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Anencephaly: Introduction

Anencephaly: Anencephaly is a neural tube defect (a disorder involving incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective ... more about Anencephaly.

Anencephaly: A birth defect where most or all of the brain is missing - most die before birth. Usually the associated portions of skull and other tissue are also missing. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Anencephaly is available below.

Symptoms of Anencephaly

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Anencephaly:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Anencephaly?

Anencephaly: Related Patient Stories

Anencephaly: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Anencephaly.

Anencephaly: Complications

Read more about complications of Anencephaly.

Causes of Anencephaly

Read more about causes of Anencephaly.

More information about causes of Anencephaly:

Disease Topics Related To Anencephaly

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Anencephaly:

Anencephaly: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Anencephaly

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Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms of severe brain injury are hard to miss, it is less clear for milder injuries, or even those more »

MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked. This is particularly true of more »

Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is often misdiagnosed. It may be misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease or dementia (such as Alzheimer' more »

Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical more »

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Anencephaly: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Anencephaly: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Anencephaly: Animations

Prognosis for Anencephaly

Prognosis for Anencephaly: Poor. Newborn usually dies within days.

Research about Anencephaly

Visit our research pages for current research about Anencephaly treatments.

Clinical Trials for Anencephaly

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Anencephaly include:

Prevention of Anencephaly

Prevention information for Anencephaly has been compiled from various data sources and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Anencephaly.

Statistics for Anencephaly

Anencephaly: Broader Related Topics

Anencephaly Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Anencephaly, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Article Excerpts about Anencephaly

NINDS Anencephaly Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

Anencephaly is a neural tube defect (a disorder involving incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective coverings). The neural tube is a narrow sheath that folds and closes between the 3rd and 4th weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord of the embryo. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Anencephaly Information Page: NINDS)

Folic Acid: NWHIC (Excerpt)

Babies with anencephaly do not develop a brain or only develop a partial brain. These babies die either before birth or shortly afterwards. (Source: excerpt from Folic Acid: NWHIC)

Definitions of Anencephaly:

A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247) - (Source - Diseases Database)

A defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Anencephaly is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Anencephaly, or a subtype of Anencephaly, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Anencephaly as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet


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