Alzheimer disease type 4
Alzheimer disease type 4: Introduction
Alzheimer disease type 4: A degenerative brain disease characterized primarily by progressive dementia. Type 4 has an early onset (starts before the age of 65). It is caused by mutations in the PSEN2 gene which results in the production of a toxic protein (amyloid beta peptide) in the brain which collects into clumps (amyloid plaques) in the brain. These plaques cause damage to nerve cells in the brain.
More detailed information about the symptoms,
causes, and treatments of Alzheimer disease type 4 is available below.
Symptoms of Alzheimer disease type 4
See full list of 21
symptoms of Alzheimer disease type 4
Treatments for Alzheimer disease type 4
- There is no known cure for Alzheimer's disease, but some medications may have benefit in preserving independence for a period of time, and prolonging the time that the patient can be managed at home. These include:
- Anticholinesterases - Donezepil, Galantamine, Rivastigmine, Tacrine
- NMDA antagonist - Memantine
- Management of neuropsychiatric symptoms is also important. Both drug and non-drug therapies are used. Medications utilised include:
- Antipsychotics - for agitation and psychosis
- more treatments...»
Read more about treatments for Alzheimer disease type 4
Home Diagnostic Testing
Home medical testing related to Alzheimer disease type 4:
- Child Behavior: Home Testing
- Mental Health (Adults): Home Testing
Wrongly Diagnosed with Alzheimer disease type 4?
Alzheimer disease type 4: Deaths
Read more about Deaths and Alzheimer disease type 4.
Alzheimer disease type 4: Complications
Review possible medical complications related to Alzheimer disease type 4:
Causes of Alzheimer disease type 4
Read more about causes of Alzheimer disease type 4.
Disease Topics Related To Alzheimer disease type 4
Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Alzheimer disease type 4:
Alzheimer disease type 4: Undiagnosed Conditions
Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:
Misdiagnosis and Alzheimer disease type 4
Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who
had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness
because he suffered from sudden inability to speak.
This was initially...read more »
Alzheimer's disease over-diagnosed: The well-known disease of Alzheimer's disease
is often over-diagnosed.
Patients tend to assume that any memory loss or forgetulness symptom...read more »
Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for
a patient to show mental decline to dementia.
Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical conditions,
such as a ...read more »
Tremor need not be Parkinson's disease: There is the tendency to believe that
any tremor symptom, or shakiness, means Parkinson's disease.
The reality is that there are various...read more »
Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms
of severe brain injury are hard to miss,
it is less clear for milder injuries...read more »
ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD
in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults.
Some adults can remain undiagnosed, and indeed the...read more »
MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms
such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked.
This is particularly true of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), for which the
symptoms...read more »
Rare diseases misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease: A rare genetic
disorder is often misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease for men in their 50's.
The disease Fragile X...read more »
Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder)
often fails to be diagnosed correctly by primary care...read more »
Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with
an eating disorder is female.
The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to be diagnosed or...read more »
Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be
undiagnosed in teenagers.
The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause...read more »
Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition
that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is often...read more »
Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had
suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their return....read more »
Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be
correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients.
These patients are not the typical migraine sufferers, but...read more »
Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression)
may also have undiagnosed anxiety disorders (see symptoms of anxiety disorders)....read more »
Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency
is a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (see symptoms of multiple sclerosis).
See symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency...read more »
Read more about Misdiagnosis and Alzheimer disease type 4
Alzheimer disease type 4: Research Doctors & Specialists
Research related physicians and medical specialists:
- Nerve Specialists:
- Mental Health Specialists:
- Neurology (Brain/CNS Specialists):
- more specialists...»
Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:
Hospitals & Clinics: Alzheimer disease type 4
Research quality ratings and patient safety measures
for medical facilities in specialties related to Alzheimer disease type 4:
Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »
Choosing the Best Hospital:
More general information, not necessarily in relation to Alzheimer disease type 4,
on hospital performance and surgical care quality:
Alzheimer disease type 4: Rare Types
Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:
Alzheimer disease type 4: Animations
More Alzheimer disease type 4 animations & videos
Prognosis for Alzheimer disease type 4
Prognosis for Alzheimer disease type 4:
course of disease can continue for up to 25 years
More about prognosis of Alzheimer disease type 4
Statistics for Alzheimer disease type 4
Alzheimer disease type 4: Broader Related Topics
Types of Alzheimer disease type 4
User Interactive Forums
Read about other experiences, ask a question about Alzheimer disease type 4, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:
Definitions of Alzheimer disease type 4:
Alzheimer disease type 4 is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of
Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH). This means that Alzheimer disease type 4, or a subtype of Alzheimer disease type 4,
affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Contents for Alzheimer disease type 4: