Treatments for Allergies
Treatments for Allergies:
The most effective treatment plan for allergies uses a multifaceted approach. Treatment plans are also individualized to best address the specific cause and severity of the allergies, and the patient's age and medical history. In general, allergies are highly treatable, although they are generally not curable. On occasion, some young children might "grow out" of allergies.
Treatment of allergies begins with prevention. This includes diagnosing the specific allergen or allergens and avoiding exposure to them. For example, for a person who has been diagnosed with dust allergies, it may be recommended that they "allergy proof" their house by regularly having heating vents cleaned and eliminating carpeting and draperies, which can trap and hold dust.
Mild to moderate respiratory and skin symptoms of allergies can be treated with a variety of over-the-counter or prescription medications available in pill, liquid, topical and nasal spray forms. These include corticosteroids, antihistamines, decongestants, leukotriene modifiers, and cromolyn sodium.
Treatment may also include such measures as staying in air-conditioned buildings when pollen counts are high and using cool compresses on itchy eyes and skin.
Allergy injections may be prescribed for people who do not respond readily to oral or topical medications. For anaphylactic reactions, injectable epinephrine is generally used. Allergic asthma is may also be treated with bronchodialators inhaled in a mist form.
Many treatments for respiratory allergies can be purchased over-the-counter, but before purchasing allergy medications, it is a recommended that that a full medical evaluation is completed by a healthcare professional. A physician or nurse practitioner can best advise you and help you to develop and follow an effective treatment plan. Mild respiratory allergies of respiratory symptoms of allergies can be treated with a variety of over the counter or prescription medications available in pill, liquid, and nasal spray forms. These include corticosteroids, antihistamines, decongestants, leukotriene modifiers, and cromolyn sodium. Allergy injections are also available for people who do not respond readily to medications. For moderate to severe reactions, the same types of medications may be used in intramuscular, intravenous, and or inhaled forms in the ER or healthcare setting. For severe anaphylactic reactions, injectable epinephrine is often used. Allergic asthma is may also be treated with bronchodialators inhaled in a mist form.
Prevention of allergic reactions in sensitive people is also a key part of treatment. This includes minimizing or eliminating specific allergens that one is exposed to. For example, for a person who has been diagnosed with dust allergies, it may be recommended that they "allergy proof" their house by regularly have heating vents cleaned and eliminate carpeting and draperies, which can trap and hold dust.
Treatment List for Allergies
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Antihistamine drugs
- Hospitalization - for an asthma attack
- Emergency treatment - for a severe asthma attack or anaphylactic shock
- Vitamin B5 - possibly used for related vitamin B5 deficiency
- Treatment of allergy is dependant upon the type of allergic symptom, the body system affected, and the severity of the reaction. Treatments for allergies include:
- Allergen avoidance and minimisation of exposure - including dietary management in food allergies, minimisation of dust mites with strategies in the home environment
- Antihistamines - Useful for allergic rhinitis and some allergy mediated skin conditions. Not helpful in asthma except for mild seasonal asthma where allergy may be a precipitant
- Nasal sprays - including topical steroids and antiinflammatories used for allergic rhinitis
- Eyedrops - ketorolac, levocabastine, ketotifen, olapatadine, for allergic conjunctivitis
- Asthma medications such as inhaled beta agonists and inhaled corticosteroids - used to treat asthma which may have allergy as a contributing factor
- Oral steroids - used in short courses for moderate allergic reactions especially with asthma symptoms or skin conditions
- Desensitisation - evidence is mixed, and efficacy dependant or the type of allergy and specific type of reaction
- EpiPen - used as first line treatment prior to hospital care for those who have proven anaphylaxis as a result of specific allergies
- Anaphylaxis is a severe life threatening allergic response. Treatment includes:
- IM adrenaline
- High flow oxygen
- Intravenous fluids
- Intravenous and oral steroids
- Nebulised bronchodilators
- Nebulised adrenaline for upper airways obstruction
Alternative Treatments for Allergies
Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Allergies may include:
Allergies: Is the Diagnosis Correct?
