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Diseases » Aging » Glossary

Glossary for Aging

  • Alzheimer's Disease: Dementia-causing brain disease mostly in seniors and the elderly.
  • Atheroma: A region of plaque occurring in atherosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Atrophic rhinitis: Type of rhinitis caused by thinning nasal membranes
  • Baldness: Lack of hair where it usually grows. Usually on the head.
  • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia: Non-cancerous prostrate enlargement common with aging
  • Bladder Cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Cardiomyopathy: Any disease of the heart muscle
  • Cataracts: Cloudy areas on the eye's cornea interfering with vision.
  • Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area
  • Cognitive impairment: General loss of mental or cognitive ability
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Coronary heart disease: Disease affecting the heart's arteries (narrowed arteries)
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
  • Eye symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eye
  • Fecal incontinence: Leaking or poorly controlled bowel motions
  • Forgetfulness: Forgetting things or loss of memory ability
  • Frozen Shoulder: Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, is a condition that causes restriction of motion in the shoulder joint.
  • Gallstones: Stone-like deposits in the gall bladder.
  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma is the term for a diverse group of eye diseases, all of which involve progressive damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is usually, but not always, accompanied by high intraocular (internal) fluid pressure. Optic nerve damage produces certain characteristic visual field defects in the individual's peripheral (side), as well as central, vision.
  • Graying: Gray coloring of the hair
  • Heart block: Failure of the heart's normal rhythm controls leading to arrhythmia
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Heartburn: Pain from stomach acid coming back up the esophagus
  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Hepatoma: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
  • Herniated disc: A misaligned or "slipped" disc in the spine.
  • Hiatal hernia: Hernia of the stomach through the diaphragm muscle.
  • High Cholesterol: High levels of blood cholesterol, triglycerides, or other lipids.
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Insomnia: Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with the initiation, duration, maintenance, or quality of sleep that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep that results in some form of daytime impairment.
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Menopause: The end of female menstruation and fertility.
  • Multi-Infarct Dementia: Dementia due to brain blood clots and strokes.
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A type of lymphoma, a cancer affecting lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Nosocomial infections: Any infection that originates in a hospital
  • Open-angle glaucoma: Vision damage from a slow chronic buildup of fluid pressure in the eye.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Posterior vitreous detachment: Detachment of the eye's internal jelly vitreous from the rear of the eye
  • Presbycusis: Progressive deterioration of hearing ability that affects both ears and occurs with aging. The hearing loss is sensorineural in nature and is most noticeable at high frequencies. There are a number of risk factors associated with age-related hearing impairment: smoking, ototoxic medication, cardiovascular disease and exposure to loud noise. It is estimated that a third of people over the age of 60 have some hearing loss and more than half of people over the age of 75 years have hearing loss.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Rectal prolapse: Protruding rectum through the anus
  • Skin changes: The occurrence of changes to the skin
  • Snoring: is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound, due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping.
  • Spondylosis: Spinal degeneration of the discs or spinal joints
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Thromboembolism: Lodgement of a blood clot causing blockage
  • Thyroid cancer: Cancer of the thyroid gland.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Urinary Incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Varicose veins: Enlarged blue veins, usually in the legs.
  • Vitreous detachment: Detachment of the eye's internal jelly vitreous from the rear or side of the eye


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