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Diseases » Allergic rhinitis » Glossary

Glossary for Allergic rhinitis

  • Acute rhinitis: An acute condition which affects the nasal mucous caused by inflammation
  • Allergic Disorders: A group of disorders that a caused by an allergic response to allergens
  • Allergic irritability syndrome: Symptoms such as irritability and poor concentration associated with nose, ear and sinus symptoms caused by allergies such as hayfever.
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Allergy-like conditions: Medical conditions with similar effects to those of allergies.
  • Asthmatic Bronchitis: A variant of asthma where cough, either chronic or during an exacerbation following a viral infection, is the main or only symptom
  • Atrophic rhinitis: Type of rhinitis caused by thinning nasal membranes
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Barium: Barium is an element used in fireworks, glassmaking, contrast X-rays and in the electronics industry . The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Chronic cough: The chronic noisy sudden expulsion of air from the respiratory tract
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Conjunctivitis: Contagious eye infection
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Hay fever: An allergy which causes sneezing, runny nose or blocked nose for part of the year.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Immune disorders: Disorders that affect the immune system
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Nasal congestion: The congestion of the nasal passages.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cockroach: A cockroach allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cockroaches, in particular their saliva, outer shell, eggs and feces. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- dust mites: A mite allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to dust mites. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-pathogenic inflammatory conditions: Medical disorders that cause inflammation, but are not due to any infectious pathogen.
  • Nose conditions: Any condition that affects the nose
  • Nosebleeds: The discharge of blood from the nose
  • Perennial rhinitis: A condition which is characterized by a constant inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Rhinitis: Nasal lining inflammation leading to runny/blocked nose
  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis: A condition characterized by an allergic inflammatory response in the mucosa of the sinuses which is related to the seasons
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Sneezing: Nasal sneezing often from nasal irritation
  • Type I Hypersensitivity: Type I hypersensitivity is an exaggerated response by the body's immune system to an allergen which results in some sort of adverse effect on the body. Allergens usually in the form of proteins such as pollen, foods, house dust mite and cat hair. This form of hypersensitivity results in an immediate response by the immune system following exposure.
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract


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