Diagnostic Tests for Urinary Incontinence
Urinary Incontinence: Diagnostic Tests
The list of diagnostic tests
mentioned in various sources as
used in the diagnosis of Urinary Incontinence
Home Diagnostic Testing
These home medical tests may be relevant to Urinary Incontinence:
Tests and diagnosis discussion for Urinary Incontinence:
Urinary Incontinence in Women: NIDDK (Excerpt)
The first step toward relief is to see a doctor
who is well acquainted with incontinence to learn the type you have. A
urologist specializes in the urinary tract. Gynecologists and
obstetricians specialize in the woman's reproductive tract and childbirth.
A urogynecologist focuses on urological problems in women. Family
practitioners and internists see patients for all kinds of complaints. Any
of these doctors may be able to help you.
To diagnose the problem, your doctor will first ask about symptoms and
medical history. Your pattern of voiding and urine leakage may suggest the
type of incontinence. Other obvious factors that can help define the
problem include straining and discomfort, use of drugs, recent surgery,
and illness. If your medical history does not define the problem, it will
at least suggest which tests are needed.
Your doctor will physically examine you for signs of medical conditions
causing incontinence, such as tumors that block the urinary tract, stool
impaction, and poor reflexes or sensations, which may be evidence of a
Your doctor will measure your bladder capacity and residual urine for
evidence of poorly functioning bladder muscles. To do this, you will drink
plenty of fluids and urinate into a measuring pan, after which the doctor
will measure any urine remaining in the bladder. Your doctor may also
- Stress test--You relax, then cough vigorously as the doctor watches
for loss of urine.
- Urinalysis--Urine is tested for evidence of infection, urinary
stones, or other contributing causes.
- Blood tests--Blood is taken, sent to a laboratory, and examined for
substances related to causes of incontinence.
- Ultrasound--Sound waves are used to "see" the kidneys, ureters,
bladder, and urethra.
- Cystoscopy--A thin tube with a tiny camera is inserted in the
urethra and used to see the urethra and bladder.
- Urodynamics--Various techniques measure pressure in the bladder and
the flow of urine.
Your doctor may ask you to keep a diary to
record when you void for a day or more, up to a week. This diary should
note the times you urinate and the amounts of urine you produce. To
measure your urine, you can use a special pan that fits over the toilet
(Source: excerpt from Urinary Incontinence in Women: NIDDK
Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy: NIDDK (Excerpt)
When you have a urinary problem, your doctor may use a cystoscope to
see the inside of your bladder and urethra. The urethra is the tube that
carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The cystoscope
has lenses like a telescope or microscope. These lenses let the doctor
focus on the inner surfaces of the urinary tract. Some cystoscopes use
optical fibers (flexible glass fibers) that carry an image from the tip of
the instrument to a viewing piece at the other end. The cystoscope is as
thin as a pencil and has a light at the tip. Many cystoscopes have extra
tubes to guide other instruments for procedures to treat urinary problems (Source: excerpt from Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy: NIDDK)
Talking to Your Health Care Team About Bladder Control: NIDDK (Excerpt)
Even if you feel shy, it is up to you to take the first
step. Some doctors do not treat bladder control problems, so they don't ask
about it. Others might expect you to bring up the subject.
Because bladder control problems are common, your doctor has probably heard
many stories like yours. If your doctor does not treat bladder problems, ask for
help finding someone who can help you.
(Source: excerpt from Talking to Your Health Care Team About Bladder Control: NIDDK)
Urinary Incontinence -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA (Excerpt)
The first and most important step in treating incontinence is to
see a doctor for a complete medical exam. The doctor will ask for a
detailed history of your health and give you a physical exam. The
doctor may want to check urine samples. You may be referred to a
urologist, a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary
tract, or to a gynecologist, a specialist in the female reproductive
system. (Source: excerpt from Urinary Incontinence -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA)
Diagnosis of Urinary Incontinence: medical news summaries:
The following medical news items
are relevant to diagnosis of Urinary Incontinence: