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Diseases » Women-only conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Women-only conditions

  • 46,XY Gonadal Dysgenesis, Complete, SRY-Related: A rare disorder where a female has all the normal external femal characteristics but has non-functioning gonads. This means that no sex hormones needed for puberty are produced. This particular type is the result of a defect in the SRY gene located on chromosome Yp11.3.
  • 47,XXX syndrome: A genetic condition where females have an extra X chromosome in each of their cells. Normally female cells have two X chromosomes. This is not usually an inherited condition but a defect that occurs during cell division. Often the condition is asymptomatic.
  • 49,XXXXX syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder that affects only females and involves body cells having five copies of the X chromosome instead of the normal two.
  • Abruptio Placentae: Placental bleeding usually late in a pregnancy.
  • Achard-Thiers Syndrome: A hormonal disorder that occurs in diabetic postmenopausal women. It is characterized by diabetes mellitus and hirsuitism.
  • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy: A rare complication of pregnancy that can occur in the second half of the pregnancy. It is characterized by excessive fatty deposits in the liver which can be fatal without prompt diagnosis and treatment which involves delivering the baby as soon as possible.
  • Adenomyosis: A rare disorder where the endometrium (lining of the uterus) grows inside the muscle walls of the uterus. The condition is generally harmless but can be very painful.
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus: A tumor that develops from the glands that line the uterus.
  • Ahumada-Del Castillo Syndrome: A rare endocrine disorder characterized by dysfunction of the pituitary and hypothalamus glands in women.
  • Allen-Masters syndrome: Damage to muscle layers in the pelvis which allows the abnormally increased movement of the cervix. It often occurs after a traumatic surgical birth, induced abortion or excessive vaginal packing.
  • Allergic seminal vulvovaginitis: Vaginal inflammation following contact with semen after ejaculation.
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods due to many possible causes.
  • Amniotic fluid syndrome: A rare disorder where large amounts of amniotic fluid suddenly enters the blood stream. The amniotic fluid contains debris which can block blood vessels and dilutes the blood which affects coagulation. This can occur when there is an opening in a blood vessel wall and can occur if the birth involves difficult labor, older women, dead fetus syndrome or large babies. The condition can result in rapid death of the mother.
  • Anemia of pregnancy: Anemia of pregnancy is anemia that occurs during pregnancy. Women's bodies have a greater demand for iron during pregnancy and if intake is not sufficient, anemia can result. Anemia in pregnant women can lead to infant problems such as premature birth, fetal death, retarded growth and other problems.
  • Angiectasis pregnancy: A rare condition that occurs during the final trimester of pregnancy and involves the development of small painful areas of raised blood vessel clusters that occur on the back of the legs.
  • Anovulation: Failure to ovulate
  • Antepartum Eclampsia: Antepartum eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Antepartum means that it occurs before delivery. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Asherman Syndrome: Amenorrhoea due to intrauterine adhesions often secondary to curette.
  • Asthma in pregnancy: Asthma in pregnancy refers to inflammation and constriction of the airways that is occurs during pregnancy. Women who are pregnancy may decide to stop taking their asthma medication in order to reduce the perceived risk of side effects to the developing fetus. The reality is that the potential harmful effects on the fetus are very small compared to the problems caused to mother and fetus if a severe asthma attack develops. Furthermore, uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy may also cause problems such as small birth weight or premature birth. Pregnant women should consult their physician in order to determine the optimal management of their condition. During pregnancy, asthma symptoms may become worse, improve or stay the same.
  • Atrophic vaginitis: Type of vaginitis usually related to aging and menopause
  • Autoimmune Endometriosis: An endometriosis that is caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Autoimmune oophoritis: An autoimmune condition where the body's own immune system attacks the ovaries and causes them to become inflamed. It can lead to ovarian function stopping prematurely.
  • Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis: A skin rash that appears to be a result of the body's immune reaction to progesterone. As progesterone production is linked to menstrual cycles, the rash occurs usually in the week before menstruation until a few days after menstruation starts.
  • Bacterial vaginosis: Bacterial vaginal infection
  • Ballantyne's triad: The association of fetal hydrops, maternal edema and an enlarged placenta.
  • Ballantyne-Runge syndrome: A pregnancy that goes over the normal gestation term of 42 weeks. The greatest problem with prolonged gestation is the fact that the placenta may shrink and be unable to supply the fetus with sufficient oxygen and nutrients. In extreme cases, the fetus may lose weight or suffer problems from chronic oxygen shortage.
