunoglobulin therapy
  • Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD ... behavioral therapy and medications
  • Hyperaldosteronism-induced hypertension ... The condition usually responds poorly to standard blood-pressure reducing medications. Lifestyle and dietary changes as well as medications such as diuretics, spironolactone and eplerenone may help in some cases
  • Hyperbilirubinemia ... treatment of underlying cause
  • Hypercalcemia ... Treatment of the underlying causes of hypercalcemia, anti-calcium medications
  • Hyperchromic Anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Hyperchylomicronemia ... Treat any existing underlying conditions such as diabetes, reduce fat in diet, increase exercise, medications such as Niacin and Lopid
  • Hyperdibasic aminoaciduria type 2 ... Treatment involves reducing protein in the diet and using lysine, ornithin and citrulline supplements
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum ... intravenous nutrition, anti-vomiting drugs, small frequent meals, small bland meals, eating before getting out of bed, avoid lying down too soon after eating, treatment of blood chemical balance, avoid over-the-counter medications without doctor's advice
  • Hyperesthesia ... analagesics
  • Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome ... Treat the underlying cause, Lowering blood sugars, See also treatment of diabetes, Treat metabolic imbalances
  • Hyperimmunoglobinemia D with recurrent fever ... Simvastatin, TNF inhibitors
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 1 ... pancreatectomy
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 2 ... pancreatectomy
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 3 ... pancreatectomy
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 4 ... pancreatectomy
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 5 ... pancreatectomy
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 6 ... pancreatectomy
  • Hyperinsulinism, focal ... surgical removal of affected part of pancreas
  • Hyperkalemic Renal Tubular Acidosis ... alkaline agents, potassium-reduction medication
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia ... Dietary and lifestyle changes, cholesterol-reducing medications such as statins, bile acid sequestrants and lipid lowering agents
  • Hypermagnesemia ... calcium gluconate injection, renal dialysis, withdrawal of magnesium-containing drugs eg laxatives, antacids, dextrose and insulin
  • Hypermethioninemia due to S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase deficiency ... Reduced methionine in diet and cretine supplements may improve symptoms
  • Hypernatremia ... increase water intake
  • Hyperopia ... Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), reading glasses
  • Hyperparathyroidism ... surgical removal of tumor, avoid certain diuretics, dietary restriction of calcium and vitamin D, surgical removal of parathyroid glands, annual abdominal x-ray, bone mass measurement
  • Hyperparathyroidism, neonatal severe primary ... biphosphonates, dialysis, parathyroidectomy
  • Hyperphenilalaninemia due to pterin-4-alpha-carbinolamine dehydratase deficiency ... limited phenylalanine consumption in diet
  • Hyperreninemic Hypoaldosteronism, Familial 2 ... Increase salt (sodium) intake, Mineralcorticoid administration
  • Hypersomnia ... Treatment is symptomatic in nature. Stimulants, such as amphetamine, methylphenidate, and modafinil, may be prescribed. Other drugs used to treat hypersomnia include clonidine, levodopa, bromocriptine, antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • Hypertelorism -- esophageal abnormalities -- hypospadias ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Hypertelorism with esophageal abnormality and hypospadias ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Hypertension ... diltiazam, Home monitoring of blood pressure, DASH diet, losartan, home blood pressure testing, chlorothiazide, Calcium channel blockers (CCBs), Nervous system inhibitors, furosemide, nadolol, pindolol, moexipril, guanabenz, Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, ramipril, atenolol, enalapril, benzthiazide, metoprolol, quinapril, Alpha blockers, guanfacine, amiloride, Dietary and lifestyle changes and blood pressure-reducing medications such as diuretics, vasodilators and cardioinhibitors, chlorthalidone, timolol, benazepril, nicardipine, hydroflumethiazide, guanadrel, indapamide, acebutolol, prazosin, triamterene, captopril, isradipine, labetalol, bisoprolol, fosinopril, lisinopril, Alpha-beta blockers, polythiazide, torsemide, penbutolol, valsartan, nisoldipine, bendroflumethiazide, trichlormethiazide, carvedilol, betaxolol, methyclothiazide, guanethidine, Angiotensin antagonists, amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide, metolazone, carteolol, felodipine, bumetanide, blood pressure diary, trandolapril, low-salt/low-sodium diet, nifedipine, doxazosin, terazosin
  • Hypertension due to bilateral renal artery stenosis ... Surgery, angioplasty and stenting, medications to control blood pressure
  • Hypertension due to coarctation of the aorta ... Surgery, balloon angioplasty and stenting, blood pressure-reducing medication
  • Hypertension of pregnancy ... Close monitoring, reduced stress, bed rest, reduced salt intake, medications such as methyldopa and labetalol in more severe cases. Severe cases may require induction of the birth or caesarean section. Treatment is complicated by the fact that blood pressure-reducing medications may have a harmful effect on the baby
  • Hypertension, Essential ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 7 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hypertension, Essential, Susceptibility to, 8 ... Maintaining a healthy weight, Eating a varied healthy diet, Indapamide, Stop smoking, Minimize stress, Angiotensin-II receptor, Reduced alcohol intake, Moxonidine
  • Hyperthermia ... sponging, haemodialysis with cooled blood, Physical cooling, internal cooling with saline lavage, fans
  • Hyperthyroid osteoporosis ... If the hyperthyroidism is treated early, bone loss can be minimized. In the same manner, excessive amounts of thyroid hormone replacement medication can also result in bone loss. Weight-bearing exercises, a good diet, and calcium intake of about 1500 mg a day
  • Hyperthyroidism ... thyroid surgery, followup checkups to detect subsequent hypothyroidism caused by treatments, See also treatment of Graves disease, propylthiouricil, carbimazole, thyroidectomy, partial thyroidectomy
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ... surgical removal of part of the septum, antiarrhythmic medications, surgical mitral valve replacement
  • Hypertrophic subaortic stenosis ... Septal Ablation, All patients are advised to limit sport to minimize the risk of sudden death, Automatic defibrillator, Medication
  • Hypertryptophanemia ... A low-tryptophan diet can help alleviate some symptoms. High levels of tryptophan are found in poultry and milk
  • Hyperventilation ... Do not breathe into a paper bag, Treatment of any underlying condition, Try to slow down your breathing
  • Hyphema ... watching TV is usually acceptable, eye shield, elevate the head, avoid any strenuous activity, avoid playing hand-held video games, avoid activities that involve eye movement, avoid lifting or straining, lie on your back, do not bend down, do not lower your head, rest the eye, Keep the eye in stable position, do not bend forward, avoid reading
  • Hyphephilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Hypnic jerk ... None needed. Having good sleep patterns and sufficient sleep will reduce the incidence of these twitches
  • Hypnophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Hypoaldosteronism, familial ... Increase salt (sodium) intake, Mineralcorticoid administration
  • Hypocalcemia ... intravenous calcium salts
  • Hypodermyasis ... Ivermectin
  • Hypodontia -- nail dysgenesis ... Dental issues are best handled by dental health experts who will devise and individual plan depending on the specific tooth problems present
  • Hypodontia dysplasia of nails ... Dental issues are best handled by dental health experts who will devise and individual plan depending on the specific tooth problems present
  • Hypoglossia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics
  • Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics
  • Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylomelia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics
  • Hypoglossia -- Hypomelia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics
  • Hypoglycemia ... low-carbohydrate diet, snacks, Glucagon injection, Sugars
  • Hypokeratosis, palmo-plantar, circumscribed ... topical calcipotriol helped in one case
  • Hypomania ... Typical prescribed medications for hypomania include mood stabilizers such as valproic acid and lithium carbonate as well as atypical antipsychotics such as olanzapine and quetiapine
  • Hypoparathyroidism ... intravenous calcium salts
  • Hypoparathyroidism familial isolated ... calcium and vitamin D supplements
  • Hypoparathyroidism, autoimmune ... Calcium carbonate and vitamin D supplements. A diet high in calcium and low in phosphorus is also recommended. Blood calcium levels should be monitored regularly
  • Hypopituitary dwarfism ... growth hormone injection
  • Hypopnea syndrome ... Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), Surgery is used as a last option when other methods have failed
  • Hypospadias ... surgical reconstruction
  • Hypospadias 1, X-linked ... Tubularized island flap, Surgical repair is usually performed in the 1st 6 months of life, If the patient has a very small penis, he may benefit from hormonal stimulation preoperatively, Mild glandular hypospadias may not need surgery, Meatal advancement, Onlay island flap, Success rate may be less for proximal repairs, Tubularized incised plate, 90% success rate for all 1-stage repairs
  • Hypospadias 2, X-linked ... Tubularized island flap, Surgical repair is usually performed in the 1st 6 months of life, If the patient has a very small penis, he may benefit from hormonal stimulation preoperatively, Mild glandular hypospadias may not need surgery, Meatal advancement, Onlay island flap, Success rate may be less for proximal repairs, Tubularized incised plate, 90% success rate for all 1-stage repairs
  • Hypospadias 3, Autosomal ... Tubularized island flap, Surgical repair is usually performed in the 1st 6 months of life, If the patient has a very small penis, he may benefit from hormonal stimulation preoperatively, Mild glandular hypospadias may not need surgery, Meatal advancement, Onlay island flap, Success rate may be less for proximal repairs, Tubularized incised plate, 90% success rate for all 1-stage repairs
  • Hypothermia ... warm blankets or sleeping bag, move patient to warmth, slow warming, warm fluids
  • Hypothyroid goitre ... Hypothyroidism is treated with the levorotatory forms of thyroxine (L-T4) and triiodothyronine (L-T3). Both synthetic and animal-derived thyroid tablets are available and can be prescribed for patients in need of additional thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone is taken daily
  • Hypothyroidism ... See also treatment of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Thyroid hormone tablets
  • Hypothyroidism due to iodide transport defect ... iodine medication
  • Hypovolemia ... oral fluids, plasma transfusion, depending on severity, whole blood transfusion, IV fluids

I

  • Iatrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • IBS associated with endometriosis ... Stool softeners, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • IBS associated with inflammatory bowel disease ... Stool softeners, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • IBS associated with pain disorders ... Stool softeners, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • IBS associated with psychological disorders ... Stool softeners, dietary modifications, Soluble fiber improves global symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and also reduces pain
  • Ice-cream headache ... One way to reduce the effect of the pain is to take rapid deep breaths
  • Icepick headache ... Ice pick headache is difficult to treat since it comes without prior warning
  • ICF syndrome ... repeated immunoglogulin infusions
  • Ichthyohepatotoxication ... decontamination, supportive and symptomatic therapy
  • Ichthyophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Idiopathic acute eosinophilic pneumonia ... erythromycin and corticosteroids
  • Idiopathic alveolar hypoventilation syndrome ... medications to stimulate the respiratory system, mechanical devices to aid breathing
  • Idiopathic calcinosis cutis ... Some cases may require surgical removal of the lesion but often this can result in a reoccurrence of symptoms
  • Idiopathic dystonia DYT1 ... Exercise and physical therapy may help some patients better manage their condition, Focal dystonias that start during adulthood may benefit from botulinum toxin injections, If patients fail to respond to medications, surgery involving deep-brain stimulation may be undertaken, Various medications may be used to alleviate symptoms: Baclofen, anticholinergics, benzodiazepines (such as clonazepam) and dopamine depleting agents (such as reserpine)
  • Idiopathic gastroparesis ... Dietary changes may be helpful and include eating several small meals each day rather than three large meals. Symptoms of gastroparesis may improve with treatment using medications prescribed by a doctor. Erythromycin is an antibiotic that can also speed up stomach emptying
  • Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome ... glucocorticoid monotherapy; alternative therapy
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia ... Lifestyle modifications, Medications e.g. Modanafil
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia -- monosymptomatic ... Lifestyle modifications, Medications e.g. Modanafil
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia -- polysymptomatic ... Lifestyle modifications, Medications e.g. Modanafil
  • Idiopathic liver cirrhosis ... Follow-up endoscopy is performed in 2 years if varices are not present. If varices are present, treatment is initiated with a nonselective beta-blocker (eg, propranolol, nadolol), aiming for a 25% reduction in heart rate, Screening of patients to rule out the interval development of HCC
  • Idiopathic minimal change nephrotic syndrome ... steroids, diuretics, reduced salt intake
  • Idiopathic neonatal atrial flutter ... Electrical cardioversion for more severe symptomatic cases or class III antiarrhythmic drugs e.g. amiodarone for milder cases. Quinidine and digoxin have also been used in some cases
  • Idiopathic osteoporosis ... Treatment also involves ensuring adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D and engaging in weight-bearing exercises
  • Idiopathic Parkinson's disease ... There is no cure for the disease but various therapies may improve quality of life and comfort: support group, adequate nutrition, exercise, physiotherapy, rehabilitation and regular health checks. Medications that may help some patients include Levodopa, COMT inhibitors (e.g. Tolcapone, Entacapone), dopamine agonists and MAO-B inhibitors, anticholinergic drugs
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis ... penicillamine, vincristine sulfate
  • Idiopathic pulmonary hypertension ... cough, Lifestyle changes, diuretics, digoxin, anticoagulants and oxygen therapy may provide benefits for some people. Surgery may be needed in severe cases
  • Idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis ... surgery, immunosuppressive agent, steroids, colchicines, oral progesterone
  • Idiopathic Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • IgA Pemphigus ... Skin lesions must be managed properly to avoid infection
  • IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergy ... Avoiding the food responsible for the allergy is the only way to avoid symptoms. Medications that can alleviate symptoms include antihistamines, corticosteroids and PG synthetise inhibitors. Immunotherapy may help in some cases
  • Ignophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ileitis ... vitamins
  • Imerslund's Anemia ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Imerslund's Syndrome ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Imerslund-Najman-Grasbeck Anemia ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Imerslund-Najman-Grasbeck Disease ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Imerslund-Najman-Grasbeck Syndrome ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Immune Dysfunction with T-Cell Inactivation due to Calcium Entry Defect 2 ... Bone marrow transplant may be of assistance though complications from the procedure can result in death
  • Immune dysregulation -- polyendocrinopathy -- enteropathy, X linked ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura ... vincristine, platelet transfusions, Danazol, surgical spleen removal, avoid contact sports, immune globulin infusions, protective gear
  • Immunotactoid glomerulonephritis ... No curative treatment has been found. A few patients who have undergone kidney transplants have had the condition reoccur. Yet other patients have had good results with steroid pulse therapy
  • Impacted tooth ... tooth extraction, dental braces, treatments to reposition tooth, dental surgery, dental splints
  • Impaired glucose tolerance ... See also treatment of diabetes
  • Imperforate hymen ... hymen incision
  • Impetigo ... good personal hygiene, topical lotions, topical antiseptic lotions, washing areas with warm salted water
  • Impotence ... papaverine hydrochloride, Malleable implants, vein ligation, Oral drugs (pills), phentolamine, phentolamine, Inflatable implants, trazodone, alprostadil pellet (MUSE), artery repair surgery, treating an underlying systemic disease if found, yohimbine hydrochloride, testosterone pills, penile injected drugs, behavior modifications, external vacuum devices, discontinuing medications possibly causing impotence, serotonin agonists, topical nitroglycerin, alprostadil (Caverject), sildenafil citrate (Viagra), surgically implanted penile devices
