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Diseases » Alexander Syndrome » Glossary

Glossary for Alexander Syndrome

  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Brain swelling: Swelling or enlargement of the brain
  • Degenerative conditions: Diseases characterized by a progressive and degenerative decline.
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • Demyelination: is a destructive process of removal of myelin
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Hydrocephalus: A rare condition where the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is impaired by dilated brain ventricles which causes the fluid to accumulate in the skull and hence result in increased brain pressure.
  • Intellectual or developmental disabilities: Disorders of physical or intellectual development.
  • Leukodystrophy: A very rare group of metabolic diseases where chemical anomalies affect the development or maintenance of the protective coating around nerves (myelin sheath). The brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves may be involved. The range and severity of symptoms is determined by the chemical involved but one of the main symptoms for all the leukodystrophies is a gradual loss of previously acquired mental or physical skills.
  • Mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Mental retardation conditions: Medical conditions related to or causing mental retardation.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord
  • Stiff arm: Reduced mobility or movement of the arm
  • Swollen head: Swollen head or enlarged head size
  • Thromboembolism: Lodgement of a blood clot causing blockage


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