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Diseases » Ulcerative colitis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Ulcerative colitis

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abscess: General name for any pus-filled lump or swelling
  • Acute Appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Alcoholism: Alcoholism is the compulsive urge to drink alcohol despite knowing the negative impact on one's health.
  • Amebiasis: An intestinal infection caused by a parasitic amebic organism. It is usually associated with poor sanitation.
  • Amebic dysentery: Ameba-caused bacterial bowel infection and ulceration.
  • Amyloidosis: A rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. There are numerous forms of the condition: primary amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis and familial amyloidosis.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Behcet's Disease: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Bloody diarrhea: Diarrhea with blood in stool
  • Bowel conditions: Medical conditions that affect the bowels
  • Budesonide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Budesonide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Campylobacter food poisoning: Common bacterial infection usually from chicken.
  • Carcinoid syndrome: Carcinoid heart disease is a rare, metastatic disease that occurs predominantly in the right heart. The tricuspid and pulmonic valves are affected, leading to right heart failure, which results in increased morbidity and mortality.
  • Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  • Cholangitis: bile duct inflammation (cholangitis)
  • Chronic Pain Syndromes: Any of a variety of disorders that can cause chronic pain of different types.
  • Chronic digestive conditions: The chronic digestive conditions include Bowel Cancer, Coeliac Disease, Constipation, Diarrhoea, Diverticular disease, Flatulence, Haemorrhoids, Indigestion and heartburn, Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Crohn's Disease and ulcerative colitis), Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Lactose Intolerance, Ulcers
  • Chronic digestive diseases: Any disorder causing ongoing chronic digestive complaints.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon
  • Collagenous Colitis: A chronic disorder of the digestive system characterized by inflammation and thickening of the large intestine lining.
  • Colon conditions: Any condition affecting the colon
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Connective tissue disorders: Any condition affecting connective tissues.
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Cyclosporin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cyclosporin (an immunosuppressant drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Diabetic Diarrhea: Diarrhea that occurs in diabetics as a result of the damage done by diabetes to the digestive system. Digestive system damage is caused by intestinal neuropathy (damage to intestinal nerves) or bacterial overgrowth or both.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
  • Diverticular disease and diverticulitis:
  • Duodenal ulcer: A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). The word "peptic" refers to pepsin, a stomach enzyme that breaks down proteins. If a peptic ulcer is located in the stomach it is called a gastric ulcer.
  • Dysplasia: Disordered growth in epithelium, typified by a loss in uniformity and normal architecture of the cells.
  • E-coli food poisoning: Type of bacterial food poisoning
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Episcleritis: Localised, self limiting inflammation of the episclera (connective tissue overlying the sclera).
  • Erythema nodosum: Allergic skin condition usually on the legs
  • Eye inflammation: Inflammation of the orbit of the eye
  • Fatty liver disease: Fatty liver disease can range from fatty liver alone (steatosis) to fatty liver associated with inflammation (steatohepatitis). This condition can occur with the use of alcohol (alcohol-related fatty liver) or in the absence of alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease [NAFLD]).
  • Fecal urgency: Sudden or excessive need to defecate
  • Gastroenteritis: Acute stomach or intestine inflammation
  • Gastrointestinal Basidiobolomycosis: Very rare intestinal infection
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Glucagonoma: Rare cancer of the glucagon-producing pancreas cells.
  • Graves Disease: is an autoimmune disease characterized by hyperthyroidism due to circulating autoantibodies. Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (TSIs) bind to and activate thyrotropin receptors, causing the thyroid gland to grow and the thyroid follicles to increase synthesis of thyroid hormone.
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by various degrees of albinism, bleeding due to a platelet defect and accumulation of a waxy substance in cells (lysosomal ceroid storage).
  • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 2: A rare disorder characterized by various degrees of albinism, bleeding due to a platelet defect, an accumulation of a waxy substance in cells (lysosomal ceroid storage) and immunodeficiency. HPS type 2 differs from type 1 in that it also involves immunodeficiency due to congenital neutropenia.
  • High fever: Where a patient has an elevated temperature
  • Ileitis: Inflammation of the lower end of the small intestine
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Intestinal Conditions: Conditions that affect the intestines
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: Spasms in the colon wall
  • Kaposi's Sarcoma: Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, and is often associated with AIDS.
  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones are solid deposits of salts (e.g calcium) from the urine. These deposits can impair the passage of urine that has the potential to result in infection and kidney damage or failure in severe cases.
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Lymphocytic colitis: Inflammation of the colon which is only visible through a microscope.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum: Type of chlamydia (sexually transmitted disease)
  • Malabsorption: Failure to digest nutrients properly
  • Megacolon: Extreme bowel distention
  • Mercaptopurine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Mercaptopurine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Microscopic collagenous colitis: Microscopic collagenous colitis refers to inflammation of the colon that is only visible when the colon's lining is examined under a microscope. The appearance of the inner colon lining in microscopic colitis is normal by visual inspection during colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.
  • Microscopic lymphocytic colitis: Microscopic lymphocytic colitis refers to inflammation of the colon that is only visible when the colon's lining is examined under a microscope. The appearance of the inner colon lining in microscopic colitis is normal by visual inspection during colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.
  • Microscopic ulcerative colitis: Microscopic ulcerative colitis refers to inflammation of the colon that is only visible when the colon's lining is examined under a microscope. The appearance of the inner colon lining in microscopic colitis is normal by visual inspection during colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Non-pathogenic inflammatory conditions: Medical disorders that cause inflammation, but are not due to any infectious pathogen.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Pancolitis: Pancolitis is also known as ulcerative colitis which is an idiopathic chronicinflammatory disorder of the colon and rectum and involves the entire thickness of the colon.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Possibly Autoimmune Diseases: Diseases that may be autoimmune or have an autoimmune subtype, but it is unclear or controversial.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of unknown etiology that is recognized increasingly in children.
  • Proctitis: A chronic inflammatory disease of the rectum which causes bloody diarrhea.
  • Pyoderma Gangrenosum: A rare inflammatory skin disorder characterized by small red bumps or blisters which eventually become ulcerated.
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Rectal bleeding: A condition which is characterized by bleeding from the rectum
  • Rectal inflammation: Usually occurs due to infection of the rectum
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Rotavirus: Diarrhea-causing virus in infants.
  • Salmonella food poisoning: Common type of food poisoning.
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Shigellosis: An infectious disease which affects the intestinal tract and is caused by the Shigella bacteria. The condition may be severe, especially in children, but may be asymptomatic in some cases. The disease can be transmitted through fecal-oral contact.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Smoking Cessation:
  • Somatostatinoma: A very rare disorder where tumors in glands that produce somatostatin affect the secretion of the hormone. The tumor mainly occurs in the pancreas but can also occur in the intestinal tract.
  • Stomatitis: Mouth lining inflammation or infection
  • Sulphasalazine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Sulphasalazine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Tacrolimus -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Tacrolimus during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Thalidomide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Thalidomide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Toxic megacolon: It is a life threatening complication.
  • Ulcerative proctosigmoiditis: Ulcerative proctosigmoiditisis an idiopathic chronicinflammatory disorder limited to the sigmoid colon and the rectum.
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Vipoma: A rare disorder caused by an increase in secretion of vasoactive intestinal peptide by the pancreas. The syndrome is often caused by an islet-cell tumor (except for beta cells) in the pancreas.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: A rare disorder where excessive levels of the hormone gastrin are released into the stomach which increases stomach acidity which results in peptic ulcer development. A hormone secreting pancreatic or duodenal tumor is usually the cause.

 

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