  • Bar's syndrome: A rare type of bacterial infection that tends to occur in pregnant women. It manifests as pain in the gallbladder, ureter or appendix area as well as fever and bacteria in the urine.
  • Bartholin's abscess: Abscess in a small vaginal gland
  • Bartholin's cyst: Cyst in a small vaginal gland
  • Birth Injury: An injury to the mother caused by childbirth
  • Birth asphyxia: Hypoxia during passage of birth.
  • Bladder Incontinence (Pregnancy): Bladder incontinence that occurs during pregnancy
  • Breast, unilateral giant: The enlargement of one breast not associated with any disease processes. The anomaly is believed to be inherited.
  • Breech pregnancy: Pregnancy with fetus reversed with head up.
  • Breisky disease: A progressive wasting disease of the vulva that occurs in postmenopausal women and is probably caused by hormonal imbalance.
  • Brenner tumor: A benign ovarian tumor
  • Brenner tumor of the vagina: A Brenner tumour usually occurs in the ovaries but can sometimes occur in the vagina. The tumor is generally benign.
  • CIN: A premalignant condition of the cervix that can progress into cervical cancer.
  • Caesarian Section: Surgery to deliver a fetus from the uterus.
  • Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area
  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: Dysplasia of the cervical epithelium often premalignant.
  • Cervical polyps: Benign polyps on the cervix of the uterus
  • Cervix conditions: Conditions of the cervix (entrance) of the female uterus.
  • Chiari-Frommel syndrome: A rare condition where galactorrhea and amenorrhea continues for an abnormal length of time (generally longer than 6 months) after giving birth.
  • Childbirth: Delivery of a fetus by a pregnant woman.
  • Chloasma: Red facial marks in women related to hormones
  • Cholestasis disease of pregnancy: A liver condition that can occur usually in the last stage of pregnancy. The flow of bile in the gallbladder or liver is impaired by the high levels of pregnancy hormones. The bile acids build up in the organs and then enter the bloodstream. The main symptom is usually itching. Symptoms usually resolve after delivering the baby. Risk factors includes existing liver condition, multiple pregnancy and a family history of the condition.
  • Cholestasis, intrahepatic of pregnancy: A rare liver disorder (impaired flow of bile) that occurs during third trimester of pregnancy with symptoms usually disappearing after delivery.
  • Choriocarcinoma: Rare cancer of the placenta
  • Choriocarcinoma, infantile: A rare malignant cancer that originates in the placenta. It is an aggressive cancer which generally results in infant death.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- simple virilizing form in females: A group of disorder that occur when a deficiency of 21-hydroxylase impairs the normal process of making adrenal corticosteroids. The simple virilizing form involves a moderate deficiency of 21-hydroxylase and differs in its effects on males and females.
  • Cyclical edema syndrome: Periodic swelling or bloating that occurs in women while they are standing but disappears when they lie down. Excessive aldosterone hormone may cause the problem which tends do become worse in the period leading up to menstruation.
  • Cystosarcoma phyllodes: A rare type of breast cancer that may be benign or malignant. The tumor is usually benign and tends to grow quickly and to a large size. Metastasis often involves the lungs with the skeleton, heart and liver also being common sites.
  • D-minus hemolytic uremic syndrome (D-HUS) -- pregnancy related: A rare condition characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and kidney failure. This type is not associated with diarrhea and is triggered by pregnancy.
  • Decreased menses: oligomenorrhea is the term used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods
  • Double uterus-hemivagina-renal agenesis: A very rare malformation of the uterus and vagina.
  • Ductal ectasia: Dilation and inflammation of the mammary duct.
  • Dysesthetic Vulvodynia: Generalized pain in the vulvar region which can occur intermittently or constantly and has no obvious cause. The pain may be triggered by activities that put pressure on the area such as bike riding, tight clothes or even intercourse.
  • Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding: Uterus bleeding unrelated to periods
  • Dysgerminoma: A rare form of cancer of the germ cells in the ovary. It is generally asymptomatic in the early stages. Prognosis with treatment is generally quite good.
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain, cramping, or discomfort due to menstruation
  • Dyspareunia: Vaginal pain after sexual intercourse
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: A condition where a fertilized egg embeds itself outside the uterus.
