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Diseases » Anal Cancer » Glossary

Glossary for Anal Cancer

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Altered bowel habit: An altered bowel habit is any abnormal unusual bowel movement or change in the normal pattern of bowel movements in an individual.
  • Anal conditions: Conditions that affect the anus
  • Anorectal disorders: Conditions that affect the anorectum
  • Bowen's disease: Intraepiderman form of squamous cell skin cancer cause by sun damage to skin.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Exercise: The use of the human muscles to improve ones health
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Gastrointestinal tumors: Any tumor of the gastrointestinal (digestive) system, including cancers and benign tumors.
  • Hematochezia: is the passage of bright red, bloody stools from the rectum
  • Hemorrhage: Bleeding of any type (especially when referring to severe bleeding)
  • Human Papillomavirus: Very common sexually transmitted disease causing genital warts and associated with certain cancers.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Pelvic conditions: Any medical condition affecting the pelvic region.
  • Proctalgia: Any type of rectal pain
  • Tenesmus: feeling of incomplete evacuation of bowel
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.


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