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Diseases » Alcoholism » Glossary

Glossary for Alcoholism

  • Accidental death: The death of a person occurring accidentally
  • Accidental injury: An injury that occurs accidentally
  • Addiction: Any of various addictions to substances or activities.
  • Addiction conditions: Medical conditions related to addiction of any kind, including substances or behavioral addictions.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive use of alcohol ranging from binge drinking to severe alcoholism
  • Alcohol intoxication: excess intake of alcohol can lead to serious consequences
  • Alcohol use: Use of alcohol (as a symptom)
  • Alcoholic liver disease: Alcoholic liver disease is the major cause of liver disease in Western countries, (in Asian countries, viral hepatitis is the major cause). It arises from the excessive ingestion of alcohol.
  • Alzheimer's Disease: Dementia-causing brain disease mostly in seniors and the elderly.
  • Behavioral disorders: Disorders affecting behavior and emotional wellbeing
  • Beriberi: Disease due to vitamin B1 deficiency (thiamine)
  • Blackouts: Loss of consciousness leading to a loss of memory of a specific time.
  • Cardiomyopathy: Any disease of the heart muscle
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Cirrhosis of liver: Chronic liver disease wherein normal liver parenchyma is replaced by fibrous tissue.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Color blindness: Difficulty distinguishing colors; various subtypes
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Cravings: Desires for unusual foods.
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diseases associated with senile cataract: It is a vision impairing disease characterised by gradual , progressive thickening of the lens.
  • Drowning: Accidental loss of life due to water.
  • Drug abuse: Addiction to any of various illicit drugs.
  • Dupuytren's contracture: A condition where the layer of connective tissue under the skin of the palm of the hand thickens and shrinks which can cause the fingers to bend in to the palms. The bent fingers are usually unable to be fully straightened.
  • Dysthymia/seasonal depression disorder, PND:
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: A pattern of mental and physical birth defects caused by excessive alcohol use during pregnancy. The range and severity of the symptoms may vary greatly.
  • Gout: Painful joints, most commonly the big toe.
  • Heartburn: Pain from stomach acid coming back up the esophagus
  • Hepatic encephalopathy: Caused by marked liver disease that results in disturbances of consciousness
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hepatoma: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Melioidosis: Bacterial infection from soil or water.
  • Menstrual conditions: Any condition that is associated with the female menstrual cycle
  • Mental health conditions: Medical conditions related to mental health, emotions, behavior, personality, psychology, psychiatry, and so on.
  • Myositis: One of the underlying causes for muscle weakness/myopathy.
  • Nutritional deficiency: Any deficiency of the nutrients that are required to sustain human life
  • Nymphomania: uncontrollable urge to engage in sexual behaviour in a female.
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Paresthesia: Pins-and-needles or burning-like sensations.
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Personality disorders: A group of psychiatric disorders that are characterised but abnormal dysfunctional personalities
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Polyneuropathy: Dysfunction and/or damage to neurons, causing a loss of sensory or motor function.
  • Psychiatric disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Psychological disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Rosacea-like conditions: Medical conditions highly related to or similar to rosacea.
  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Scurvy: Severe disease from vitamin C deficiency
  • Sexual dysfunction: Any dysfunction of sexual activity
  • Social problems: Difficulty relating to other people
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Subdural hematoma: Type of bleeding in the brain
  • Substance abuse: Addiction to and abuse of various substances.
  • Thiamine deficiency: Dietary deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Transient Ischemic Attack: Temporary disturbance of blood supply to a restricted area of the brain, resulting in brief neurologic dysfunction that persists, by definition, for less than 24 hours.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Unconsciousness: Loss of consciousness that may result from a wide variety of causes. An unconscious person is usually completely unresponsive to their environment or people around them. Unconsciousness can occur as a result of brain injury, lack of oxygen or poisoning as well as numerous other conditions.
  • Weight Gain: An increase in weight for any reason.


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