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Endometrial conditions: Conditions that affect the female endometrium that is located in the uterus
  • Endometrial hyperplasia: Thickening of the endometrium (lining of the uterus)
  • Endometrial stromal sarcoma: A rare type of cancer that develops from the endometrial layer of the uterus. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Endometritis: Inflammation of the endometrium (uterine lining)
  • Enterocele: Prolapse of the small bowel into the wall of the vagina, usually caused by past damage to the pelvic floor muscles.
  • FSH-resistant ovaries (FSH-RO): A recessively inherited disorder where the ovaries are unable to respond to the follicle stimulating hormone which results in symptoms such as lack of menstruation and infertility.
  • Fallopian tube cancer: A cancer that originates in the fallopian tubes which form part of the female reproductive organs. This type of cancer is relatively uncommon.
  • Fallopian tube conditions: Conditions that affect the fallopian tubes of a woman
  • False labor: Labor-like symptoms not actually due to labor
  • False labour: The presence of pain that is similar to contraction pain in childbirth without uterine contraction
  • Female arousal and orgasmic disorders:
  • Female conditions: Conditions that affect the female only
  • Female genital disorders: Any condition affecting the female genital organs.
  • Female infertility: Infertility that affects the female
  • Female sexual conditions: Sexual conditions that affect the female
  • Female-only conditions: Conditions that only affect the female
  • Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome: A rare condition where the thin layer around the liver becomes infected as a result of a spread of infection from gonococcal or chlamydial infections in females.
  • Florid cystic endosalpingiosis of the uterus: Benign tumor-like uterine cysts.
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency, isolated: A genetic disorder characterized by the deficiency of follicle-stimulating hormone which primarily affects fertility.
  • Galactocele: A milk filled cyst caused by a blocked mammary duct.
  • Generalized pustular psoriasis of pregnancy: A form of psoriasis that occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy and is characterized by pustules rather the skin bumps. The skin under and around the pustules is red and variable areas of skin may be involved. The pustules tends to occur in localized areas and then spreads to other parts of the body. It usually tends to recur during following pregnancies or with subsequent use of oral contraceptives.
  • Gestational diabetes: Diabetes that occurs in pregnant women, usually resolving after birth.
  • Gestational hypertension: Hypertension that occurs to a mother during pregnancy
  • Gestational pemphigoid: A rare autoimmune skin blistering disorder that occurs during pregnancy onset during second trimester with severe form recurring after delivery during menstruation.
  • Gestational trophoblastic tumor: A rare tumor that develops in the uterus from cells formed after an abnormal conception (abnormal union of sperm and egg cell). Gestational trophoblastic tumors can also develop from a normal placenta. There are two type of gestational trophoblastic tumors: choriocarcinoma and hydatidiform mole.
  • Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix: A rare type of cervical cancer.
  • Gonadal dysgenesis, XX type: A rare genetic condition involving non-functional ovaries causing a failure of puberty due to the lack of production of sex hormones by the ovaries.
  • Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary: A rare type of ovarian tumor which can cause excess estrogen hormone production. The tumor is a low grade malignant tumor.
  • Gynaecological conditions: Any condition the affects the female reproductive organs
  • Gynandroblastoma: A type of ovarian tumor that causes feminizing and masculinizing effects of estrogen and androgen.
  • HAIR-AN Syndrome: A very rare syndrome that affects females only and is characterized mainly by insulin resistance, dark velvety patches of skin and increased male hormone production in females.
  • HELLP syndrome: A rare potentially fatal condition that occurs in pregnant women and is frequently associated with pre-eclampsia.
  • Habitual abortion: The occurrence of two or more spontaneous abortions in a row. The condition may result from severe fetal abnormality, endocrine disorders, severe kidney problems, structural defects of the cervix or uterus or immune problems.
  • Hand-foot-uterus syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by hand, foot and uterus abnormalities.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma, during pregnancy: A cancer of the lymph system that occurs during pregnancy. The dilemma is that treatment can't be initiated until the baby is delivered or terminated. If the pregnancy is in the early stages, termination is recommended. If the pregnancy is in the later stages when the lymphoma occurs, the baby is usually delivered as early as safely possible in order to commence cancer treatment as soon as possible. The more prompt the treatment, the better the prognosis.
  • Hydatidiform mole: A rare condition where an abnormal union between an egg and a sperm results in the formation of grape-like cysts instead of a baby. The growth is not malignant.
