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Diseases » Amputation » Glossary
 

Glossary for Amputation

  • Accident or injury conditions: Medical conditions caused by accidents or physical injuries.
  • Acroosteolysis neurogenic: A very rare inherited condition characterized mainly by the loss of all sensations - the lose the ability to feel pain, temperature and touch. The loss of sensation generally starts at the toes and fingers and spreads up the limbs and the trunk may also be involved in some cases.
  • Amputated arm: Loss of arm from trauma or accident.
  • Amputated finger: Loss of finger(s) from trauma or accident.
  • Amputated thumb: Loss of thumb from trauma or accident.
  • Amputated toe: Loss of toe or toes from trauma or accident.
  • Arm conditions: Conditions that affect the arm
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2B: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2B has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect in the gene for the protein RAB 7 located on chromosome 3.
  • Compartment Syndrome: Excessive bleeding or swelling following surgery or injury can result in increased pressure within a section of the arms, legs or buttocks. The increased pressure affects blood flow and can result in tissue death necessitating amputation, nerve damage or muscle damage. The condition can be chronic or acute which is a medical emergency.
  • Finger conditions: Conditions that affect the fingers
  • Frostbite: Tissue damage from freezing
  • Gangrene: Tissue death
  • Leg conditions: Conditions that affect ones leg
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Mycetoma: Any of a group of infections caused by actinomycetes (bacterial) or a fungus (eumycetoma). It causes a chronic, pus-producing infection under the skin and sometimes involves bone. The infection most often occurs in the feet. The infection is most common in arid and semi-arid parts of the world. Serious cases can require amputation of the bone.
  • Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory, Type II: A very rare inherited condition characterized mainly by the loss of all sensations such as pain, temperature and touch. The sensation impairment starts in the toes and fingers and spreads up the limbs with the trunk occasionally being affected. Injuries to the hands and feet are common as there is no pain associated with injury and the patient may be unaware that they even have an injury.
  • Peripheral vascular disease: Disease of arteries supplying the legs or sometimes arms
  • Phantom limb pain: As many as 80% of amputees experience some kind of "phantom" sensation in their amputated limbs. However, up to half of those who have them do not receive any treatment for or relief from their pain. This makes phantom pain a chronic pain condition. After a limb is removed, you may continue to feel it, as though it were still there. Phantom limb pain is not the same thing as stump pain, which is felt in and around the incision following surgery. Stump pain is localized to the amputation site, while phantom pain is felt in some part of the leg that is no longer attached.
  • Physical conditions: Any condition that physically affects an individual

 

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