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Diseases » Anoxemia » Glossary

Glossary for Anoxemia

  • Anoxia: Lack of oxygen to the body's tissues.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Blue lips: Blueness or discoloration of the lips
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans: Disease of the lungs in which the bronchioles are plugged with granulation tissue.
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: Inflammation of lung tissue (bronchioles and surrounding tissue) which may occur on its own or as a result of other conditions such as certain infections.
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma: When cells of the lung start growing rapidly in an uncontrolled manner, the condition is called lung cancer .
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A rare form of infant lung disease that usually occurs as a complication of ventilator use in premature babies.
  • Cardiac arrest: Stoppage of the heart, usually caused by heart attack
  • Cerebral oedema:
  • Choreoathetosis: Choreoathetosis is the occurrence of involuntary movements in a combination of chorea and athetosis.
  • Clammy skin: Moist, cool and pale skin.
  • Coal worker's pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in coal dust. The condition is generally associated with employees in the coal industry. Symptoms usually resolve when exposure to coal dust stops.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Cystic adenomatoid malformation of lung: A rare birth condition where the lungs fail to develop normally during the fetal stage and cysts form in parts of the lung instead of normal alveolar tissue.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Ebstein's anomaly: A congenital heart defect where the tricuspid valve is deformed. The tricuspid valve in the heart normally has three flaps that control blood flow but in Ebstein's anomaly, one of the flaps remains open instead of closing and allows blood to leak through.
  • Hantavirus: A genus of viruses from the family Bunyaviridae
  • Hypoxemia: low oxygen levels in the arterial blood in the body
  • Lactic Acidosis: Acidic blood (acidosis) due to buildup of lactate
  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis: A rare chronic lung condition where accumulation of protein or phospholipids material in the lung air sacs prevent the lungs from effectively clearing any inhaled particles such as sawdust. The condition may disappear, remain stable or progress. Chronic forms are fatal in 25% of cases.
  • Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, congenital: A rare lung disease where protein and fat molecules accumulate in the distant parts of the lungs and affect breathing.
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: A rare malformation where there is an abnormal opening between a lung artery and a lung vein which causes some blood to pass through the lungs without being oxygenated.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Pulmonary valve stenosis: Often a congenital defect but may be caused by such things as rheumatic fever or bacterial endocarditis. Severity depends on the degree of narrowing of the pulmonary valve.
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Transposition of great arteries: A congenital malformation where the aorta and pulmonary artery are transposed which causes oxygenated blood from the lungs to be sent back to the lungs and de-oxygenated blood to be sent to body tissues. Often there is some other defect such as an opening in the heart chambers which allows mixing of the blood and hence survival is possible for a short while at least.
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.


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