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Rare condition of excessive vomiting during pregnancy
  • Hypergonadotropic ovarian failure: Premature onset of menopause - occurs before the fourth decade -average age of onset of menopause is about 50 years of age. The condition can occur sporadically or may be inherited in a familial manner.
  • Hypergonadotropic ovarian failure, familial or sporadic: A rare disorder where the ovaries fail to function prematurely. Ovarian failure can occur in the 20's or 30's. Normal ovarian failure occurs during menopause. Premature ovarian failure can be caused by a genetic mutation and can occur sporadically or in a familial pattern.
  • Hypertension of pregnancy: Pregnancy hypertension is the development of high blood pressure during pregnancy. Hypertension is a serious health condition due to the fact that it often causes no symptoms until it is severe. The increased blood pressure can cause complications in pregnancy women e.g. eclampsia and HELLP syndrome. The blood pressure usually returns to normal after delivery.
  • Hypothalamic amenorrhea: A condition which is characterized by amenorrhea caused by a an abnormality of the hypothalamus
  • Hysterectomy: The surgical removal of the female uterus
  • IBS associated with endometriosis: IBS is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits in the presence of endometriosiis which is characterised by the ectopic presence of endometrial tissue in various parts of the body.
  • Intrapartum Eclampsia: Intrapartum eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Intrapartum means that it occurs during the delivery of the baby. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Intrauterine infections: Infection of the fetus while still inside the womb. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the type of infection and at what stage of pregnancy it occurs. Some cases are mild enough to be asymptomatic and others are severe enough to cause a miscarriage.
  • Klippel Feil deformity conductive deafness absent vagina: A rare developmental disorder occurring only in females and characterized by skeletal and genitourinary abnormalities and small stature.
  • Klotz syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by absent menstruation, infantile genitals and other sexual organ abnormalities in females who are genetically male.
  • Krukenberg carcinoma: A form of ovarian cancer.
  • Labor Pain: Pain that occurs during active childbirth.
  • Labor, Premature: Labor that occurs before the pregnancy has reached full term i.e. before the 37th week of pregnancy. The degree of prematurity will determine the outcome of the infant.
  • Listeriosis of pregnancy: Listeria monocytogenes infection in pregnant women.
  • MRKH syndrome: A syndrome characterized mainly by the failure of the uterus and most of the upper vagina to develop during the fetal stage. Females tend to develop secondary sexual characteristics with functioning ovaries but don't menstruate.
  • Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor: A rare malignant cancer that develops in the uterus, ovary or fallopian tubes. The tumor contains epithelial and stromal cells. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Masculinisation: Increased male physical appearance in females
  • Mastitis: Infected breast common in nursing mothers
  • Maternal death: The death of a mother
  • Maternal hyperphenylalaninemia: A rare disorder where a mother suffering from phenylketonuria during pregnancy can result in various birth abnormalities.
  • Menarche: The beginning of a females menstrual function
  • Menopause: The end of female menstruation and fertility.
  • Menorrhagia: Excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Menstrual conditions: Any condition that is associated with the female menstrual cycle
  • Menstrual cramps: A condition caused by menstruation in females which results in a cramp like pain
  • Menstruation: The passage of blood and uterine tissue through the vagina cyclically
  • Metrorrhagia: Uterine bleeding that does not occur during the normal menstrual cycle. It can be caused by such things as hormonal abnormalities and tumors.
  • Michels-Caskey syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, spine deformities and lack of development of the female reproductive organs such as the uterus and vagina (mullerian duct aplasia). The external genitalia may appear to be normal.
  • Miscarriage: Loss of fetus without human interference
  • Mittelschmerz: Mid-cycle abdominal pain due to ovulation
  • Morning sickness: Pregnancy-related nausea or vomiting, usually in mornings.
  • Mullerian aplasia: A birth defect involving the absence of the uterus, cervix and top part of the vagina but normal external genitals and ovarian function. Secondary sexual characteristics generally develop normally but menstruation is absent.
  • Myoma (fibroid): A benign tumour of the muscle in the wall of the uterus.
  • Neonatal ovarian cyst: A rare cyst that develops in the lower abdomen of a female fetus.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix: A rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, during pregnancy: A cancer that originates in the lymphatic system and occurs during pregnancy. The greatest problem is the fact that the cancer is usually quite aggressive and delays in delivery often results in delayed treatment and a poor prognosis.
