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Diseases » Angelman syndrome » Inheritance

Inheritance and Genetics of Angelman syndrome

Angelman syndrome: Genetics Information

Genetics of Angelman syndrome: The genetic basis of AS is very complex, but the majority of cases are due to a deletion of segment 15q11 -- q13 on the maternally derived chromosome 15. When this same region is missing from the paternally derived chromosome, an entirely different disorder, Prader -- Willi syndrome, results. This phenomenon --- when the expression of genetic material depends on whether it has been inherited from the mother or the father --- is termed genomic imprinting.

The ubiquitin ligase gene (UBE3A) is found in the AS chromosomal region. It codes for an enzyme that is a key part of a cellular protein degradation system. AS is thought to occur when mutations in UBE3A disrupt protein break down during brain development. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)

About inheritance and genetics:

Inheritance of Angelman syndrome refers to whether the condition is inherited from your parents or "runs" in families. The level of inheritance of a condition depends on how important genetics are to the disease. Strongly genetic diseases are usually inherited, partially genetic diseases are sometimes inherited, and non-genetic diseases are not inherited. For general information, see Introduction to Genetics.


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