  • Inattentive ADHD ... behavioral therapy and medications
  • Inborn amino acid metabolism disorder ... often dietary changes and or supplements
  • Inborn errors of thyroid hormone synthesis related to hypothyroidism ... Only levothyroxine is recommended for treatment and has been established as safe, effective, inexpensive, easily administered, and easily monitored. Dietary iodide supplementation, Activity should be encouraged in children with congenital hypothyroidism
  • Incessant infant ventricular tachycardia ... antiarrhythmic drugs
  • Inclusion conjunctivitis ... tetracycline, doxycycline, erythromycin
  • Indandione rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • India tick typhus ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Indian Hemp poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Indian tick fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Indian Tobacco poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Indifference to Pain, Congenital, Autosomal Dominant ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Indifference to Pain, Congenital, Autosomal Recessive ... Treatment revolves around developing awareness of the condition and how to regularly monitor oneself for injury. Close monitoring is required especially during childhood to reduce the risk of accidental self-injury
  • Indigestion ... milk
  • Infant asthma ... Avoid allergens or other substances which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Infantile colic ... Remain calm, put baby to sleep, avoid blaming yourself, warming the baby's stomach, cuddling the baby, rocking the baby, burping or winding the baby, holding the baby, carry baby in a front-pack or sling, avoid baby sleeping more than 3 hours, Seek support from other parents and support groups, put baby in a rocking swing, putting baby to sleep in a pram, gently massage lower stomach
  • Infantile epileptic-dyskinetic encephalopathy ... systemic corticosteroids
  • Infantile Glaucoma ... Early surgical intervention, Trabeculotomy, Goniotomy, Trabeculectomy is the mainstay of treatment
  • Infantile hypothyroidism ... Treatment consists of a daily dose of thyroxine available as a small tablet. The generic name is levothyroxine, and several brands are available
  • Infantile parkinsonism ... Dopa medication
  • Infantile psoriasis ... Topical therapy (drugs used on the skin), Systemic therapy (drugs taken into the body). All of these treatments may be used alone or in combination, Phototherapy (light therapy)
  • Infantile sleep apnea ... Infants with AOI can be observed at home with the help of a special monitor prescribed by a sleep specialist. This monitor records chest movements and heart rate and can relay the readings to a hospital apnea program or save them for future examination by a doctor. Parents and caregivers will be taught CPR before the child is sent home
  • Infantile Spasms ... ACTH (adrenocorticotrophic hormone), vigabatrin, surgical resection of a seizure focus, antiepileptic medications
  • Infantophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Infectious CFS ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • Infectious meningitis ... Infectious meningitis due to bacterial etiology is treated with antibiotics. HSV, varicella and CMV have a specific antiviral therapy; most other viruses do not. For HSV the treatment of choice is acyclovir
  • Inflammatory bowel disease ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 1 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 10 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 11 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 12 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 13 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 14 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 15 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 16 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 17 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 18 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 19 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 20 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 21 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 22 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 23 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 24 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 25 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 26 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 27 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 3 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 4 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 5 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 6 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 7 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 9 ... Eat a healthy diet, Smoking cessation, Antibiotics may help in some cases, Surgery: ileostomy, bowel resection, removal of large intestine or stricturoplasty, Other medications may also be required in individual cases e.g. laxatives or anti-diarrheals, Medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immune system suppressants, immune system modulator, biologic therapies (TNF-alpha), Have plenty of rest, Eat regular small meals, Nutritional supplements may be required if the patient has problems maintaining weight
  • Inflammatory breast cancer ... Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy, radiation, chemotherapy and surgery
  • Inflammatory Glaucoma ... Combined regimen of a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and an antiglaucoma drug, Filtering procedure, Systemic carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
  • Inflammatory pelvic pain ... Surgical removal of fibroids, cysts, or endometrial growths, Laparoscopic laser surgery, Use antibiotics to treat Pelvic Pain, Hormonal contraceptives
  • Ingrown nails ... soak toenail or fingernail, keep nail clean and dry, antibiotic powders, twisted cotton wool under the nail edge
  • Inguinal hernia ... hernioplasty, bowel resection, herniorrhaphy surgery
  • Inhalant abuse ... Self-help programs, Behavioral therapy, Support group, Counselling, Medications
  • Inhalant addiction ... Self-help programs, Behavioral therapy, Support group, Counselling, Medications
  • Inherited spherocytic anemia ... Blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen
  • Insanity ... supportive therapy, withdrawal of causative agents, vary depending on cause
  • Insect bite allergy ... Avoid being bitten by offending insect, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Insect sting allergy ... Avoid being stung by offending insect, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Insomnia ... Changes to sleep environment, sleep reconditioning, When the situation is resolved or the precipitating factor disappears, the condition goes away, usually without medical treatment, avoid cold environment, consistent sleep schedule, avoid nosing environment, Avoid stimulants, sleep restriction therapy, avoid worrying about not sleeping, avoid nicotine, The management of insomnia depends upon its etiology. However, even comorbid insomnia can benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy and a short-term course of a sedative-hypnotic or melatonin receptor agonist, Treating the underlying cause of insomnia, avoid daytime naps, Changes to behavior, Hypnotherapy, Sleep therapies, avoid using bed for non-sleep activity
  • Insulin-resistance type B ... high dose insulin and immunosuppressants
  • Intercostal nerve syndrome ... local steroid injection, local anesthetic, surgery, spinal cord stimulation
  • Intermittent Claudication ... exercise program, artery graft, vasodilator drugs
  • Intersection syndrome ... Avoid activities that triggered the condition, anti-inflammatory medications, pain medications, forearm splint and surgery in severe cases
  • Interstitial cystitis ... avoid tomatoes, bladder instillation (bladder wash), fulguration of ulcers, bladder diary, saccral nerve root stimulation, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, RIMSO-50), bladder training, avoid citrus beverages, Pentosan polysulfate sodium (Elmiron), such as associated urostomy surgery, resection of ulcers, avoid spices, Bladder distention, Cure has not yet been found. Symptoms may disappear without explanation or coincide with an event such as a change in diet or treatment. Even when symptoms disappear, however, they may return after days, weeks, months, or years, cystectomy (bladder removal), Bladder surgery, avoid artificial sweeteners, bladder augmentation
  • Intertrigo ... keep skin dry
  • Intestinal capillariasis ... antidiarrheal therapy and mebendazole or albendazole
  • Intestinal Flu ... IV fluids if severe case or dehydrated, Vigilant hygiene practices (eg handwashing, care with food preparation) to prevent spread to family and other close contacts, Medications to cease diarrhoea or slow intestinal motility are generally not recommended and can make condition worse, antibiotics if severe case, fever present or septicaemic, Generally will resolve of its own accord and only fluid replacement and rest needed, oral rehydration
  • Intestinal obstruction ... barium enema
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction ... colon resection
  • Intracranial germ cell tumour ... surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy
  • Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia -- Hyopmelia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylomelia ... Breathing assistance may be needed early in life if airway is compromised due to the absence of the tongue, Other treatment measures may also be required depending on the individual requirements, Treatment is primarily centered around orthodontics, Surgery for the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Intrapartum Eclampsia ... IV magnesium sulphate, blood pressure-reducing medication
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation ... Treatment of any underlying condition in the mother or fetus, Cesarean delivery, Premature delivery, Ongoing monitoring of the pregnancy, Induced delivery
  • Intrinsic asthma ... Medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids
  • Invasive breast cancer ... Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma ... Surgery and radiation therapy
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma ... Treatment of ILC consists of surgery and additional (adjuvant) therapy, which may include chemotherapy, radiation and hormone therapy
  • Inverted smile -- occult nephropathic bladder ... Symptomatic measures: bladder retraining, medications
  • Iophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • IPEX syndrome ... Regular monitoring for changes in function of liver, kidney, thyroid as well as glucose tolerance and complete blood count, Nutritional support, Rituximab, Cytotoxic agents, Immunosuppressive agents, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor, Treatment involves managing manifestations as they arise. Severe diarrhea may necessitate the use of total parenteral nutrition and other endocrine problems can be dealt with as they arise. Immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow transplants may help improve survival rates in some cases, Ensuring adequate fluid intake
  • Iridocorneal dysgenesis ... Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, If the cornea is clear, goniotomy or trabeculotomy may be performed first, Prostaglandin analogs
  • Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome ... Cyclodestruction of the ciliary body in cases not responding to the above, Trabeculectomy filtering surgery, Topical anti-glaucoma medications, Seton or valve surgery
  • Iris poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Irish potato poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Iritis ... referral to opthalmologist, topical steroids, blood tests for infective or autoimmune conditions
  • Iron deficiency anemia ... iron supplementation, vitamin C supplements are also usually advised in order to increase iron absorption, increase dietary intake of iron, high-iron diet
  • Irritable bowel syndrome ... avoid sorbitol, Antidiarrheals drugs, low-dairy diet, Peppermint oil, avoid gas-causing foods
  • Ischemia ... thrombolyectomy, may include symptomatic relief, treatment of cause of ischemia, thrombolysis, nitrates
  • Ischio-spinal dysostosis ... Usually surgery is required to stabilize the condition and prevent it progressing to the point where the lung and heart function is affected
  • Ischio-vertebral dysplasia ... Usually surgery is required to stabilize the condition and prevent it progressing to the point where the lung and heart function is affected
  • Ischio-vertebral syndrome ... Usually surgery is required to stabilize the condition and prevent it progressing to the point where the lung and heart function is affected
  • Ischiogluteal Bursitis ... Activities must be reintroduced gradually following healing in order to prevent reoccurrence, Advice on how to gradually return to full activity, Strength and flexibility exercises, Electrotherapy, Joint mobilization, Delayed treatment leads to chronic inflammation which takes much longer to heal and is more prone to reoccurrence, Ice or heat treatment, Activity modification advice, Anti-inflammatories
  • Isobutyric aciduria ... oral L-carnitine supplementation
  • Isobutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency ... oral L-carnitine supplementation
  • Isolated systolic hypertension ... Dietary and lifestyle changes. Blood pressure medication
  • Isoniazid poisoning ... pyridoxine
  • Isoniazid-induced Sideroblastic anemia ... Cease taking the isoniazid. Vitamin B6 supplements. Severe cases may require therapy such as blood transfusions
  • Isopsoriasis ... trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine
  • Isopterophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Isosporosiasis ... cotrimoxazole
  • Isothiazolinone allergy ... Avoid exposure to allergen. Medications may be used to alleviate some symptoms e.g. antihistamines and topical steroids. Moisturizers can alleviate skin symptoms and antibiotics may be needed if secondary skin infections develop from initial skin symptoms such as rashes
  • Israeli spotted fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Italian arum poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures

J

  • Jack-in-the-pulpit poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Jacobsen syndrome ... Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop. Most individuals have a range of medical problems which require evaluation and treatment from a range of specialists such as paediatricians, neurologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special education teachers etc, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Jaffe-Lichtenstein-Sutro syndrome ... surgical removal of joint lining
  • Japanese andromeda poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Japanese aucuba poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Japanese Boxwood poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Japanese pagoda tree poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Japanese poinsettia poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Japanese skimmia poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Jatropha multifida poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Jaw conditions ... medications including sleep aids, NSAIDs, Tylenol, botox injections to relieve muscle spasm, mouth guards to prevent clenching of teeth, jaw injections, TMJ tissue removal, short-term muscle relaxants, oral splint, avoiding extreme jaw movements, short-term anti-inflammatory drugs, splints, braces, or slings, moist heat packs, jaw bone surgery (orthognathic surgery), gentle muscle stretching, stress-reduction techniques
  • Jaw joint disorders ... Varies depending on cause but is aimed at alleviating pain and jaw noises, improving jaw function and improving ability to carry out normal daily functions. Tools that may be used include: physiotherapy, relaxation and stress management, behavior modification therapy, medication, warm or cold packs, avoid stress on the jaw (limit excessive jaw movement), eat softer foods, oral appliances and surgery
  • Jaw sprain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Jejunal diverticulosis ... Many patients with diverticulosis have minimal or no symptoms, and do not require any specific treatment. A high fiber diet and fiber supplements are advisable to prevent constipation and the formation of more diverticula
  • Jessamine poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Jet lag ... set your watch to local time, adjust your habits to local time, melatonin, Gradual adjustment over the course of several days of the onset of sleep while maintaining its regular length of 7-8 hours can reduce fatigue and prevent depression
  • Jewellery allergy ... Avoid wearing jewellery containing nickel. Symptoms may be alleviated with topical steroids, antibiotics and moisturizing creams. Preventative measures may also include spray shields which can form a barrier between the skin and the jewellery
  • Jimsonweed poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Jin Bu Huan-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Johnson-Hall-Krous syndrome ... Oral surgery may be needed to remove the abnormal band of oral tissue
  • Jonquil poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Joubert Syndrome ... Infant stimulation, respiratory monitoring
  • Joubert Syndrome 1 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 10 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 2 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 3 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 4 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 5 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 6 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 7 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 8 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Joubert Syndrome 9 ... Regular screening for problems with the liver, kidneys and eyes, Monitoring infant breathing if breathing anomalies are present, Stimulation for infants
  • Judeophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Juniper tar poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Juvenile Glaucoma ... Prostglandin agonists, Goniotomy, Trabeculectomy
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis ... NSAID's, physical therapy, steroid medication
  • Juvenile Megaloblastic Anemia ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis ... Treatment varies depending on the severity of symptoms and individual responses to treatment. Treament options may include: corticosteroids, IV immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis, azathioprine, surgical removal of thymus, cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Juvenile osteoporosis ... Treatment with calcitriol reduces the severity of the symptoms and the frequency of bone fractures
  • Juvenile Paget disease ... Treatment may involve surgery to correct bone deformities, fractures or to release nerves trapped by abnormal bone formation. The condition may be managed through administration of bisphosphonates or calcitonin injections
  • Juvenile pustular psoriasis ... Topical therapy, Systemic therapy. All of these treatments may be used alone or in combination
  • Juvenile Retinoschisis ... Generally there is no treatment for the condition but surgery may be needed if complications develop
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis ... gold salts, See also treatments of rheumatoid arthritis

K

  • Kakorrhaphiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Kandu-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Kanzaki disease ... There is no cure for Schindler disease and treatment is aimed at managing symptoms as they arise
  • Kaposi's Sarcoma ... Treatment decisions depend on the extent and location of the lesions, as well as the person's symptoms and degree of immunosuppression. Antiviral therapy against the AIDS virus can shrink the lesions, Radiation therapy or cryotherapy can be used for lesions in certain areas. Combination chemotherapy may also be used. However, lesions may return after treatment, immune stimulation
  • Katagelophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Keloid ... referral to a plastic surgeon, laser, steroid injection
  • Kenophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Kentucky coffee tea poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Kenya fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Kenya tick typhus ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Kenya tick-bite fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Keratitis ... pupil dilating eye drops, Treatment of the underlying cause of keratitis
  • Keratosis palmoplantaris -- corneal dystrophy ... Diet low in phenylalanine, methionine and tyrosine
  • Keratosis palmoplantaris -- periodontopathia -- onychogryposis ... Skin symptoms can be managed using: moisturizers, keratolytics and retinoids (oral, Teeth and gum symptoms are difficult to treat and may require early removal of primary teeth, antibiotics and regular teeth cleaning by a dental professional
  • Keraunophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Kerion celsi ... griseofulvin
  • Kidney Cancer ... radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, Treatment depends on your age, your overall health and how advanced the cancer is. It might include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or biologic therapy. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer, simple nephrectomy, arterial embolization, intravenous feeding/fluids
  • Kidney damage -- 1,2-Dichloromethane ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Acetaminophen ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Aminoglycosides ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Aminosalicylic Acid ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Amphotericin B ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Amyl Alcohol ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- analgesics ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Anti-cancer drugs ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Aristolochic acid ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Arsenic ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Aspirin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Automobile exhaust ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Bacitracin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Bismuth ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Cadmium ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Carbon Tetrachloride ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Cephaloridine ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Chloroform ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Chlortetracycline ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Chromium ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Cisplatin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Contrast agents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Copper ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Cyclophosphamide ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Cyclosporin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Degreasing solvents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Dichloroacetylene ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Diethylene glycol ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Dioxane ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Ethylene Glycol ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Ethylene glycol ethers ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Fuels ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Gasoline ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Germanium ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Glue solvent vapors ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Glues ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Gold ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Hairdressing solvents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Hairdressing sprays ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Heavy metals ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Herbicide ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Hydrocarbons ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Ibuprofen ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Lead ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Lithium ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Mercury ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Methanol ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Methemoglobin-producing agents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Methicillin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Neomycin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Oxytetracycline ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Paint solvents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Paint thinners ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Paints ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Paraquat ochratoxin A ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Perchloroethylene ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Pesticide solvents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Pesticides ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Platinum ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Polymyxin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Rifampin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Silica ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Silicon compounds ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Silver ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Solvents ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Styrene ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Sulphonamides ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Thallium ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Toluene ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Trichloroethane ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Trichloroethylene ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Trimethropin ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage -- Uranium ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney damage due to chemicals ... removal of toxin from body, monitoring and support of kidney function, dialysis if needed, kidney transplant in severe cases
  • Kidney disease-Induced Hypertension ... Lifestyle changes, diuretics, antihypertensive drugs, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers. Medications can sometimes worsen kidney function. Other options include surgery, angioplasty and stenting
  • Kidney failure ... See treatment of End Stage Renal Disease, Treatment of the underlying cause
  • Kidney stones ... Ureteroscopic Stone Removal, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL), pain medication
  • Kinetics to Sound Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Kinetophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • King Cobra poisoning ... Anyone bitten by this snake should be taken to the hospital immediately. If no symptoms develop after 6 hours then the patient may be discharged
  • Kleine-Levin Syndrome ... There is no definitive treatment for Kleine-Levin syndrome. Stimulants, including amphetamines, methylphenidate, and modafinil, administered orally, can be used to treat sleepiness
  • Kleptolagnia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Kleptomania ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication
  • Kleptophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Kleptophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Klerat rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Klinefelter syndrome ... Educational support
  • Klismaphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Knee arthritis ... Varies depending on the cause
  • Knee osteoarthritis ... The damage is irreversible and treatment is aimed managing the pain, maintaining mobility of the joint and slowing the progression of the condition. Painkillers, anti-inflammatories, exercise and reducing stress on the joint may help alleviate symptoms. Studies have shown no conclusive benefits of supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin but some people may find they help. Joint replacement surgery may be required in severe cases that involve joints such as the hip or knee
  • Knee sprain ... avoid bearing weight on knee, rehabilitation and recovery treatments, See also treatment of sprain, Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue, plaster case, compression
  • Knock knees ... special shoes, leg braces
  • Knoiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Kohl-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Kopophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Korsakoff's psychosis ... See also treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, Treatments of any underlying cause
  • Kushta-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Kynophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication

L

M

  • Machado-Joseph Disease ... wheelchairs, antispasmodic drugs, physical aids, walkers, levodopa therapy
  • Macrocytic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause. Dietary changes or supplements to increase Vitamin B12 or folate levels usually improves most cases
  • Macrocytic Hyperchromic Anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Macrocytosis ... decrease alcohol consumption, Increase folate in diet, Increase Vitamin B12 in diet, Folate tablets
  • Macular hole ... vitrectomy
  • MADSAM ... prednisolone or intravenous Ig
  • Magic lily poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Magnesium Overdose ... calcium gluconate injection, renal dialysis, withdrawal of magnesium-containing drugs eg laxatives, antacids, dextrose and insulin
  • Maidenhair tree poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Major depressive disorder related fibromyalgia ... heat lamps, cognitive therapy, aerobic exercises, pain medication e.g. aspirin, lifestyle and dietary changes, increasing sleeping time, patient education, local anaesthetic injections, lignocaine injection
  • Major Ulcerative Stomatitis ... The condition is usually self-limiting and will resolve itself in time without specific treatment. Severe cases may require corticosteroids or antiviral drugs. Good oral hygiene may minimize reoccurrences
  • Malabsorption ... Dietary treatments, Treatment of the underlying cause of malabsorption
  • Malakoplakia ... antibiotherapy and surgical removal of affected parts
  • Malaria ... sponging, mefloquine, quinine sulfate, sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine combination, symptomatic relief, primaquine
  • Male Menopause ... testosterone hormone replacement
  • Malignant Buotonneuse fever ... chloramphenicol or doxycycline
  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma ... surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy
  • Malignant germ cell tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, bone marrow transplant, palliative care
  • Malignant glaucoma ... Osmotic agents, Argon or Yag laser, Topical phenylephrine, Topical and oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, Cycloplegic agents, Alpha-adrenergic agonists, Topical beta-blockers, Pars plana vitrectomy
  • Malignant hypertension ... Prompt medical treatment (within minutes to hours) with blood pressure-reducing medication is essential
  • Malignant Lung Cancer ... Treatment decisions in lung cancer depend on whether SCLC or NSCLC is present. Treatment also depends on tumor stage, particularly in NSCLC. A person's general physical condition (the ability to withstand treatment procedures) is also taken into account. The most widely used therapies are, Molecular targeted therapy
  • Malignant mesenchymal tumor ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Malignant mesothelioma ... Palliative treatment
  • Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Malignant peptic ulcer ... Medications that protect the tissue lining (like sucralfate), Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole), Antibiotics to kill Helicobacter pylori, Acid blockers (like cimetidine, ranitidine, or famotidine), Bismuth (may help protect the lining and kill the bacteria)
  • Malignant Teratocarcinosarcoma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Mango poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy: cool compresses, steroids
  • Mania ... tranquillisers, See also treatment of bipolar disorder
  • Mansonella streptocerca infection ... Ivermectin
  • Mansonelliasis ... mebendazole or albendazole
  • Maple syrup urine disease, type 2 ... Special milk substitute for infants, The condition will need to be monitored and the diet strictly adhered to for life
  • Marburg multiple sclerosis ... autologous stem cell transplantation, Alemtuzumab, Immunosuppressive agents, Mitoxantrone
  • Mareck's disease -- nervous system ... There is no treatment
  • Mareck's disease -- visceral ... There is no treatment
  • Marek disease ... There is no treatment
  • Marek's disease ... There is no treatment
  • Marfan syndrome ... orthopedic brace, genetic counseling, Treatments for eye abnormalities and myopia, Treatments for heart abnormalities, Treatments for skeletal abnormalities
  • Maria Luisa-induced lead poisoning ... chelation
  • Marijuana addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling
  • Marine turtle poisoning ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Marine turtle poisoning -- Green Sea Turtle ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Marine turtle poisoning -- Hawksbill Turtle ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Marine turtle poisoning -- Leatherback Turtle ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Marine turtle poisoning -- Loggerhead Turtle ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Marine turtle poisoning -- Soft-shelled Turtle ... decontamination; symptomatic and supportive therapy
  • Marseilles fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Marsh marigold poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures, decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Masculinisation ... Treatment of any underlying cause, anti-androgen medications
  • Masochism ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Mast cell sarcoma ... There are no clearly defined treatment protocols but surgery and radiation may be of benefit to some patients
  • Mastitis ... pethadine injection, Supportive treatments for fever, continue breastfeeding
  • Mastocytosis ... Usually no treatment is required and the skin bumps disappear with age. Problematic causes may require theuse of antihistamine medication to manage the itching and other cases may require the bumps to be surgically removed
  • Mastoiditis ... mastoidectomy
  • Matikus rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • May-Hegglin Anomaly ... Most patients only have minor bleeding problems and treatment usually only involves blood platelet transfusions when a severe bleeding episode occurs
  • May-Hegglin thrombocytopenia ... Most patients only have minor bleeding problems and treatment usually only involves blood platelet transfusions when a severe bleeding episode occurs
  • Mayapple poisoning ... decontamination
  • Mazophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • McArdle disease ... Eating sucrose before exercising may improve the patients tolerance to exercise and reduce the risk of muscle damage
