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Diseases » Aortic aneurysm » Glossary

Glossary for Aortic aneurysm

  • Abdominal Aneurysm: Dilatation of a section of the abdominal aorta, usually due to a weakness in the wall of the artery
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Aneurysm: Dangerous ballooning of a weakened area of an artery
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Aortic dissection: A tear in the inner layer of the aorta (major artery in the body) which allows blood to escape into outer layers of the artery.
  • Artery conditions: Any conditions affecting arteries
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Bicuspid aortic valve: A heart defect where the aortic valve has only two leaflets instead of the normal three. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Blood vessel conditions: Conditions that affect the blood vessels
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Heller-Dohle disease: Inflammation of the aorta which occurs in the later stages of a syphilis infection.
  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a bulge in the aorta (aneurysm), wide set eyes, cleft palate, divided uvula and twisted arteries.
  • Marfan-Like syndrome: Any congenital condition with a group of symptoms that resembles Marfan syndrome but doesn't quite fulfill all the criteria. Marfan syndrome is a connective tissue disorder that affects the skeleton, lungs, eyes, heart and blood vessels.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation


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