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Glossary for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial

  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Chewing difficulty: Chewing difficulty is a condition in which a person struggles or is unable to chew normally.
  • Degenerative conditions: Diseases characterized by a progressive and degenerative decline.
  • Dysarthria: Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder characterized by difficulty forming and expressing words that is the result of injury to or pathology of the nervous system.
  • Fasciculation: A condition which is characterized by involuntary muscular contractions visible under the skin.
  • Frontotemporal dementia: A degenerative brain disease involving frontal and temporal brain lobes resulting in dementia. Degeneration of the frontal lobe causes behavioral and personality changes degeneration of the temporal lobe causes semantic dementia.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle cramps: A condition which is characterized by the uncontrolled contractions of muscles
  • Muscle stiffness: A difficulty in stretching a muscle
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Neuromuscular conditions: Conditions affecting the nerve-muscle systems.
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Slurred speech: Slurring speech or difficulty articulating words
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord


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