  • McCune-Albright Syndrome ... ovary removal, surgical bone grafting, ovary surgery, somatostatin medications, surgical bone pinning, surgical ovary cyst removal, pituitary surgery, oral phosphates, bone treatments, Pituitary-related treatments, Treatments for phosphorus problems, surgical bone casting, testolactone, fadrozole, estrogen inhibitors, thyroid-inhibiting medications
  • Measles ... immediate professional treatment of any complications of measles
  • Mechanophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Meckel's diverticulum ... Surgery to remove the diverticulum is recommended if bleeding develops
  • Mediastinal endodermal sinus tumors ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Mediastinitis ... antibiotics, surgery to remove inflamed tissue
  • Medication related hypothyroidism ... Stop taking the drug causing the hypothyroidism, if possible. Levothyroxine, a thyroid replacement hormone, is the most commonly used medication to treat this condition. The dose is adjusted to bring TSH to normal levels. After having started replacement therapy, report symptoms of increased thyroid activity
  • Mediterranean Spotted Fever ... Antibiotics can shorten the duration of the fever. Doxycycline is the most commonly used one but tetracycline, chloramphenicol or ciprofloxacin are also used
  • Medullary carcionoma ... Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy
  • Medullary cystic kidney disease ... Treatment usually involves managing symptoms through measures such as salt supplements and maintaining adequate hydration. Progressive kidney deterioration may necessitate dialysis and a kidney transplant
  • Medullary cystic kidney disease, autosomal recessive ... Manage water and electrolyte balance. Once kidney failure occurs, dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary for survival
  • Medullary cystic kidney disease, dominant ... Treatment usually involves managing symptoms through measures such as salt supplements and maintaining adequate hydration. Progressive kidney deterioration may necessitate dialysis and a kidney transplant
  • Medullary Sponge Kidney ... removal of kidney stones (surgical, lithotripsy, urinary stents), antibiotics if renal infection, IV fluids if unable to take oral fluids, increase oral fluid intake, pain relief for renal colic
  • Megacolon ... bowel habit changes, Treatment of any underlying cause of megacolon, avoid constipation
  • Megaduodenum and/or megacystis ... Treatment is usually symptomatic and may incorporate dietary changes and managing bacterial overgrowth. Nutritional help in the form of enteral or parenteral nutrition may be required. Persistent intestinal obstruction problems may necessitate a duodenojejunostomy or gastrojejunostomy
  • Megaloblasti Anemia, 1 ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Megaloblastic Anemia 1 ... Treatment involves life-long vitamin B12 injections
  • Megaloblastic Anemia, Familial ... Lifelong Vitamin B12 supplements are needed
  • Megalocytic-Normochromic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Meibomitis ... antibiotics if required, Warm compresses nightly, eye drops for symptomatic relief, lid care
  • Melancholic depression ... The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, medication, and electroconvulsive therapy. Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for people under 18, while electroconvulsive therapy is only used as a last resort
  • Melanoma ... surgical melanoma removal, limb perfusion, The cancerous skin cells and a portion of the normal surrounding skin usually have to be surgically removed. A procedure called surgical lymph node biopsy may be necessary to check if the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, interferon-alfa, interleukin-2, Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy (use of medications that stimulate the immune system, such as interferon) may be recommended in addition to surgery, skin graft
  • Melcryptovestimentaphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Melioidosis ... azlocillin, drain abscesses; acute form, ceftazidime, aztreonam, Additional treatments for complications of Melioidosis, imipenem, amoxycillin-clavulanic acid, ticarcillin-vulanic acid
  • Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome ... facial nerve surgery
  • Meningitis ... treatments for electrolyte imbalances, intravenous acyclovir, antifungal drugs, intravenous sulphonamides, anti-fever medications
  • Meningococcal A ... People in close contact with someone with meningococcal meningitis should be given antibiotics to prevent infection. Such people include household members, roommates in dormitories, or those who come in contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person, Early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important to prevent serious illness or death, Sometimes steroid medication is used, more often in children than adults, Antibiotics -ceftriaxone
  • Meningococcal B ... People in close contact with someone with meningococcal meningitis should be given antibiotics to prevent infection. Such people include household members, roommates in dormitories, or those who come in contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person, Early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important to prevent serious illness or death, Sometimes steroid medication is used, more often in children than adults, Antibiotics such as ceftriaxone are prescribed and given by an IV (intravenous line). Other medicines may be used to treat the complications due to increased spinal fluid pressure
  • Meningococcal C ... People in close contact with someone with meningococcal meningitis should be given antibiotics to prevent infection. Such people include household members, roommates in dormitories, or those who come in contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person, Early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important to prevent serious illness or death, Sometimes steroid medication is used, more often in children than adults, Antibiotics such as ceftriaxone are prescribed and given by an IV (intravenous line). Other medicines may be used to treat the complications due to increased spinal fluid pressure
  • Meningococcal disease ... Oily chloramphenicol, penicillin G, Early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important to prevent serious illness or death, Sometimes steroid medication is used, more often in children than adults, People in close contact with someone with meningococcal meningitis should be given antibiotics to prevent infection, Antibiotics- ceftriaxone
  • Menkes Disease ... oral copper supplements, intravenous copper
  • Menopause ... Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), ginseng, Isoflavones, Premarin, phytoestrogens, Mexican yam, Soy, dong quai, estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), avoid emotional stress, black cohosh, Valerian root, Chasteberry, evening primrose, Wild yam, St. John's wort, reduce alcohol consumption, Progestin/Estrogen Replacement Therapy (PERT), rest and relaxation
  • Menophilist ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Menorrhagia ... progestogen, Treatment of the underlying cause, combined oral contraceptive pill, antiprostaglandin drugs, endometrial ablation
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- hypotonia -- recurrent Infections ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- seizures -- psoriasis ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop:, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Meralgia paresthetica ... wearing loose clothes, weight loss, reduce amount of time spent on feet, medications such as Gabapentin, surgery (rare)
  • Mercaptobenzothiazole allergy ... Avoid exposure to allergen. Medications may be used to alleviate some symptoms e.g. antihistamines and topical steroids. Moisturizers can alleviate skin symptoms and antibiotics may be needed if secondary skin infections develop from initial skin symptoms such as rashes
  • Merinthophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Merinthophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Merkel cell cancer ... For a cancer which is in the early stages and is localised to the skin, surgical excision and radiotherapy are often used as primary treatment. Usually a wide area surrounding the cancer is surgically excised and the site is then treated with radiotherapy post-operatively
  • Mesangial sclerosis, diffuse ... supportive, dialysis, kidney transplant
  • Mescal poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Mesothelioma ... Cytoreductive (debulking), Treatment course is primarily determined by the staging or development
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- peritoneal ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- pleural ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Metabolic Acidosis ... sodium bicarbonate IV, Correct primary cause of metabolic acidosis eg insulin in diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Metabolic syndrome (syndrome X) ... Generally, the individual disorders that comprise the metabolic syndrome are treated separately. Diuretics and ACE inhibitors may be used to treat hypertension. Cholesterol drugs may be used to lower LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, if they are elevated, and to raise HDL levels if they are low
  • Metagonimiasis ... Praziquantel
  • Metal fume fever ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Aluminium ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Antimony ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Cadmium ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Chromium ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Copper ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Iron ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Magnesium ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Manganese ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Nickel ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Selenium ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Silver ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Tin ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metal Fume Fever -- Zinc ... symptomatic: pain killers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretics
  • Metallophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Metaplastic carcinoma ... Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy
  • Metapneumovirus ... Treatment revolves around supportive measures such as medications to reduce fever, fluids and supplemental oxygen if required
  • Metastatic bone cancer ... Systemic therapies include chemotherapy or hormone therapies that are taken by mouth or injected. There are also drugs called biphosphonates that can help make diseased bones stronger and help prevent fractures. Bisphosphonates are used along with the chemotherapy or hormone therapy for bone metastasis
  • Metastatic breast cancer ... Hormonal therapies, The main aim of treatment for metastatic breast cancer is to improve the quality of life by reducing any symptoms the patient may be experiencing, Medical therapy for breast cancer can be divided into 3 categories: chemoprevention, neo-adjuvant, and adjuvant therapy, Surgical line- lumpectomy, ductal excision, quadrantectomy
  • Metastatic nervous system cancer ... Surgery chemotherapy
  • Metastatic prostate cancer ... Androgen suppression
  • Metastatic skin cancer ... Effective treatment depends on treatment of the underlying tumor. Palliative care is given if lesions are asymptomatic and the primary cancer is untreatable. This care includes keeping lesions clean and dry and debriding the lesions if they are bleeding or crusted
  • Meteorophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Methahemoglobinemia ... methylene blue
  • Methionine adenosyltransferase deficiency ... low methionine diet for symptomatic patients
  • Methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders ... Cease methotrexate use
  • Methyldopa-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia ... Cessation of Methyldopa use, prednisone or blood transfusions in severe cases
  • Methylmalonic acidemia ... Genetic counseling is also recommended, Various supplements may be needed e.g. carnitine, multivitamins and calcium
  • Methylmalonic acidemia -- homocystinuria ... intramuscular hydroxocobalamin injections, folic acid, oral betaine
  • Methylmalonic acidemia, vitamin B12 responsive ... vitamin B12 supplementation; restricted diet
  • Methylmalonic aciduria -- homocystinuria ... Avoid fasting, Seek medical advice if any illness starts to develop as this can lead to a metabolic crisis, Regular blood tests, Regular urine tests, Hospital care if metabolic acidosis develops
  • Mexican Beaded Lizard poisoning ... wash affected area and seek medical attention immediately
  • Mexican tea poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism types 1 and 3 ... Supportive measures is generally the only option for this fatal condition. Death often occurs by the age of one
  • Microcytic Anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause but usually Iron supplementation and dietary changes (increased iron in diet) will correct the condition
  • Microcytic Hyperchromic Anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Microcytic hypochromic anemia ... iron supplementation, vitamin C supplements are also usually advised in order to increase iron absorption
  • Microcytic-Normochromic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Microcytosis ... treatment of underlying cause, blood transfusion
  • Micropapillary carcinoma ... Surgery and chemotherapy
  • Microphilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Microphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Microscopic collagenous colitis ... Bismuth subsalicylate such as Pepto-Bismol, Anti-diarrhea agents such as Imodium or Lomotil, Avoid NSAIDs, 5-ASA
  • Microscopic lymphocytic colitis ... Bismuth subsalicylate such as Pepto-Bismol, Anti-diarrhea agents such as Imodium or Lomotil, Avoid NSAIDs, 5-ASA
  • Microscopic Polyangiitis ... cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids
  • Microscopic ulcerative colitis ... The long term prognosis (course) of microscopic colitis is not clear. In approximately two-thirds of the patients with microscopic colitis, the diarrhea resolves spontaneously after several years. The remaining one-third of the patients experience persistent or intermittent diarrhea for many years
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Microvascular Complications of Diabetes, Susceptibility to, 7 ... Complications should be treated as they develop but it is critical that diabetics treat their condition aggressively and regularly monitor for developing complications
  • Middle ear infection ... external heat, eardrum drainage, myringotomy
  • Miescher Elastoma ... If a drug is the cause then cessation of the drug can result in more rapid resolution of the condition. In other cases, the condition usually resolves spontaneously over the space of a few years. There is no effective treatment for the condition and no resulting harmful effects or complications
  • Migraine ... electromyographic (EMG) training, Small doses of ergotamine drugs, barbiturate compounds, Anticonvulsants such as valproate, Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil, cold pack, Simple analgesics, Headache diary, relaxation training, ergotamine tartrate, darkened room, triptans, An effective treatment is intravenous dihydroergotamine (DHE) with an antiemetic. Intravenous valproic acid (VPA) is also often effective, Prophylactic attacks to prevent migraine attacks, Trigger avoidance, Beta-blocker drugs such as propranolol, female hormone therapy, sumatriptan, These drugs should also be started two to three days pre-menses, and continued throughout the menstrual flow, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), Anti-emetics
  • Migrainous stupor migraine ... trigger avoidance, Prophylaxis treatment, Anti-emetics
  • Mild chronic pain ... Paracetamol (acetaminophen), or a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen
  • Mild citrullinemia ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Milia ... extraction with a needle
  • Milk poisoning ... Treatment involves ceasing or reducing intake of calcium from all sources until the condition is remedied
  • Milk-Alkali syndrome ... Treatment involves ceasing or reducing intake of calcium from all sources until the condition is remedied
  • Milkbush poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Milkweed poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Miller Fisher Syndrome ... Treatments are similar to that for Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Miller Syndrome ... Gastrostomy tube may be needed to enable adequate nutrition, Surgery may be needed to correct craniofacial defects, Treatment requirements will vary depending on the particular defects that are present, A tracheostomy may be needed to assist breathing
  • Millipede poisoning ... wash affected areas, seek medical advice if needed
  • Misanthropy ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Misogynism ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Misogyny ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Misophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Misosophy ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Mistletoe poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Mitochondrial diseases ... coenzyme Q, carnitine, riboflavin
  • Mitochondrial Parkinson's disease ... There is no cure for the disease but various therapies may improve quality of life and comfort: support group, adequate nutrition, exercise, physiotherapy, rehabilitation and regular health checks. Medications that may help some patients include Levodopa, COMT inhibitors (e.g. Tolcapone, Entacapone), dopamine agonists and MAO-B inhibitors, anticholinergic drugs
  • Mitral regurgitation ... surgery, mitral prosthesis, avoid strenuous exercise
  • Mitral stenosis ... mitral prosthesis, mitral valvotomy
  • Mitral-valve prolapse ... anti-blood pressure drugs
