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Diseases » Weight conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Weight conditions

  • Abdominal obesity metabolic syndrome: A syndrome characterized by a group of conditions that are considered major risk factors for diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease.
  • Alstrom disease: A rage genetic disorder involving a group of abnormalities affecting vision, hearing, kidney function and also characterized by obesity and diabetes mellitus.
  • Alstrom syndrome: A rare genetic disorder involving a group of abnormalities affecting vision, hearing, kidney function and also characterized by obesity and diabetes mellitus.
  • Aniridia -- ptosis -- mental retardation -- obesity, familial: A rare familial disorder characterized by eye abnormalities, mental retardation and obesity.
  • Aniridia ptosis mental retardation obesity familial type: A rare familial disorder characterized by eye abnormalities, mental retardation and obesity.
  • Anophthalmia -- short stature -- obesity: A very rare syndrome characterized by absent eyes, short stature and obesity.
  • Anorexia: Any type of appetite loss; often refers to anorexia nervosa
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Anorexia nervosa, genetic types: There is mounting evidence that anorexia nervosa may be caused by genetic factors which when combined with psychosocial factors can increase a persons risk of developing the condition.
  • Ayazi syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by choroideremia (a degenerative disease of the retina), deafness and obesity.
  • Biemond Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by nystagmus, cerebellar ataxia and short digits.
  • Biemond syndrome type 1: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, finger and toe abnormalities, obesity and eye problems.
  • Biemond syndrome type 2: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and underdeveloped genitals.
  • Biemond syndrome type 3: A rare inherited condition characterized by the inability to feel pain as well as other anomalies.
  • Binge eating disorder: Excessive overeating but without purging
  • Blue and bloated syndrome: Heart and breathing problems that occur in obese patients that can cause reduced blood oxygenation especially while sleeping.
  • Borjeson Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by severe mental deficiency, large ears, hypogonadism and other abnormalities.
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Camera-Marugo-Cohen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, muscle weakness, obesity and an asymmetrical body.
  • Chudley syndrome 1: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, obesity, hypogonadism and a distinctive mouth.
  • Cohen Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by reduced muscle tone, obesity and prominent front teeth.
  • Disordered Eating: Unusual and troubled eating habits
  • Eating Disorder not Otherwise Specified (ENDOS): Eating disorder that does not match a specific category.
  • Eating disorder not otherwise specified: Any eating disorder which has otherwise not been classified.
  • Eating disorders: Various mental disorders impairing normal eating or appetite.
  • Ectomorphic Habitus -- Severe Mental Retardation -- Characteristic Face: A rare condition characterized by severe mental retardation, underweight build and a characteristic facial appearance.
  • Excessive dieting: Excessive limitation of food intake can lead to problems and effects such as dizziness, depression, intestinal problems, edema and impaired growth.
  • Generalized obesity: Obesity is defined as a condition of excess bodyweight and fat. The size and number of fat cells increase in obese people. A person is said to be obese when the body weight is 20% or more above ideal body weight, which can be calculated by comparing his height and sex. Generalised obesity is defined when the body proportion is distributed all over the body uniformly.
  • Grahmann's syndrome: Abnormal development of the part of the brain called the diencephalon which in turn affects the pituitary gland. The main manifestations are impaired sexual development, obesity and periodic psychotic episodes.
  • Hockey syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of mental retardation and premature puberty. The disorder is inherited in X-linked manner so males suffer the all the symptoms of the disorder. Female carriers only suffer obesity.
  • Hydrocephalus obesity hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by obesity, buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus) and impaired sex hormone production.
  • Hyperphagia: A term used to describe excessive eating. It is often caused by damage to the part of the brain called the hypothalmos.
  • Hypertrichosis brachydactyly obesity and mental retardation: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by excessive hair growth, short digits, obesity and mental retardation
  • Klinefelter syndrome variant:
  • Klinefelter syndrome, variants: A genetic condition where males have at least one extra X chromosome or extra copies of both the X and Y chromosomes in each cell. Normally male cells contain one X and one Y chromosome in each cell. The condition is not inherited but is a result of problems during cell division.
  • Laurence-Moon Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by vision loss, impaired hormone production, mental retardation and spastic paraplegia.
  • Low birth weight -- dwarfism -- dysgammaglobulinemia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by low birth weight, short stature and a immune system abnormality.
  • MC4R deficiency: Obesity caused by a genetic defect resulting in a deficiency of a compound called melanocortin-4 receptor.
  • MORM syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, truncal obesity, small penis and an eye disorder.
  • Mauriac syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by diabetes, short stature and obesity.
  • Mental retardation -- gynecomastia -- obesity, X-linked: A very rare X-linked syndrome characterized mainly by the associated of mental retardation, enlarged male breasts and obesity.
