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Diseases » ADD » Introduction


ADD: Introduction

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. The related description Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be a more modern description of the disease.

Misdiagnosis of ADD is a well-known controversy in the sense that cases of hyperactivity in children may be over-diagnosed. There is a tendency for parents to seek and doctors to prescribe the drug Ritalin even in cases where the diagnosis of ADD or ADHD may be incorrect. Alternative diagnoses include normal child behavior (i.e. just an active child), food intolerances, or other behavioral disorders (see misdiagnosis of ADD).

On the other hand, ADD is under-diagnosed in adults, with a large number of adults having ADD without knowing it; see misdiagnosis of Adult ADD. ...more »

ADD: Misdiagnosis

All people are different, and their behaviors, emotions, and beliefs are diverse. ADD is inherently difficult to diagnose. There are problems for diagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents according to their hyperactive or inattentive behaviors. However, it is hard to judge when behavior is a "hyperactive" child versus suffering from ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of ADD

Treatments for ADD

  • General lifestyle changes
    • Stress reduction techniques
    • Diet changes - aimed at treating possible underlying food allergy causes, although this is considered of dubious value by some health professionals.
  • Medications
    • Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
  • more treatments...»

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to ADD:

Wrongly Diagnosed with ADD?

ADD: Related Patient Stories

Types of ADD

  • Predominantly inattentive ADHD subtype
  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD subtype
  • Combined inattentive-hyperactive ADHD subtype
  • more types...»

Diagnostic Tests for ADD

Test for ADD in your own home

Click for Tests

ADD: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to ADD:

Causes of ADD

Read more about causes of ADD.

More information about causes of ADD:

Disease Topics Related To ADD

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, ADD:

ADD: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and ADD

Rare epilepsy misdiagnosed as ADHD: The less common disorder of temporal lobe epilepsy is a type of epilepsy without physical seizures. Some patients suffer from hyperactivity and similar symptoms, more »

Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness because he suffered from sudden inability to speak. This was more »

Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for a patient to show mental decline to dementia. Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical conditions, such as a stroke or Alzheimer's disease, more »

ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults. Some adults can remain undiagnosed, and indeed the condition has more »

Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) often fails to be diagnosed correctly by primary more »

Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with an eating disorder is female. The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to be diagnosed or have more »

Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be undiagnosed in teenagers. The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause severe medical depression to be overlooked. See misdiagnosis of depression more »

Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression) may also have undiagnosed more »

Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency is a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as more »

ADD: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: ADD

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to ADD:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to ADD, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

ADD: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Prognosis for ADD

Prognosis for ADD: Not fatal and non-degenerative. Lifelong effects but improvement with correct diagnosis and treatment.

Research about ADD

Visit our research pages for current research about ADD treatments.

Statistics for ADD

ADD: Broader Related Topics

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about ADD, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:


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