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Diseases » Acute rheumatic fever » Glossary

Glossary for Acute rheumatic fever

  • Acute infections: An infection that occurs acutely
  • Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder where an enzyme (2, 8-dihydroxyadenine) deficiency results in urinary tract stone formation.
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Arthritis-like symptoms: A condition which is characterized by symptoms which mimic that of arthritis
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Chorea: Any disorder causing involuntary movement or spasms.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Connective tissue disorders: Any condition affecting connective tissues.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Disability: Inability to function normally
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Erythema marginatum: A condition which is characterized by reddened areas of the skin which are disk shaped with elevated edges
  • Erythroderma: Condition with thickening and flaking skin
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Group A Streptococcal Infections: "Strep" bacteria responsible for strep throat, impetigo and some other strep conditions.
  • Hantavirus: A genus of viruses from the family Bunyaviridae
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart inflammation: Where there is inflammation of the muscle or lining of the heart
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Heatstroke: Heat exhaustion and collapse from heat exposure
  • Hyperkalaemia: Increased concentration of potassium in the blood.
  • Hypernatraemia: increased concentration of sodium in the blood
  • Hyperphosphataemia: An increased level of phosphate in the circulation above that which is considered normal
  • Hypocalcaemia: Decreased concentration of calcium in the blood.
  • Infectious arthritis: A rare condition where arthritis occurs as a result of joint infection by a bacteria, virus or fungus. Symptoms vary according to the infection type.
  • Infective endocarditis: The infection and inflammation of the inner heart layers, especially the valves. The infection is usually bacterial. The condition carries a high risk of death.
  • Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Joint symptoms: Symptoms affecting the joints.
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Malaise: General feelings of discomfort or being ill-at-ease.
  • Malignant hypertension: Malignant hypertension is a condition characterized by very high blood pressure and swelling of the optic nerve. This type of hypertension is more common in people with kidney problems such as narrowed kidney blood vessels. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Metabolic Acidosis: Metabolic acidosis is a process which if unchecked leads to acidemia (i.e. blood pH is low (less than 7.35) due to increased production of H+ by the body or the inability of the body to form bicarbonate (HCO3-) in the kidney.
  • Migratory arthritis: An arthritis that appears to migrate from one joint to the next.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Poor appetite: Loss or reduction in appetite for food
  • Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis: Kidney complication (glomerulonephritis) following streptococcal infection
  • Renal Artery Stenosis: An abnormal narrowing of the renal artery which is the main artery the supplies the kidney.
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood.
  • Rheumatic conditions: Any condition that affects ones joints
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rheumatic heart disease: Chronic heart condition due to heart damage from rheumatic fever
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune form of arthritis usually in teens or young adults.
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Scarlet fever: A complication of infection from strep bacteria such as strep throat.
  • Septic shock: serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis, though the microbe may be systemic or localized to a particular site
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Strep throat: Streptococcal bacterial throat infection.
  • Streptococcal Infections: Various "strep" bacterial infections.
  • Sydenham chorea: Brain disease causing involuntary movements or spasms.
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome: Severe immune reaction causing shock
  • Tumor lysis syndrome: Metabolic abnormalities that can occur when chemotherapy drugs rapidly destroy tumor cells.
  • Weight Gain: An increase in weight for any reason.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.


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