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Treatments for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 7

Treatment List for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 7

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Susceptibility to, 7 includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Symptoms of ADHD can be successfully controlled with medications. Children are most commonly prescribed stimulants, which actually works in reverse in children with ADHD and produces a calming effect in them
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medication treatments for ADHD are generally considered safe when given under regular medical supervision. The most common side effects of stimulants are decreased appetite and difficulties with sleep, which can decrease either with time or by lowering the dosage. There also may be an increased chance of serious but rare cardiovascular effects and suicidal thoughts in some children
  • Because of the potential for side effects, treatment with medication for children with ADHD must be individualized and monitored medically. What works for one child may not work for another or may result in unacceptable side effects for a particular child. Different medications and dosages might have to be tried before finding just the right treatment for an individual child
  • Commonly prescribed medications for the treatment of ADHD are available in pill, liquid, and patch forms and include:
  • Amphetamine
  • Methylphenidate
  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Atomoxetine (nonstimulent)
  • Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate
  • Psychotherapy treatment for ADHD
  • ADHD can also be treated with a variety of forms of psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is geared toward helping a child to become more aware of his or her behaviors, monitor those behaviors, changing unacceptable ones. Behavioral therapy uses rewards and positive and negative feedback to help children understand when their behavior has been acceptable or unacceptable. Social skills training are also a part of behavioral therapy. This may include learning how to wait until someone is finished talking before responding
  • Both parents and their children with ADHD may also benefit from training in parenting skills. Parents are typically encouraged to provide quick and positive feedback for positive behaviors and to ignore or redirect negative behaviors. They are also taught to learn and promote situations that encourage positive behaviors for a child with ADHD. This is very individual. For example, one child with ADHD may be able to handle and thrive in a structured situation, such as a team practice, but not in an unstructured situation with the entire team, such as at an amusement park with minimal adult supervision
  • Other treatment options include:
  • General lifestyle changes
  • Stress reduction techniques
  • Dietary changes - aimed at treating any possible hidden food allergy causes, although this is considered of dubious value by some health professionals.
  • Medications
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®)
  • Pemoline (Cylert)
  • Clonidine - mainly used for combined ADHD and Tourette's syndrome.
  • Antidepressants - if there is any anxiety or depression associated with the ADD; or as a second-line treatment for ADD when stimulants fail.
  • Supportive treatments
  • Structured classroom management
  • Parent education methods
  • Teacher education methods
  • Tutoring supplementation
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Social skills training methods
  • Support groups
  • Stimulant therapy
  • Atomoxetine
  • Tricyclc antidepressants
  • Imipramine
  • Desipramine
  • Nortryptilline
  • Modafinil
  • Magnesium pemoline

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