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Glossary for Acid reflux / heartburn

  • Achalasia: A rare motor disorder of the esophagus characterized by inability of the lower esophageal sphincter and esophageal muscle to relax as well as dilation of the esophagus.
  • Acidic tastes: Acidic or metallic taste in mouth
  • Angina: A special type of chest pain.
  • Apnea: Cessation of breathing. Apnea can be caused by neurological diseases, strangulation, drugs and airway obstruction.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Barrett's oesophagus: Barrett's esophagus is a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus is damaged. The damage is caused by stomach acid that leaks back into the esophagus. This leakage of acid is commonly known as "heartburn" (gastroesophageal reflux).
  • Belching: The release of gas from the digestive tract through the mouth.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Cholelithiasis: Is the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • Colic: Abdominal spasms causing pain
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a diabetic complication that occurs from neuropathy of the stomach nerve (called the "vagus nerve"). This causes digestive difficulties as the food starts to move too slowly through the stomach.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Episodic heartburn: Occasional heartburn (or episodic heartburn) occurs less often than 2 days a week.
  • Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus
  • Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
  • Esophagus diseases: Diseases affecting the esophagus
  • Gastric Ulcer: A gastric ulcer is a break in the normal tissue that lines the stomach.
  • Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining
  • Gastroenteritis: Acute stomach or intestine inflammation
  • Hirschsprung's disease: A rare condition where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through which results in obstruction and dilation of the bowel.
  • Indigestion: Various eating symptoms of indigestion (dyspepsia)
  • Intussusception: Bowel folding into itself sometimes creating bowel obstruction
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Myocardial ischemia: Myocardial ischemia refers to a reduced blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart muscle.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis: A rare disease that is tends to occur in premature infants and involves inflammation and destruction of gastrointestinal tissue. It usually occurs within weeks of birth - often after the start of milk feeding. The condition can be extremely serious and even fatal.
  • Nocturnal heartburn: Heartburn seen more in the nights affecting sleep.
  • Nonulcer dyspepsia: Persistent indigestion not caused by a peptic ulcer.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Pyloric stenosis: Narrowed opening between stomach and intestines
  • Rumination disorder: A chronic eating condition where the stomach contents are regurgitated, rechewed and swallowed again. It tends to occur predominantly in infants, young children and people with mental impairment but it can occur in otherwise healthy individuals. Sufferers often try to hide their condition for fear of being diagnosed as having bulimia. The condition is often misdiagnosed as gastroparesis or bulimia. The regurgitation can occur as soon as the food is swallowed or even up to an hour after finishing eating.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.


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