The first step in getting correct treatment is
to get a correct diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis list for Allergies may include:
Allergies: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers
Products, offers and promotion categories available for Allergies:
Curable Types of Allergies
Possibly curable types of Allergies may include:
Allergies: Research Doctors & Specialists
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Drugs and Medications used to treat Allergies:
Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment
or change in treatment plans.
Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Allergies include:
- Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine and Dextromethorphan
- AccuHist DM Pediatric Drops
- AccuHist PDX Drops
- Anaplax DM
- Andehist DM NR
- Bromaline DM
- Bromaxefed DM RF
- Carbofed DM
- Dimaphen DM
- Dimetapp DM Children's Cold and Cough
- PediaHist DM
- Rondec-DM Syrup
- Carbinoxamine, Pseudoephedrine and Dextromethorphan
- Andehist DM NR Drops
- Carbaxefed DM RF
- Rondec-DM Drops
- Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine and Dextromethorphan
- Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold and Cough
- Coldtuss DR
- Corfen DM
- De-Chlor DM
- De-Chlor DR
- Dex PC
- Tri-Vent DPC
- Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine and Phenyltoloxamine
- Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine, Codeine and Potassium Iodide
- Alin Depot
- Dexamethasone Intensol
Latest treatments for Allergies:
The following are some of the latest treatments for Allergies:
Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Allergies
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Medical news summaries about treatments for Allergies:
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Discussion of treatments for Allergies:
Something in the Air Airborne Allergens: NIAID (Excerpt)
Doctors use three general approaches to helping people with allergies: advise
them on ways to avoid the allergen as much as possible, prescribe medication to
relieve symptoms, and give a series of allergy shots. Although there is no cure
for allergies, one of these strategies or a combination of them can provide
varying degrees of relief from allergy symptoms.
Complete avoidance of allergenic pollen or mold means moving to a place where
the offending substance does not grow and where it is not present in the air.
But even this extreme solution may offer only temporary relief since a person
who is sensitive to a specific pollen or mold may subsequently develop allergies
to new allergens after repeated exposure. For example, people allergic to
ragweed may leave their ragweed-ridden communities and relocate to areas where
ragweed does not grow, only to develop allergies to other weeds or even to
grasses or trees in their new surroundings. Because relocating is not a reliable
solution, allergy specialists do not encourage this approach.
There are other ways to evade the offending pollen: remaining indoors in the
morning, for example, when the outdoor pollen levels are highest. Sunny, windy
days can be especially troublesome. If individuals with pollen allergy must work
outdoors, they can wear face masks designed to filter pollen out of the air and
keep it from reaching their nasal passages. As another approach, some people
take their vacations at the height of the expected pollinating period and choose
a location where such exposure would be minimal. The seashore, for example, may
be an effective retreat for many with pollen allergies.
Mold allergens can be difficult to avoid, but some steps can be taken to at
least reduce exposure to them. First, the allergy sufferer should avoid those
hot spots mentioned earlier where molds tend to be concentrated. The lawn should
be mowed and leaves should be raked up, but someone other than the allergic
person should do these chores. If such work cannot be delegated, wearing a
tightly fitting dust mask can greatly reduce exposure and resulting symptoms.
Travel in the country, especially on dry, windy days or while crops are being
harvested, should be avoided as should walks through tall vegetation. A summer
cabin closed up all winter is probably full of molds and should be aired out and
cleaned before a mold-sensitive person stays there.
