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Glossary for Auditory Processing Disorder

  • ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain.
  • Ascites: Fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral disorder with hyperactivity and/or inattention.
  • Autism: Childhood mental condition with social and communication difficulties.
  • Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis: A skin rash that appears to be a result of the body's immune reaction to progesterone. As progesterone production is linked to menstrual cycles, the rash occurs usually in the week before menstruation until a few days after menstruation starts.
  • Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Cluttering: A speech defect where the speech is rapid, disordered and lacks fluency. It is a common occurrence in children during their initial speech development when they find difficulty finding the right words to express themselves.
  • Cognitive impairment: General loss of mental or cognitive ability
  • Deafness: Inability to hear sounds.
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • Dyslexia: Dyslexia is a name for a condition where people have difficulty with reading and writing. People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and are not in any way mentally retarded or intellectually challenged. The difficulty with certain tasks is believed to be related to problems with perception capability in certain parts of the brain. Researchers have discovered that there are a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to dyslexia.
  • Ear and Hearing conditions: Medical conditions affecting the ears or the hearing systems.
  • Ear conditions: Any condition that affects the ear
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hearing Impairment: Reduced ability to hear sounds.
  • Hearing symptoms: Problems with the ear's hearing ability
  • Learning disabilities: Various developmental problems impairing learning or schooling.
  • Meningioma: A slow-growing tumor of the meninges that is not cancerous. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor.
  • Mumps: An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Perilymph fistula: A condition characterized by rupture of the round window with leakage of perilymph into the middle ear, causing sensorineural hearing loss
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Pervasive developmental disorders: Group of developmental disorders often recognized before 3 years of age.
  • Presbycusis: Progressive deterioration of hearing ability that affects both ears and occurs with aging. The hearing loss is sensorineural in nature and is most noticeable at high frequencies. There are a number of risk factors associated with age-related hearing impairment: smoking, ototoxic medication, cardiovascular disease and exposure to loud noise. It is estimated that a third of people over the age of 60 have some hearing loss and more than half of people over the age of 75 years have hearing loss.
  • Social problems: Difficulty relating to other people
  • Speech and communication conditions: Medical conditions affecting speech or the ability to communicate.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.


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