  • OHSS: Excessive stimulation of the ovaries that usually occurs as a complication of in vitro fertilization but may also occur spontaneously. The degree of excessive ovarian stimulation may vary from mild to severe.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Postpartum: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a behavioural disorder involving obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts. Postpartum OCD represents one form of manifestation of OCD and involves the development compulsive and/or obsessive thoughts or behaviors. For example, a new mother may fear contamination of the baby and spend excessive amounts of time cleaning items associated with the infant. Stress is a significant trigger for OCD and the postpartum period is often overwhelming, especially if the mother has insufficient support or coping strategies in place. Hormones are also believed to play a part in the development of postpartum OCD. Patients who already suffer OCD may suffer an exacerbation of symptoms in the postpartum period.
  • Obstetrical conditions: Any condition that occurs during the process of being pregnant or delivering a baby
  • Oligodontia and polycystic ovarian syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of missing teeth and polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • Oligohydramnios: A deficiency in the amount of amniotic fluid in the gestational sac during pregnancy
  • Oligomenorrhea: A medical term that refers to light or infrequent menstrual periods. The condition can be caused by a number of disorders including Graves disease, thyrotoxicosis or a pituitary tumor.
  • Oophoritis: Ovary inflammation
  • Osteosclerosis -- ichthyosis -- premature ovarian failure: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by increased bone density, scaly skin and premature menopause.
  • Osteosclerosis with ichthyosis and premature ovarian failure: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by increased bone density, scaly skin and premature menopause.
  • Osteosclerosis with ichtyhosis and premature ovarian failure:
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian carcinosarcoma: A type of ovarian cancer.
  • Ovarian cysts: Cysts occurring in the ovaries.
  • Ovarian epithelial cancer: Development of cancer in the tissue of the outer covering of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian germ cell malignant tumor: Development of cancer in the tissue of the eggs (germ cells) in the ovaries.
  • Ovarian germ cell tumor: Development of cancer in the tissue of the eggs (germ cells) in the ovaries.
  • Ovarian insufficiency due to FSH resistance: A rare disorder where the ovaries fail to function normally as they are unable to respond to follicle stimulating hormones.
  • Ovarian insufficiency, familial: A rare inherited disorder where the ovaries fail to function normally despite normal levels of hormones that stimulate ovarian activity. Ovarian failure is a normal phase of aging and is associated with menopause but it is termed ovarian insufficiency when it occurs in a female under the age of 40.
  • Ovarian low malignant potential tumor: An ovarian tumor that may or may not become malignant.
  • Ovarian remnant syndrome: A rare condition where ovarian tissue is left in the pelvic cavity following the removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes causes pelvic pain. The tissue that is left behind can form cysts which can enlarge and pull on nearby adhesions causing pain. Pain can also occur when remaining ovarian tissue produces hormones that stimulate endometriosis.
  • Ovarioleukodystrophy: A rare syndrome characterized by ovarian failure and degeneration of the brain white matter which causes mental and motor problems.
  • Ovary conditions: Any condition that affects a female ovary
  • PID-like dyspareunia: Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • PUPPPS: Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease like abdominal pain: it is a lower central abdominal pain.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease like symptoms: The main symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include diarrhoea, fever and abdominal pain.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease-like abdominal symptoms: The main abdominal symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include diarrhea, fever and abdominal pain.
  • Perimenopause: The start of onset of menopause
  • Persistent sexual arousal syndrome: A sexual disorder where genital arousal in females continues even though there is no real interest in sex. Patients can find the condition very traumatic as even orgasm does nothing to alleviate the symptoms.
  • Placenta conditions: Any condition that affects the placenta
  • Placenta previa: Misplaced placenta covering the cervix
  • Placental-site gestational trophoblastic tumor: A rare condition where cancer develops in the uterine muscle and in the site that the placenta was attached. The tumor forms after ectopic pregnancies, abortions or even following a normal delivery.
  • Polycystic ovarian disease, familial: A rare familial condition characterized by menstrual abnormalities, excessive growth of hair, obesity and infertility.
  • Polycystic ovaries urethral sphincter dysfunction: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of polycystic ovaries with the abnormal functioning of the urinary valve.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Polyhydramnios: Excess amniotic fluid around a fetus in the womb. The condition may occur as a result of gastrointestinal, neurological, lung or other disorders. Mild cases are asymptomatic but more severe cases can result in problems for the mother and the baby.
  • Postmenopausal osteoporosis: Type 1 osteoporosis is caused by a lack of estrogen, the main female hormone.
