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Diseases » Amputated thumb » Glossary

Glossary for Amputated thumb

  • Amputation: Loss of a limb or extremity from trauma or accident.
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Crush injury: An injury caused by a crushing mechanism
  • Dry Gangrene: Tissue death (necrosis) due to lack of blood supply causing the affected tissue to become dry and black; occurs without bacterial infection and cellulitis.
  • Frostbite: Tissue damage from freezing
  • Phantom limb pain: As many as 80% of amputees experience some kind of "phantom" sensation in their amputated limbs. However, up to half of those who have them do not receive any treatment for or relief from their pain. This makes phantom pain a chronic pain condition. After a limb is removed, you may continue to feel it, as though it were still there. Phantom limb pain is not the same thing as stump pain, which is felt in and around the incision following surgery. Stump pain is localized to the amputation site, while phantom pain is felt in some part of the leg that is no longer attached.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Wet Gangrene: Tissue death (necrosis) due to bacterial infection, producing a cellulitis in areas adjacent to necrotic tissue


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