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Diseases » Angina Pectoris » Glossary

Glossary for Angina Pectoris

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Angina: A special type of chest pain.
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Atrial flutter: Heart arrhythmia where atria beat more often than ventricles
  • Cardiac arrest: Stoppage of the heart, usually caused by heart attack
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy: A rare chronic heart muscle condition where one or both heart ventricles are dilated or have impaired contractility.
  • Dissecting aortic aneurysm: aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition in which there is bleeding into and along the wall of the aorta, the major artery leaving the heart
  • Gastric Ulcer: A gastric ulcer is a break in the normal tissue that lines the stomach.
  • Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Repeated reflux of stomach acid into the throat.
  • Heart attack: Serious and often fatal acute heart condition
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart muscle conditions: Medical conditions affecting the muscle of the heart.
  • Heartburn: Pain from stomach acid coming back up the esophagus
  • Idiopathic, hypertrophic, subaortic stenosis: A rare heart disorder where thickening of parts of the heart (wall separating the heart chambers) reduces the size of heart chambers and hinders the flow of blood.
  • Ischemic heart disease: Heart disease from reduced blood flow to the heart
  • Myocardial ischaemia:
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Prinzmetal's variant angina: A rare disorder where the heart artery spasms which affects the blood flow to the heart and causes pain. The condition can occur with or without physical activity.
  • Reflux: Rising stomach acid up the esophagus
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Sick sinus syndrome: Heart rhythm disorder
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Sweating: Sweating more than normal
  • Unstable angina: A condition which is characterized by chest pain of heart origin that occurs without stimuli


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