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Diseases » Aortic stenosis » Glossary

Glossary for Aortic stenosis

  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • Angina: A special type of chest pain.
  • Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities.
  • Bicuspid aortic valve: A heart defect where the aortic valve has only two leaflets instead of the normal three. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Cardiac arrest: Stoppage of the heart, usually caused by heart attack
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Chromosome 12p deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is a deletion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 12 resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Chromosome 12p deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is a deletion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 12 resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 4 is missing resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Exercise intolerance: inability to exercise excessively
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Hypotension: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Idiopathic, hypertrophic, subaortic stenosis: A rare heart disorder where thickening of parts of the heart (wall separating the heart chambers) reduces the size of heart chambers and hinders the flow of blood.
  • Kabuki syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive facial features.
  • Mitral regurgitation: A condition which is characterized by a regurgitation of blood from the left ventricle into the atrium due to a problem with the mitral valve
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Palpitations: The subjective sensation of the beating of the heart at a rapid or irregular rate
  • Patent ductus arteriosus: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Singleton-Merten Syndrome: A very rare disorder involving calcium abnormalities which affect the teeth, bones and blood vessels.
  • Stenosis: An abnormal narrowing of a duct or canal
  • Supravalvular aortic stenosis:
  • Syncope: Temporary loss of conciousness or fainting.
  • Third heart sound: extra heart sound that occurs after the normal two "lub-dub" heart sounds
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
  • Williams Syndrome: A syndrome characterised by mental retardation, facial abnormalities and emotional instability


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