  • Postpartum Eclampsia: Postpartum eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Postpartum means that it soon after the delivery. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure.
  • Postpartum haemorrhage: The loss of blood by the mother after delivery of her child
  • Postpartum hemorrhage: Excessive bleeding after childbirth delivery
  • Postpartum hyperthyroidism: Postpartum thyroiditis is a postpartum condition that results in temporary hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or hypothyroidism.
  • Postpartum hypothyroidism: Postpartum hypothyroidism is a relatively common disorder that has previously been unrecognized and untreated. Although symptoms are temporary and usually mild, most women are relieved to learn that their symptoms are not all in their heads, that they are not "losing their minds," that they don't have a life-threatening disease, and that there are inexpensive, effective treatments to relieve their discomfort.
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Pregnancy toxemia /hypertension: Preeclampsia is the development of high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine and swelling during pregnancy. Hypertension is a serious health condition due to the fact that it often causes no symptoms until it is severe. The blood pressure usually returns to normal after delivery.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions: Any condition that is related to or caused by pregnancy
  • Premature Birth: Early delivery of a fetus (before 37th week).
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 1: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 1 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome Xq26-q28.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 2: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 2 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome Xq13.3-q21.1.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 2A: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 2A is linked to a defect in the DIAPH2 gene on chromosome Xq22.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 2B: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 2B is linked to a defect in the POF2B gene on chromosome Xq21.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 3: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 3 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome 3q23.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 4: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 4 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome Xp11.2.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 5: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 5 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome 7q35.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 6: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 6 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome 2p12.
  • Premature ovarian failure, familial: A familial condition where menopause tends to occur before the fourth decade -average age of onset of menopause is about 50 years of age.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a diagnosis used to indicate serious premenstrual distress with associated deterioration in functioning.
  • Premenstrual syndrome: Condition with cyclic symptoms related to menstruation.
  • Primary Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstruation which is not associated with pelvic pathology
  • Primary Fallopian Tube Cancer: A cancer that originates in the fallopian tubes which form part of the female reproductive organs. This type of cancer is relatively uncommon.
  • Primary amenorrhea: Never starting menstruation at puberty
  • Pruritic urticarial papules plaques of pregnancy: A very rare skin disorder that affects women in the later stages of pregnancy. Itchy, bumpy hives and plaques develop usually on the abdominal area.
  • Puerperal disorders: Conditions that affect a woman after the delivery of a child
  • Puerperal fever: Delayed uterine infection after childbirth
  • Puerperal psychosis: An acute mental illness which occurs to a mother following childbirth
  • Renon-Delille syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by reduced function of the thyroid and ovaries and enlarged hands and feet.
  • Retroverted uterus: The tipping back in the position of the uterus in the female pelvis
  • Rh Disease: A disease that can occur when the mother's blood is not compatible with the fetal blood i.e. when an Rh-negative mother had a Rh-positive child. If the baby's blood is exposed to the mother's blood (through placenta, abortion, miscarriage, amniocentesis) the mother's body becomes sensitized and develops antibodies the Rh-positive blood. In future pregnancies, the mother's antibodies can attack the red blood cells of the unborn baby resulting in hemolytic disease. The severity of the disease is variable and can range from mild fetal anemia to severe anemia and even fetal death.
  • Rhesus isoimmunisation: The antibody mediated destruction of red blood cells by those sensitive
  • Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  • Secondary Dysmenorrhea: Menstrual-like cramping (dysmenorrhea) from an underlying condition.
  • Secondary Fallopian Tube Cancer: A cancer that originates in some other part of the body and metastasizes to the fallopian tubes which form part of the female reproductive organs. This type of cancer is relatively uncommon.
  • Semen allergy: An allergic reaction to the semen of a sexual partner. The reaction may be localized or systemic.
  • Separated Rectus Abdominal Muscles: When there is separation of the rectus abdominal muscles
  • Septic abortion: An abortion associated with a uterine infection. The infection can occur during or just before or after an abortion. The infection can result from factors such as Chlamydia, IUD's or attempted abortion using infected tools.
  • Sheehan Syndrome: A rare condition that occurs in women who suffer a severe uterine hemorrhage during childbirth. The resulting blood loss may damage the pituitary gland and result in hypopituitarism.
  • Stampe-Sorensen syndrome: A rare uterine abnormality which affects fertility in women.
  • Supine hypotensive syndrome: Reduced blood pressure that can occur in women who lie down on their back which causes the uterus to compress the vena cava.