  • Mental retardation -- nasal hypoplasia -- obesity -- genital hypoplasia: A rare disorder characterized mainly by the association of mental retardation with obesity and underdeveloped genitals and nose.
  • Mental retardation X-linked syndromic 7: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, obesity, hypogonadism and tapered fingers.
  • Mental retardation, X linked -- precocious puberty -- obesity: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, premature puberty and obesity. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- gynecomastia -- obesity: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, enlarged male breasts, speech problems and other anomalies. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- hypogonadism -- ichthyosis -- obesity -- short stature: A rare X-linked disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, short stature, hypogonadism and a skin disorder. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Metabolic Syndrome: A common body syndrome with the "deadly quartet" of major conditions: obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and high lipids.
  • Monogenic obesity: Obesity caused by a mutation in a single gene. So far, four different genetic mutations have been linked to this condition.
  • Nasal hypoplasia, sparse hair, truncal obesity, genital hypoplasia and severe mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized sparse hair, underdeveloped nose and genitals, severe mental retardation and truncal obesity.
  • Nguyen syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by low blood cholesterol, mental retardation and various congenital anomalies.
  • Night eating syndrome: A disorder where a person persistently eats during the night. Sometimes patients are unware that they have eaten during the night and their may be more than one late-night eating binge each night. The behavior must usually continue for at least two months before it can be diagnosed as night eating syndrome. Triggering factors for this order include anxiety, depression, stress, boredom and body image problems.
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Obesity -- colitis -- hypothyroidism -- cardiac hypertrophy -- developmental delay: A rare syndrome characterized by obesity, colitis, hypothyroidism, enlarged heart and developmental delay. The two reported cases involved maternal HELLP syndrome during pregnancy. Both infants died within months of birth.
  • Obesity associated asthma: Obesity associated asthma refers to inflammation and constriction of the airways that is associated with obesity. The severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Obesity due to pro-opiomelanocortin Deficiency: A form of monogenic obesity caused by a genetic mutation which results in a deficiency of pro-opiomelanocortin. Monogenic obesity is obesity caused by a mutation in a single gene.
  • Obesity due to prohormone convertase-I deficiency: A form of monogenic obesity caused by a genetic mutation which results in a deficiency of prohormone convertase-I. Monogenic obesity is obesity caused by a mutation in a single gene.
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome: Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is defined as the combination of obesity (body mass index above 30kg/m2), hypoxia (falling oxygen levels in blood) during sleep, and hypercapnia (increased blood carbon dioxide levels) during the day, resulting from hypoventilation (excessively slow or shallow breathing)
  • Obesity, hypothyroidism, craniosynostosis, cardial hypertrophy, colitis and intellectual deficiency: A rare syndrome characterized by a variety of features including obesity, hypothyroidism, premature fusion of skull bones, enlarged heart, colitis and mental retardation. The two reported cases both involved the development of HELLP syndrome during the mother's pregnancy.
  • Overweight: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Pickwickian syndrome: A syndrome characterized by obesity, somnolence, hypoventilation and erythrocytosis
  • Rumination disorder: A chronic eating condition where the stomach contents are regurgitated, rechewed and swallowed again. It tends to occur predominantly in infants, young children and people with mental impairment but it can occur in otherwise healthy individuals. Sufferers often try to hide their condition for fear of being diagnosed as having bulimia. The condition is often misdiagnosed as gastroparesis or bulimia. The regurgitation can occur as soon as the food is swallowed or even up to an hour after finishing eating.
  • Sengers-Hamel-Otten syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by obesity, buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus) and impaired sex hormone production.
  • Sohval-Soffer syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Summitt syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder abnormalities of the head, hands and feet as well as obesity.
  • Thinness: Underweight and thin
  • Truncal obesity: Abdominal obesity, colloquially known as belly fat or clinically as central obesity, is the accumulation of visceral fat resulting in an increase in waist size. There is a strong correlation between central obesity and cardiovascular disease. The absolute waist circumference (>102 centimetres (40 in) in men and >88 centimetres (35 in) in women) and the waist-hip ratio (>0.9 for men and >0.85 for women) are both used as measures of central obesity.
  • Underweight: Body weight below normal (BMI<20)>
  • Urban Roger Meyer syndrome: A syndrome which is characterised by genital anomalies, mental retardation, and obesity
  • Vasquez Hurst Sotos syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped genitals, obesity, mental retardation and skeletal abnormalities.
  • WDHA syndrome: A syndrome characterized by watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria.
  • Weight cycling: The cyclic changing of a persons weight
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.
  • Wilson-Turner X-linked mental retardation: A condition that is characterised by mental retardation with gynecomastia and obesity

 

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