  • Mixed apnea ... Patients should avoid the use of any sedative medications, Some types mixed apnea are treated with drugs that stimulate breathing, Oxygen, nasal CPAP, or bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) may be used for some types of mixed sleep apnea
  • Mixed asthma ... Avoid allergens or other factors which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories. Immunotherapy and anti-IgE monoclonal antibody administration are specific treatments aimed at desensitizing patients and reducing the allergic response
  • Mixed cellularity Hodgkin's disease ... Treatment depends of various factors such as the subtype involved, age and health of patient and the stage of the cancer, Stem cell transplantation, Biological therapies
  • Mixed Cerebral Palsy ... Strength training, Treatment plans may vary depending on the symptoms the individual presents with, Maintain adequate nutrition, Therapeutic electrical stimulation, Medications for spasticity e.g. Diazepam, Baclofen, Dantrolene, Botox, Orthopedic devices, Language therapy, Dysphagia therapy, Leg braces, Exercise therapy e.g. swimming
  • Mixed granulocytic asthma ... Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Mixed or Combined mechanism Glaucoma ... relief of pupillary block is the primary consideration, as is the case for primary angle-closure glaucoma, after which treatment is given for primary open angle, Laser iridotomy, glaucoma
  • Mixed type non small cell carcinoma ... Surgery if diagnosed at an early stage, often with adjuvant (anciliary) chemotherapy involving cisplatin. Lobectomy or Pneumectomy, More than one kind of treatment is often used, depending on the stage of the cancer, the individual's overall health, age, response to chemotherapy, and other factors such as the likely side effects of the treatment. Treatment may include
  • Mixed-state bipolar disorder ... Mood stabilizers-Lithium ,Depakote, Mixed manic episodes generally require treatment with medicines. Unfortunately, mixed bipolar disorder is more difficult to control than other forms of bipolar disorder. The main medicines for mixed manic episodes are mood stabilizers and antipyschotics
  • Mobius syndrome ... feeding support
  • Moccasin snake poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Moderate chronic pain ... Paracetamol, an NSAID and/or paracetamol in a combination product with a weak opioid such as hydrocodone; used in combination, may provide greater relief than their separate use
  • MODY diabetes ... Blood sugar to be in control via oral hypoglycemics, Treatments are similar to those for Type 2 diabetes
  • MODY syndrome, type 1 ... sulfonylurias, insulin therapy
  • MODY syndrome, type 2 ... usually none needed
  • MODY syndrome, type III ... hypoglycemic drugs, insulin, diet
  • Moebius Syndrome ... Orthodontics, Speech therapy for speech problems, Surgical correction for crossed eyes, limb and jaw abnormalities, Feeding alternatives if there are feeding problems e.g. special bottles
  • Mohave Rattle snake poisoning ... Immobilize and seek medical attention
  • Mold allergy ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Molluscum contagiosum ... pricking the lumps, freezing the lumps
  • Molysomophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Mondini Dysplasia ... cochlear implants
  • Monomelic Amyotrophy ... training in hand coordination
  • Monopathophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Monophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Monosomy 12p13 ... Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. physical defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Monosomy 13q32 ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities
  • Monosomy 18 Mosaic ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Monosomy 18 mosaicism ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. cleft palate, Access to programs and services as required e.g. speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
  • Monosomy 1p36 ... Hearing and visual aids if needed, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Sign language to overcome communication barriers, Regular monitoring of thyroid function and thyroid medication if needed, Treatment varies considerable depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Feeding problems need to be addressed through special feeding techniques or gastric or nasal gastric tubes, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, skull and facial abnormalities, Antiepileptic drugs if seizures develop, Various other symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Monosomy 20p ... Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended, Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of symptom that develop, Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required, Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services, Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects
  • Monster cell malignant melanoma ... Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Moon Jellyfish poisoning ... wash affected area, symptomatic
  • Moriaphilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Morning Glory poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Morphine allergy ... Avoid the problem drug. Treatment varies considerable depending on the symptoms but generally involves supportive measures to ease symptoms: cool showers and topical applications for skin reactions, epinephrine for anaphylactic reactions, antihistamines, steroids, bronchodilator medication
  • Morphoeic basal cell carcinoma ... surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications
  • Morton's Neuroma ... local corticosteroid at affected site, padding of foot under affected toes or use of special inner soles, footwear adjustment, surgical excision of lump to free entrapped nerve
  • Mosse syndrome ... Follow-up endoscopy is performed in 2 years if varices are not present. If varices are present, treatment is initiated with a nonselective beta-blocker (eg, propranolol, nadolol), aiming for a 25% reduction in heart rate, Screening of patients to rule out the interval development of HCC
  • Motion sickness ... Seek fresh air during the journey, See prevention of motion sickness for other measures to avoid worsening, Watch the horizon
  • Motor and cognitive disorder due to sepiapterin reductase deficiency ... L-dopa can significantly improve movement problems but cognitive impairment usually persists
  • Mountain fever ... There is no specific treatment for the disease but painkillers and analgesics may be needed for the pain and fever symptoms. The tick should also be removed completely as soon as possible. One method of removing the tick safely involves applying Vaseline over the top to cut off the air supply. This causes the tick to back out of the skin at which point it can be carefully removed. Squeezing or traumatizing the tick can increase the likelihood of disease transmission
  • Mountain Laurel poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Mountain sickness ... avoid exertion, Move to a lower altitude immediately, See treatment of pulmonary edema, light meals
  • Mountain tick fever ... There is no specific treatment for the disease but painkillers and analgesics may be needed for the pain and fever symptoms. The tick should also be removed completely as soon as possible. One method of removing the tick safely involves applying Vaseline over the top to cut off the air supply. This causes the tick to back out of the skin at which point it can be carefully removed. Squeezing or traumatizing the tick can increase the likelihood of disease transmission
  • Mouser rodenticide poisoning ... decontamination, symptomatic and supportive measures
  • Mouth psoriasis ... Treatment of complications (for example antibiotics, diuretics (water tablets), nutritional support), Acitretin (Soriatane®), Steroid creams and ointments, Antifungal agents, Tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, Systemic therapy, The main topical treatments are corticosteroids, vitamin D-3 derivatives, coal tar, anthralin, or retinoids, Topical corticosteroids (Diprolene®, Temovate®, Ultravate®, or Psorcon®), Moisturizers, PUVA, Coal tar, Goeckerman treatment, Oral corticosteroids should be avoided, Retinoids, Cyclosporine (Neoral®), Hydroxyurea (Hydrea®), Bath solutions, Photochemotherapy, Enbrel (Amgen), Vitamin D3, Tazarotene (Tazorac), Ingram regime, Hospitalisation for supportive care including intravenous fluids and temperature regulation, Treatment of psoriasis may include creams, lotions, oral medications, injections and infusions of biologics, and light therapy, Topical tar preparations and phototherapy should also be avoided in the early treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis as they may worsen the condition, Low-dose methotrexate, ciclosporin or acitretin, Calcipotriene (Dovonex®), Topical skin care, Bland emollients and cooling wet dressings, Vitamin A (retinoids), Not all of the treatments listed below are suitable or recommended for psoriasis in particular locations of the body. The list below is a general list for treatment for psoriasis as psoriasis can occur on multiple parts of the body at any one time, Anthralin, Castellani's Paint
  • Mouth ulcers ... hydrogen peroxide mouthwash, anesthetic mouthwash, topical anesthetic
  • MRKH syndrome ... Vagina may be dilated or surgically lengthened
  • Mucinous carcinoma ... Lumpectomy, Mastectomy
  • Mucoepidermoid ... Varies depending on the grade and location of the tumor. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. A low-grade tumor will generally have a good prognosis whereas a high-grade tumor will have a relatively poor prognosis
  • Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma ... Varies depending on the grade and location of the tumor. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. A low-grade tumor will generally have a good prognosis whereas a high-grade tumor will have a relatively poor prognosis
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type I Hurler-Scheie syndrome ... There is no cure but symptomatic measures can improve quality of life. Bone marrow transplants can provide significant benefits for patients with more serious forms of the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment helps slow the progression of the condition. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III ... There is no specific treatment for the condition. Treatment is aimed at treating or managing symptoms as they arise
  • Mucosal leishmaniasis (espundia) ... sodium stibogluconate, meglumine antimonite
  • Mucositis ... antiseptic mouth wash, topical anaesthetic
  • Multi-Infarct Dementia ... prevent further brain damage
  • Multifocal fibrosclerosis ... steroid therapy, surgery
  • Multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction block ... intravenous immunoglobulin or cyclophosphamide
  • Multiple carboxylase deficiency, propionic acidemia ... regular food intake and avoiding fasting
  • Multiple Myeloma ... Treatments for hypercalcemia, neck brace, anti-calcium medications, avoid infections, Treatment of anemia, back brace, transfusions of red blood cells
  • Multiple Sclerosis ... new medications, beta interferon, Avoid heat, dexamethasone
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Susceptibility To, 1 ... Beta interferon, Dexamethasone
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Susceptibility To, 2 ... Beta interferon, Dexamethasone
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Susceptibility To, 3 ... Beta interferon, Dexamethasone
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Susceptibility To, 4 ... Beta interferon, Dexamethasone
  • Multiple Sensory Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Mumps ... soft diet, Other treatments for complications of mumps
  • Muscle contraction headache ... barbiturate compounds, progressive relaxation therapy, gentle neck exercise, relaxation training, Passive relaxation, cognitive restructuring, Hot shower, hot shower, cervical collars, hot pack on the back of the neck
  • Muscle spasm ... For leg cramps the quickest treatment involves bending over and grabbing the end of the toes, fully straightening out the leg, the cramp will eventually dissipate, In the case of cramps caused by varicose veins, treatment of the affected veins with sclerotherapy, endovenous laser or surgery usually provides relief, Eating foods high in potassium can help prevent muscle cramps, Application of heat or cold
  • Muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Muscular Dystrophy ... orthopedic supports
  • Muscular dystrophy congenital, with integrin deficiency ... There is no specific treatment other than supportive measures
  • Muscular dystrophy limb-girdle (generic term) ... Physical therapy and exercise, There is no cure but various measures can alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life, Monitoring for heart complications, Monitoring for breathing complications, Genetic counseling is recommended, Social and emotional support, Avoid obesity to reduce stress on weakened muscles, Devices to assist with disabilities e.g. cane, wheelchairs, long-handled reacher, scooter
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Emery Dreifuss ... Inserting a pacemaker to prevent sudden death due to heart failure can lead to a better prognosis. Joint contracture may be severe enough to require treatment such as physiotherapy or even surgery. Genetic counseling is also recommended
  • Musculoskeletal chronic fatigue syndrome ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs
  • Music to Color Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Musicophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Musophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Mustard tree poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Myasthenia Gravis ... pyridostigmine, Thymectomy, daily rest periods, neurotransmitter stimulants, edrophonium, avoid overexertion, anticholinesterase agents, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin, high-potassium diet, resting eyes
  • Myasthenia Gravis with Thymus Hyperplasia ... Surgical removal of thymus, Medications may also be required in some cases: anticholinesterase agents, immunosuppressive drugs
  • Myasthenia, Familial Infantile, 1 ... Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
  • Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, associated with acetylcholine receptor deficiency ... Anticholinesterase therapy can improve symptoms in most cases
  • Mycetoma ... treatment of any secondary infections, streptomycin injection, Dapsopne, Rifampicin, Minocycline, Amikacin, Oral cotrimoxasole, Itraconazole, Ketoconazole, surgery
  • Mycobacterium abscessus ... Combination antibiotic therapy, Lancing infected wound
  • Mycobacterium avium complex infection ... rifampicin, rifabutin, ciprofloxacin, amikacin, ethambutol, streptomycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin
  • Mycobacterium bovis ... Combination antibiotic therapy
  • Mycobacterium haemophilum ... Treatment varies depending on the health of the patient's immune system. Managing immunosuppression in immunocompromised patients combined with a combination of antibiotics is generally an effective therapy e.g. rifampin and ciprofloxacin. Children with lymphadenitis may require surgery to remove the affected lymph nodes
  • Mycobacterium kansasii ... Treatment usually involves a combination of antibiotics: Rifampin, Ethambutol and Clarithromycin, This is usually followed up with another antibiotic called Isoniazid and pyridoxine (Vitamin B6
  • Mycobacterium ulcerans ... Antibiotics e.g. clarithromycin, azithromycin, rifampicin and amikacin
  • Mycobacterium xenopi ... Recommended treatment options may include surgery or chemotherapy
  • Mycoplasmal pneumonia ... azithromycin, clarithromycin
  • Mycosis fungoides ... Nitrogen mustard, a chemotherapy drug, is sometimes applied to the skin to control mycosis fungoides, There is no cure for mycosis fungoides, Mild mycosis fungoides can be treated effectively with cortisone ointments, Systemic treatments such as recombinant alfa interferon or chemotherapy may be used, Ultraviolet light ( PUVA ) will often help control the condition, Treatments such as steroid creamsor , electron beam radiation, chemotherapy may be applied to the skin, if it is in early stages, Photochemotherapy or photopheresis is a technique used at major medical centers for the treatment of mycosis fungoides
  • Myeloid Sarcoma ... Treatment options may include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery
  • Myelokathexis syndrome ... GM-CSF and G-CSF
  • Myelpathic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause. Often blood transfusions are required
  • Myocarditis ... Cessation of offending drug. IV immunoglobulins may be needed in some cases, Treatment of the underlying cause
  • Myoclonus ... primidone, phenytoin
  • Myoclonus hereditary -- progressive distal muscular atrophy ... clonazepam for the myoclonus
  • Myokymia ... treatment is aimed at underlying pathology
  • Myopia ... Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), Radial keratotomy (RK), refractive eye surgery
  • Myopia 1 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 10 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 11 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 12 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 13 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 14 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 15 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 16 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 2 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 3 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 4 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 5 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 6 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 7 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 8 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myopia 9 ... Orthokeratology, Refractive surgery e.g. LASIK
