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Glossary for Aortic valve incompetence

  • Additional Heart Sounds: A heart sound that is heard in addition to the normal two beats.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: Bulging and weakness of the aorta in the area of the chest. The condition is life-threatening as death can occur rapidly if the aneurysm bursts.
  • Aortic valve disease: Disease of the heart's aortic valve
  • Aortic valve incompetence: A condition characterized by an inability of the aortic valve to function effectively
  • Bicuspid aortic valve: A heart defect where the aortic valve has only two leaflets instead of the normal three. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Bounding pulse: Is most often classified as a forceful and strong pulse.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Dissecting aortic aneurysm: aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition in which there is bleeding into and along the wall of the aorta, the major artery leaving the heart
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A group of inherited connective tissue disorders primarily involving the joints and skin. There are 11 disorders in the group.
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart valve conditions: Medical conditions affecting the valves of the heart.
  • I cell disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the harmful accumulation of chemicals (glycoproteins and glycoplipids) due to the deficiency of an enzyme (UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-I-phosphotransferase).
  • Irregular heartbeat: An irregular beat of a persons heart
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Orthopnea: is the dyspnoea which occurs on lying down and is relieved on sitting up
  • Polychondritis: A serious, progressive, episodic condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of cartilage in the body. The duration and severity of the episodes can vary.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.


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