  • Torulopsis: A type of yeast infection caused by Torulopsis glabrata. The fungus is often found in normal healthy skin, respiratory system, genitourinary system and gastrointestinal system and it generally only becomes a problem in weakened or immunocompromised people. They type of symptoms are determined by where and how severe the infection is.
  • Transplacental infections: An infection that passes from the mother to the fetus via the placenta. A large variety of infections can occur like this and the type and severity of symptoms can vary greatly depending on the type of infection and the stage of fetal development at which infection occurs. Examples of transplacental infections include cytomegalovirus, herpes virus, hepatitis, syphilis, toxoplasmosis and rubella.
  • Trophoblastic Cancer: A neoplastic disorder that originates in the placenta
  • Tubal ligation syndrome: A complication that can occur after sterilization using tubal ligation in females.
  • Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
  • Unusual facies, renal and Mullerian hypoplasia and severe somatic and mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by underdeveloped kidneys and Mullerian structures, unusual facial appearance and severe somatic and mental retardation.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from the uterus. Often occurs as a complication of childbirth or fibroids. The severity of the condition depends on the amount and rate of blood loss.
  • Uterine compression syndrome: Compression of blood vessels in the pelvis by the enlarged uterus in women who are in the late stages of pregnancy. Symptoms tend to worse during standing.
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine leiomyoma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour of the uterus derived from smooth muscle
  • Uterine prolapse: Prolapse of the uterus into the wrong position
  • Uterine sarcoma: A rare type of cancer that occurs in the uterus or associated tissues. A sarcoma is a cancer that involves soft tissue and connective tissue such as bone, cartilage, fat, muscle and blood vessels.
  • Uterus conditions: Any condition that affects the female uterus
  • Vagina cancer: Cancer of the vagina.
  • Vagina conditions: Any condition that affects the female vagina
  • Vagina, absence of: A condition characterised by the absence of a vagina at birth
  • Vaginal Dryness: Vaginal dryness interfering with sex.
  • Vaginal atresia: A birth defect where the vagina is blocked off to varying degrees. It is often associated with syndromes such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Fraser syndrome and Rokitansky-Mayer-Juster-Hauser syndrome.
  • Vaginal candidiasis: Fungal infection of the vagina, sometimes called thrush.
  • Vaginal fistula: Fistula between vagina and another cavity
  • Vaginismus: Vaginal entrance muscle spasms triggered by sex
  • Vaginitis: Vaginal inflammation or infection of any type.
  • Vaginosis (bacterial vaginosis): A bacterial infection of the vagina causing offensive discharge.
  • Vesicovaginal fistula: A condition which is characterized by the formation of a fistula which communicates from an internal organ to the vagina
  • Virilising ovarian tumour: A tumour that results in the virilization of females due to hormone release
  • Virilism: Masculinization - enhancement of male secondary sexual characteristics in females such as increased hair growth, deeper voice and baldness.
  • Virilizing ovarian tumor: An ovarian tumor made up of hormone secreting cells which results in excessive male hormone (androgen) production.
  • Vulva cancer: Cancer of the skin of the vulval area.
  • Vulvar Diseases: Any disease that involves the vulva which is a part of the female genitalia. Diseases can include cancer or fungal, bacterial or viral infections. Symptoms and prognosis will vary depending on the disease process involved.
  • Vulvar cancer: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the tissue of the vulva.
  • Vulvar lesions: A condition which is characterized lesions which occur on the vulva
  • Vulvar neoplasms: A tumor that develops in the tissue of the vulva.
  • Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: The inflammation of the opening of the vagina.
  • Vulvitis: Vulval skin inflammation
  • Vulvodynia: painful or uncomfortable vulva (external female genitalia) from any cause
  • Vulvovaginal gingival syndrome: A skin disease that affects the mucous membranes as well as the skin. It is a severe form of erosive lichen planus that causes peeling or erosion of the mucous membranes of the vulva, vagina and gums. Not all of these sites are necessarily involved.
  • Vulvovaginitis: Irritation or inflammation of the vulva or vagina. The condition is very common in young girls and can be triggered by moisture, tight clothing, obesity and irritants such as soap.
  • Wolffian tumor: A tumour which arises from the embryonic duct of the mesonephros
  • Women's health symptoms: Symptoms related to women's health.
  • Yusho disease: A condition that affects the menstrual cycle of female as well as having effects on the immune system

 

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