  • Myositis ... however prednisone and methotrexate are used to slow the progression of the disease process, no effective treatment at this stage
  • Myotonic Dystrophy ... anticonvulsant drugs, phenytoin
  • Myotonic dystrophy type 3 ... There is no cure for the condition but the myotonia can be managed using drugs such as phenytoin or mexiletine
  • Mysophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Mythophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Myxedema ... thyroid hormone replacement, See treatment of hypothyroidism, Treatment of the underlying cause, thyroxine
  • Myxedema coma ... Treatment of associated infection, Immediate intravenousthyroid hormone replacement
  • Myxoid melanoma ... Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Myxophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ménière's disease ... betahistine, anti-nausea drugs, anti-vomiting drugs, low-sodium high-potassium diet, suppositories, gentamicin, sedative suppository
  • Ménétrier's disease ... stomach surgery
  • Möbius Syndrome ... Orthodontics, Speech therapy for speech problems, Surgical correction for crossed eyes, limb and jaw abnormalities, Feeding alternatives if there are feeding problems e.g. special bottles

N

  • Nail psoriasis ... Psoralen and UVA (photochemotherapy or PUVA), Treatment depends on the site and severity of the nail disease in individual patients, There is no cure for nail psoriasis but it may improve by itself and may even return to a normal appearance, Calcipotriol solution, Topical high-potency corticosteroid solution or ointment, Chemical or surgical avulsion therapy, i.e. complete removal of the nail, is rarely recommended, Topical 5-fluorouracil cream, Intralesional triamcinolone acetonide, Antifungal treatment, Systemic treatment with oral methotrexate, retinoids and ciclosporin
  • Naked brimcap poisoning ... decontamination; supportive or symptomatic measures
  • Narcolepsy ... scheduled daytime naps, avoid driving, avoid swimming, modafinil (Provigil), regular sleep routines, avoid scuba diving, CNS stimulants such as methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine sulfate, methamphetamine, and amphetamine are used for treatment of narcolepsy, dexamphetamine, avoiding over-stimulation, Provide emotional support and career/vocational counseling to the patient and parent, Scheduled naps during the day also may help, Sleep hygiene is important. Most patients improve if they maintain a regular sleep schedule, usually 7.5-8 hours of sleep per night, central nervous system stimulant drugs, avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy 1 ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Modafinil (Provigil), Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy 2 ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Modafinil (Provigil), Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy 3 ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Modafinil (Provigil), Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy 4 ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Modafinil (Provigil), Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy 5 ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Modafinil (Provigil), Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy with cataplexy ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Treatment usually involves taking a stimulant drug during the day as well as medication to alleviate muscle weakness, Provide emotional support and career/vocational counseling to patient and parent, Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Modafinil, Atomexetine, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Sleep is important. Most patients improve if they maintain a regular sleep schedule involving 7.6-8 hours of sleep per night, Selegiline, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcolepsy without cataplexy ... Scheduled daytime naps, Avoid driving, Avoid swimming, Treatment usually involves taking a stimulant drug during the day as well as medication to alleviate muscle weakness, Provide emotional support and career/vocational counseling to patient and parent, Regular sleep routines, Avoid scuba diving, Modafinil, Atomexetine, Dexamphetamine, Avoiding over-stimulation, Sleep is important. Most patients improve if they maintain a regular sleep schedule involving 7.6-8 hours of sleep per night, Selegiline, Central nervous system stimulant drugs, Avoid operating machinery
  • Narcotic addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling
  • Narratophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Nasal decongestant-induced hypertension ... Cease nasal decongestant intake
  • NASH syndrome ... Treatment involves managing obesity, high blood sugar, high blood lipids and excess iron levels if present. Alcohol should also be avoided
  • Nasopharyngitis ... There are no antiviral drugs approved to treat or cure the infection; all medications used are palliative and treat symptoms only, Alternative treatments such as vitamin C, echinacea, and zinc have been proposed but none of them have been shown to decrease the duration of the illness, Conservative treatment
  • Nasophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Natal teeth, intestinal pseudoobstruction and patent ductus ... heart and intestinal surgery
  • Navel Fetishism ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, cognitive therapy, behavior therapy, medication
  • Naxos disease ... antiarrhythmic drugs and heart transplant
  • Neck Arthritis ... Gentle exercise, Restriction of neck movement with cervical collar, Heat and massage therapy
  • Neck Boil ... Maintain good skin hygiene, Surgical lancing and drainage, Avoid squeezing the boil, Avoid picking at the boil, Warm compresses
  • Neck muscle strain ... Rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain medication if needed, once pain has subsided gradually introduce light stretching movement to provide circulation to the affected muscle tissue
  • Necrobacillosis ... antibiotics and surgical drainage of abscesses
  • Necrophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Necrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Necrosadism ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Necrotizing fasciitis ... Urgent treatment, surgical debridement (removal of infected tissue), Limb amputation
  • Necrozoophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Needlefish bite ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Negrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Neonatal Jaundice ... exchange blood transfusion
  • Neonatal lupus ... The type of treatment and the long-term prognosis for neonates with cardiac rhythm and conduction disturbances depends on the presence of underlying congenital heart abnormalities, In severe cases, surgical implantation of a pacemaker, along with the correction of structural abnormalities in the heart, may be necessary, Photoprotection is highly desirable because solar exposure may precipitate skin lesions, Treatment of skin lesions includes mild steroids and, possibly, laser treatment for residual telangiectasia
  • Neonatal neutropenia ... Treatment varies depending on the underlying cause. Possible therapies include antibiotics and human granulocyte macrophage colony stimulation
  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome ... positive pressure ventilation, surfactant replacement therapy, ventilator (respirator)
  • Neophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Neophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Neovascular glaucoma ... Cryophototherapy, Goniophotocoagulation, Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP), Anti glaucoma medication, Topical steroids
  • Nephophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Nephritis ... See treatments for the underlying causes of nephritis
  • Nephritis, Familial, without Deafness or Ocular Defect ... Some patients may progress to a point where they need dialysis and a kidney transplant
  • Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy ... kidney transplant, photopheresis, plasmapheresis
  • Nephronophthisis 2 ... Manage water and electrolyte balance. Once kidney failure occurs, dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary for survival
  • Nephronophthisis 3 ... Manage water and electrolyte balance. Once kidney failure occurs, dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary for survival
  • Nephronophthisis 4 ... Manage water and electrolyte balance. Once kidney failure occurs, dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary for survival
  • Nephronophthisis 7 ... Manage water and electrolyte balance. Once kidney failure occurs, dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary for survival
  • Nephronophthisis, autosomal dominant ... Treatment usually involves managing symptoms through measures such as salt supplements and maintaining adequate hydration. Progressive kidney deterioration may necessitate dialysis and a kidney transplant
  • Nephropathy ... Treatment depends on the underlying cause of nephropathy
  • Nephropathy, Familial ... Some patients may progress to a point where they need dialysis and a kidney transplant
  • Nephrotic syndrome ... Treat the underlying condition if any
  • Nephrotic syndrome, steroid-sensitive ... Steroid therapy
  • Nephthytis poisoning ... Wash affected areas; supportive therapy, decontamination; symptomatic therapy
  • Nepiophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Nerve compression ... physiotherapy, medication e.g. anti-inflammatories and painkillers, surgery
  • Nerve entrapment ... physiotherapy, medication e.g. anti-inflammatories and painkillers, surgery
  • Nerve sheath neoplasm ... surgery, radiation, chemotherapy
  • Nervous breakdown ... Treatment for depression, Treatment for any underlying psychological conditions
  • Nesidioblastosis of pancreas ... diazoxide, surgical removal of pancreas
  • Netherton syndrome ichthyosis ... Antibiotics for infections, Emollients and keratolytics to assist with moisturizing the skin, Topical steroids, Photochemotherapy and oral retinoids may help some patients but may aggravate the skin in others
  • Neural crest-derived tumors ... Varies depending on specific tumor that develops: chemotherapy, surgery
  • Neuralgia ... nerve sedative drugs, ABC liniment, Treatments depend on the type of neuralgia
  • Neuralgia pain ... Treatment options include medicines, surgery, and complementary approaches, Antiseizure medications (carbamazepine, gabapentin, lamotrigine or phenytoin) for trigeminal neuralgia pain, Antidepressant medications (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, duloxitine)
  • Neuritis ... Similar to treatment of neuralgia, bed rest, massage, physiotherapy
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 1 ... Treatment varies depending on factors such as the age of the patient, stage and location of the cancer
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 2 ... Treatment varies depending on factors such as the age of the patient, stage and location of the cancer
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 3 ... Treatment varies depending on factors such as the age of the patient, stage and location of the cancer
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 4 ... Treatment varies depending on factors such as the age of the patient, stage and location of the cancer
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 5 ... Treatment varies depending on factors such as the age of the patient, stage and location of the cancer
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 6 ... Treatment varies depending on factors such as the age of the patient, stage and location of the cancer
  • Neurocysticercosis ... anti-imflammatory drugs, anti-parasitic drugs
  • Neurodegeneration due to Cerebral Folate Transport Deficiency ... Folinic acid administration leads to an improvement in symptoms. Early treatment can prevent serious symptoms developing and the prognosis can be good
  • Neurodermatitis ... Treat or resolve any underlying causes, bedtime sedation, Wet dressings, Behavioural modification, Bath in water containing oatmeal, baking soda or colloidal oatmeal preparations, Dressings to protect lesions, Wear non-irritating cotton clothing, avoid scratching, Take measures to reduce stress and anxiety
  • Neuroectodermal tumor, primitive ... Treatment usually involves surgery, radiation therapy and, chemotherapy. Sometimes steroids are used to alleviate the buildup of fluid around the tumor which may relieve some symptoms until further treatment can be undertaken
  • Neuroectodermal tumors primitive ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Neuroepithelioma ... Possible therapies include: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Neurofibromatosis, familial intestinal ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Neurofibrosarcoma ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery
  • Neurogenic bladder ... anti-incontinence medications, urinary catheterization
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome ... discontinue medications causing the reaction, Dopaminergic drugs, muscle relaxant, dopamine agonist, emergency intensive care, fever treatments
  • Neurological chronic fatigue syndrome ... There is no cure but various symptomatic measures can be used e.g. avoid physical or emotional stress, antidepressants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medications and stimulants. Other therapies which may assist some patients includes cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, cranial-sacral techniques, hypnosis, massage therapy and stretching exercise programs. Patients tend to respond particularly well to psychostimulant medications. This form of the condition tends to involve severe problems with sleeping and medications that improve sleep tend to significantly improve overall symptoms
  • Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease ... symptomatic treatment alleviates symptoms but doesn't affect progression
  • Neuropathy ... No medical treatments now exist that can cure inherited peripheral neuropathy. However, there are therapies for many other forms. Any underlying condition is treated first, followed by symptomatic treatment
  • Neuropathy hereditary sensory and autonomic type 1 ... Treatment is the same as for other condition that cause chronic skin ulcers e.g. diabetes, Ulcers need to be managed promptly to prevent complications, Patients need to be informed of proper wound care and protective measures, Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Neuropathy, hereditary motor and sensory, LOM type ... orthopedic treatment for limb deformities
  • Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Type I ... Appropriate foot care (e.g. well fitting shoes) to minimize injury to the feet, Pain can be managed by using antiepileptic and/or antidepressant medication, Genetic counseling and joining support groups is also recommended, Prompt detection and treatment of any wounds or injuries to limbs, Arthrodesis for charcot joints, Regular checks for limb injuries which won't be felt due to lack of pain sensation. Treat injuries as they arise, Orthotics for foot drop, Wound infections may require antibiotics
  • Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory, Type I ... Appropriate foot care (e.g. well fitting shoes) to minimize injury to the feet, Pain can be managed by using antiepileptic and/or antidepressant medication, Genetic counseling and joining support groups is also recommended, Prompt detection and treatment of any wounds or injuries to limbs, Arthrodesis for charcot joints, Regular checks for limb injuries which won't be felt due to lack of pain sensation. Treat injuries as they arise, Orthotics for foot drop, Wound infections may require antibiotics
  • Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory, Type II ... Treatment is aimed at informing patients on how to recognize and manage damage to the hands or feet in the early stages before complication set in
  • Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory, Type IV ... There is no known cure but treatment is based on managing symptoms as they arise and taking measures to prevent accidental injury that can occur due to a lack of pain sensation. Patients will accidentally injure themselves, even break bones, without realizing and these traumas need to be treated quickly to prevent complications or further damage
  • Neurosarcoidosis ... corticosteroid and immunosuppressive drugs
  • Neurosis ... Treatment depend on the type of neurosis
  • Neutropenia ... Treating any underlying cause, Stopping any medication cause, granulocyte transfusions, broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • Neutropenia, severe chronic ... granulocyte colony stimulating factors
  • Neutrophilic asthma ... Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories. Drugs such as Formoterol may reduce the production of neutrophils and thus prevent or reduce asthmatic symptoms
  • Nevi -- atrial myxoma -- myxoid neurofibromata -- ephelides ... Treatment is aimed at specific conditions that develop e.g. endocrine dysfunction, Cushing Syndrome, Hyperparathyroidism etc. Large skin tumors may be surgically removed. Other problematic tumors may be surgically removed or treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy
  • Nevoid melanoma ... Adjuvant interferon (IFN) alfa-2b is the only adjuvant therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for high-risk melanoma (currently defined as stages IIB, IIC, and III), which is associated with a 40-80% chance of relapse and death
  • Nevus ... cosmetic surgery, make-up
  • Nevus Comedonicus ... Skin symptoms may not need treatment if they aren't problematic. Various treatments may be employed for cosmetic reasons. Topical therapies may improve the appearance of skin lesions: salicylic acid, ammonium lactate lotion and topical retinoic acid. More severe skin symptoms may require the use of isotretinoin
