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Diseases » Acute Bronchitis » Glossary

Glossary for Acute Bronchitis

  • Acute infections: An infection that occurs acutely
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Allergy-like conditions: Medical conditions with similar effects to those of allergies.
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages within the lungs. It occurs when the trachea and the large and small bronchi within the lungs become inflamed
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.
  • Cold-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to the common cold.
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Croup: Respiratory infection with a characteristic cough
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy: A rare chronic heart muscle condition where one or both heart ventricles are dilated or have impaired contractility.
  • Dry cough: Dry non-productive cough without producing sputum
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Inflammatory conditions that may be pathogenic or non-pathogenic: Medical conditions causing inflammation, whether due to a pathogen (e.g. bacteria, virus), or a systemic or other cause.
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Productive cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory syncytial virus: Viral respiratory infection serious in young infants.
  • Rhinovirus: A class of viruses commonly causing the common cold.
  • Smoke allergy:
  • Smokers cough: A smoker's cough refers to coughing that normally occurs in people who have a history of chronic smoking. The coughing occurs mainly in the morning as the airways try and clear toxins and mucus that has built up during the night. Smoking affects the cilia that line the trachea and airways so that they can't effectively remove mucus and phlegm so coughing is an alternative way of removing the buildup.
  • Throat pain: The occurrence of pain which is located in the throat
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Vanadium poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to vanadium.
  • Wheezing: A whistling like continuous sound that is caused by the respiratory system
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis


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