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What is Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

What is Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: A rare neurological disorder where an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord occurs due to damage to the protective covering (myelin sheath) around the nerves.
  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921)
    Source - Diseases Database

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, or a subtype of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: Introduction

Types of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis:

Broader types of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis:

Who gets Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

Profile for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: The disorder occurs in children more often than in adults. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Information Page: NINDS)

How serious is Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

Complications of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: see complications of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
Prognosis of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: The prognosis for individuals with ADE varies. Some patients achieve complete or nearly complete recovery while others may have residual deficits. Some severe cases of ADE may be fatal. Overall, the prognosis is good when the disorder is diagnosed early and treated promptly. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

Causes of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: see causes of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

What are the symptoms of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

Symptoms of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: see symptoms of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Complications of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: see complications of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis.
Treatments for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: see treatments for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
Research for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: see research for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Organs Affected by Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis:

Organs and body systems related to Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis include:

Name and Aliases of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Main name of condition: Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Other names or spellings for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis:

Postinfectious Encephalomyelitis, Immune-Mediated Encephalomyelitis, ADE, ADEM, Encephalitis, acute disseminated

ADE
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis:

 

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