Around the home, a dehumidifier will help dry out the basement, but the water
extracted from the air must be removed frequently to prevent mold growth in the
Those with dust mite allergy should pay careful attention to dust-proofing
their bedrooms. The worst things to have in the bedroom are wall-to-wall
carpets, venetian blinds, down-filled blankets, feather pillows, heating vents
with forced hot air, dogs, cats, and closets full of clothing. Shades are
preferred over venetian blinds because they do not trap dust. Curtains can be
used if they are washed periodically in hot water to kill the dust mites. Most
important, bedding should be encased in a zippered, plastic, airtight, and
Although shag carpets are the worst type for the dust mite-sensitive person,
all carpets trap dust and make dust control impossible. In addition, vacuuming
can contribute to the amount of dust, unless the vacuum is equipped with a
special high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter. Wall-to-wall carpets
should be replaced with washable throw rugs over hardwood, tile, or linoleum
floors. Rugs on concrete floors encourage dust mite growth and should be
Reducing the amount of dust mites in a home may require new cleaning
techniques as well as some changes in furnishings to eliminate dust collectors.
Water is often the secret to effective dust removal. Washable items should be
washed often using water hotter then 130 (degrees) Fahrenheit. Lower
temperatures will not kill dust mites. If the water temperature must be set at a
lower value, items can be washed at a commercial establishment that uses high
wash temperatures. Dusting with a damp cloth or oiled mop should be done
The best way for a person allergic to pets, especially cats, to avoid
allergic reactions is to find another home for the animal. There are, however,
some suggestions that help lower the levels of cat allergens in the air: bathe
the cat weekly and brush it more frequently (ideally, this should be done by
someone other than the allergic person), remove carpets and soft furnishings,
and use a vacuum cleaner with a high-efficiency filter and a room air cleaner
(see section below). Wearing a face mask while house and cat cleaning and
keeping the cat out of the bedroom are other methods that allow many people to
live more happily with their pets.
Irritants such as chemicals can worsen airborne allergy symptoms and should
be avoided as much as possible. For example, during periods of high pollen
levels, people with pollen allergy should try to avoid unnecessary exposure to
irritants such as insect sprays, tobacco smoke, air pollution, and fresh tar or
Air conditioners and filters
When possible, an allergic person should use air conditioners inside the home
or in a car to help prevent pollen and mold allergens from entering. Various
types of air-filtering devices made with fiberglass or electrically charged
plates may help reduce allergens produced in the home. These can be added to the
heating and cooling systems. In addition, portable devices that can be used in
individual rooms are especially helpful in reducing animal allergens.
An allergy specialist can suggest which kind of filter is best for the home
of a particular patient. Before buying a filtering device, the patient should
rent one and use it in a closed room (the bedroom, for instance) for a month or
two to see whether allergy symptoms diminish. The airflow should be sufficient
to exchange the air in the room five or six times per hour; therefore, the size
and efficiency of the filtering device should be determined in part by the size
of the room.
Persons with allergies should be wary of exaggerated claims for appliances
that cannot really clean the air. Very small air cleaners cannot remove dust and
pollen--and no air purifier can prevent viral or bacterial diseases such as
influenza, pneumonia, or tuberculosis. Buyers of electrostatic precipitators
should compare the machine's ozone output with Federal standards. Ozone can
irritate the nose and airways of persons with allergies, especially those with
asthma, and can increase the allergy symptoms. Other kinds of air filters such
as HEPA filters do not release ozone into the air. HEPA filters, however,
require adequate air flow to force air through them.
For people who find they cannot adequately avoid airborne allergens, the
symptoms often can be controlled with medications. Effective medications that
can be prescribed by a physician include antihistamines and topical nasal
steroids--either of which can be used alone or in combination. Many effective
antihistamines and decongestants also are available without a prescription.
Antihistamines. As the name indicates, an
antihistamine counters the effects of histamine, which is released by the mast
cells in the body's tissues and contributes to allergy symptoms. For many years,
antihistamines have proven useful in relieving sneezing and itching in the nose,
throat, and eyes, and in reducing nasal swelling and drainage.
Many people who take antihistamines experience some distressing side effects:
drowsiness and loss of alertness and coordination. In children, such reactions
can be misinterpreted as behavior problems. During the last few years, however,
antihistamines that cause fewer of these side effects have become available by
prescription. These non-sedating antihistamines are as effective as other
antihistamines in preventing histamine-induced symptoms, but do so without
causing sleepiness. Some of these non-sedating antihistamines, however, can have
serious side effects, particularly if they are taken with certain other drugs. A
patient should always let the doctor know what other medications he/she is
Topical nasal steroids. This medication
should not be confused with anabolic steroids, which are sometimes used by
athletes to enlarge muscle mass and can have serious side effects. Topical nasal
steroids are anti-inflammatory drugs that stop the allergic reaction. In
addition to other beneficial actions, they reduce the number of mast cells in
the nose and reduce mucus secretion and nasal swelling. The combination of
antihistamines and nasal steroids is a very effective way to treat allergic
rhinitis, especially in people with moderate or severe allergic rhinitis.
Although topical nasal steroids can have side effects, they are safe when used
at recommended doses. Some of the newer agents are even safer than older ones.
Cromolyn sodium. Cromolyn sodium for
allergic rhinitis is a nasal spray that in some people helps to prevent allergic
reactions from starting. When administered as a nasal spray, it can safely
inhibit the release of chemicals like histamine from the mast cell. It has few
side effects when used as directed, and significantly helps some patients with
Decongestants. Sometimes re-establishing
drainage of the nasal passages will help to relieve symptoms such as congestion,
swelling, excess secretions, and discomfort in the sinus areas that can be
caused by nasal allergies. (These sinus areas are hollow air spaces located
within the bones of the skull surrounding the nose.) The doctor may recommend
using oral or nasal decongestants to reduce congestion along with an
antihistamine to control allerigic symptoms. Over-the-counter and prescription
decongestant nose drops and sprays, however, should not be used for more than a
few days. When used for longer periods, these drugs can lead to even more
congestion and swelling of the nasal passages.
Immunotherapy, or a series of allergy shots, is the only available treatment
that has a chance of reducing the allergy symptoms over a longer period of time.
Patients receive subcutaneous (under the skin) injections of increasing
concentrations of the allergen(s) to which they are sensitive. These injections
reduce the amount of IgE antibodies in the blood and cause the body to make a
protective antibody called IgG. Many patients with allergic rhinitis will have a
significant reduction in their hay fever symptoms and in their need for
medication within 12 months of starting immunotherapy. Patients who benefit from
immunotherapy may continue it for three years and then consider stopping.
Although many patients are able to stop the injections with good, long-term
results, some do get worse after immunotherapy is stopped. As better allergens
for immunotherapy are produced, this technique will become an even more
effective treatment. (Source: excerpt from Something in the Air Airborne Allergens: NIAID)
Allergies: NWHIC (Excerpt)
Allergies are usually treated in three possible ways. Some of these
methods can be used alone or in combination.
Avoidance: This is most effective for
food allergies. Once the allergen is identified, it can be avoided
simply by removing it from the diet. Avoidance is more difficult for
airborne allergens, however, which are often associated with a
particular climate and environment.
Medications: Several oral antihistamine
medications are available over-the-counter or by a doctor's
prescription. A combination of antihistamines and nasal steroids can
effectively treat allergic symptoms, especially in people with moderate
or severe allergic symptoms. Oral and nasal decongestants reduce
congestion sometimes caused by the allergic reaction. However, most
medications are for short-term relief only. Nose drops and sprays should
not be used for more than a few days at a time because they can lead to
even more congestion and swelling of the nasal passages. If you find you
"canít get through the day" without regular use of nasal sprays - see
your doctor, and if you can, an allergy specialist. (For example, an
ear, nose, and throat doctor.)
Immunotherapy: This is series of allergy
shots, and is the only available treatment that has a chance of reducing
allergy symptoms over the long term. About 80 percent of people with hay
fever will have a significant reduction in their symptoms and in their
need for medication within 12 months of starting allergy
(Source: excerpt from Allergies: NWHIC
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