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Types of Arenaviruses

Arenaviruses: Types list

The list of types of Arenaviruses mentioned in various sources includes:

Types discussion:

Arenaviridae: DVRD (Excerpt)

The first arenavirus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), was isolated in 1933 during a study of an epidemic of  St. Louis encephalitis. Although not the cause of the outbreak, LCMV was found to be a cause of aseptic (non-bacterial) meningitis. By the 1960s, several similar viruses had been discovered and they were classified into the new family Arenaviridae. Since Tacaribe virus was found in 1956, new arenaviruses have been discovered on the average of every one to three years. A number of arenaviruses cause hemorrhagic disease. Junin virus, isolated in 1958, was the first of these to be recognized. This virus causes Argentine hemorrhagic fever in a limited agricultural area of the pampas in Argentina. Several years later, in 1963, in the remote savannas of the Beni province of Bolivia, Machupo virus was isolated. The next member of the virus family to be associated with an outbreak of human illness was Lassa virus in Africa in 1969. Most recently, Guanarito and Sabia viruses were added to this family. (Source: excerpt from Arenaviridae: DVRD)

Arenaviridae: DVRD (Excerpt)

The arenaviruses are divided into two groups: the New World or Tacaribe complex and the Old World or LCM/Lassa complex. Viruses in these groups that cause illness in humans are listed below:

Virus Disease
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus Lymphocytic choriomeningitis
Lassa virus Lassa fever
Junin virus Argentine hemorrhagic fever
Machupo virus Bolivian hemorrhagic fever
Guanarito virus Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever
Sabia as yet unnamed (found in Brazil)
(Source: excerpt from Arenaviridae: DVRD)

Arenaviruses: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Arenaviruses include:

Research More About Arenaviruses


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