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Diseases » Anoxia » Glossary

Glossary for Anoxia

  • Acute Pancreatitis: Sudden severe inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Acute mountain sickness: A condition that occurs when an un-acclimatized person climbs to high altitudes.
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Infant: A breathing disorder that occurs in infants. The underdeveloped lungs fail to functioning adequately and the body becomes deprived of oxygen. The condition is more likely to affect premature infants and the greater the prematurity, the greater the risk.
  • Amnesia: Memory loss
  • Anoxemia: Lack of oxygen in the blood
  • Apallic syndrome: A persistent vegetative state caused by brain damage.
  • Asphyxia neonatorum: A condition where a newborn infant fails to start breathing on its own in the minutes following birth.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans: Disease of the lungs in which the bronchioles are plugged with granulation tissue.
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: Inflammation of lung tissue (bronchioles and surrounding tissue) which may occur on its own or as a result of other conditions such as certain infections.
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma: When cells of the lung start growing rapidly in an uncontrolled manner, the condition is called lung cancer .
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A rare form of infant lung disease that usually occurs as a complication of ventilator use in premature babies.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Cardiac arrest: Stoppage of the heart, usually caused by heart attack
  • Cerebral oedema:
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine: 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine is a chemical used mainly in jet fuel and rocket fuel, plant growth agent, photography and various other industrial uses. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrotoluene: Nitrotoluene is a chemical used mainly in industrial applications for the production of things such as agricultural chemicals, explosives, rubber chemicals, sulfur dyes and azo dyes. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sodium Oleate: Sodium Oleate is a chemical used mainly in insecticides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Choreoathetosis: Choreoathetosis is the occurrence of involuntary movements in a combination of chorea and athetosis.
  • Coal worker's pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in coal dust. The condition is generally associated with employees in the coal industry. Symptoms usually resolve when exposure to coal dust stops.
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Common ventricle: A congenital heart defect where the wall separating the two heart ventricles is completely missing.
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Cystic adenomatoid malformation of lung: A rare birth condition where the lungs fail to develop normally during the fetal stage and cysts form in parts of the lung instead of normal alveolar tissue.
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Ebstein's anomaly: A congenital heart defect where the tricuspid valve is deformed. The tricuspid valve in the heart normally has three flaps that control blood flow but in Ebstein's anomaly, one of the flaps remains open instead of closing and allows blood to leak through.
  • Eisenmenger Syndrome: Increased lung blood pressure that can result from conditions such as a hole in the wall between the two heart chambers.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Hallucination: Incorrect perception of any of the senses.
  • Hamman-Rich syndrome: A rare acute lung disease where the lung sufferers progressive inflammation and fibrosis which often leads to death.
  • Hantavirus: A genus of viruses from the family Bunyaviridae
  • Heart attack: Serious and often fatal acute heart condition
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hypoventilation: Occurs when there is a reduction in the amount of air entering into the pulmonary alveoli
  • Hypoxemia: low oxygen levels in the arterial blood in the body
  • Lactic Acidosis: Acidic blood (acidosis) due to buildup of lactate
  • Legionnaires' disease: A severe respiratory disease which is caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacteria. The condition can result in pneumonia and can be life-threatening.
  • Liver failure: Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual.
  • Malignant hyperthermia: A very rare genetic disorder where sufferers suffer episodes of adverse reactions when certain anesthetics or muscle relaxants are administered.
  • Memory loss: The loss of ones ability to recall from their memory.
  • Neck stiffness: Neck pain can occur anywhere in the neck, from the bottom of the head to the top of the shoulders. It can spread to the upper back or arms.
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: A severe, potentially fatal reaction to antipsychotic drugs.
  • Personality change: Change in a person's behavior and personality
  • Physical conditions: Any condition that physically affects an individual
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Poisoning: The condition produced by poison
  • Polycythemia vera: A condition which is characterized by myeloproliferation of unknown etiology
  • Priapism: Persistent, prolonged and painful erection that can last from several hours to days.
  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis: A rare chronic lung condition where accumulation of protein or phospholipids material in the lung air sacs prevent the lungs from effectively clearing any inhaled particles such as sawdust. The condition may disappear, remain stable or progress. Chronic forms are fatal in 25% of cases.
  • Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, congenital: A rare lung disease where protein and fat molecules accumulate in the distant parts of the lungs and affect breathing.
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: A rare malformation where there is an abnormal opening between a lung artery and a lung vein which causes some blood to pass through the lungs without being oxygenated.
  • Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect: A congenital heart defect where the pulmonary artery is closed off so that blood is unable to flow out to the lungs via the pulmonary artery. An abnormal opening between the two sides of the heart also allow blood to flow between the two heart chambers. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of abnormality. Symptoms may be evident at birth or later.
  • Pulmonary edema: Severe condition of excess fluid in the lungs.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Pulmonary valve stenosis: Often a congenital defect but may be caused by such things as rheumatic fever or bacterial endocarditis. Severity depends on the degree of narrowing of the pulmonary valve.
  • Pulmonary venous return anomaly: A rare disorder where one or more of the four veins that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs drain to the right atrium of the heart instead of the left atrium. Symptom severity is determined by the number of veins involved and the exact location of the heart that the veins drain into.
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • SARS: Serious respiratory infection
  • Seizures: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, seizures and high levels of hydroxylysine in the urine.
  • Severe asthma:
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Spasms: Involuntary muscle movements without full control.
  • Strangulation: The arrest of circulation in a part of the body due to compression
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Transposition of great arteries: A congenital malformation where the aorta and pulmonary artery are transposed which causes oxygenated blood from the lungs to be sent back to the lungs and de-oxygenated blood to be sent to body tissues. Often there is some other defect such as an opening in the heart chambers which allows mixing of the blood and hence survival is possible for a short while at least.
  • Trichosporin infection: A very rare infectious disease caused by the Trichosporon species. This type of infection tends to be opportunistic and hence only affects patients who are immunocompromised - patients with blood cancers appear to be the most prone. The infection may be localized or spread throughout the body (disseminated) which is usually fatal. Symptoms and severity may vary considerably depending on the location and extent of the infection.
  • Unconsciousness: Loss of consciousness that may result from a wide variety of causes. An unconscious person is usually completely unresponsive to their environment or people around them. Unconsciousness can occur as a result of brain injury, lack of oxygen or poisoning as well as numerous other conditions.
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis


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