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Chloramphenicol: an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
Source: WordNet 2.1
Chloramphenicol: Chloromycetin; 2,2-dichloro-N-(beta-hydroxy-alpha-(hydroxymethyl)-P-nitrophenethyl)-, D-threo-(-)-acetamide. A primarily bacteriostatic antibiotic with wide spectrum of activity against gram-positive and gram-negative cocci and bacilli, first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae. It binds to the 50S subunit of the ribosome and inhibits bacterial protein synthesis. Reserved for serious infections caused by organisms susceptible to its antimicrobial effects, especially Hemophilus influenza, Streptococcus pneumonia, and neisseria meningitidis. It is used only when less potentially hazardous therapeutic agents are ineffective or contraindicated, because it rarely causes the potentially lethal complication of aplastic anemia. (NCI)
Source: Diseases Database
Chloramphenicol : antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae but now produced synthetically; has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered; it acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic.
Count: Chloramphenicol is listed as a: treatment for 11 conditions; alternative treatment for 0 conditions; preventive treatment for 0 conditions; research treatment for 0 conditions.
Treatments: list of all treatments
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