Accelerated hypertension: Introduction
Accelerated hypertension is very serious condition and a life-threatening form of high blood pressure/hypertension. Accelerated hypertension is the sudden and rapid rise of blood pressure to extremely high and dangerous levels. Accelerated hypertension also includes evidence of vital organ damage, such as to the brain, heart, kidneys, blood vessels, and eyes. Accelerated hypertension is very similar to but not exactly the same as malignant hypertension.
If left untreated, the organ damage that occurs due to accelerated hypertension puts people with the disease at a very high risk for stroke, blindness, kidney failure, coma and other life-threatening complications.
Unlike essential hypertension and secondary hypertension, which often have no symptoms, people with accelerated hypertension often do have symptoms. Symptoms of accelerated hypertension may include chest pain, dyspnea (difficulty breathing), confusion and other changes in mental status. For more information on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of accelerated hypertension.
People at risk for developing accelerated hypertension include those with hypertension, kidney disease or preeclampsia. People at highest risk include those with renal hypertension or renal failure due to renal artery stenosis.
Certain drugs can cause accelerated hypertension. These include cocaine, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and oral contraceptives. Alcohol withdrawal or suddenly discontinuing the use of specific medications, such as beta-blockers or alpha-stimulants, can also cause accelerated hypertension.
Making a diagnosis of accelerated hypertension includes performing a complete evaluation that includes a medical history and physical examination and a series of blood pressure readings.
Blood pressure is measured using two numbers, (i.e.120/80mmHg). The "top" number is called the systolic number, which is a measurement of the pressure on the artery walls when the heart beats. The "bottom" number is the diastolic number, which is a measurement of the pressure on the artery walls when the heart is resting between beats.
As a very general guide, 120/80mmHg is considered as a general guideline for an average normal blood pressure. In accelerated hypertension, the "bottom" number (diastolic number) can rise to 130mmHG or higher.
It is possible that a diagnosis of accelerated hypertension can be missed or delayed because a person may not recognize symptoms. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of accelerated hypertension.
Treatment of accelerated hypertension includes hospitalization and medications given intravenously to lower blood pressure. Treatments will also be given to address complications, such as pulmonary edema, and to protect the organs from further damage. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of accelerated hypertension. ...more »
Accelerated hypertension: Accelerated hypertension is a condition characterized by a rapid increase in blood pressure. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
More detailed information about the symptoms,
causes, and treatments of Accelerated hypertension is available below.
Accelerated hypertension: Symptoms
Symptoms of accelerated hypertension are the result of an extremely high pressure or force on the inside walls of the arteries and the resulting organ damage as blood is pumped throughout the body. In accelerated hypertension, the "bottom" number of a blood pressure reading (diastolic number) can rise to 130mmHG or higher.
Symptoms can affect the cardiopulmonary system and include ...more symptoms »
Accelerated hypertension: Treatments
Accelerated hypertension is a medical emergency and immediate treatment will help to decrease the risk of developing serious complications, such as stroke, blindness, kidney failure, heart failure, seizures, angina, coma and death. Emergent aggressive treatment can often return high blood pressure readings to a safe level without complications.
Treatment begins with prevention ...more treatments »
Accelerated hypertension: Misdiagnosis
Once a person seeks medical care, accelerated hypertension can usually be quickly diagnosed and treated. However, a diagnosis of accelerated hypertension can be missed or delayed because a person may not recognize symptoms or may not realize that it is vital to have symptoms evaluated emergently to minimize the risk of life threatening complications. ...more misdiagnosis »
Symptoms of Accelerated hypertension
See full list of 25
symptoms of Accelerated hypertension
Treatments for Accelerated hypertension
- Prompt medical treatment (within minutes to hours) with blood pressure-reducing medication is essential
- Critical care monitoring
- Slow reduction of blood pressure over 48 hours with antihypertensive medication
- Treatment of any underlying causes
- more treatments...»
Read more about treatments for Accelerated hypertension
Home Diagnostic Testing
Home medical testing related to Accelerated hypertension:
- High Cholesterol: Home Testing:
Wrongly Diagnosed with Accelerated hypertension?
Accelerated hypertension: Complications
Review possible medical complications related to Accelerated hypertension:
Causes of Accelerated hypertension
Read more about causes of Accelerated hypertension.
Accelerated hypertension: Undiagnosed Conditions
Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:
Misdiagnosis and Accelerated hypertension
Metabolic syndrome often undiagnosed: Metabolic syndrome, also known as Syndrome X, is
an often overlooked medical condition that causes a cluster of chronic symptoms.
There are often four symptoms and conditions combined: ...read more »
Heart attacks can be undiagnosed: Although the most severe symptoms of heart attack are hard to miss,
there are varying degrees of severity.
It is altogether too common for people to die from undiagnosed...read more »
Heart attacks can be overdiagnosed: Although many people die from heart attacks, there are also
many cases where people fear that they have a heart...read more »
Rare heart condition often undiagnosed: The rare heart condition called long QT syndrome can lead to episodes of palpitations
and rapid heartbeat.
In rare cases, this undiagnosed condition can be fatal.
It...read more »
Heart attack can be over-diagnosed: Although heart attack is often undiagnosed,
leading to fatality, it can also be over-diagnosed.
People become concerned that a condition is a heart attack,
whereas there...read more »
Blood pressure cuffs misdiagnose hypertension in children: One known misdiagnosis issue
with hyperension, arises in relation to the simple equipment used to test blood pressure.
The "cuff" around the...read more »
Over-diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in obese patients: A diagnosis
of pulmonary hypertension, particularly pulmonary arterial hypertension,
is often a misdiagnosis in obese patients.
Exertional dyspnea leads to a...read more »
Obesity-related conditions undiagnosed in children: A variety of conditions
are associated with obesity (see obesity), but these tend to be undiagnosed more often
in child patients than in...read more »
Hypertension misdiagnosis common in children: Hypertension is often
misdiagnosed in adults (see misdiagnosis of hypertension), but its...read more »
Read more about Misdiagnosis and Accelerated hypertension
Accelerated hypertension: Research Doctors & Specialists
Research related physicians and medical specialists:
Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:
Hospitals & Clinics: Accelerated hypertension
Research quality ratings and patient safety measures
for medical facilities in specialties related to Accelerated hypertension:
Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »
Choosing the Best Hospital:
More general information, not necessarily in relation to Accelerated hypertension,
on hospital performance and surgical care quality:
Accelerated hypertension: Rare Types
Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:
Evidence Based Medicine Research for Accelerated hypertension
Medical research articles related to Accelerated hypertension include:
Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database
Accelerated hypertension: Animations
More Accelerated hypertension animations & videos
Prognosis for Accelerated hypertension
Prognosis for Accelerated hypertension:
The prognosis depends on how soon treatment is delivered after the onset of the condition. Prompt treatment can limit or prevent complications such as organ damage due to the high blood pressure.
More about prognosis of Accelerated hypertension
Research about Accelerated hypertension
Visit our research pages for current research about Accelerated hypertension treatments.
Accelerated hypertension: Broader Related Topics
Types of Accelerated hypertension
User Interactive Forums
Read about other experiences, ask a question about Accelerated hypertension, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:
Contents for Accelerated hypertension: