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Diseases » Yellow fever » Glossary

Glossary for Yellow fever

  • Bleeding and coagulation conditions:
  • Bloodshot eyes: Red blood-like color of the eyes
  • Coagulopathy: A disorder of the blood where it fails to clot normally.
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Convulsions: Involuntary spasms especially those affecting the full body
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Delirium: Severe state of mental confusion
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Epidemic typhus: An infectious disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and transmitted by body lice. The severity of the illness may range from moderate to fatal.
  • Flavivirus: A group B arbovirus that causes disease in humans and animals
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Flushing: Involuntary skin redness usually of the face
  • Furry tongue: Discolouration with "furry" growth on tongue
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hemorrhage: Bleeding of any type (especially when referring to severe bleeding)
  • Hemorrhagic fever: A group of diseases caused by viruses which cause damage to blood vessels and result in hemorrhages and fever. The hemorrhaging does not always cause serious bleeding. The specific symptoms may vary depending on which particular virus is involved.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • High fever: Where a patient has an elevated temperature
  • Japanese encephalitis: A form of encephalitis caused by a flavivirus (Japanese B encephalitis virus - JBEV) and transmitted by mosquito bites. Most cases are mild and asymptomatic but severe cases can lead to death.
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Mosquito bite: Bite from a mosquito.
  • Mosquito-borne diseases: Diseases that are carried by the mosquito
  • Myalgia: Muscle aches and pains
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Rapid heart beat: Excessively rapid heart beat.
  • Sinus bradycardia: A condition which is characterized by a slow heart rate
  • Slow heartbeat: Excessively slow heart beat (slow pulse) called "bradycardia"
  • Tick-borne encephalitis: A viral infection (flavivirdae) of the central nervous system which is transmitted by ticks. Ticks usually feed on small rodents who are the main carriers of the virus. Transmission may also occur through the consumption of untreated milk. The incubation period is usually 1 to 2 weeks. The symptoms occur in two phases: the first involves symptoms of a general viral illness (fever, headache, nausea, aching muscles) followed by a period of remission and then central nervous system inflammation such as meningitis. However, many patients only suffer the first phase of the disease.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Vaccine-preventable diseases: Any disease that can be prevented by the administration of a vaccine
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers: Viral infections causing hemorrhagic fever (i.e. bleeding)
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Yellow fever: A viral infection transmitted by mosquito bites which can damage various organs such as the liver, heart, kidney and digestive tract.


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