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Diseases » Anorexia Nervosa » Glossary

Glossary for Anorexia Nervosa

  • Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
  • Addison's Disease: A rare progressive hormonal disorder characterized by insufficient production of certain hormones called adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Anxiety disorders: Anxiety disorders are persistent and excessive feelings of fear, worry or uneasiness that are significant enough to have an impact on day-to-day life. Excessive anxiety can have repercussions on physical and mental health. There are a number of different subtypes of anxiety disorders such as General anxiety, Social anxiety, Phobias, Hypochondria and Obsessive compulsive disorder.
  • Behavioral disorders: Disorders affecting behavior and emotional wellbeing
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Delusional belief about body shape or appearance
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cardiac arrest: Stoppage of the heart, usually caused by heart attack
  • Chemical addiction: Addiction to and abuse of various substances.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Cushing's syndrome: A rare syndrome where excessive secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex leads to a variety of symptoms. Hormone-secreting adrenal or pituitary tumors are often the cause of the excessive corticosteroid secretion.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Delayed puberty: A lack of sexual maturation in an adolescent at an age significantly higher than the average age that child of that epidemiology attains puberty.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a diabetic complication that occurs from neuropathy of the stomach nerve (called the "vagus nerve"). This causes digestive difficulties as the food starts to move too slowly through the stomach.
  • Disordered Eating: Unusual and troubled eating habits
  • Disorganization: Difficulty staying organized in society as a symptom
  • Eating disorders: Various mental disorders impairing normal eating or appetite.
  • Electrolyte imbalance: impairment in the level of electrolytes in the body
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Female infertility: Infertility that affects the female
  • Gastrointestinal disorders: Medical disorders of the gastrointestinal system, from entry to exit in the digestive system.
  • Gastroparesis: Slow stomach emptying from stomach nerve damage
  • Hyperthyroidism: Too much thyroid hormone production.
  • Hypokalaemia: Decreased concentration of potassium in the blood
  • Hyponatraemia: Hyponatraemia means there is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood.
  • Hypopituitarism: A disorder caused by reduced pituitary hormone levels. Hormones produce by the pituitary gland produces growth hormones, prolactin, thyroid stimulating hormone, antidiuretic hormone and others.
  • Hypothermia: Low body temperature
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Laxative abuse syndrome: Chronic overuse of laxatives resulting in various gastrointestinal symptoms. The condition is considered a variant of Munchausen syndrome.
  • Marasmus: A form of malnutrition caused by a severe deficiency of both protein and calories
  • Mental health conditions: Medical conditions related to mental health, emotions, behavior, personality, psychology, psychiatry, and so on.
  • Mood disorders: Disorders that affect a persons mood
  • Nutritional conditions: Medical conditions related to nutrition, including nutritional deficiencies.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Behavioral disorder with obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts.
  • Oligomenorrhea: A medical term that refers to light or infrequent menstrual periods. The condition can be caused by a number of disorders including Graves disease, thyrotoxicosis or a pituitary tumor.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Pathological fracture: The occurrence of a fracture a bone of the body caused by a disease state
  • Personality disorders: A group of psychiatric disorders that are characterised but abnormal dysfunctional personalities
  • Psychiatric disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Psychological disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Purpura: Various bruising conditions where small blood vessels hemorrhage
  • Suicide: Taking one's own life or attempting to do so.
  • Teen health conditions: Medical conditions typically afflicting teenagers.
  • Thinness: Underweight and thin
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Weight change: Any change to ones weight
  • Weight conditions: Disorders affecting body weight, including overweight and underweight conditions.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.


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