  • Nevus comedonicus syndrome ... Additional syndromic features are treated as they occur. Skin symptoms may not need treatment if they aren't problematic. Various treatments may be employed for cosmetic reasons. Topical therapies may improve the appearance of skin lesions: salicylic acid, ammonium lactate lotion and topical retinoic acid. More severe skin symptoms may require the use of isotretinoin
  • Nezelof Syndrome ... Thymus factors, treatment of infections as they develop e.g. antibiotics, Thymus transplant, IV immunoglobulin, Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the immune system problem
  • Nickel contact allergy ... Avoid wearing jewellery containing nickel. Symptoms may be alleviated with topical steroids, antihistamines, antibiotics (for secondary infections) and moisturizing creams. Preventative measures may also include spray shields which can form a barrier between the skin and the jewellery
  • Nicotine addiction ... hypnotherapy, nicotine-replacement therapy
  • Niemann-Pick disease, type D ... There is no cure for the condition
  • Night blindness ... Treatment of any underlying cause
  • Night eating syndrome ... Treating underlying cause and counseling. Some patients benefit from medications such as antidepressants
  • Night sweats ... Treat the underlying causes, Antibiotics for infection
  • Night terror ... No treatment is usually necessary for routine night terrors, For children who get frequent night terrors, it might help to wake the child up before the time that he usually has a night terror. This is thought to interrupt or alter the sleep cycle and prevent night terrors from occurring
  • NISCH syndrome ... liver transplant and hydrating the skin through skin creams, exposure to sunlight and retinoid use
  • Noctiphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Nocturnal asthma ... Avoid allergens or other factors which trigger the symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories
  • Nocturnal heartburn ... Taking medication with plenty of water, Avoiding lying down after meals, Avoiding alcohol and tobacco, Avoiding dietary fat, chocolate, caffeine, peppermint (they may cause lower esophageal pressure), Sleeping with the head of the bed elevated, Weight reduction
  • Nodular basal cell carcinoma ... surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications
  • Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma ... Treatment options include: chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Nodular melanoma ... chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, Treatment is by excisional biopsy, wide local excision and possibly sentinel node biopsy
  • Nodular Prurigo ... steroid injection, cryotherapy
  • Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver ... A liver transplant may be required in severe advanced cases. Treatment usually centres around managing any underlying conditions and portal hypertension should be dealt with promptly if it develops
  • Nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's lymphoma ... Treatment depends of various factors such as the subtype involved, age and health of patient and the stage of the cancer, Stem cell transplantation, Biological therapies
  • Noduloulcerative basal cell carcinoma ... surgical removal, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, radiation, topical medications
  • Noise-Induced Hearing Loss ... See treatment of hearing loss, Avoid further noise exposure
  • Non Classic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia ... Administration of hydrocortisone or other cortisol replacement alternatives
  • Non infectious chronic diarrhea ... Treating the underlying cause
  • Non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome ... melatonin supplements, light therapy, chronotherapy, acupuncture, melatonin supplements, chronotherapy, hypnotics
  • Non-allergic asthma ... Medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids
  • Non-atopic asthma ... Medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Aesculus pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Africanized honeybee ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Alder ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Alder tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- amaranthus ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- American feverfew ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Amylcinnamic alcohol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Anisyl alcohol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Ant ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Ash juniper tree pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- ash tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- beech tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Beet ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- bent grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Benzyl alcohol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Benzyl salicylate ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Bermuda grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- birch tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Black fire ant ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Bluegrass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- box elder tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Bumblebee ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Canary grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Capeweed ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- chlorine ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cinnamic alcohol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cinnamic aldehyde ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- cocklebur ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cockroach ... avoidance of exposure to cockroaches
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Coumarin ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cypress tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- daisy ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- dandelion pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- dust mites ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- elm tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- English plantain ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Eugenol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- European Ash tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Alternaria ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Aspergillus spp ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Aureobasidium (Pullularia) ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Candida albicans ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Cladosporium ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Epicoccum ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Fusarium ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Helminthosporium ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Mucor ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Penicillium ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Phoma ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Rhizopus ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, smut ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, various medications depending on the symptoms and severity: antihistamines, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, decongestants, nasal sprays, cromolyn sodium, immunotherapy
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Geraniol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- goosefoot ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- guayule ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- hazel tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- hemp ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hickory tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- honey bee ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- hop shrub ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hornbeam tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hornet ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- horse chestnut tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hydroxycitronellal ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Isoeugenol ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Johnson grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Kentucky bluegrass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- maple tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Marsh Elder ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Monteroy pine tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- mosquito ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- mountain cedar tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- mugwort tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Musk ambrette ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- nettle ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Oak moss absolute ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Oak tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Olea tree pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- olive tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Orache (Atriplex) ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- orchard grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Patterson's curse ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Pecan trees ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- perfume ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- pigweed ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- plane tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- plantago pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- poplar tree pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- ragweed ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Rapeseed oil ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Red fire ant ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- redroot ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Redtop grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Ryegrass pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- sagebrush ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Sandalwood oil ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- scorpion ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Sorrel ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Sunflower pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- sweet chestnut tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- sweet vernal grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- tilia tree pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- timothy grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- tree pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Tropical fire ant ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- tumble weed (Russian thistle) ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Velvet grass ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- wall pellitory ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- walnut tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- wasp ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-Food Allergy -- White cedar tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- willow tree ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- willow tree pollen ... Avoid coming into contact with the allergen, antihistamines, bronchodilators for asthmatic symptoms
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Wood tar ... Avoid exposure to allergen
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Yellow jacket Wasp ... Avoid being stung, adrenaline injection if anaphylactic reaction occurs, antihistamines
  • Non-hereditary spherocytic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause. Blood transfusions and folic acid supplements usually help until the underlying condition is identified and resolved
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma ... central nervous system prophylaxis
  • Non-inflammatory pelvic pain ... Treatment depends on the cause
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer ... Surgery if diagnosed at an early stage, often with adjuvant (anciliary) chemotherapy involving cisplatin. Lobectomy or Pneumectomy, More than one kind of treatment is often used, depending on the stage of the cancer, the individual's overall health, age, response to chemotherapy, and other factors such as the likely side effects of the treatment. Treatment may include, Radiation therapy (radiotherapy), Radiosurgery (SRS) or targeted therapy. As a class, NSCLCs are relatively insensitive to chemotherapy
  • Non-Specific Urethritis ... Treatment of any sexual partners
  • Nondisjunction ... none
  • Nonhypertension syndrome ... Ensure that the right sized blood pressure cuff is used
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus ... Insertion of Shunt between brain ventricle and heart/abdomen or lumbar spinal cord and abdomen (ventriculoatrial, ventriculoperitoneal, lumboperitoneal respectively), Insertion of VP shunt
  • Normochromic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Normocytic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause. Identify and treat underlying cause. Erythropoietin administration can stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells but this is only used in severe cases
  • Normocytic-Normochromic anemia ... Varies depending on underlying cause
  • Norum disease ... Kidney transplant may be required
  • Nose foreign body ... blowing the nose, careful removal of foreign body by a doctor
  • Nosolagnia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Nosophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Novacaine drug allergy ... Avoid the problem drug. Treatment varies considerable depending on the symptoms but generally involves supportive measures to ease symptoms: cool showers and topical applications for skin reactions, epinephrine for anaphylactic reactions, antihistamines, steroids, bronchodilator medication
  • Nudophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Nummular dermatitis ... moisturizing skin, protecting skin from injury, topical corticosteroids, tar preparations, antibiotics if infection develops, antihistamine to reduce discomfort, phototherapy
  • Nutritional anemia ... Improve diet. Dietary supplements
  • Nutritional Sideroblastic anemia ... Increase copper or pyridoxine intake
  • Nychtophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Nyctophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Nymphomania ... Psychotherapy or cognitive behavioural therapy, Self help groups
  • Nymphophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis

O

  • Oak poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Obesity ... Sibutramine (Meridia), Low Calorie Diet, Mazindol (Sanorex, Mazanor), Phendimetrazine (Bontril, Plegine, Prelu-2, X-Trozine), Sibutramine, Phentermine (Adipex-P, Fastin, Ionamin, Oby-trim), Dexfenfluramine (Redux:withdrawn), "fen/phen" Fenfluramine/phentermine (withdrawn), appetite-suppressant medications, orlistat, drug combinations, Very Low-Calorie Diet (VLCD), Treatment of any underlying causes of obesity, Fenfluramine (Pondimin:withdrawn), Orlistat (Xenical), Diethylpropion (Tenuate, Tenuate dospan)
  • Obesity due to congenital leptin deficiency ... daily injections of recombinant human leptin
  • Obesity due to pro-opiomelanocortin Deficiency ... corticosteroid replacement
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome ... If the symptoms are significant, nighttime positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment is tried, The most important treatment is weight loss-by diet, through exercise, with medication, or sometimes weight loss surgery (bariatric surgery)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder ... Family therapy, exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, group therapy, Severity of symptoms, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Arranging ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Checkers ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Cleaners ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Habits ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Hoarders ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Obsessers ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Order and Symmetry ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Orderers ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Postpartum ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Treatment is important for postpartum OCD as it can affect the relationship or bonding between the mother and the infant. It is important to note that often mothers will prefer to avoid taking medications while they are breastfeeding, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Washers ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Washers and Cleaners ... Family therapy, Exposure and response prevention, Treatments that have worked in the past for that patient, Vagus nerve stimulation, Alternative therapies:, Often a combination of therapies may be recommended, Deep-brain stimulation, Vitamin and mineral supplements to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies, Surgical lesion in a particular part of the brain, Floxetine, Individual motivation to undergo and comply with therapy, Opioids, Nicotine appears to alleviate symptoms in some cases, Psychosurgery, Severity of symptoms, Group therapy, Patients attitude or willingness to take medications
  • Obstructive Jaundice ... Cease drugs suspected to be causing liver inflammation, Surgical removal of obstruction
  • Obstructive sleep apnea ... avoid sedatives, adenotonsillectomy, avoid sleeping on back, avoid narcotics, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP], Nasal steroids, diet control, surgical obesity treatments, nasal polyp removal, surgical jaw reconstruction, avoid sleeping pills, Specific treatments, tonsil removal, airway abnormality correction, Dental appliances, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nasal CPAP)
