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Diseases » Acute Appendicitis » Glossary

Glossary for Acute Appendicitis

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abscess: General name for any pus-filled lump or swelling
  • Acute Cholecystitis: Acute inflammation of the gall bladder, usually due to obstruction by a gall stone
  • Acute epididymitis:
  • Acute infections: An infection that occurs acutely
  • Adenocarcinoid tumor: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract and tends to metastasize. The symptoms are determined by the location of the tumors.
  • Amebiasis: An intestinal infection caused by a parasitic amebic organism. It is usually associated with poor sanitation.
  • Appendix disorders: Disorders that affect the appendix
  • Arcobacter butzleri infection: A bacterial infection that involves bacteria from the Arcobacter genus. It tends to cause gastrointestinal symptoms but may also cause blood infections. The bacteria tends to originate in pigs, cattle, sheep and water.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Breast Feeding: Nursing an infant with breast milk.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • Campylobacter fetus infection: Campylobacter fetus is a food borne bacterial infection which may vary in severity from mild to severe. The bacteria are opportunistic and mainly affect debilitated patients but can also occur in healthy patients. Abortion due to blood infection in the fetus can occur in pregnant women who become infected. The infection is less likely to cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea than other Campylobacter infections but is prone to causing infection in other parts of the body such as the appendix, abdominal cavity, central nervous system (meningitis), gallbladder, urinary tract and blood stream. Cattle and sheep are the main source of this bacteria.
  • Campylobacter jejuni infection: Campylobacter jejuni infection is a common food borne bacterial infection which may vary in severity from mild to severe. Death can occur in severe cases but tends to occur in patients with other existing illnesses such as HIV, cancer or liver disease. The infection can in rare cause infection in other parts of the body such as the appendix, abdominal cavity, central nervous system (meningitis), gallbladder, urinary tract and blood stream. Undercooked chicken is the main source of infection.
  • Campylobacter laridis infection: Campylobacter laridis is a food borne bacterial infection which may cause mild to severe gastroenteritis in healthy individuals and blood infection in immunocompromised patients.
  • Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the gallbladder which concentrates and stores bile. The condition may occur suddenly (acute) or persist over a longer period of time (chronic).
  • Cholelithiasis: Is the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Diclofenac -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Diclofenac (an NSAID drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Disorders of the ovaries:
  • Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
  • Diverticular disease and diverticulitis:
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: A condition where a fertilized egg embeds itself outside the uterus.
  • Encephalitis: Dangerous infection of the brain
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Gallstones: Stone-like deposits in the gall bladder.
  • Gastroenteritis: Acute stomach or intestine inflammation
  • Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Inflammatory conditions that may be pathogenic or non-pathogenic: Medical conditions causing inflammation, whether due to a pathogen (e.g. bacteria, virus), or a systemic or other cause.
  • Intussusception: Bowel folding into itself sometimes creating bowel obstruction
  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones are solid deposits of salts (e.g calcium) from the urine. These deposits can impair the passage of urine that has the potential to result in infection and kidney damage or failure in severe cases.
  • Luminal obstruction: bowel obstruction (or intestinal obstruction) is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines, preventing the normal transit of the products of digestion
  • Lymphatic system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the lymphatic system including lymph nodes and lymphatic circulation.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum: Type of chlamydia (sexually transmitted disease)
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Mesenteric Adenitis: Swollen abdominal lymph nodes
  • Mittelschmerz: Mid-cycle abdominal pain due to ovulation
  • Orchitis: Testicle inflammation.
  • Ovarian cysts: Cysts occurring in the ovaries.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Pasteurella multocida: An infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Pasteurella multocida. It is often transmitted through bites and scratches from pets and it can be found in mammals and fowl.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Periumbilical pain: pain localized around the umbilicus
  • Pinworm: Small, threadlike parasitic worms mainly in colon and rectum
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Poisoning: The condition produced by poison
  • Psoas sign: A sign which is an indicator of irritation to the iliopsoas group of muscles
  • Pyelonephritis: Kidney and ureter infection usually bacterial from the bladder.
  • Right lower quadrant pain: Pain due to pathology in the structures related to the right lower quadrant of the abdomen such as appendix and caecum.
  • Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  • Sepsis: The presence of pathological micro-organisms in the blood
  • Shingles: Infectious viral infection occuring years after chickenpox infection.
  • Testicular torsion: Twisting of a testicle's spermatic cord
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Yersiniosis: A condition which is characterized by infectious diarrhea, enteritis, ileitis and occasionally septicaemia


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