  • Occipital Neuralgia ... local nerve blocks
  • Occupational asthma ... Avoid or minimize substances that induce the asthma symptoms. Medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids
  • Occupational Cancer -- Bladder cancer ... MVAC (methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, cisplatin), Cystectomy, Segmental cystectomy, Radical cystectomy, BCG solution, The treatment of bladder cancer depends on how deep the tumor invades into the bladder wall. A combination of the following are used, Transurethral resection (TUR), Immunotherapy or biological therapy, Cystoscopy, Photoradiation
  • Occupational Cancer -- Laryngeal cancer ... temporary tracheostomy, total laryngectomy, Partial laryngectomy, Dental exam, surgical removal of neck lymph nodes, Dietary counseling, Biological therapies, Dental prosthesis
  • Occupational Cancer -- Larynx cancer ... temporary tracheostomy, total laryngectomy, Partial laryngectomy, Dental exam, surgical removal of neck lymph nodes, Dietary counseling, Biological therapies, Dental prosthesis
  • Occupational Cancer -- Liver cancer ... percutaneous ethanol injection, Chemoembolization, Nerve block, Partial hepatectomy, laser therapy, microwave therapy, Hepatic arterial infusion, Hepatic arterial infusion pump, Surgical resection
  • Occupational Cancer -- Lung cancer ... Molecular targeted therapy, placement of stents inside the airways, prophylactic cranial irradiation, palliative management, Lobectomy, pneumonectomy (lung removal), Treatment decisions in lung cancer depend on whether SCLC or NSCLC is present. Treatment also depends on tumor stage, particularly in NSCLC. A person's general physical condition (the ability to withstand treatment procedures) is also taken into account, Lung segmental resection
  • Occupational Cancer -- Lymphatic cancer ... Treatment options vary depending on the stage of the cancer, type of lymphoma and patient and health. Options may include radiotherapy, chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation
  • Occupational Cancer -- Mesothelioma ... cytoreductive (debulking), treatment course is primarily determined by the staging or development of the condition
  • Occupational Cancer -- Nasal Cavity and Sinus cancer ... Treatment options vary depending on the stage of the cancer, cell origin and patient and health. Options may include radiotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery
  • Occupational Cancer -- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma ... Central nervous system prophylaxis
  • Occupational Cancer -- Pharynx cancer ... Palliative management, Dental exam, Combined therapy, Interstitial therapy, Dietary counseling, Biological therapies, Dental prosthesis
  • Occupational Cancer -- Respiratory tract cancer ... Molecular targeted therapy, placement of stents inside the airways, prophylactic cranial irradiation, palliative management, Lobectomy, pneumonectomy (lung removal), Treatment decisions in lung cancer depend on whether SCLC or NSCLC is present. Treatment also depends on tumor stage, particularly in NSCLC. A person's general physical condition (the ability to withstand treatment procedures) is also taken into account, Lung segmental resection
  • Occupational Cancer -- Sino Nasal Carcinoma ... Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, Dental exam, dietary counseling, Biological therapies, dental prosthesis
  • Occupational Cancer -- Skin cancer ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational lead exposure -- ammunition production ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- battery manufacturing ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- brass foundry ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- ceramic production ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- explosives production ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- furniture refinishing ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- lead glass factory ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- lead mine ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- lead smelting ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- painter ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- pottery making ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- radiator repair ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- ship building ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- ship repairing ... chelation
  • Occupational lead exposure -- smelting ... chelation
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Antimony ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Arsenic ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Barium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Beryllium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Bismuth ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Boranes ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Cadmium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Chromium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Copper ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Germanium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Hafnium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Halides ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Hydrazines ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Iron ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Lanthanides ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Lead ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Manganese ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Molybdenum ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Nickel ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Niobium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Phosphorus ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Selenium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Tellurium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Thallium ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational metal-induced liver damage -- Tin ... Treatment is aimed at avoiding further exposure and symptomatic and supportive measures as required
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Animal dips ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Briquette making ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Chimney Sweeps ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Coal Gas Manufacture ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Coke Oven Workers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Construction Workers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Farmers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Fisherfolk ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Germicidal Lamps ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Insecticide applicators ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Lathe Operators ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Mule Spinners ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Open-Cut mines ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Reactor Workers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Rubber Manufacturing Industry ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Tar Distillers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- TileWorkers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Timber Proofers ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Tool Setters ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- UV Curing Processes ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Occupational Skin Cancer -- Welders ... Topical, Interleukin, regional lymph node excision, excision of lesion, systemic, cryotherapy, electrosurgery
  • Ochlophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Ochlophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ochophophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Octopus poisoning ... symptomatic therapy; supportive therapy; wound care
  • Ocular histoplasmosis syndrome ... photocoagulation
  • Ocular Hypertension ... Ocular hypertension are mostly treated with pilocarpine, timolol, acetazolamide and clonidine. Eye drops may initially be started either in one or in both eyes, Selective laser trabeculoplasty, Ocular hypertension is mostly treated with pilocarpine, timolol, acetazolamide and clonidine
  • Ocular melanoma ... radiotherapy, surgery, transpupillary thermotherapy
  • Ocular Myasthenia Gravis ... Treatment varies depending on the severity of symptoms and individual responses to treatment. Treament options may include: corticosteroids, IV immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis, azathioprine, surgical removal of thymus, cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Ocular vaccinia ... Vaccinia immune globulin administration
  • Oculomotor Migraine ... see Migraine, Acute migraine symptoms may be treated with analgesics (aspirin, Naprosyn, paracetamol) with anti-nausea medication (eg metoclopramide); or specific migraine medications such as ergotamine or sumitriptan, Eye symptoms should resolve as migraine resolves
  • Oculophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Odaxelagnia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Odontophilia ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Odontophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Odours to Color Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Odynophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Oecophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Oenophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Oesophageal spasm ... Low dose antidepressant medication, Quickly swallowing liquids can often immediately alleviate painful symptoms, Surgery in severe cases, Nitrate medications e.g. nitroglycerin, calcium channel blockers, Manage underlying cause e.g. GERD, Alter eating habits, If eating hot or cold foods causes the spasms then avoid them, Dilation of esophagus
  • Oesophagostomiasis ... Surgery may be needed to remove nodules containing the parasites from the intestinal tract. Otherwise worming drugs such as albendazole, thiabendazole and levamisole may be used
  • Oikophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Oinophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Oleander poisoning ... decontamination; supportive therapy
  • Olecranon bursitis ... Varies depending on cause. Traumatic injuries usually resolve on their own. Pain and anti-inflammatories may be of help but some cases may require drainage of the excess fluid in the bursa with a needle. Surgery is a final option in cases where the bursa is thickened and no other therapies work
  • Olfactophilia ... psychoanalysis, hypnosis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, drug therapy
  • Olfactophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Oligohydramnios ... fetal surgery during pregnancy, Treatment of any underlying condition, Treatment of any placenta abnormality, induced labor
  • Oliguria ... treat underlying cause of renal failure
  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy ... walking aids
  • Ombrophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ommetaphobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Onchyomycosis ... The condition is very difficult to treat as the infection is located between the nail and the nail bed and is thus difficult to access. The condition may take months or longer to resolve, Systemic antifungal medication, Surgical removal of nail, Topical antifungal agents, Chemical removal of nail
  • Oncocytoma, renal ... nephrectomy
  • Ondine syndrome ... Tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation using ventilator (lifetime treatment), Biphasic Cuirass Ventilation, Phrenic Nerve Pacing or diaphragm pacing
  • Ondine's curse ... Patients generally require tracheotomies and lifetime mechanical ventilation on a ventilator in order to survive
  • Ondinisme ... Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Psychoanalysis
  • Online gambling addiction ... Cognitive behaviour therapy, Support group, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Medication
  • Online shopping addiction ... Cognitive behaviour therapy, Support group, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Medication
  • Onomatophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Onychogryphosis ... Specially fitted shoes
  • Onychophagia ... cognitive-behavioral therapy, hypnosis, mediation, medication
  • Open-angle glaucoma ... miotic drugs, trabulectomy, beta blocker eyedrops, Conventional eye surgery
  • Ophibiophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Ophidophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Opioid addiction ... Brief dynamic therapy, Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling, Methadone
  • Opioid poisoning ... naloxone
  • Opisthorchiasis ... praziquantel
  • Opitz G Syndrome ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Opitz G/BBB Syndrome ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Opitz G/BBB syndrome, Autosomal dominant ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Opitz G/BBB Syndrome, type I ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Opitz G/BBB Syndrome, Type II ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Opitz G/BBB Syndrome, X-linked ... Tracheostomy may be required if the airway is compromised due to laryngeal or esophageal defects, Genetic counseling and joining a support group is also recommended, Special education programs for those with mental retardation, Surgery may be needed to correct malformations or defects such as cleft lip or palate, heart defects, imperforate anus and trachea-esophageal defects, Speech therapy may be required for speech problems resulting from cleft lip or palate
  • Opium addiction ... Cognitive behavioural therapy, Motivational therapy, Addiction treatment programs, Counselling, Methadone
  • Oppenheim's dystonia ... Exercise and physical therapy may help some patients better manage their condition, Focal dystonias that start during adulthood may benefit from botulinum toxin injections, Genetic counseling is recommended, If patients fail to respond to medications, surgery involving deep-brain stimulation may be undertaken, Various medications may be used to alleviate symptoms: Baclofen, anticholinergics, benzodiazepines (such as clonazepam) and dopamine depleting agents (such as reserpine)
  • Opportunistic infections ... Treatment depends on the type of opportunistic infection
  • Opsoclonus Myoclonus ... treatment of the underlying tumor, ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
  • Optic neuritis ... urgent treatment, treatment of any underlying cause
  • Optic pathway glioma ... surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy
  • Optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis ... Immunosuppressive agents
  • Oral cancer ... dental exam, dietary counseling, dental prosthesis
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma ... surgery, radiation therapy
  • Oral thrush ... warm salt-water mouth rinses, topical medications, gentian violet, nystatin, fluconazole, natural yoghurt, clotrimazole, denture correction, Treatment of any underlying condition, acidophilus, Treatment of breast-feeding mother, Antifungal treatments
  • Orchitis ... Treatment of any underlying cause, cold packs, scrotum supports
  • Ordinal Personification ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Orf ... avoid pricking blisters
  • Organophosphate insecticide poisoning ... atropine + pralidoxime
  • Orgasm to Color Synesthesia ... There is no definitive treatment for synesthesia and the majority of people suffer no ill effects from the anomaly and many in fact consider it a special gift. If the synesthesia does prove to be problematic then psychological treatment may be of assistance
  • Oriental Hornet poisoning ... corticosteroids, antihistamines and epinephrine for anaphylaxis; supportive therapy
  • Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) Deficiency ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency ... Oral sodium phenylbutyrate and arginine can be used as a long-term therapy, Treatment generally involves sticking to a low protein diet, Severe cases may require hemodialysis to remove toxins from the blood, Regular blood tests are needed to monitor ammonia and amino acid levels, High ammonia levels in the blood can be managed by using intravenous sodium benzoate, sodium phenylacetate and arginine
  • Ornithophobia ... behavior therapy, anti-anxiety medication
  • Orofacial Cleft 1 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 10 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 11 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 12 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 2 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 3 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 4 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However, many surgeons delay lip repairs for 8 to 10 weeks (sometimes as long as 6 to 8 months) to allow the infant to grow and mature, thereby minimizing surgical and anesthesia risks, ruling out associated congenital anomalies, and allowing time for parental bonding
  • Orofacial Cleft 5 ... Surgery must be coupled with speech therapy. Because the palate is essential to speech formation, structural changes, even in a repaired cleft, can permanently affect speech patterns. To compound the problem, children with cleft palates commonly have hearing difficulties because of middle ear damage or infections, Cleft palate repair is usually completed by the 12th to 18th month. Still other surgeons repair cleft palates in two steps, repairing the soft palate between ages 6 and 18 months and the hard palate as late as age 5 years. In any case, surgery is performed only after the infant is gaining weight and infection-free, Treatment consists of surgical correction, but the timing of surgery varies. Some plastic surgeons repair cleft lips within the first few days of life to make feeding the baby easier. However,